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New York State Modern Political Archive (NYSMPA)

 

 

The New York State Modern Political Archive (NYSMPA) was established in 1982 to document the work of individuals and private interest groups concerned with New York State public policy issues in the 20th century. Originally named the Archives of Public Affairs and Policy, the NYSMPA collects, preserves, and facilitates access to primary sources pertaining to New York State public affairs and policy, and now includes the personal papers of members of the gubernatorial administrations of Nelson A. Rockefeller; papers of former New York Congressional members and elected officials who served in New York State Legislature; and the official records and papers of numerous private groups, professional associations, individuals, public-sector labor unions, community groups, and other organizations concerned with Empire State public-policy issues.

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COLLECTION DESCRIPTIONS

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ABRAMOWITZ, HOWARD
Papers, 1937-1985 .40 cubic ft. (APAP-062)

Howard David Abramowitz was born in Newark, New Jersey on June 18, 1930. He graduated from Thomas Jefferson High School in Brooklyn and received a bachelor's degree in psychology from Brooklyn College. This collection contains research files created by and several typescript essays written by sociologist Howard D. Abramowitz.  The collection amply documents his interest in the American labor movement and, in particular, the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) and sheds light on the scholarly research that he completed during the final years of his life.

ABRAMS, ALBERT J.
Papers, 1961, 1964-1965, 1970-1976, 1980 .75 cubic ft. (APAP-056)

Albert Jack Abrams was born in Stamford, Connecticut, on May 29, 1915. Abrams began his university studies at the University of Michigan in 1932, and he attended the National Institute for Public Affairs in Washington, D.C., in 1935. He received an A.B. from New York University in 1936, and he continued his studies at Columbia University (1940) and the Cornell School of Labor and Industrial Relations (1946). The records in this manuscript collection were originally arranged in a numerically classified subject file under the general subject of legislative administration.

ACT UP, ALBANY (N.Y.) CHAPTER
Records, 1983-1992 2.47 cubic ft. (APAP-106)

ACT UP is a national and international nonpartisan activist group whose mission is to fight for "an end to the AIDS crisis." The goals of ACT UP's direct action include: explicit prevention education (such as distribution of condoms and sex education in schools), information about and access to treatments for AIDS, an end to discrimination against people with HIV/AIDS, including the loss of jobs and benefits, and an "emergency" effort to find a cure for the disease. The collection documents the activities of ACT UP, Albany New York Chapter, and other chapters from its creation in 1987 to 1992. The collection consists of administrative files such as handbooks for activists, activism in various chapters, the AIDS Curriculum Lesson for the City of Albany, AIDS education and preventive guides and programs, correspondence, minutes, and papers of the Health Systems Agency of Northeastern New York, Inc., from 1990 to 1991. It also includes several legal documents related to human rights, penal law, and public health law, and meeting notes.

ADAMS, WILLIAM E.
Papers, 28 cubic ft. (APAP-221)

William E. Adams was born in 1922 and served as a member of the New York State Assembly from Erie County in the 2nd District (1957-1964) and a member of the New York State Senate (1966-1970) from the 61st (1966) and 53rd (1967-1970) Districts.

AFFORDABLE HOUSING PARTNERSHIP and CAPITAL AFFORDABLE HOUSING FUNDING CORPORATION
Records, 1983-2001 cubic ft. (APAP-109)

The Affordable Housing Partnership (AHP) was founded in 1986 after a series of protests staged by the United Tenants of Albany (UTA) as a reaction to the prejudicial methods of awarding loans practiced by several banks in the Capital District. This organization was originally called the Albany County Public-Private Partnership but its name was changed in 1989. The records of the Affordable Housing Partnership and its affiliated financial branch, the Capital Affordable Housing Funding Corporation document the founding of the AHP and CAHFC and their activities as providers of affordable loans for low to middle income families and business owners from their creation in 1986 to 2001. Given the topical nature of this record group, its individual files are separated into four major series: Administration, Meetings and Resolutions, Financial Information, and Subject Files. It includes the AHP and CAHFC's correspondence, meeting minutes and agendas, news clippings, press releases and newsletters, reports and testimonies.

ALBANY ALLIED PRINTING TRADES COUNCIL
RECORDS, 1908-1990 .33 cubic ft. (APAP-075)

The Albany Allied Printing Trades Council was an organization of local unions involved in all aspects of the printing trade in Albany, New York. Council members came from the International Typographical Union, the International Printing Pressmen and Assistants' Union, the International Brotherhood of Bookbinders, the International Stereotypers and Electrotypers' Union, the International Photoengravers' Union, and the International Mailers' Union. The composition of the council included those local unions whose members were printers, bookbinders, stereotypers, electrotypers, photoengravers, and mailers. Each union was entitled to have three delegates as representatives on the Council. The Council oversaw use of the union label and worked for the common interests of the unions it represented. It did not work as a bargaining agent, but left those interests to affiliated unions.

ALBANY CENTRAL FEDERATION OF LABOR
RECORDS, 1965-2000 3.8 cubic ft. (APAP-143)

The Albany Central Federation of Labor was organized on June 8, 1888 by workers in the Capital District who obtained a charter and formed the organization. The Albany Central Federation of Labor is a local labor council through which the AFL-CIO organizes to build and strengthen the national union movement. On the state level these grassroots organizations function to give working families a voice in their cities, towns, and counties. A primary goal of the labor council is to have workers treated with dignity and paid livable wages.The collection documents the activities of the Albany Central Federation of Labor (AFL CIO) from 1983 to 2000. Jospehine Sano became president in 1981. Included in the collection are administrative files such as minutes, constitution, correspondence, annual reports, and financial statements. Records of a previous president were destroyed by their creator.

ALBANY COUNTY CIVIC CENTER COLLECTION
COLLECTIOIN, 1984-1988 .75 cubic ft. (APAP-004)

The Albany County Civic Center Collection is an artificial collection assembled by the Department of Special Collections and Archives to document the policy decisions that went into planning what became the Knickerbocker Arena (later known as the Pepsi Arena). Most of the material in this collection was acquired from the Albany County Planning Department. A few items were acquired from other sources: The "Draft Environmental Impact Statement" of January 1985 was already in the possession of the archives; and the "Report from the County Improvements Committee," "Athletic Facilities Improvement Plan" and "Albany Civic Center" were duplicates retrieved from the records of the Office of University Advancement, the University at Albany, SUNY. The items in this collection are organized chronologically to facilitate a reading of the development of the civic center project.

ALBANY FRIENDS MEETING
PAPERS, 1970s-1980s 1 cubic ft. (APAP-166)

This collection includes material related to the Albany Friends Meeting's social justice activities, in particular the work of committees in opposition to the Vietnam War.

ALBANY PRINTING PRESSMEN, ASSISTANTS AND OFFSET WORKERS UNION, No. 23-C GRAPHIC COMMUNICATIONS INTERNATIONAL UNION
RECORDS, 1951-1989 1 reel of microfilm (APAP-006)

In 1886 the printing pressmen of Albany, New York, were organized as a separate pressmen's union by the International Typographical Union (ITU). Chartered on February 6, 1886, this local had an unknown title, although it is likely to have been the Albany Printing Pressmen's Union.

ALBANY TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION NO. 4, COMMUNICATION WORKERS of AMERICA (CWA)
RECORDS, 1850-1855, 1869, 1872-1988 28 reels of microfilm (APAP-007)

The earliest precursor to the Albany Typographical Union No. 4 was the Albany Typographical Society, which was founded on March 3, 1829. This organization, however, was more of a fraternal or professional organization than a labor union. The Albany Typographical Society continued at least until 1832. On May 23, 1850, printers from the city of Albany met in the Clinton Hotel to discuss the establishment of a typographical association. A committee was appointed to draw up a constitution and by-laws. Three days later the constitution and by-laws of the Printers' Union of the City of Albany were unanimously adopted. The committee had decided against forming a benefit society and counseled in favor of a union. That day, 54 people signed the first constitution which stated that the "objects of this Union shall be the maintenance of a fair rate of wages, the encouragement of good workmen, and to use every means which may tend to the elevation of printers in the scale of social life." The election of officers was held on June 1, 1850, and this is the date the union marks as its date of founding.

Amalgamated Clothing & Textile Workers Union (ACTWU), HUDSON VALLEY AREA JOINT BOARD
RECORDS, 1919-1920, 1938-1989 14.2cubic ft. (APAP-050)

The Hudson Valley Area Joint Board was formed in 1957 through the merger of the Columbia County and Mid-Hudson Valley Joint Boards. At this point, the two joint boards were affiliated of the Textile Workers Union of America (TWUA), which merged with the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America (ACWA) in 1976 to form the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union (ACTWU).

AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF RETIRED PERSONS SCHENECTADY COUNTY CHAPTER #490
RECORDS, 1972-2004 3.2cubic ft. (APAP-181)

The records of AARP Schenectady County Chapter #490 include meeting minutes, subject files, proclamations, and related administrative records.

AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF UNIVERSITY PROFESSORS, ALBANY CHAPTER
RECORDS, 1944-1974 .75 cubic ft. (APAP-001)

The Albany Chapter of the American Association of University Professors (AAUP) was founded in 1932 as a chapter organized to represent professors at the New York State College for Teachers in Albany, N.Y., and to promote AAUP's goals of protecting academic freedom, promoting faculty governance, and pressing for salaries equal to their professional status. Regional meetings of the AAUP chapters in the capital district began in the 1935-36 school year and continued until World War II. [ AAUP--Albany Chapter, Minutes, October 31, 1945] The overreaching goal of AAUP as a whole and the Albany Chapter as one of its affiliates was the establishment and protection of academic freedom. This topic was a frequent subject in the minutes and correspondence of the chapter. Different aspects of this freedom were in play at different times during the chapter's history. In the early 1950's freedom of debate was an important topic as was the concept of loyalty oaths (which AAUP argued were a means to undermine academic freedom). During the mid-1960s the faculty workload was of great concern to the chapter, and by the late 1960's, when labor organizations were beginning their organizing campaigns on SUNY campuses, collective bargaining for professors became a pressing concern.

AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF UNIVERSITY WOMEN, ALBANY BRANCH
RECORDS, 1921-1992 5.9 cubic ft. (APAP-002)

The mission of the Albany Branch of the American Association of University Women (AAUW) is threefold: 1) unite women alumnae of colleges and universities for practical educational work, 2) increase their effectiveness in the community for the solution of social and civic problems, and 3) support the National and State Divisions of the AAUW. Since its formation in 1890, the Albany Branch's activity has been the monthly general meetings, featuring guest speakers from the community. Other activities include board meetings, weekly study groups, workshops, surveys, field trips, conferences and conventions, fundraising events, and financial contributions to the AAUW Educational Foundation. It is through these activities that the Albany Branch of the AAUW pursues its goals and seeks to fulfill its purpose. These records document the history of the Albany Branch of the American Association of University Women from 1921 - 1992. While the overall physical condition of the records is good, several folders have been photocopied for research use in order to preserve the originals. (See Appendix 1) Because the collection was received with order already partially established, it was possible to preserve the provenance without extensive rearranging. Only the Committee Files have been reconstructed in the attempt to aggregate the records that distinctly deal with each respective committee.

AMERICAN MARKETING ASSOCIATION, CAPITAL DISTRICT CHAPTER
PAPERS, 1 cubic ft. (APAP-207)

The American Marketing Association, Capital District Chapter works for the advancement of business and management in the region. The collection includes publications concerning programs sponsored by the organization as well as administrative records. Also included are descriptions and handouts from businesses in the Capital District.

AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION (ASPA), EMPIRE STATE CAPITAL AREA CHAPTER
RECORDS, 1952-53, 1956-89, 9.5 cubic ft. (APAP-009)

The Empire State Capital Area Chapter of the American Society of Public Administration (ASPA) was organized in 1942 as a discussion group of twenty-five persons to address the lack of professionalism and training in the newly expanded state government. The chapter (known until July 1989 as the Capital District Chapter) was officially chartered on December 5, 1945. The objectives and goals were to foster an "exchange of knowledge and results of experience of persons interested in the field of public administration," "to encourage the collection, compilation and dissemination of information on matters relating to public administration," and "to advance generally the science, processes and art of public administration." On July 1, 1989, the chapter changed its name to the Empire State Capital Area Chapter in order to distinguish it from other "capital area" chapters and to more accurately define the area it covers.

AMERICANS FOR EFFECTIVE LAW ENFORCEMENT, NEW YORK CHAPTER
RECORDS, 1967-1973, .53cubic ft. (APAP-078)

American for Effective Law Enforcement was founded in 1966 as a non-profit corporation for the purpose of establishing an "organized voice" for citizens regarding the country's crime problem, and to lend support to professional law enforcement agencies. The organization also works to pressure for more efficient law enforcement through court action and information campaigns. The group became functional in early 1967 after receiving a tax-exempt ruling from the IRS. The first project undertaken was the filing of a friend of the court or amicus curiae brief in the Supreme Court. The New York Chapter was based in New York City and organized in the early 1970s. LeRoy Marceau became Executive Director of the state chapter in 1972.The materials in the Americans for Effective Law Enforcement, New York Chapter collection document the chapter's early days through the by-laws, articles of incorporation, and constitution. The collection includes material from the period when LeRoy Marceau was Executive Director of the state chapter beginning in 1972. The collection is particularly strong in documenting the New York Chapter's solicitation for funding from individuals, corporations, and foundations when the New York Chapter was first organized. There is also correspondence with potential donors and officials from the Americans for Effective Law Enforcement national office in Evanston, Illinois. The collection includes research material from issues of interest to the organization such as school discipline, busing school children in the 1970s to create integrated schools, the bail system in New York City, and other related issues. The Legal briefs are some of the court cases for which the organization filed friends of the court, or amicus curiae, briefs. Alert was a publication of the national Americans for Effective Law Enforcement and it contains information about the activities of the state chapters and contemporary issues of interest.

APPLEBY, PAUL H.
PAPERS, 1944-1956, .17 cubic ft. (APAP-112)

Paul Henson Appleby was born in Greene County, Missouri on September 13, 1891, to Andrew B. and Mary (Johnson) Appleby. He earned his A.B. from Grinnell College in 1913. He married Ruth Meyer on October 4, 1916. The couple had three children, Margaret Finley, Mary Ellen Sarbaugh, and L. Tom. The Paul H. Appleby collection is composed of correspondence and Appleby's writings and speeches from his experience in government service. Correspondents included John M. Gaus, Joseph P. Harris, and Donald circa Stone from 1944 through 1946. Appleby's manuscripts on government and public administration cover the years 1944-1956. A broad range of topics are discussed from the military to the Tennessee Valley Authority.

ASSOCIATION OF COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK (ACUSNY)
RECORDS, 1938-1992, 22.5 cubic ft. (APAP-003)

The Association of Colleges and Universities of the State of New York (ACUSNY) was founded in 1906 on the initiative of Commissioner of Education Andrew S. Draper and President Nicholas Murray Butler of Columbia University. The founding meeting of the Association included representatives of the municipal colleges of New York City as well as the private colleges and universities, which then accounted for most of the State's small colleges enrollment. The State teachers colleges joined soon thereafter. For approximately fifty years ACUSNY was virtually the only organization representing higher education before the Legislature and the Executive in Albany, as well as the Federal Government in Washington D.C. The records of the Association of Colleges and Universities of the State of New York (ACUSNY) contain minutes of the Board of Trustees, the executive committee and annual meetings; correspondence both to members and to other individuals and institutions involved with higher education in New York; reports both by ACUSNY committees and other education organizations; newsletters; copies of education legislation; and other records that document the concerns and activities of the Association from 1938-1992, and in particular between 1945-92. The files contain very little information concerning lobbying in Washington, D.C.

ASSOCIATED INDUSTRIES OF NEW YORK STATE/BUSINESS COUNCIL OF NEW YORK STATE
RECORDS, 1914-2004, 10.2cubic ft. (APAP-043)

According to a short of history of the founding of Associated Industries of New York State, the Buffalo Chamber of Commerce called for a meeting of manufacturers on the 27th and the 28th of March 1914 in response to the labor laws of 1913 and 1914. Twenty-seven men, representing various businesses, met for these two days and appointed a committee to draft a constitution for an association which would combat legislation unfavorable to business. They voted unanimously in favor of that constitution, which gave the name of the organization as Federated Industries and its purpose as "to promote the mutual welfare of its members . . . and assist in establishing equitable and beneficial laws and rules pertaining to industries in the state of New York." The members decided their association should register as a corporation, and afterwards the executive committee met and voted to change the name of the association to Federated Industries, Inc., which was the first of many name changes. The general goal of Associated Industries was to restrict government involvement in business affairs, but the association had many specific interests, some of which changed or disappeared as the years progressed. One of their first and lasting concerns was workmen's compensation: they discussed and monitored legislation on this issue for the entire 66 years of their existence. Sometimes, though, their focus changed, as in the 1950's when their interest in workmen's compensation was especially concerned with occupational hearing loss. Taxation of all kinds, corporate as well as personal, always held their interest. Other topics of long term concern were unemployment insurance (1940-80), environmental pollution (ca. 1955-80), the cost and quality of education (1968-80), and energy policy (1971-80). There were also some subjects that interested for only a limited number of years. One of these was the National Bituminous Coal Act of 1937 which was an issue only until about 1945.

ATLANTIC STATES LEGAL FOUNDATION RECORDS
RECORDS, 1966-2009, 179.74 cubic ft. (APAP-311)

Atlantic States Legal Foundation, Inc. (ASLF) is a not-for-profit organization founded in 1982, with headquarters in Syracuse, New York. Since its earliest years, Samuel Sage has worked with ASLF, actively promoting numerous environmental projects and serving as president. ASLF’s mission is to provide affordable technical, legal and organizational services to a variety of individuals, community groups, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), local governments and others to protect and remediate threats to the natural and human environment. The collection contains materials relating to the projects and cases pursued by ASLF, ASLF's collection of published environmental reports and newsletters, and subject files. ASLF activities encompassed almost every U.S. state and a few U.S. territories. The projects and cases are arranged by geographic regions, state, and finally alphabetically by the company or organization. The publications are arranged alphabetically, with separation between serial publications, New York publications, New York Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) publications, and other publications.

AUDUBON NEW YORK
RECORDS, 1995-2002, .4 cubic ft. (APAP-147)

Audubon New York is the state program of the National Audubon Society and formerly National Audubon Society of New York State. In 2002, a small amount of Publications, flyers, and other published material was given to the Department of Special Collections and Archives, but no agreement has been made with the organization and the Department is not currently the official repository of the organization's records.

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BABBITT, BILL
COLLECTION, 1970, 1982, 1991-2008 (bulk 1991-1999), 3.32 cubic ft. (APAP-204)

Bill Babbitt is an activist in the abolition movement. He regularly speaks out against the capital punishment system after promising his younger brother Manny he would campaign to end the death penalty. On May 4, 1999 Bill Babbitt witnessed fifty-year-old Manny Babbitt's execution by the State of California at San Quentin prison. The Bill Babbitt Collection documents nearly ten years of legal efforts to spare Manny Babbitt's life from execution, and two decades of advocacy activities to try to abolish the death penalty. The bulk of materials are court records from the 1990s related to Manny Babbitt's case. In addition, the collection includes the contents of Manny Babbitt's cell at San Quentin at the time of his execution, correspondence from both Manny and Bill Babbitt, speeches, prison records, materials from death penalty abolitionist organizations and conferences, and news articles about the case and Bill Babbitt's ongoing advocacy work.

BALDUS, DAVID
PAPERS, 1980–2010, 221 cubic ft. (APAP-)

[David Baldus (1935-2011) was the Joseph B. Tye Professor at the University of Iowa College of Law whose research and scholarship on the influence of race in the administration of the death penalty remains unparalleled. His study of racial disparities in the application of Georgia's death penalty served as the foundation of the landmark Supreme Court case, McCleskey v. Kemp (1987). In that decision, by vote of 5-4, the justices upheld Georgia's death penalty law against constitutional challenge despite dramatic race-of-victim differences in capital charging and sentencing decisions that were revealed by "the Baldus study." In addition to materials about McCleskey and capital punishment in Georgia, the collection includes studies of the death penalty and sentencing from other states, including Pennsylvania and Nebraska, and the military. The papers contain correspondence, research and data, scholarly articles, reports, court documents, teaching and lecture materials, testimony and speeches, notes, calendars, videos, and newspaper clippings.

BECKER, FRANK JOHN
PAPERS, 1953-1964, 21.6 cubic ft. (APAP-224)

Frank J Becker was born in Brooklyn, New York on August 27, 1899 and moved with his family to Lynbrook, Long Island in 1905. He attended Brown’s Business College in Jamaica, Long Island. Becker enlisted in the United States Army on July 22, 1918 and during World War I served overseas in both England and France. In the 1930s, Becker founded a real-estate and insurance company, and was chairman emeritus of the Board of Directors of the Suburbia Federal Savings and Loan Association in Garden City, Long Island. Becker was an active member in both chapters of Veterans of Foreign Wars and American Legion in Lynbrook in addition to being a member of the Knights of Columbus. The Frank J. Becker Papers span the years of 1953-1964 and document Becker’s tenure in the U.S. Congress representing a portion of Nassau County, New York. The collection contains materials related to his day-to-day activities including correspondence, legislative files, subject specific files, printed matter, and items related to committee work. The collection does not contain personal correspondence or information regarding Becker’s time in the New York State Assembly.

BEDAU, HUGO A.
PAPERS, 1957-1984, 36 cubic ft. (APAP-199)

Hugo A. Bedau (Ph.D., Harvard, 1961) is a commentator, scholar, and activist for the abolition of capital punishment. He is a prominent spokesperson in the abolitionist movement and well-known for his scholarship and writing concerning the death penalty and the challenge to separate logical arguments from moral arguments.

BENNET, AUGUSTUS WITSCHIEF
PAPERS, 23.13 cubic ft. (APAP-225)

Augustus Bennet was born in New York City on October 7, 1897, the son of William Stiles Bennet. Augustus Bennet attended the public schools of New York City and Washington, D.C., and graduated from Amherst College in 1918. During World War I he served in the United States Naval Reserve Flying Corps with the rating of chief quartermaster from June 8, 1918, to January 19, 1919. He graduated from Columbia University Law School in New York City in 1921, was admitted to the bar the same year, and commenced practice in Newburgh, NY. Bennet was a United States referee in bankruptcy from 1923-1944 and was elected as a Republican to the 79th Congress and served January 3, 1945-January 3, 1947. Bennet was not reelcted in 1946. He resumed the practice of law and resided in Laguna Hills, CA until his death in Concord, MA on June 5, 1983. His ashes are interred at Cedar Hills Mausoleum in Newburgh, NY.

BENNET, WILLIAM STILES
PAPERS, 1884-1959, 14.4 cubic ft. (APAP-226)

William Stiles Bennet was a U.S. Representative from New York. He was the father of Augustus Witschief Bennet, who also served as a U.S. Representative. Bennet was born in Port Jervis, NY on November 9, 1870. He attended the common schools, graduated from Port Jervis Academy in 1889, and received his law degree from Albany Law School in 1892. Bennet was a lawyer in private practice, an official reporter of the Orange County Board of Supervisors (1892-1893), a member of the New York State Assembly (1901-1902), a Justice of the Municipal Court of New York City (1903), a member of the United States Immigration Commission (1907-1910), and a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1908 and 1916. He served as a Republican in the 59th through 61st Congresses (March 4, 1905-March 3, 1911) and was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1910. He was elected to the 64th Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of U.S. Representative Joseph A. Goulden (November 2, 1915-March 3, 1917), but was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection to the 65th Congress in 1916. Bennet served as the official parliamentarian of the Republican National Convention at Chicago in 1916 and was a United States delegate to the Seventeenth International Congress Against Alcoholism held in Copenhagen in 1923. The William Stiles Bennet Papers document the personal and professional activities of William Stiles Bennet. They date primarily from the years 1930-1960.

BERKING, MAX
PAPERS, 1964-1965, 3.4 cubic ft. (APAP-228)

Max Berking was a Democratic Party activist who served in the New York State Senate during the years 1964-1965. Born in 1917, Berking was raised in Greenwich, Connecticut, where his grandfather was a Republican State Senator. He attended Brunswick School in Greenwich and Williams College in western Massachusetts, where he was exposed to liberal politics by the professor and columnist Max Lerner. During World War II he served on the Fair Employment Practice Committee, which worked to fight discrimination in war industries. This collection contains materials related to Max Berking's service in the New York State Senate from 1964 to 1965.

BERMAN, FREDERIC S.
PAPERS, 1962-1975, 2.0 cubic ft. (APAP-229)

Frederic S. Berman was born on March 7, 1927 in New York. He graduated from Columbia College in 1949 and received his law degree from New York Law School in 1951. Berman practiced as an attorney at the firm Berman & Berman from 1952-1964 and again from 1969-1972, specializing in business law. He also was an adjunct member of the faculty at New York Law School from 1958-2003, teaching such courses as criminal law, personal property, municipal law and post-conviction remedies and procedures. The collection predominantly contains materials acquired by Frederic Berman during his time as a New York State Senator.

BETHLEHEM WORK ON WASTE
RECORDS, 1989-1996, 1.99 cubic ft. (APAP-148)

Bethlehem Work on Waste (BWOW) was begun in the spring of 1989 by Betsy Lyons, Betty Albright, and other residents from the town of Bethlehem, New York. It began in opposition to American Ref-fuel/BFI's (Brown Ferris Industries & Air Products & Chemical Inc.) proposal to build an incinerator on Cabbage Island (now Beacon Island) in Bethlehem. After defeating the proposed American Ref-fuel/BFI incinerator the group organized with environmentalists from the town of Coeymans against a proposed ANSWERS (Albany New York Solid Waste Energy Recovering System) landfill. In 1992 the EAC (Energy Answers Corporation) proposed building a waste management facility that included an incinerator on Green Island, located in Albany near Troy, or Cabbage Island, the same site that BWOW fought to protect against American Ref-Fuel/BFI's proposal. On June 18, 1992 a referendum vote was held in Bethlehem and rejected EAC's proposal and prohibited the building of incinerators in the town. This collection documents the work of Bethlehem Work on Waste (BWOW) from its inception in 1989 and its first opposition of the American Ref-Fuel/BFI incinerator through 1995.

BIENEN, LEIGH
PAPERS, 1980–1996, 23 cubic ft. (APAP-312)

Leigh B. Bienen is a senior lecturer at Northwestern University School of Law and a criminal defense attorney whose areas of expertise include capital punishment, sex crimes, and rape reform legislation. Previously, Bienen taught law at Princeton University, the University of Pennsylvania, and the University of California (Berkeley). She is a published author who is licensed to practice law in Illinois, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, and Washington, D.C. and is a member of the Bar of the United States Supreme Court. Currently, Bienen is the director of the Chicago Historical Homicide Project, analyzing a hand written data set kept by the Chicago Police of more than 11,000 homicides in Chicago from 1870-1930. Earlier Bienen directed an empirical study of all homicide cases in New Jersey after the reimposition of capital punishment in that state and drafted the model sex offense statute which was the basis for rape reform legislation in a number of states and enacted in New Jersey in 1979. The collection includes files relating to the New Jersey homicide study, correspondence, case files, court documents and legal briefs, death penalty legislation, newspaper and magazine clippings, background resources, and scholarly articles.

BLACK STUDIO, Inc.
RECORDS, 1960–1987, cubic ft. (APAP-308)

The Black Studio Collection of photographic negatives represents the photographs taken by the Black Studio, Inc., a commercial photography studio located in Schenectady, New York. Black Studio was founded in 1942 by Gene Black and purchased by Joseph Ianniello in 1975. The negatives are from 1960-1987 and include aerial shots, local businesses, passport portarits, weddings, advertising, and on-sight photography.

BLANDY, TOM
PAPERS, 1990-1999, 2.0 cubic ft. (APAP-133)

Tom Blandy, a resident of Troy, New York, is an architect whose specialty is adaptive reuse of older buildings. He has been involved with a number of local and regional environmental groups, including the Rensselaer County Greens, Save the Pine Bush, and Concerned Citizens for the Environment (CCE). CCE was formed in 1987 by Ken Dufty as a means of opposing the Inter-Power coal burning power generation plant proposed for Halfmoon, New York. Dufty left in the early 1990's to form the Rensselaer County Environmental Management Council and Tom Blandy became president of the CCE at that time. These papers document the political and legal opposition of the group Concerned Citizens for the Environment against the proposed Green Island Solid Waste Incinerator.

BLINKEN, DONALD
PAPERS, inclusive, 1969-2003; bulk, 1977-1993, 5.95 cubic ft. (APAP-080)

Donald M. Blinken was born in New York in 1925. He joined the U.S. Army Air Corps in 1944. In 1948 he graduated magna cum laude in economics from Harvard. After 10 years in the retail business, including two in the United Kingdom with Marks & Spencer, he joined the investment firm of E.M. Warburg Pincus, the largest venture capital firm in the United States. He continued to be associated with Warburg Pincus as a managing partner until taking up government service. This collection documents the activities and concerns of Ambassador Blinken as a board member of the Board of Trustees for the State University of New York in 1976 and subsequently as chairman of the Board from 1978 through 1990.

BLOCH, EDWARD
PAPERS, 1939-2001, 5.41 cubic ft. (APAP-115)

Edward James Bloch (Block) was born to Henry, a New York attorney, and Sylvia Bloch, in New York City on April 17, 1924. As of 2002, he is a devout Presbyterian living in a rural town in upstate New York, with his second wife, Naomi Finkelstein. The collected papers of Edward J. Bloch detail his early life, his military service in the Marine Corps during World War II, his three years in Turkey teaching biology, leadership in the UE, the Labor Action Coalition, the Capital Labor Religion Coalition, Interfaith Impact, Interfaith Alliance, three unsuccessful campaigns for Congress, and personal papers and correspondence.

BLUMENTHAL, ALBERT H.
PAPERS, 68.17 cubic ft. (APAP-230)

Albert H. Blumenthal was born October 13, 1928, and lived in Manhattan in New York City. He was married to Joel Marie Winik, worked as a lawyer, and was a member of the American Civil Liberties Union. Blumenthal was a member of the New York State Assembly from 1963 through 1976 (5th District 1963-1965, 73rd District 1966, 67th District 1967-1972, 69th District 1973-1976).

BOEHLERT, SHERWOOD
PAPERS, 665 cubic ft. (APAP-)

Sherwood Boehlert retired in 2006, after serving in the U.S. Congress (NY-24th District) since first elected in 1982. Among Mr. Boehlert's many achievements was his chairmanship of the House Science Committee; he also served on committees on Transportation and Infrastructure. By appointment of the Speaker of the House, Congressman Boehlert served for eight years as a member of the Select Committee on Intelligence, where he was on the front line of important intelligence decisions faced by Congress. Early in 2003, the Speaker appointed Boehlert to serve on the newly created Select Committee on Homeland Security. In addition to being a leader on science issues, Boehlert's legislative experience and seniority made him one of the most influential Members of Congress. National Journal featured him as one of a dozen "key players" in the House. Time Magazine highlighted Congressman Boehlert as a power center on Capitol Hill. Congressional Quarterly regularly named Boehlert one of the 50 most effective lawmakers in Washington.

BONOWITZ, ABRAHAM
PAPERS, 1995–2009, 97 cubic ft. (APAP-186)

For nearly two decades, Abe Bonowitz has worked to educate the public about human rights problems, in particular the death penalty and the need for alternatives to the death penalty. During this time he served in numerous director, consultant, managerial, and activist roles with leading advocacy and death penalty abolitionist organizations. Bonowitz currently works as director of affiliate support for the National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty. Previously, he co-founded and directed Citizens United for Alternatives to the Death Penalty from 1997 to 2008, directed Floridians for Alternatives to the Death Penalty from 1999 until 2007, and served first as a consultant and then as a field manager with New Jerseyans for Alternatives to the Death Penalty from 2005 until 2008. In 2004 he was elected to the board of directors of the National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty until resigning to take a staff position with the organization in 2008. The collection includes administrative files, correspondence, petitions, brochures, direct mailings, information packets, and newsletters related to Citizens United for Alternatives to the Death Penalty, Floridians for Alternatives to the Death Penalty, and New Jerseyans for Alternatives to the Death Penalty as well as other advocacy groups. In addition, there is extensive memorabilia from abolitionist organizations, news clippings, scholarly articles, government reports, photographs and negatives, and video materials, including DVDs and VHS tapes

BOYD, RALPH F.
PAPERS, 1943-1992, 1.6 cubic ft. (APAP-165)

Ralph F. Boyd, Sr. is a lifelong social justice advocate well known for his commitment to civil rights, equality, civil service and local community activism within Schenectady, New York. Born in 1919 in Norfolk, V.A, and raised in Baltimore M.D, Boyd grew up in the segregated south during a time when discrimination and racism plagued many northern and southern communities. Although there were occasional hardships, the support and importance of family, along with the community of church, acted as Boyd’s savior. He credits both components for instilling strong moral values within him. The Ralph Boyd, Sr. Papers document his social activism as member of the Schenectady branch of the NAACP and his professional work as an employee of the General Electric Co. in Schenectady, New York.

THE BROTHERS
RECORDS, 1966-1972, 1.4 cubic ft. (APAP-081)

The Brothers was a civil rights group that was active in Albany, New York for several years beginning in 1966. While picketing a worksite to protest discrimination in hiring practices, Leon Van Dyke was joined by several African-American men from Albany's South End and Arbor Hill neighborhoods. Believing that it was the responsibility of the African-American community to address its own problems, the group took on issues faced by the residents of Arbor Hill, the South End and the North Side: poverty, poor access to health care, slum housing conditions, inadequate public schools and lack of political power. They pressured landlords to clean up their buildings, offered free classes in black history, ran voter registration drives and a breakfast program for poor children. They led rent strikes and protested against discrimination and alleged police brutality. The first action that brought them notoriety was their attempt in November 1966 to expose the alleged vote-buying practice of the Albany Democratic political machine. Considered enemies of the political machine, Mayor Erastus Corning 2nd kept secret police surveillance files on the members. [1] At the height of their prominence the Brothers unsuccessfully fielded African-American candidates for mayor, alderman and county legislator. The Brothers maintained the non-violent philosophy of Dr. Martin Luther King, but indicated that they would react with force if necessary. While not as militant as the Black Panthers, they were viewed with suspicion by many in the African-American community. However, they had the support of many activists in Albany, including lawyers, religious leaders, college students and professors. The bulk of the collection was compiled or created by Gordon Van Ness and contains copies of newspaper clippings, original writings, memos and correspondence.

BRYDGES, EARL W.
PAPERS, 4 photographs (APAP-232)

Earl W. Brydges was born in Niagara Falls, NY in 1905. Brydges was a lawyer and a Republican member of the New York State Senate from 1949 through 1972 (52nd District 1949-1954, 54th District 1955-1965, 60th District 1966, 52nd District 1967-1972). Brydges was also a delegate to New York State Constitutional Convention in 1967. He was married to Eleanor C. Mahoney.

BURTON, BERNARD
RECORDS, 1940–1991,.4 cubic ft. (APAP-170)

Bernard Bruton served in the armed forces during World War II and was a journalist and publicist. He worked to repeal California's anti-abortion law during Ronald Reagan's tenure as governor. He wrote for the Daily Worker and other publications. The collection includes material related to his service in WWII and newspaper articles he wrote in opposition to anti-abortion laws.

BUSH, E. OGDEN
PAPERS, 11.39 cubic ft. (APAP-233)

E. Ogden Bush was born in DeLancey, Delaware County, NY on September 14, 1898. He lived in Walton, NY and served as a Republican member of the New York State Assembly (1933-1937) and the New York State Senate 34th District (1957-1965). He was a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1940 (alternate), 1944, 1948, and 1952. Ogden was a dentist and a member of the Farm Bureau, American Legion, and Freemasons.

BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONAL WOMEN'S CLUB OF ALBANY, NEW YORK
RECORDS, 1934-1988, 2.3 cubic ft. (APAP-064)

The Business and Professional Women's Club of Albany, New York, (BPW) was founded in 1934 with 22 charter members as a chapter of the Business and Professional Women's Clubs of New York State, Inc. (founded in 1919) and a member of the National Federation of Business and Professional Women's Clubs, Inc. The newspaper clippings, though not in perfect chronological order, contain the most information about the early years of the Business and Professional Women's Club of Albany, New York. BPW was interested in having its ideas appear in the local newspapers, so the clippings file has much information no the concerns and also the activities of BPW.

BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONAL WOMEN'S CLUB OF NEW YORK STATE, INC.
RECORDS, 1921-ongoing, 3.99 cubic ft. (APAP-117)

The Business and Professional Women's Clubs of New York (BPWNYS) was founded in April 1919 by a group of 100 women at the Hotel Pennsylvania in New York City led by Abbie (Gail) Laughlin. Laughlin also served as the organization's first national president. The organization's first president was Adaline Zachert of Rochester, New York. The federation was to be "not just another woman's organization," but was to become, within a quarter of a century, one of the strongest sources of unified women power in the nation. These records document the history of the Business and Professional Women's Clubs of New York State, Inc. The collection of BPWNYS includes the records of the state board meeting, annual legislative conference, annual state and national conventions, and publications by the Clubs. There is also a small photograph series.

BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONAL WOMEN'S CLUB OF SCHENECTADY, NEW YORK
RECORDS, 1927–2006, 37 cubic ft. (APAP-218)

These records document the history of the Business and Professional Women's Clubs of Schenectady, NY. The collection includes meeting minutes, news clippings, publications, programs, scrapbooks detailing the club's activities and accomplishments, and photographs. The Schenectady Club was organized in 1927. The collection also includes records retained by Club members involved in BPW activities at the district and state levels. The collection is not yet arranged and described.

BUTTON, DANIEL EVAN
PAPERS, [DATE], 42.2 cubic ft. (APAP-231)

Daniel Evan Button was a U.S. Representative from New York. Button was born in Dunkirk, Chautauqua County, NY on November 1, 1917. He graduated from Wilmington High School (Delaware) in 1933, received his A.B. from the University of Delaware (Newark, DE) in 1938, and his M.A. from Columbia University in 1939. Button was an author and journalist who worked at newspapers in Wilmington, with the Associated Press in New York City (1939-1947) and as executive editor of the Albany Times-Union (1960-1966). This collection documents the political life of Daniel Evan Button. This collection represents Button’s administrative actions during his two terms as a U.S.

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CABOT, LAWRENCE A.
PAPERS, 1964-1965, 1.6 cubic ft. (APAP-234)

Lawrence A. Cabot was born on May 17th, 1919. He attended City College and served with the 2nd Armored Division in World War II. A Democrat, Cabot lived in Ardsley, New York. He was elected to the New York State Assembly in 1964 and represented the Westchester County Second District for one term. During his political career, he served on the Claims, Internal Affairs, Revision, and Villages committees. Cabot was also chairman of the Ardsley Democratic Committee and vice-chairman of the Greenburg Democratic Committee. The Lawrence A. Cabot Papers consist of both subject files and legislation related to Cabot's service in the New York State Assembly from 1964-1965. The subject files contain primarily correspondence although there are also newspaper clippings, press releases, and one map. The legislation includes bills that Cabot sponsored while in the Assembly and resolutions he was involved with. The legislation files frequently include supplemental materials such as correspondence and newspaper clippings.

CAMPBELL, DONALD A.
PAPERS, 1.33 cubic ft. (APAP-235)

Donald Campbell was born in Amsterdam, Montgomery County, NY on August 2, 1922. Campbell served in the U.S. Army during World War II and worked as a lawyer. He was a Republican member of the New York State Assembly from 1951 until 1968 (Montgomery County 1951-1965, 123rd District 1966, 104th District 1967-1968). Campbell was an Episcopalian and a member of the American Bar Association, American Legion, Amvets, Freemasons, and Shriners. Campbell died on November 8, 1992.

CAMPUS ACTION
RECORDS, 1992-2006, 2.29 cubic ft. (APAP-164)

Campus Action was formed in April of 1992 as a multi-cultural, multi-issue organization with a mission to promote activism and support activist organizations on university campuses in New York’s Capital Region. It maintained eight chapters representing individual campuses as well as a central office at the Social Justice Center in Albany. Campus Action was led by David Easter, the founder and coordinator, and a board of directors. The campus chapters in the Capital Region, including the University at Albany, possessed considerable autonomy. The records of Campus Action contain materials collected and generated by the organization including both paper documents and electronic records.

CAPITAL AREA COUNCIL OF CHURCHES
RECORDS, 1941-2002, 9 cubic ft. (APAP-129)

The Capital Area Council of Churches (CACC) was founded in 1941 as the Federation of Churches of Christ in Albany, N.Y. and Vicinity. The name was changed to the CACC as part of the adoption of a new organizational constitution submitted for approval to the Annual Meeting in June 1958. The preliminary considerations for forming this organization had been discussed among four Albany area clergymen: the Rev. William H. McConaghy of the Madison Avenue Presbyterian Church, the Rev. Erville Maynard of St. Peter's Episcopal Church, the Rev. Arthur Adams of the First Presbyterian Church and Dr. Kenneth B. Wells of the Westminster Presbyterian Church. The majority of records in this collection are board minutes (with organizational constitutions, Director's Reports, and some committee minutes) reports, newsletters, administrative files, subject files, and some correspondence. There is also a collection of clippings from local newspapers.

CAPITAL AREA MICROCOMPUTER SOCIETY
NEWSLETTERS, 1986-1999, .17 cubic ft. (APAP-182)

The collection contains the newsletter of the Capital Area Microcomputer Society for the period 1986-1999. The organization offered regular meetings, sponsored message boards, educational workshops, and a newsletter to its members who shared an interest in computer technology and software.

CAPITAL AREA SCHOOL DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION
RECORDS, 1949-1991, cubic ft. (APAP-065)

The Capital Area School Development Association (CASDA) is a cooperative organization among public and private schools and the University at Albany’s School of Education. Through programming, CASDA provides professional development for administrators, teachers, and school support staff. It is a voluntary self-governed association managed by an executive committee and chief school administrators. Its purpose is to facilitate programs for school employees. Finance is acquired through membership and the University. The collection documents the history of the association’s management, activities, and programs from 1949 to 1991.

CAPITAL DEFENDER OFFICE
RECORDS, 1995–2008, 98 cubic ft. (APAP-309)

The Capital Defender Office (1995-2008) (CDO) was established as part of New York State’s 1995 death penalty legislation which took effect on September 1, 1995. Under the new law, the State expanded the crime of first degree murder and introduced two new penalties, death and life in prison without possibility of parole, for those convicted. Working from offices in Albany, New York City, and Rochester, the CDO sought to ensure that defendants being tried by the State, who could not afford representation, receive skilled counsel in capital cases. The CDO closed its Rochester office in 2005, and, as no state death penalty cases remain, the Albany and New York City offices in 2008. This collection consists of news clips (filed by subject), subject files, bound records of appeal in the cases of the People v. Cahill, Harris, LaValle, Mateo, McCoy, and Taylor, notebooks with appellate briefs, New York county court papers arranged by county, government studies, reports and debates on capital punishment, annual reports, and a small number of VHS tapes recording court proceedings. There are defendant case files, some with correspondence, court papers, and news clips and others with just news clips. In addition, there is a box with three sealed sets of materials under embargo until 2018, 2023, and 2028 respectively.

CAPITAL DISTRICT COALITION AGAINST APARTHEID & RACISM
RECORDS, 1981-1995, 6 reels of microfilm (APAP-011)

The Capital District Coalition Against Apartheid and Racism (CD-CAAR) was founded by a group of Albany, NY area residents who organized to prevent the Springboks, the all-white South African national rugby team representing the apartheid South African government, from playing a game against the American all-star rugby team in Albany scheduled for September 22, 1981. The bulk of the records of the Capital District Coalition Against Apartheid and Racism documents the organization's involvement in the fight against apartheid in South Africa, while a smaller amount details its struggle against police abuse in Albany, New York and around the United States. Due to the chronological organization of most records, references to topics are scattered throughout the collection.

CAPITAL DISTRICT COMMITTEE FOR PALESTINIAN RIGHTS
PAPERS, 1950s-1990s, 1 cubic ft. (APAP-163)

This collection includes material collected and created by the the Capital District Committee for Palestinian Rights including newslettes such as "Middle East Justice Network," news articles, and files on meetings held between Palestinian and Jewish groups in the Capital Region.

CAPITAL DISTRICT GAY AND LESBIAN COMMUNITY COUNCIL, INC.
RECORDS, 1972-2002, 5.33 cubic ft. (APAP-193)

The records of the Capital District Gay and Lesbian Community Council includes primarly publications, correspondence, news clippings, and publicity materials. The publications include CommUNITY (1974-2002), Speak Out (1974-1978), Northeast Alive, and Capital District Alive among others. The inventory provided here covers only the publications in this collection. Additional records created by the CDGLCC are also available in the Department of Special Collections and Archives, but have not yet been inventoried.

CAPITAL JURY PROJECT
RECORDS, 1990–2002, 69 cubic ft. (APAP-196)

The Capital Jury Project was initiated in 1991 by a consortium of university-based researchers with support from the National Science Foundation. The Project is administered nationally by Dr. William Bowers, Principal Research Scientist, Northeastern University. The findings of the CJP are based on 3 to 4 hour, in-depth, interviews with persons who have served as jurors in capital trials. Phase I of the Project has completed over 1,200 interviews from jurors in 353 capital trials in 14 states. These interviews chronicled the jurors' experiences and decision-making over the course of the trial, identify points at which various influences come into play, and reveal the ways in which jurors reach their final sentencing decision. This project is being continued by the Capital Jury Project II (CJP2), a program of research on the decision-making of capital jurors.

CAPITAL PUNISHMENT CLEMENCY PETITIONS
COLLECTION, circa 1985-ongoing, 6 cubic ft. (APAP-214)

The Clemency Petitions Collection includes approximately 150 clemency petitions filed by inmates from across the United States. The clemency process varies from state to state and typically involves the governor, a board of advisors, or both. Clemency refers to the lessening of the penalty of the crime without forgiving the crime itself. The act of clemency is a reprieve. Unlike judicial proceedings, claims raised in clemency petitions are free of procedural defaults that can mask error, unfairness, or irrationality in a given death sentence. Petitions thus can reveal what the sentencing authority may not have known because of attorney error, prosecutorial misconduct, newly discovered evidence, or other reasons. As part of his work with The Constitution Project, William J. Bowers established this collection. The petition for Joseph Spaziano is from the papers of Michael A. Mello.

CAPITAL REGION TRANSGENDER COMMUNITY ARCHIVE
COLLECTION, circa 1970-ongoing, 5.2 cubic ft. (APAP-185)

The Capital Region Transgender Community Archive is a unique collection of local and regional newsletters and documents from the 1970s to the present. The bulk of the material in the collection dates from the 1980s and 1990s. The collection includes the TVIC newsletter (1972-1984), Transgender Independence Club newsletter (1987-2001), and issues of other local and national publications. Also available in the collection are posters, fliers, some organizational records, videos, and material from the Albany Gender Project. An incomplete inventory is provided here until the complete arrangement and description of the collection is completed.

CASATELLI, JEANNE
PAPERS, 1966-2002 (bulk 1996-2002), 2.6 cubic ft. (APAP-150)

Jeanne Casatelli is a native of East Greenbush, New York, who has fought sprawl in her hometown for more than twenty years. She is a founding member of East Greenbush's Community Action Network, a grassroots organization whose stated purpose is "to promote good planning and the protection of natural, historic, and civic resources in accordance with principles espoused as Smart Growth, New Urbanism, and Quality Community." The papers document Casatelli's interest in issue-based grassroots organizations in the late 1990s and early 2000s through her involvement in Community Action Network (CAN). CAN opposed the widening of U.S. Route 9 and 20 in East Greenbush through a vigorous campaign of public education and political action. The papers provide near-complete documentation of this campaign, including letters, e-mail, press releases, position papers, contact lists, and notes.

CATHOLICS AGAINST CAPITAL PUNISHMENT
RECORDS, 1978–2010, cubic ft. (APAP-321)

Established in 1992, Catholics Against Capital Punishment seeks to promote greater awareness of Catholic Church teachings about capital punishment as unnecessary and inappropriate. As an advocate against the use of the death penalty, the organization shares news of Catholic anti-death penalty efforts, urges lawmakers to repeal existing capital punishment laws and to resist creating new ones, and encourages Catholic clergy and religious groups to speak out against capital punishment. The records document the organization's mission and include: statements by Popes John Paul II and Benedict XVI, Vatican officials, the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops and its predecessor organizations, and individual bishops and U.S. State Catholic Conferences regarding the death penalty; testimony and letters submitted to the U.S. Congress advocating against the death penalty; and background research materials.

CENTER FOR LAW AND JUSTICE
RECORDS, 1985-2000, 12.75 cubic ft. (APAP-072)

In the summer of 1984, Jessie Davis, a young Black man was shot and killed by police in his Arbor Hill apartment. His killing served to galvanize the African-American community in Albany to seek change in the way the Police Department treated community residents. One outgrowth of the community's outrage over the killing was the birth of The Center for Law and Justice in 1985. The Center helped to keep the case before the public, gave moral support to the Davis family, assisted attorneys with a federal lawsuit against the city, and organized community demonstrations and fundraising events to cover legal expenses related to the family's suit. The Center's overall mission has been to promote the empowerment of people to change what they believed was the oppressive nature of the total criminal justice system, although the organization has continued to focus much of its work on policing issues. Dr. Alice P. Green, founder and Executive Director of the Center for Law and Justice, Inc. donated 13 boxes of records to the M.E. Grenander Special Collections and Archives at the University at Albany Library in June 2000. In November 2000, three more boxes were donated.

CITIZENS BUDGET COMMISSION
RECORDS, 1931-1999, 12.92 cubic ft. (APAP-201)

The Citizens Budget Commission (CBC) is a nonpartisan, nonprofit civic organization devoted to influencing constructive change in the finances and services of New York City and New York State government. The inspiration for the group was New York City's inability to manage its budget. The CBC took on the responsibility of analyzing and evaluating New York City's finances. This information was used to create recommendations and reports designed to help New York City. This responsibility was expanded from New York City to state government in 1984. The CBC believes that the interests of the citizenry of New York is of foremost importance and should guide their actions and responses. The records of the Citizens Budget Commission (CBC) contain information on the financial outlook of New York City from the 1930s to the 1990s.

CITIZENS' ENVIRONMENTAL COALITION
RECORDS, 1973-2005, 44.25 cubic ft. (APAP-197)

The Citizens’ Environmental Coalition (CEC) consists of 110 community and environmental groups and over 14,000 individuals in New York. CEC is active in local, state, and national environmental issues. It operates two offices: the main office in Albany and a Western New York office in Buffalo. CEC’s primary purposes are to fight pollution in New York State, build a healthier environment, and to encourage, educate, and organize local citizens with similar goals. It supports democratic, grassroots activities, helps build coalitions, and “promote[s] corporate accountability and non-violent social justice values.” The records of Citizens’ Environmental Coalition (CEC) document its research and activism, from its infancy as part of the New York Environmental Institute, through its independent chartering in 1991, and continuing into the new millennium.

CITY CLUB OF ALBANY
RECORDS, 1945-1961, .2 cubic ft. (APAP-082)

The City Club of Albany was established February 5, 1919, to give "women an opportunity through membership to take an intelligent part in public affairs." The group participated in public affairs with "a program that determines through careful study and full discussion what [its] aims should be, and helps achieve those aims by informing and stimulating public opinion." The City Club was interested in a variety of issues including services for senior citizens, city planning, world health, youth, environmental concerns, and others. The Club shared information in the form of pamphlets and brochures often produced by other organizations. The Club held regular meetings as well as annual anniversary luncheons and events.The collection documents the City Club of Albany and contains organizational records from 1957-1959 mainly concerned with issues of the Citizen's Platform.

CIVIL SERVICE EMPLOYEES ASSOCIATION (CSEA), LOCAL 1000, AFSCME
RECORDS, 1918-ongoing, 55.05 cubic ft., 45 reels (APAP-015)

The Civil Service Employees Association, Inc., or CSEA, is the largest public employees' union in New York State with over 260,000 members. CSEA began in Albany, New York in 1910 as a collective effort by a small group of state employees to secure better wages and working conditions. Originally known as the Association of State Civil Service Employees, the organization adopted its current name in November 1946. Between 1920 and 1940 the organization grew from a handful of workers to a membership of over 600. This increase in membership was largely based upon the admittance of non-competitive class civil service employees. By 1947 the organization admitted another class of state employees, local government workers, with the issuance of a charter to Westchester County employees. The records of the Civil Service Employees Association span from 1918 to the present.

COLUMBIA COUNTY TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, NO. 896
RECORDS, 1927, 1936-1968 , .66 cubic ft. (APAP-013)

The earliest typographical union in Hudson, N.Y., was the Hudson Typographical Union No. 531, chartered in 1902. That union is likely to have folded during the eight hour strike of 1906. During the 1920's, printers in Hudson had become acquainted with vacationing printers who were members of Albany Typographical Union No. 4. With support from the members of No. 4, the Hudson printers were chartered as the Hudson Typographical Union No. 896 in 1925. Unfortunately, the Great Depression arrived four years later, and the printers of No. 896 wanted to gain recognition as a bargaining agent. The International Typographical Union (ITU) refused to allow the Hudson printers to go forward with this action during a time of such financial havoc, and the members of No. 896 voted to surrender the charter. The records of Columbia County Typographical Union No. 896 offer complete documentation of the workings of this union since 1936.

COMMITTEE FOR PROGRESSIVE LEGISLATION
RECORDS, 1950-1993, 1.2 cubic ft. (APAP-123)

The Committee for Progressive Legislation began when Kay Dingle, a wife and mother living in Delmar, New York, took the initiative to create a religious liberal voice that would bring attention to social issues important to many New Yorkers. She organized a group of Unitarian women to discuss ways in which they could be effective in supporting or opposing state legislation. They would raise a religious liberal voice in politics by enlisting other members of the Albany and Schenectady First Unitarian Universalist Societies and working together with other organizations interested in dealing with social problems. That group of women became the Committee for Progressive Legislation. This collection contains the papers of the Committee for Progressive Legislation from 1950-1993.

COMMUNICATIONS WORKERS OF AMERICA, LOCAL 1104, EDUCATION DIVISION
RECORDS, 1969-2001 (bulk 1983-1999), 17.0 cubic ft. (APAP-132)

Beginning in the 1970s, graduate, teaching, and research assistants in the various schools of the State University of New York (SUNY) decided it would be beneficial to form a union for graduate student employees. Though they were students, they were also employed as assistants in a variety of capacities at their respective SUNY schools and wanted the right to bargain with the state of New York for fair employment conditions. The movement began at SUNY Buffalo in 1975 and showed great promise based on the number of signatures gathered from graduate assistants up until 1977. However, the movement suffered a temporary setback over issues regarding New York State’s Taylor Law, which forbids public employees to strike in order to preserve “harmonious and cooperative relationships between government and its employees”; it is also intended to protect the best interests of the public by making sure that government operations function smoothly and without interruption. Those records comprise a series of their own and mainly consist of administrative files such as correspondence, meeting minutes, activity planning, elections, and instructional information on how to organize.

COMMUNICATIONS WORKERS OF AMERICA OPERATORS DIVISION, LOCAL 1104
RECORDS, 1949-2001 (bulk 1980-1995), 26.0 cubic ft. (APAP-121)

The telephone operators division of the Communications Workers of America (CWA) is one of the original sectors of the CWA, a union that grew over the years to protect the interests of a large variety of professions. In 1918 phone operators gained union representation under the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (IBEW), but a 1923 strike led to the breakup of that union. By the end of the 1940s, however, the CWA blossomed from the National Federation of Telephone Workers, which formed in the late 1930s when operators decided it was time to try unionization again. Under the leadership of Joseph Beirne, the CWA became national, and in subsequent decades the union grew to include private and public workers in the education and healthcare sectors in addition to the original telecommunications members. The telephone operators collection contains a variety of documents illustrating the evolution of the group from its days with the Telecommunications International Union (TIU) through its first ten to fifteen years with the Communications Workers of America (CWA).

CONCERNED CITIZENS AGAINST CROSSGATES
RECORDS, 1979-1984, 5.05 cubic ft. (APAP-057)

Concerned Citizens Against Crossgates (CCAC) was organized as an informal group opposed to the construction of the Pyramid Crossgates mall in the summer of 1979. The group developed into a coalition of concerned residents that at one time had over three thousand members from the Town of Guilderland and neighboring communitites. Concerned Citizens Against Crossgates sought to preserve the rural and residential character of their town. The records of Concerned Citizens Against Crossgates include subject files, legal papers, exhibits for hearings before the Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC), and News Clippings. Due to the informal nature of CCAC, the collection does not contain meeting minutes or correspondence of leaders in the organization, that would indicate the development of strategy.

CONFERENCE OF LARGE CITY BOARDS OF EDUCATION
RECORDS, 1968-1981, 1 cubic ft. (APAP-083)

The Special Task Force on Equity and Excellence in Education was appointed as part of the Conference of Large City Boards of Education of New York State in 1978. Governor Hugh Carey appointed the Task Force to investigate school finance reform after the New York State Supreme Court ruled that the system of state school financing at the time was unconstitutional in the Levittown vs. Nyquist case. The materials in the Conference of Large City Boards of Education collection are from the files of the Special Task Force on Equity and Excellence in Education kept by Eugene Samter, the Executive Director of the Conference.

CONSERVATIVE PARTY OF NEW YORK STATE
RECORDS, 1962-2004 , 40.5 cubic ft. (APAP-060)

The Conservative Party of New York State, also commonly referred to as the New York State Conservative Party, was officially founded in 1962. Efforts to form the party were initiated following the Republican loss of New York State in the 1960 Presidential Election. In 1961 disaffected Republicans, led by New York City attorneys Kiernan O'Doherty and J. Daniel Mahoney, formed the organizing committee for the New York State Conservative Political Association, Inc., a membership corporation. This association was established as a base upon which to build the Conservative Party, "a fourth party, to counter the influence of the New York Liberal Party." The Conservative Party's intent was to "exercise leverage upon the major political parties by endorsing and working for candidates from either party whose views paralleled its own, and running its own candidates where acceptable major party candidates were not put forth." The records of the Conservative Party of New York State (hereafter referred to as CPNYS) include party news releases, bulletins, some State Committee and State Executive Committee meeting minutes, election material (such as authorizations and designating petitions of party candidates), party legislative programs, publications, and news clippings.

COPLON, DAVID
PAPERS, 1955–1980, 5 cubic ft. (APAP-288)

Includes material from the Schenectady chapter of Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy (SANE); local chapter of ant-Vietnam war; Church and Laity United, Schenectady; and groups for Middle East peace, 1970s.

CORRECTIONAL ASSOCIATION OF NEW YORK STATE
RECORDS, 1844-1988,30.97 cubic ft., 11 reels of microfilm (APAP-014)

The Correctional Association of New York was founded in 1844 by John W. Edmonds, President of the Board of Inspectors at Sing Sing Prison. 1 Originally named the Prison Association of New York, the organization was formed to ameliorate the conditions of criminal defendants and prisoners, improve the discipline and administration of local jails and state prisons, and furnish assistance and encouragement to reformed convicts after discharge. It is the only private organization in the state that has the power to conduct on-site examinations of state and local correctional facilities and report its findings and recommendations to governmental authorities.2 Since 1846, it has been charged with submitting an annual report on prison conditions in New York State to the New York State Assembly.

COUNCIL 82, SECURITY AND LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEES, AFSCME
RECORDS, 1968-1989, 9.6 cubic ft. (APAP-066)

Council 82 was formed through the merger of two unions, Councils 30 and 50. Council 30, when it began, solicited the membership of all state employees. The corrections officers decided Council 30 had neglected its duty to bargain in good faith for them and opted to establish their own union to, address more fully the rigors of their profession. In 1953, members of the Correction Officers Association (COA) negotiated with the corrections employees of Council 30 to organize their own separate union. The 662 COA members from eight prisons formed what would become Council 50. On September 3, 1969 correctional employees from Council 50 and Council 30 consolidated their efforts and formed Council 82. The union's first contract with New York State was signed In 1970. The records of Council 82 document every year of the organization's existence with minutes, newspapers, and other material.

CRONE, MICHELLE
PAPERS, 1977–1998, cubic ft. (APAP-101)

The collection includes material documenting the National March on Washington, Women's Encampment, Elword Productions, Gay Games, Full Circle Festival: Equinox '89, Lesbian & Gay Film & Video Festival, Rhythm Fest, and other events and groups.

CROSS, VINCENT
PAPERS, 1986-1993, .17 cubic ft. (APAP-183)

The collection includes news clippings about Dr. Anna Perkins, a physician in Westerlo in the Hilltowns outside of Albany, New York from the 1920s-1980s collected by Cross, as well as Vincent Cross' manuscript, Tutti: A Novel-Novel, which tells the story of Dr. Perkins. Also included are some personal remininscences by Cross. Cross attended the State University of New York at Albany.

CROSSGATES REGIONAL SHOPPING MALL COLLECTION
COLLECTION, 1979-1985, 5.33 cubic ft. (APAP-067)

This Collection consists of materials relating to the application of the Pyramid Crossgates Company to the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation and Department of Transportation for permits to build the Crossgates Regional Shopping Mall in the Albany Pine Bush.

CURRAN, HENRY M.
PAPERS, 1961-1968, 1.8 cubic ft. (APAP-237)

A Republican, Curran began his political career as a deputy sheriff and was elected town clerk of Oyster Bay in 1953. Seven years later voters elected him to the New York State Senate representing the Third District, which covers part of Nassau County. During his tenure in the State Senate, he was chairman of the Joint Legislative Committee to Revise Banking Law and a member of the Joint Legislative Committee on Election Law, the committee on Matrimonial and Family Laws, the committee on Penal Institutions, as well as a member of the Education, Finance, Mental Hygiene, Roads and Public Works, Taxation, and Towns and Counties committees. Curran left the State Senate and Governor Nelson Rockefeller appointed him chair the New York State Harness Racing Commission in 1969. He held that post until 1975. The Henry Curran Papers consist of a mixture of sponsored legislation files and news clippings from Curran's tenure in the New York State Senate (1961-1968). The former contains draft or final copies of the bill, fact sheets, and memos.

CURTO, ERNEST
PAPERS, 1944, 1946-1965, 17.25 cubic ft. (APAP-238)

New York State Assemblyman Ernest Curto was born in Pentone, Italy on July 28, 1902. In 1904, his family moved to Niagara Falls, New York, where he would later attend public schools. Curto attended the Genesee Wesleyan Preparatory Academy, and then studied at Niagara University and Syracuse University. He received his law degree from the University of Buffalo Law School, and became a member of the New York State Bar Association in 1935. The Ernest Curto Papers span the years of 1944-1965, and are related to his career as a representative of Niagara County in the New York State Assembly. The papers include Assembly bills and supporting materials, correspondence, and subject files.

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DANSKY, STEVEN F.
PAPERS, 1968-2006, .5 cubic ft. (APAP-289)

Steven F. Dansky, a long-time political activist and writer, was a founder of the modern gay liberation movement in 1969. His writing spans more than three decades and has been cited in nearly every early book on gay liberation. As a committed profeminist, his writing has been reviewed in The New York Times by Martin Duberman and the Village Voice by Jill Johnston. He has written for Come out!, The New York Free Press, I-Kon, Double-F: A Magazine of Effeminism, SoHo Weekly News, Basta, and Faggotry. As a poet, he has read at the Hunter College Gallery, Matrix Theater, I-Kon Bookstore, and A Different Drummer. The collection includes magazines, correspondence, photographs, and unpublished writings from Steven Dansky's work with the effeminist and gay liberation movement.

DAVIS, JACKSON
PAPERS, 1952-1997, 9.83 cubic ft. (APAP-141)

Jackson Davis is a native of New York's Capital Region who has been involved with a large number of environmental organizations and enviromental programs at the local and regional level for more than three decades. Davis earned a BA in Science Education in 1964 and an M.L.S. in 1970 from the State University of New York at Albany, as the University at Albany, SUNY was then known. After graduating, Jackson Davis worked as a bibliographer at such organizations as the National Science Foundation Institute for Science Teachers and the State University of New York at Albany Atmospheric Sciences Research Center. In September 1971 he became an administrator at the Albany County Environmental Advisory Council, which had recently joined with the councils of three other counties to form the Four County Recycling Committee. Davis' work there was research on such topics as solid waste recycling and the creation and protection of open space areas including the Albany Pine Bush. The papers of Jackson Davis document his environmental activism and work with environmental organizations.

DAY, THEODORE D.
PAPERS, , 52.46 cubic ft. (APAP-239)

Theodore Day of Interlaken, NY was a member of the New York State Assembly from Seneca County from 1961 through 1965.

DEATH PENALTY IN NEW YORK TESTIMONY COLLECTION
GUIDE, 2004-2005, 1.6 cubic ft. (APAP-206)

The Death Penalty in New York Testimony Collection contains records of a succession of public hearings by New York State Assembly Standing Committees on Codes, Judiciary and Correction held in December 2004 through February 2005. The hearings took place in reaction to the June 24, 2004, decision by the New York Court of Appeals to strike down the New York's capital punishment law enacted in 1995. The decision, rendered in People v. LaValle, struck down New York's "deadlock" instruction provision, which had been proposed by Governor Pataki and passed by the New York State Senate in 1995. The "deadlock" instruction provision ordered juries to be instructed that they give one of only two sentencing options, death or life imprisonment without the possibility of parole and that they be further instructed that in the event of a jury deadlock that the defendant would be sentenced to a minimum of 20-25 year and a maximum of life imprisonment. It was the decision that jurors might feel coerced into choosing the death penalty to avoid the court deciding to give a defendant a minimum 20-25 year sentence. The Death Penalty in New York Testimony Collection includes testimony given to the New York State Assembly Standing Committee on Codes, Assembly Standing Committee on Judiciary, and Assembly Standing Committee on Correction, on December 14, 2004, January 21 and 25, 2005, and February 8 and 11, 2005.


PAPERS, 1950-1978, 11.65 cubic ft. (APAP-241)

James Joseph Delaney was born in New York City on March 19, 1901. He attended public schools in Long Island City, Queens and in 1931 received a law degree from St. John’s University. Between 1936 and 1944, Delaney served as an assistant to the Queens District Attorney’s office. Elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-ninth Congress in November 1944, Delaney was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1946 and resumed his law career thereafter. Delaney’s hiatus from politics was short-lived following his election to the 81 st United States Congress in 1948. Having been reelected to 14 succeeding congresses Delaney served as Congressman from Queens, New York from January 3, 1949 until his retirement on December 31, 1978. The James Joseph Delaney Papers, 1950-1978, document Delaney’s extensive tenure in Congress. Elected in November 1948, Delaney remained in Congress until his retirement in December 1978.

DELUCA, GEORGE B.
PAPERS, , 17.2 cubic ft. (APAP-240)

George DeLuca of Bronx, NY was a Democrat and served as Lieutenant Governor of New York from 1955 to 1959. DeLuca served as a delegate to the Democratic National Convention from New York in 1956 and 1960.

DESALVIO, LOUIS F.
PAPERS, , 64 cubic ft. (APAP-242)

Louis DeSalvio was born in New York City and resided in Manhattan. He was married to Elvira Mongillo. As a Democrat DeSalvio served as a member of the New York State Assembly from 1941 to 1977 (New York County 2nd District 1941-1965, 66th District 1966, 60th District 1967-1972, 62nd District 1973-1977). DeSalvio was a Catholic, a member of the Elks, and a member of the Knights of Columbus. DeSalvio died in 2004.

DESMOND, THOMAS C.
PAPERS, 1930-1972, 1.8 cubic ft. (APAP-068)

Thomas C. Desmond served as a member of the New York State Senate from 1931 through 1958. Desmond was elected from Newburgh, New York, and was married to Alice Curtis Desmond, an author and photographer. Press releases about his work and concerns as a New York State Senator, 1946-60; clippings about Senator Desmond and his wife, Alice Curtis Desmond, author and photographer, 1956-72; correspondence with Albert J. Abrams, 1965, about naming a street in Newburgh after Desmond; and reports and drafts on the Presidential primary system, 1958-65.

DESOLE, GLORIA
PAPERS, 1969-1984, 1.2 cubic ft. (APAP-215)

Gloria DeSole served as senior adviser to the President for Affirmative Action and Employment Planning and Director of Affirmative Action (1982-2000) at the University at Albany, SUNY before retiring in 2000. DeSole began working at the University in 1976 as associate director of the Affirmative Action Office. Prior to that she was an English professor at Skidmore College. DeSole earned bachelor's and Ph.D. degrees from the University at Albany and earned a master's degree from Columbia University. The collection includes materials related to the women's movement with an emphasis on the Capital Region of New York. DeSole collected material related to projects in Albany, speeches, and publications.

DONOVAN, HOPE
PAPERS, 1970-2003, 3 cubic ft., 1 film reel (APAP-168)

Hope Taussig Donovan was born on August 29, 1923 in St. Louis, Missouri. Donovan attended Washington University in St. Louis. She was involved substantially with the League of Women Voters (LWV), serving on its New York State Board and working for the Albany County chapter of the organization. Donovan had a long-term interest in environmental issues and was noted for her efforts in passing the New York State Bottle Bill, which included a well-publicized walk from Buffalo to Albany to raise awareness of the issues. She worked as a lobbyist for the LWV at the state level, frequently supporting environmental issues. In addition, she was a Legislative Representative for the Adirondack Mountain Club from 1986 to 1990. This collection consists of a variety of materials collected by Hope Donovan during her work as an environmental activist and prominent member of the League of Women Voters of New York State.

DORAN, ROBERT
PAPERS, 1970s-2004, 19 cubic ft. (APAP-187)

This collection includes material created and collected by Robert Doran. The material covers a broad range of social justice topics, environmental issues, as well as Doran's own writing. Doran was a member of the Hudson Valley Writers Guild, which is documented in the collection along with peace issues and political action.

DOW, JOHN GOODCHILD
PAPERS, , 78 cubic ft. (APAP-243)

John Goodchild Dow was a U.S. Representative from New York. Dow was born in New York City on May 6, 1905, and attended the public schools of Canton, Massachusettes. Dow earned an A.B. from Harvard College in 1927 and an M.A. from Columbia University in 1937. Dow was a systems analyst for large corporations (1929-1964), director of civil defense in Grand View, NY (1950-1964), and chair of the Zoning Board of Appeals in Grand View (1964). Dow was an unsuccessful candidate for the New York state legislature in 1954 and 1956 before being elected as a Democrat to the 89th and 90th Congresses (January 3, 1965-January 3, 1969). Dow was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection to the 91st Congress in 1968, but was elected to the 92nd Congress (January 3, 1971-January 3, 1973) before being an unsuccessful candidate for reelection to the 93rd Congress in 1972, an unsuccessful candidate for election to the 94th Congress in 1974, and an unsuccessful candidate for nomination to the 98th Congress in 1982. Dow was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1968, a staff assistant to the U.S.Congress, assistant director for the New York State Comprehensive Employment Training Act program from 1976 to 1982, and a founder of Americans Against Nuclear War in 1980. Dow died on March 11, 2003, in Suffern, NY.

DUNNE, JOHN R.
PAPERS, , 15.5 cubic ft. (APAP-244)

John R. Dunne of Garden City, Nassau County, NY was a Republican member of the New York State Senate from the 6th District from 1966 through 1989.

DURYEA, PERRRY, JR.
PAPERS, 1961-1972, .2 cubic ft. (APAP-084)

Perry B. Duryea, Jr. was born on October 18, 1921 in Montauk, New York. He married Elizabeth Ann (Weed) of Bronxville, New York and the couple raised their two children in Montauk where the family wholesale seafood business, Perry B. Duryea and Son, Inc., was located. Duryea graduated from East Hampton High School and earned his BA from Colgate University in 1942. He attained the rank of Lieutenant Commander in the U.S. Naval Air Transport Service and entered the family business full-time after World War II. The Perry B. Duryea, Jr. collection includes materials primarily documenting his years as Republican Majority Leader of the State Assembly.

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EIGHTH STEP
RECORDS, 1975-2003, 13 cubic ft. (APAP-195)

Founded in 1967, the Eighth Step is an independent, non-profit organization that was originally started in the basement of the First Presbyterian Church of Albany. Originally started as a First Presbyterian youth project, the Eighth Step held concerts of folk, traditional, ethnic, blues, and jazz music. Begun amidst the backdrop of the Civil Rights/Vietnam War era, the Eighth Step was strongly influenced by the political music of that era. Artists such as Arlo Guthrie, Greg Brown, Patty Larkin, Ani DiFranco, and John Gorka played there early in their careers. The old back entrance to the original space contained eight steps, hence the name. In 2000, the Eighth Step moved to the Cohoes Music Hall and held their last concert there in 2003. The collection contains artist files, newsletters, programs and schedules, press releases, photographs, posters, live concert recordings, radio programs, and interviews.

EMPIRE STATE FEDERATION OF WOMEN'S CLUBS
RECORDS, 1938-1991, 3.46 cubic ft. (APAP-041)

Founded in Brooklyn in 1908 by Alice Wiley Seay, the Empire State Federation of Women's Clubs (ESFWC) is the umbrella organization of New York State African-American women's groups. The women who started the ESFWC had two main goals: to do "uplift work among girls and young women" and to care for the aged Harriet Tubman and her Auburn, Cayuga County home. Narrowly speaking, the latter mission ended with Tubman's death in 1913 and the refusal of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, which owned her property, to lease or sell it to the ESFWC; however, in subsequent years the organization has devoted itself to preserving historic sites associated with African-American leaders such as Frederick Douglass. These records document the activities and membership of the Empire State Federation of Women's Clubs (ESFWC) from 1939-1991.

EMPIRE TYPOGRAPHICAL AND MAILER CONFERENCE
RECORDS, 1919-1920, 1929-1975, 1983, 1985-1988, 1990 , 1 reel of microfilm (APAP-016)

This Conference was originally organized in 1918 as the Empire Typographical Conference. On August 25, 1918, representatives from eight printers' locals met at Syracuse, New York, to discuss the formation of a New York State Conference for union printers. A month later on September 28, 1918, twelve locals were represented at the first official conference, during which the Conference's constitution was prepared. The objects of the Conference were to improve the employment and wages of union printers, to organize local typographical unions, to provide a forum for printers' unions to discuss common problems, and to promote the ideals of the International Typographical Union in particular and unionism in general. The proceedings of the semi-annual conferences (1934, 1938-75) are the most helpful of these records

EMPLOYEE OWNERSHIP PROJECT
RECORDS, 1967-2000, 10.17 cubic ft. (APAP-120)

The Employee Ownership Project (EOP) is an independent, non-profit organization formed in 1987, whose main objective is to improve the lives of low and moderate income residents of the Capital Region through the creation and growth of micro-enterprises and small business ventures. The EOP has been influential in starting dozens of small businesses, which have created or maintained over one hundred jobs for low and moderate income individuals. The EOP helped start up businesses such as a convenience store, a sewing factory, a dry cleaning business, a contracting firm, and an asbestos and hazardous waste removal business. The EOP serves people who might not otherwise be considered entrepreneurs and tries to match people with complimentary skills necessary in effort to create successful businesses.

THE ENGAGED ZEN FOUNDATION
RECORDS, 1990-2004, 10 cubic ft. (APAP-208)

The Engaged Zen Foundation is an independent organization originally founded to foster zazen (seated contemplative meditation) practice in prisons. The experience of working in prisons throughout the United States over a dozen years has compelled the Engaged Zen Foundation's efforts to focus on the "complete circle of human rights imperatives." The Foundation is "committed to the abolition of punitive incarceration in any form, the dismantling of the prison industrial complex, and the adoption of alternative, restorative, methods of dealing with what is colloquially known as "criminal justice."" The collection includes the case file and correspondence of Frankie Parker and Daniel Patrick Hauser, material related to Rev. Kobutsu Malone's work at Sing Sing Prison, death penalty books and reports, origami created by Frankie Parker and an empty vial of the second drug used in the execution process.

ENVIRONMENTAL ADVOCATES OF NEW YORK
RECORDS, 1970-2004, 87.8 cubic ft. (APAP-104)

Environmental Advocates is a nonprofit, nonpartisan alliance of individuals and organizations working to protect New York's environment. The organization's activities include advocacy, coalition building, citizen education and policy development. Membership includes thousands of individual members and over 130 organizational members. It was established as the Environmental Planning Lobby (EPL) in Rye, New York in 1969 under the leadership of David Sive. The bulk of the records document the legislative activities of the organization from the 1980s through the late 1990s. The records consist of correspondence, notes, meeting minutes, reports, memorandums, publications, news clippings, promotional material, as well as the administrative files of Lee Wasserman, Val Washington, and Loretta Simon. The strength of the collection lies in the Legislative Issues series, which documents in detail the organization's position on issues, including acid rain, New York's Bottle Bill, energy, hazardous waste, pesticides, solid waste, and water, among others

ENVIRONMENTAL CLEARINGHOUSE, INC. (ECOS)
RECORDS, 1971-2004, 3.66 cubic ft. (APAP-180)

This collection documents the organization, thinking, activities and programs of the Environmental Clearinghouse, Inc. over a period of more than three decades. The earliest items date from 1971, but continuous records begin in 1972 and run up to 2004 with the largest portion of the records dating from the 1970s and 1980s. Topics that are documented in this collection include: advocating for riverside walkways and bikeways, environmentally-friendly art, biking, Camp Mohawk, canals, courses and lectures, river cruises, Earth Day/Week, Earth Month, ECOS exhibits, nature explorations, Grassroots Environmental Fair 1976, Gulf Oil Conservation Awards, hiking, household hazardous waste, ECOS library and resources, museum trips, picnics in the park, recycling, river clean-up, the Riverfront Committee, the Organization for Action for the Riverfront (O.A.R.), whose educational and informational services were Coordinated by ECOS (both groups shared members and functioned as Subcommittees of the Schenectady County Advisory Council), skiing, the 1990 ECOS symposium, and Thatcher State Park trips and nature walks.

ESPY, M. WATT
PAPERS, 1730-2008, 90.0 cubic ft. (APAP-301)

M. Watt Espy, Jr. is widely recognized as one of the foremost historians of the legally executed in the United States. Beginning with his own personal resources, in May 1970, Espy begun his quest to list and document approximately 20,000 government sanctioned executions in the United States since 1608. His method is to collect information by obtaining state Department of Corrections records, newspapers, published and unpublished county histories, proceedings of state and local courts, holdings of historical societies, magazines, and holdings of historical societies, museums, and archives. The Watt Espy Papers were donated to the University at Albany Libraries’ M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives in January 2008. The Espy Papers contain the records collected by Espy in his work to detail every execution in the United States

ESTABROOK, ARTHUR H.
PAPERS, 1910-1943, 3 cubic ft. (APAP-069)

Correspondence, notes, manuscripts, and typescripts from his research on eugenics, public health, and housing. Includes materials pertaining to his research for the book Mongrel Virginians: The Win Tribe, 1923, and on the Jukes family, 1916-1933; public housing in Buffalo, New York, 1943-1947; crippled children in Buffalo, 1936-1947; anti-venereal disease campaign in New York City, 1920-1936; and the Carrie Buck trial in Virginia, a case of sterilization of the feeble-minded, 1924-1927.

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FAMILY PLANNING ADVOCATES OF NEW YORK STATE
RECORDS, 1976-2004, 7.72 cubic ft. (APAP-44)

Family Planning Advocates of New York State was established in the 1970's by the affiliates of Planned Parenthood of New York State in an effort to expand the capacity of its organization to affect public policy through lobbying and education. Planned Parenthood affiliates had previously been involved in an organization of family planning activists, the New York State Coalition for Family Planning, organized in 1972. This coalition worked with the administrative branch of state government, but was financially unable to lobby the legislature. In January 1976, the Planned Parenthood affiliates, in conjunction with the New York State Coalition for Family Planning, opened a Family Planning Public Affairs Office. The purpose of this office was to educate lawmakers and the community to the needs and services of family planning providers in New York State; act as a resource to the legislature; and gather and disseminate information to family planning providers and public policy makers. The records of Family Planning Adocates of New York State include administrative history, by-laws, meeting minutes, personnel policies, correspondence (including press releases), newsletters, issues files, publications, and reports documenting the inner workings and the issues addressed by the organization.

FARBSTEIN, LEONARD
PAPERS, 57.5 cubic ft. (APAP-245)

Leonard Farbstein was a U.S. Representative from New York. Farbstein was born in New York City on October 12, 1902. He graduated from High School of Commerce, attended City College of New York, attended Hebrew Union Teachers College, and graduated from New York University Law School in 1924. During the World War I, Farbstein served in the United States Coast Guard Reserve and later as vice chairman of the East River Day Camp, a philanthropic organization. Farbstein was a lawyer in private practice. Farbstein served as a member of the New York State Assembly from 1932 through 1956. He was elected as a Democrat to the 85th and the six succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1957-January 3, 1971) before being an unsuccessful candidate for renomination to the 92nd Congress in 1970. Farbstein died on November 9, 1993, in New York, NY and his interment is in Cedar Park Cemetery in Paramus, NJ.

FETTERLEY, JUDITH
PAPERS, 1971–1993, cubic ft. (APAP-085)

The collection includes materials related to the women's issues with a particular emphasis on the University at Albany, SUNY. Records of particular interest are those of Albany Women Against Rape, Capital District Women, and the Caucus on Women's Rights at SUNY. Also included are issues of the publication The Spokeswoman (1971-1981).

FINO, PAUL ALBERT
PAPERS, 68 cubic ft. (APAP-246)

Paul A. Fino was a U.S. Representative from New York who was born in New York City on December 15, 1913. Paul Fino attended public schools and graduated from St. John’s University School of Law in 1937. Fino was admitted to the New York State Bar in 1938 and began practice in New York City. He served as an assistant attorney general in state government from March 1943 to December 1944. Fino was a member of the New York State Senate from January 1945 to May 1950. He was then member of the New York City Civil Service Commission from June 1, 1950, to December 31, 1952. Fino was elected as a Republican to the Eighty-third and to the seven succeeding Congresses and served from January 3, 1953, until his resignation December 31, 1968, to become a New York Supreme Court Justice having been elected November 5, 1968. Fino assumed his duties as a justice on January 1, 1969. Fino was a delegate to the Republican State Convention from 1940 through 1966 and to the Republican National Conventions in 1960, 1964, and 1968. Paul Fino wrote the book My Life in Politics and Public Service (Great Neck, N.Y.: Todd & Honeywell, Inc., 1986). Fino is a resident of Atlantic Beach, NY.

FORD ALVIN
Collection, 1965–1995, 5.4 cubic ft. (APAP-159)

Alvin Ford was convicted of first-degree murder in Broward County, Florida on December 17, 1974, and sentenced to death on January 6, 1975. He appealed his murder conviction and death sentence to the Supreme Court of Florida, which upheld both in Ford v State (1979). After spending years on death row during which Ford became incompetent, his case eventually was heard by the United States Supreme Court. In Ford v. Wainwright (1986), the Court concluded that the 8th Amendment prohibits the State from inflicting the death penalty on a prisoner who is insane. This collection includes the legal case file created by Ford's legal team during the period 1974-1990.

FREEDOM FORUM
RECORDS, 1959-1978, .4 cubic ft. (APAP-124)

Freedom Forum was organized in 1943 in Schenectady, New York by the Subcommittee on Post War Planning of the Citizens Unity Committee of the Schenectady County Consolidated War Council. Freedom Forum's priority was to promote an interest in civic and educational topics of the day. The collection includes administrative files, news clippings, handwritten notes, and correspondence. Communication between Freedom Forum and speakers, or potential speakers, is most abundant in this collection. The correspondence files include a note to Freedom Forum from Teamsters Union leader Jimmy Hoffa. Correspondence also exists from scientist Dr. Thomas O. Paine, manager of Engineering Applications at General Electric, Dick Gregory, and John V. Lindsey. The largest correspondence files are the 1967 and 1968 files. These files reflect the organization's interest in the 1968 presidential election and its candidates. During those years the organization invited George Wallace, former governor of Alabama, Hubert Humphrey, and human rights activist Dick Gregory to share their opinions.

FULTON COUNTY TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION, NO. 268
RECORDS, 1894–1963, 1.25 cubic ft. (APAP-018)

Contains minutes, 1894–1963; contracts, 1901–30, 1953–63; and constitution, 1954. The Fulton County Typographical Union was chartered in 1894 as an affiliate of the International Typographical Union (ITU) to represent printers working primarily in Gloversville and Johnstown, N.Y. In 1932 the union experienced difficult negotiations with a local newspaper, and the Open Shop Department of the American Newspaper Publishers Association filled the composing room with replacement workers. The ITU merged with Communications Workers of America in 1988, and Fulton County Typographical Union, No. 268, became an affiliate of CWA.

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GALEF, SANDY
PAPERS, 1991–2009, 17 cubic ft. (APAP-319)

Sandy Galef is assemblywoman for the 90th district in the New York State Assembly. A Democrat, Galef first won election to the Assembly in 1992 and represents portions of Westchester and Putnam counties, including the towns of Kent, Philipstown, Putnam Valley, Ossining, Cortlandt, and the city of Peekskill. Galef has served on many Assembly committees including Real Property Tax (chair), Corporations, Authorities, and Commissions, Election Law, Governmental Operations, and Health. Born in Wisconsin in 1940, Galef moved to Westchester in 1944 and later received her Bachelor of Arts degree from Purdue University and a Master’s in Education from the University of Virginia. She taught school in both Virginia and New York and then held several volunteer leadership positions in Westchester while raising her family. Prior to her election to the Assembly, Galef was a Westchester County Legislator for thirteen years. This collection contains the Assemblywoman Galef’s subject files with materials dating from 1991-2009, including correspondence, news releases, clips, reports, and background materials.

GABRIELSON, GUY GEORGE
PAPERS, 1925-1967, 5.5 cubic ft. (APAP-248)

The Guy Gabrielson Papers contain materials that document the political career of Guy George Gabrielson from his start in New Jersey state politics through his years as Chairman of the Republican National Committee. Many of the materials document the 1952 U.S. Presidential election and Republican National Committee Convention which Gabrielson presided over as chairman. Guy George Gabrielson of New Jersey was the Chairman of the Republican National Committee from 1949 through 1952.

GLOVE CITIES AREA JOINT BOARD, AMALGAMATED CLOTHING AND TEXTILE WORKER'S UNION (ACTWU)
RECORDS, 1933-1989, 5 cubic ft. (APAP-017)

Contains the records of the Glove Cities Area Joint Board of the ACTWU, including minutes, 1954–87; subject files, 1941–86; and contracts, 1946–86, and minutes, 1939–87, of affiliated locals. Also contains the records of the New York State Capital District Joint Board: minutes, 1966–72, 1981–83; membership card file, 1933–83; minutes of affiliated locals, 1942–89; and the records of the New York State Capital District Union Label and Service Trades Council, 1960–81. The Glove Cities Area Joint Board of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America (ACWA) was founded in Gloversville, N.Y., in 1954. This Joint Board originally had jurisdiction over the clothing workers' unions in Gloversville, N.Y., Johnstown, N.Y., and nearby villages. These locals were primarily locals of glove and leather goods workers. The Capital District Joint Board of the Shirt, Collar and Pajama Workers of Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America (ACWA) was founded in Troy, N.Y. in 1934 with jurisdiction over locals of clothing workers in Albany, Schenectady, and Rensselaer counties. In 1976 both joint boards were affected by the merger of ACWA with the Textile Workers Union of America (TWUA), which produced the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union (ACTWU). In 1985 the joint boards merged into one, keeping the title Glove Cities Area Joint Board. These records are particularly important for the information contained on labor strife in Fulton County, N.Y., from the 1930s to the 1950s. For related records, see the records of the Hudson Valley Area Joint Board, ACTWU. Records document the decline of textile and leather goods industries in the New York State Capital District in the 1970s and 1980s.

GOLDSTEIN, NATHANIEL LAWRENCE
PAPERS, , 21.98 cubic ft. (APAP-249)

Nathaniel L. Goldstein of Brooklyn, Kings County, NY was born in New York, New York County, NY on June 9, 1896. Goldstein served in the U.S. Army during World War I. As a lawyer he was a law partner of Charles C. Lockwood during the 1920s and was also an accountant. Goldstein was a delegate to the Republican National Convention from New York in 1940, 1944, and 1948 and served as New York State Attorney General from 1943 through 1954. Goldstein was a member of the American Bar Association, Zionist Organization of America, American Legion, Freemasons, B'nai B'rith, and Elks.

GOULD, SAMUEL B.
PAPERS, 1945–1985, 3 cubic ft. (APAP-058)

The collection includes speeches, a few articles and some correspondence (chiefly with publishers), and news clippings pertaining to Gould's career as president of Antioch College, 1954–1959; chancellor of the University of California at Santa Barbara, 1959–1962; president of the Educational Broadcasting Corporation, 1962–1964; chancellor of the State University of New York, 1964–1970; chancellor emeritus, 1970– ; vice president of the Educational Testing Service and president of the Institute for Educational Development, 1971–1974; chairman of Commission on Non-Traditional Studies, 1971–1972; educational consultant, 1975–1985; chancellor of the Connecticut Commission on Higher Education, 1976–1977; and trustee of the Teachers Insurance and Annuity Association (TIAA), 1968–1976.

GRAPHIC COMMUNICATIONS INTERNATIONAL UNION, LOCAL 10–B (BOOKBINDERS)
RECORDS, 1892–1989, 2 reels (APAP-020)

Contains the charter, 1892; minutes, 1907–89; constitutions, 1960–82; and contracts, 1962–69. Local 10 of the International Brotherhood of Bookbinders (IBB) was chartered in Albany N.Y in 1892, the year the IBB was formed. This local most likely was comprised of bookbinders affiliated with Albany Typographical Union No. 4. When the IBB merged with the Lithographers and Photoengravers International Union (LPIU) in 1972 to form the Graphic Arts International Union (GAIU), the local became number 10–B. When the GAIU merged with the International Printing and Graphic Communications Union (IPGCU) in 1983, Local 10–B became a local of the Graphic Communications International Union (GCIU).

GRAPHIC COMMUNICATIONS INTERNATIONAL UNION, LOCAL 259–M
RECORDS, [DATE], 5 microfilm reels (APAP-021)

Contains minutes of general membership meetings, 1947–88; minutes of executive board, 1950–88; meeting agenda, 1973–85; arbitration files, 1973–80; bylaws, 1951–83; correspondence, 1947–48, 1976; and contracts, 1980–88. Also included are the records of Local 58–C, which contain contracts and arbitration files, 1941–86. Graphic Communications International Union (GCIU), Local 259–M was created through the mergers of many other locals over the years, including the International Printing Pressmen and Assistants' of North America (IPPAU), Local 58, chartered in 1898 in Utica, N.Y.; the Albany N.Y. Photo–Engravers Union No. 21, chartered in Albany in 1921; the International Association of Amalgamated Lithographers of America (ALA), Local No. 59, chartered in Albany N.Y. in 1943; and Lithographers and Photoengravers International Union (LPIU), Local 259, formed from a merger of ALA Local 59–L, an. International Photo Engravers Union of North America (IPUENA), Local 21–P. Local 259 was involved in a number of legal cases against printing plants in the 1970s, including one at Amsterdam Printing and Litho Corporation that set a legal precedent for the repayment of wages lost due to unfair dismissal. Local 58 was involved in a strike against the Utica Observer–Dispatch in 1967 that included four other unions and closed down the newspaper for a hundred days.

GREATER GLENS FALLS (N.Y.) CENTRAL LABOR COUNCIL, AFL-CIO
[RECORDS OR PAPERS], 1959, 1969, 1977-1979, 1981-1990 , .17 cubic ft. (APAP-019)

A labor council was organized in Glens Falls, NY, in 1901. The first AFL-CIO charter was issued for the council in 1959. At this time, the organization was called the Glens Falls, New York, Trades & Labor Assembly, AFL-CIO. The charter was amended in 1969 when the labor council became the Greater Glens Falls, New York, Central Labor Council. However, the council continued to use the name Glens Falls Trades & Labor Council at least through 1979.

GREEN, ALICE P.
PAPERS, 1960-2001, 1.89 cubic ft. (APAP-136)

The collection is particularly strong in following Dr. Green's media appearances throughout the 1980s and 1990s. Issues of The South End Scene, a newspaper Dr. Green founded as executive director of the Albany–based youth and family services center the Trinity Institution are also included in the collection. The collection contains papers and other materials relating to Dr. Green's 1998 run for Lieutenant Governor of New York State on the Green Party ticket. The collection also follows the progress of Law Never Here, a book Dr. Green co–wrote with Dr. Frankie Bailey which was published in 1999. Items of interest are found in the small correspondence series, which includes letters from New York Senator and former First Lady, Hillary Rodham Clinton, former mayor of New York, Thomas Whalen III, and comedian Richard Pryor.

GROSS, ROBERT
PAPERS, 1985–2006, 11.4 cubic ft. (APAP-291)

The records were created during Gross' work with the National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty (NCADP), Journey of Hope, Lighting the Torch of Conscience, and other activities in opposition to the death penalty. The NCADP leads and coordinates the movement to end state killing in the United States. Its 120 member organizations include civil and human rights groups, legal advocacy and public interest groups, and virtually every major church or religious denomination in the country. Journey of Hope...from Violence to Healing is an organization that is led by murder victims' family members. It conducts public education speaking tours and addresses alternatives to the death penalty. The collection includes: NCADP state files, programs, and organizations; Journey of Hope...From Violence to Healing administrative files, videotapes, photographs, and press packets related to speaking tours; and material from the Lighting the Torch of Conscience march in 1990.

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HALPERIN, RICK
PAPERS, 1982–2000, 11.1 cubic ft. (APAP-108)

Since 1972, Rick Halperin has been actively involved in the effort to abolish the death penalty in the United States. He works with many anti-death penalty organizations, capital defense attorneys, representatives of various communities of faith, newspaper editorial boards, victims' rights groups, members of the families of the condemned, and many death row inmates throughout the country. The collection consists of news clippings, newsletters, campaign materials, letters of plea, flyers and notices of rallies, research materials, organizational reports, and publications about the death penalty and death penalty issues.

HALPERN, SEYMOUR
PAPERS, 210 cubic ft. (APAP-251)

Seymour Halpern was a U.S. Representative from New York. Halpern was born in New York City on November 19, 1913. He graduated from Richmond Hill High School and attended Seth Low College of Columbia University (1932-1934). Halpern was a newspaper reporter in New York and Chicago, 1931-1933; engaged in the insurance business; staff assistant to Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia, 1937; assistant to the president of the New York City Council, 1938-1940; member, New York State Senate, 1941-1954; member, Temporary State Commission to Revise the Civil Service Laws, 1952-1954; member, Mayor’s Committee on Courts, 1956-1958; and vice president and later chairman of the board, The Insurist Corporation of America, 1948-1959. Halpern was an unsuccessful Republican candidate for election to the Eighty-fourth Congress in 1954, but was elected to the Eighty-sixth and to the six succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1959-January 3, 1973). He was not a candidate for reelection in 1972 to the Ninety-third Congress and he died on January 10, 1997.

HANCOCK, CLARENCE EUGENE
PAPERS, 1929-1946, 2.0 cubic ft. (APAP-252)

The Clarence Eugene Hancock Papers document Hancock's time in the House of Representatives in the United States Congress. He was the representative of the 35th District of New York from 1927 to 1945 but came to represent the 36th district from 1945 to 1947 after New York State was redistricted. The collection includes correspondence, newspaper clippings, Congressional bills, transcripts of Congressional hearings, telegrams, and handwritten notes.

HANKS, PAUL B., Jr.
PAPERS, 10.25 cubic ft. (APAP-253)

Paul B. Hanks, Jr. of Brockport, NY was a member of the New York State Assembly from Monroe County's 3rd District from 1953 through 1964.

HASTINGS, JAMES FRED
PAPERS, 32 cubic ft. (APAP-254)

James Hastings was a U.S. Representative from New York born in Olean, Cattaraugus County, NY on April 10, 1926. Hastings served in the United States Navy in flight squadrons from 1943 through 1946. He was a member of the Allegany (N.Y.) Town Board for 10 years; served 5 years as an Allegany police justice; was a member of the New York State Assembly, 1962-1965; member of the New York State Senate beginning in 1965 serving two terms; manager and vice president of the radio station WHDL, 1952-1966; national advertising manager for The Times Herald in Olean, NY, 1964-1966; a partner in the real estate and insurance firm of Hastings & Jewell; a delegate to the New York State Convention, 1966; and a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1968 and 1972. Hastings was elected as a Republican to the Ninety-first Congress and to the three succeeding Congresses, and served until his resignation on January 20, 1976 (January 3, 1969-January 20, 1976). Hastings was president of Associated Industries of New York State, Inc.and was last a resident of Tampa, Florida.

HATFIELD, ERNEST I.
PAPERS, 1949-1968, 3.78 cubic ft. (APAP-255)

The Ernest I. Hatfield Papers document Hatfield's service in the New York State Senate, where he served from 1948-1964, and the years immediately following. The collection includes correspondence, scrapbooks of newspaper clippings, speeches, and bills he introduced.

HAWKINS, STEVEN
PAPERS, 1991-2003, cubic ft. (APAP-188)

Steven Hawkins and his staff created these papers during his tenure as Executive Director of the National Coalition Against the Death Penalty, now called the National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty. The papers contain meeting subject files that include extensive minutes of board meetings, speeches, travel arrangements, fundraising and reception notes, and pamphlets and other papers relating to his attendance at various board and committee meetings with related organizations, such as the Death Penalty Information Center and Amnesty International. The papers also contain copies of police reports, witness and investigator statements, and defendant testimony regarding the cases of certain high-profile death row inmates, such as Mumia Abu-Jamal, Delma Banks Jr., Kenneth Reams and Keith Versie, which were retained by Steven Hawkins and his staff in order to provide legal advocacy in court hearings to obtain commutation, clemency, or exoneration for these inmates.

HEALTHY SCHOOLS NETWORK, INC.
RECORDS, 1994-2004, .2 cubic ft. (APAP-149)

Founded in 1995, Healthy Schools Network is a national environmental health organization that does research, information, education, coalition-building, and advocacy to ensure that every child has a healthy learning environment that is clean and in good repair. According to its Website (2007), Healthy Schools Network has documented and publicized school environmental problems; shaped and won new education, health, and environmental policies; fostered dozens of local and state policy groups; won systemic federal and state reforms; and helped thousands of parents and schools make classrooms and buildings healthier through its EPA award-winning Healthy Schools/Healthy Kids Clearinghouse (Information and Referral Services). Publications, flyers, books, and other published material has been given to the Department of Special Collections and Archives since 2002, but no agreement has been made with the organization and the Department is not currently the official repository of the organization's records.

HELSBY, ROBERT D.
PAPERS, 1966-1987, .4 cubic ft. (APAP-086)

The papers of Robert D. Helsby include writings on labor relations, New York's Taylor Law and collective bargaining, and materials produced by New York's Public Employment Relations Board and its members such as Deputy Chair Jerome Lefkowitz. There are also news clippings and photographs from Helsby's tenure as chair of the Public Employment Relations Board. The collection also includes reports and documents produced by the State of New York about the Public Employment Relations Board and the Taylor Law.

HORTON, S. WENTWORTH
PAPERS, 26.4 cubic ft. (APAP-257)

S. Wentworth Horton was born in Greenport, NY on October 16, 1885. Horton was a Republican member of the New York State Senate (1st District, 1947-1956) and an alternate delegate to the Republican National Convention from New York in 1948. Horton was a Presbyterian and a member of Phi Mu Alpha and Sigma Phi Epsilon.

HUDSON VALLEY DISTRICT COUNCIL OF CARPENTERS
RECORDS, 1887-1989, 19.5 cubic ft. (APAP-049)

On November 14, 1946, the Carpenters' District Council of Ulster County and Vicinity, the direct predecessor of the Hudson Valley District Council of Carpenters, was chartered. It began with only a few locals in Kingston and Ellenville, N.Y., but new locals were often being chartered or voting to affiliate with the district council. The district council, on May 4, 1949, was rechartered as the Hudson Valley District Council of Carpenters, the change of name more closely describing its jurisdiction. New locals and independent locals continued to affiliate with the district council, and by the early 1950's the district council represented carpenters in Columbia, Delaware, Dutchess, Greene, Sullivan, and Ulster counties.

HUNGER ACTION NETWORK OF NEW YORK STATE
RECORDS, 1985–1999, 21 cubic ft. (APAP-161)

The Hunger Action Network of New York State is a statewide anti-hunger coalition that combines grassroots organizing at the local level with state level research, education and advocacy to address the root of hunger and its causes, including poverty. The collection includes publications, meeting minutes, subject files, and related material.

HURD, NORMAN T.
PAPERS, 1975-1976, .17 cubic ft. (APAP-087)

Thomas Norman Hurd began working for the State of New York in 1931 and continued in state service through 1974. Hurd's first position was with the State College of Agriculture in Ithaca, New York in 1931. He was New York's Budget Director from October 1, 1950 through December 31, 1954 and again from November 15, 1958 through December 31, 1970. In 1955, he held a staff position in the State Senate before returning to the State College of Agriculture at Cornell University from July 1, 1955 through November 15, 1958. Hurd was the Director of State Operations from January 1971 through September 1972 before working as Secretary to the Governor under Governors Rockefeller and Wilson until December 1974. The Thomas Norman Hurd collection includes his testimony before the New York State Moreland Act Commission on Nursing Homes and Residential Facilities.

HYMAN, WILLIAM
PAPERS, 36.5 cubic ft. (APAP-258)

A partner of the law firm of Hyman & Harris, William Abramowitz Harris was born on July 29, 1893 in Baltimore, and died July 10 (?), 1966. He spent his boyhood in Florida, attending St. Joseph’s Parochial School, Tampa, then working his way through Washington and Lee University and Columbia University School of Law. In 1916 he went to work for Aetna Casualty & Surety Co., starting his own law firm in 1929. Under Governor Alfred E. Smith Hyman served as special deputy attorney general of New York. Hyman is best know for his legal theories on the use of space which he propounded in his 1961 book, The Magna Carta of Space. In 1964 Hyman lead a legal crusade against the unauthorized use by physicians and scientists of elderly, indigent, and chronically ill people for experimental purposes without their consent. Patients had been injected with live cancer viruses. He argued the case before the State Court of Appeals. This fight won him the Certificate of Honor from the National Health Federation as a “champion of human rights and defender of the dignity of man.”

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ILLINOIS COALITION TO ABOLISH THE DEATH PENALTY
RECORDS, 1963-2011, 0.6 cubic ft. (APAP-324)

The Illinois Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty (ICADP) donated its records in 2011 following repeal of the death penalty in the state. The archivist retained the original order of the files and the collection includes annual reports, newsletters, clippings and press releases. ICADP gained national attention with its campaign to rid Illinois of capital punishment; this is evident with materials documenting the case of John Wayne Gacy, executed in 1994, and the murder of nine year old Jeanine Nicarico in 1983. The collection also contains the 2002 documentary film Too Flawed to Fix: The Illinois Death Penalty Experience which explores the legal flaws in the capital punishment system in Illinois and materials pertaining to Amnesty International. There are clippings of Northwestern University School of Law’s National Conference on Wrongful Convictions and the Death Penalty during which former Death Row inmates later found innocent of their crimes participated on a panel. In addition, the collection features clippings about the 2000 moratorium on the death penalty by Governor George H. Ryan and the 2011 signing of the bill SB 3539, Abolition of the Death Penalty, by Governor Pat Quinn.

INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MACHINISTS AND AEROSPACE WORKERS (IAMAW), LODGE 1145
RECORDS, 5 cubic ft. (APAP-113)

The collection includes vouchers, bills, correspondence, administrative records, and related material from the IAMAW, Lodge 1145.

INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF ELECTRICAL WORKERS, LOCAL 166
RECORDS, 1909–1911, 1942–1980, 2 microfilm reels (APAP-022)

Contains minutes of regular meetings, 1942–62, 1966–83; minutes of executive board meetings, 1964–85; minutes of meetings with representatives for the employers, 1977–80; and minutes of meetings of District Council 4 of the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (IBEW), 1909–11. IBEW Local 166 was chartered on March 20, 1934, as a local with jurisdiction over interior electrical work in Schenectady and its vicinity. Among the shops where Local 166 members work are General Electric in Schenectady, N.Y. and WTEN Channel 10 in Albany, N.Y.

INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS AND ALLIED TRADES OF THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA LOCAL 201
RECORDS, 1900, 1922–1982, cubic ft. (APAP-052)

Contains records of Local 201 and its predecessor locals: Local 12 (Troy, N.Y.), membership ledgers, 1922–51; Local 62 (Schenectady, N.Y.), minutes, 1936–44, 1965–82; Local 201 (Albany, N.Y.), minutes, 1962–81; and contracts, 1965–82. Local 201 now represents painters in Albany, Schenectady, and Rensselaer counties. Merging the three original locals had been discussed at least since 1979, and in 1982 the merger was completed and resulted in a more centralized and efficient management of the union.

INTERNATIONAL UNION OF BRICKLAYERS AND ALLIED CRAFTSMEN (BAC), LOCAL 16
RECORDS, 1886–1892, 1917–1930, 1953–1986, .5 cubic ft. (APAP-010)

Contains minutes, 1886–92, 1917–30, 1973–86; contracts, 1953–85; and by–laws. Bricklayers' Local 16 was formed in Schenectady, N.Y. during the summer of 1886. The union was involved with masonry work in that city, including work at General Electric's Schenectady plant, American Locomotive Company, and Union College. In 1986, the union merged with Bricklayers' Local 6 of Albany, N.Y.

IUE-CWA LOCAL 301 [Formerly Known As INTERNATIONAL UNION OF ELECTRONIC, ELECTRICAL, SALARIED, MACHINE AND FURNITURE WORKERS (IUE), LOCAL 301]
RECORDS, 1939-2001, 7 microfilm reels (APAP-023)

Thomas Edison moved his Edison Machine Works to Schenectady, New York, in 1886 after a strike in New York City. Edison, however, was not successful in avoiding strikes and neither was the General Electric Company, which was formed by a merger of the Edison Electric Company and the Thomson-Houstan Company. In 1904, for example, the 600 armature winders of the Schenectady General Electric Company held a 65-hour "folded arms" strike that was the first sit-down strike in the United States. The many craft unions at Schenectady General Electric called numerous strikes over the years leading to the organization of Local 301. The records of IUE Local 301 contain a significant amount of newspapers, memoranda, correspondence, subject files, audiotapes, and film. Series 1 contains Officers and Executive Board meeting minutes from 1969-1970 and 1975-1985. These meeting minutes have been microfilmed. Series 2 contains membership meeting minutes, which have also been microfilmed.

INTERNATIONAL UNION OF ELECTRONIC, ELECTRICAL,TECHNICAL, SALARIED AND MACHINE WORKERS LOCAL 379, MATCH WORKERS' UNION
RECORDS, 1944-1985, 1 cubic ft. (APAP-024)

Contains minutes, 1946–1987; state contracts, 1946–1987; state by–laws, 1962–1982; and sample constitutions and contracts from other match workers' unions, 1947–1965. The match workers at the Universal Match plant in Hudson, N.Y., were first organized in 1946 as Federal Labor Union No. 24122. Federal Labor Unions were unions chartered and administered directly by the AFL (and afterwards the AFL–CIO) in trades that otherwise would not have been organized. In 1971 the local voted to affiliate with IUE over the Textile Workers Union of America (whose organizing drive was run by the Hudson Valley Area Joint Board) and became IUE Local 379. In 1981 Swedish Match bought Universal Match Corporation, and by 1989 the firm had closed its Hudson plant, marking the end of Local 379.

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JONES, HOWARD PALFREY
PAPERS, 1917–1973, 27 cubic ft. (APAP-070)

Includes press releases, texts of Herbert Hoover's speeches, and reports from the U.S. Food Administration, 1917–1918; correspondence, articles, and speeches, 1930–1942; reports from legislative committees on municipal finances, law reform, and management, 1940–1973. Documents Jones's career as an officer of the National Municipal League, 1929–1939; director of the New York State Commission on Revision of Tax Laws, 1936–1938; head of the New York State Civil Service Commission, 1939–1943; and a U.S. Foreign Service officer in Germany, China, and Indonesia, 1948–1965. Jones also was a professor of journalism at the University of Michigan and New York University.

JOURNEY OF HOPE/BILL PELKE COLLECTION
RECORDS, 1993–2005, 29.25 cubic ft. (APAP-205)

Journey of Hope...from Violence to Healing is an organization that is led by murder victims' family members. It conducts public education speaking tours and addresses alternatives to the death penalty. This collection contains organizing material for Journey of Hope…from Violence to Healing, Murder Victims' Families for Reconciliation (MVFR) and Murder Victims’ Families for Human Rights (MVFHR). There are also materials from the National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty (NCADP), Amnesty International and materials related to Juveniles and the death penalty. "Journey of Hope...From Violence to Healing" is an organization that is led by murder victims' family members. It conducts public education speaking tours and addresses alternatives to the death penalty. The collection includes public materials from the Journey of Hope cofounder, Bill Pelke; descriptions of events; t-shirts; and videos of marches. It also includes personal letters with death row inmates (e.g., Michael Ross, Karla Faye Tucker and others), Paula Cooper files, files on forgiveness and miscellaneous additional materials including newspaper articles, newsletters, and pictures from abolition events in the United States and foreign countries.

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KEEFE, THOMAS
PAPERS, 1981–2002, 13 cubic ft. (APAP-317)

Albany resident Thomas Keefe is a city court judge who previously served as an attorney in private practice before his election to the bench in 2002. As an attorney, he handled litigation related to elections, including Albany School Board and City Council races, and a significant homeowner tax reassessment case lasting more than a decade. He also served as co-chair of the Albany-based Robert F. Kennedy Democratic Club, which formed to support all Democratic candidates seeking office, from its inception in 1994 until 2002. Through case files, the collection documents the contested nature of Albany and New York elections during the late 1980s and 1990s. It consists of a variety of court records, including motions, petitions, transcripts, and affidavits, case research, correspondence, subject files, and notes. There are files and memorabilia related to Keefe’s 2002 campaign and eventual election. In addition, the collection contains organizational records related to the Robert F. Kennedy Democratic Club and other campaign and political event materials.

KELSEY, WILLIAM
PAPERS, 1977–2001, 20 cubic ft. (APAP-152)

The collection documents William Kelsey’s career working for New York State government especially related to the Public Employees Federation (PEF) and attempts to organize unions in opposition to PEF. The collection consist of correspondence, subject files, meeting agendas and minutes, labor union agreements, policy manuals, budgets, reports, annual labor union convention materials, and newsletters and magazines.

KEOGH, EUGENE JAMES
PAPERS, 171.12 cubic ft. (APAP-259)

Keogh graduated from the school of commerce of New York University in 1927 and from the school of law of Fordham University in 1930. Keogh worked as a teacher in the New York City public schools in 1927 and 1928, a clerk with New York City Board of Transportation 1928-1930; law clerk in 1930 and 1931; was admitted to the bar in 1932 and commenced practice in New York City; member of the New York State assembly in 1936; elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-fifth and to the fourteen succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1937-January 3, 1967); chairman, Committee on Revision of the Laws (Seventy-sixth through Seventy-ninth Congresses); was not a candidate for reelection in 1966 to the Ninetieth Congress; resumed the practice of law; member, New York State Racing and Wagering Board, 1973-1976; was a resident of New York City until his death there on May 26, 1989. A finding aid for this collection was created by the Syracuse University Library and is available in two PDF files at http://library.albany.edu/speccoll/findaids/apap259_1.pdf (88 pages) and http://library.albany.edu/speccoll/findaids/apap259_2.pdf (81 pages).

KERR ROSS, PATRICIA
PAPERS, 1967–1997, 12 cubic ft. (APAP-314)

Primarily the retained records of Patricia Kerr Ross, Director, State University of New York (SUNY) University-wide Programs in the Arts consisting of performance or exhibit programs, brochures, posters, photographs of performances and performers (slides, prints, contact prints and negatives), and video tapes of some programs sponsored by the SUNY Programs in the Arts. Also included are catalogs of art exhibits, and books and pamphlets on arts programs, primarily in New York, withdrawn from the Program in the Arts Office. The papers include about 3 cu. ft. of Kerr Ross’s correspondence/subject files on Program in the Arts initiatives, program reviews, correspondence with colleagues regarding programs and grant proposals, minutes of SUNY University-Wide Committee on the Arts, 1978-1982, 1988-1990, and the NYS Council on the Arts, 1977-89. The University-Wide Programs in the Arts was established in 1965. It worked with the NYS Council on the Arts to sponsor touring programs in dance, music and theatre, documentary and film programs on SUNY campuses, exhibits of faculty and student painting, illustration and sculpture, and sponsored annually and biennially arts festivals.

KIEPPER, JAMES
PAPERS, 1964–1988, 7.5 cubic ft. (APAP-325)

Dr. James "Jim" Kiepper served on the faculty in the School of Education at the University at Albany for 35 years. During the 1960s, he also was special assistant to Michigan Governor George Romney, and New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller in his national bid for the U.S. Presidency in 1968. This collection documents Kiepper's long-time interest and work in politics. It includes a significant amount of memorabilia (dresses, stickers, pins, balloons, posters, fans) related to the Romney and Rockefeller presidential campaigns in 1964 and 1968. It also features Kiepper's personal notebooks from the 1964 Republican National Convention and from his work as an advance man for Rockefeller in 1968 as he traveled the country seeking a presidential bid. There also are materials from other 20th Century U.S. Presidential and Congressional political campaigns. In addition, the collection features news clips, calendars and schedules, notes, lectures and teaching materials. Kiepper is the author of Styles Bridges: Yankee Senator (2001) and previously edited the papers of Bridges and U.S. Representatives Perkins Bass and James Cleveland.

KINGSTON, JOHN E.
PAPERS, .33 cubic ft. (APAP-260)

John E. Kingston of Westbury, Nassau County, NY was born in 1920. Kingston was commonly known as Jack Kingston. He was a Republican member of the New York State Assembly, 1960-1974 (Nassau County 3rd District 1960-1965, 16th District 1966, 17th District 1967-1972, 15th District 1973-1974); a district judge in New York, 1990-1994; and a Justice of the New York Supreme Court, 1995. Kingston died on May 5, 1996, with interment at Nassau Knolls Cemetery, Port Washington, Long Island, NY.


RECORDS, 1978–1994, 24.25 cubic ft. (APAP-105)

The Knolls Action Project based in Albany, New York grew out of the Blue Karner Affinity Group that was formed by local activists to participate in anti-nuclear protests at the Seabrook Nuclear Power Plant in New Hampshire in 1978. The group decided to focus on the Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory (KAPL), a General Electric facility that conducted research and training on nuclear propulsion systems for the United States Navy. The KAPL site located in Niskayuna, N.Y. designed propulsion systems for the nuclear navy, including the Trident submarine system. The West Milton, N.Y. KAPL facility (or Kesselring site) was where naval crews trained to operate the Trident and other nuclear submarines. These records document the activities and interests of KAP from 1978 to 1994. Some of the information pre-dates the founding of the organization, but was obtained by members of KAP for research or informational purposes. The collection is comprehensive, and contains meeting minutes, newsletters, leaflets, clippings, reports, books and publications, audiovisuals, and peace-related memorabilia.

KUPFERMAN, THEODORE ROOSEVELT
PAPERS, 52 cubic ft. (APAP-252)

Theodore Roosevelt Kupferman was a Representative from New York. Kupferman was born in New York City on May 12, 1920. He graduated from De Witt Clinton High School in New York City, earned a B.S. from City College, New York, and earned his LL.B. from Columbia Law School, LL.B. Kupferman was admitted to the New York Bar in 1943 and the United States Supreme Court Bar in 1948. Kupferman was a law secretary in the Appellate Division, New York State Supreme Court, 1948-1949; a member of the legal department of Warner Brothers Pictures, Inc., 1943-1948 and 1949-1951; a member of the legal department of National Broadcasting Co., Inc., 1951-1953; the general counsel of Cinerama Productions Corp., 1953-1958; an assistant and adjunct professor of law at New York Law School, 1959-1964; counsel and legislative assistant to minority leader, New York City Council, 1958-1962; and a councilman of the city of New York, 1962-1966. Kupferman was elected as a Republican to the Eighty-ninth Congress by special election to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of U.S. Representative John V. Lindsay. Kupferman was reelected to the Ninetieth Congress (February 8, 1966-January 3, 1969), but was not a candidate for reelection to the Ninety-first Congress in 1968. Kupferman was also a justice of the New York State Supreme Court, 1969-1996. Kupferman died on September 23, 2003, in New York, NY.

KUYKENDALL, MARY
PAPERS, 1920s–1970, .2 cubic ft. (APAP-169)

The collection documents workers at General Electric and the city of Schenectady. The material includes a pamphlet for the General Electric alumni association, a book about the Steinmetz family, and other material about General Electric.

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LABORERS' INTERNATIONAL UNION OF NORTH AMERICA, LOCAL 157
RECORDS, 1912–1914, .4 cubic ft. (APAP-076)

The Laborers' International Union of North America, Local 157 records primarily document the union's activities for the period 1937–1972 through correspondence and meeting minutes. The records provide an account of routine operations by Local 157 including negotiations with employers, grievances, elections, as well as financial and membership records. The union's early members were predominantly Italian American, which means the membership lists of 1912–1914 are in Italian. The correspondence includes material specific to Local 157 as well as items from the national office having to do with legislation and other national issues. Included with the correspondence and meeting minutes are sporadic membership and officer lists.

LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS OF ALBANY COUNTY
RECORDS, 1938-2001, 31.47 cubic ft. (APAP-128)

The records of the League of Women Voters of Albany County (LWVAC), include material produced by the LWVAC as well as material that was produced by the League of Women Voters of New York State and the League of Women Voters of the United States. The most comprehensive series in the collection is the Administrative Files. There are meeting minutes, annual reports, and Board of Directors lists from 1940-2001. A large portion of the LWVAC collection relates to the two main purposes of the organization: voter service and "study and action." Records relating to voter service include pamphlets with information about candidates and citizen voting rights published by the LWVAC and material used to increase voter participation. Records related to "study and action" include material used by the LWVAC to inform citizens about public policy issues locally, statewide, and nationally. A strength of the LWVAC collection is the amount of material related to various public policy issues and how they affected the local community.

LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS OF RENSSELAER COUNTY, NEW YORK
RECORDS, 1914, 1925, 1939–2000, 11.2 cubic ft. (APAP-103)

The records contain information about the history and activities of the LWVRC since 1939 and up to the present. The collection includes board and general meeting minutes and agendas, treasurers' reports, the results of various studies conducted by the organization, photographs, videos of workshops and debates and audio tapes of oral histories of former members' participation in the League. Publications put out by the League, either locally or nationally, including monthly Bulletins and Calendars, The Voter (a monthly newsletter) and Election and Voter Guides published for local elections, are a valuable part of the collection. Though items in the collection span from 1914 to the present, the bulk of information spans the late 1950s through the 1980s.

LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS OF SARATOGA COUNTY
RECORDS, 1965–2010, 4 cubic ft. (APAP-339)

Founded in 1920, the League of Women Voters is a nonpartisan political organization that informs citizens about government, and encourages participation with and influences public policy through education and advocacy. The League has 150,000 plus members and supporters in the United States, with leagues in all 50 states, Puerto Rico, Washington, D.C., the Virgin Islands and Hong Kong. In New York State, there are 60 local leagues with approximately 8000 members. The League of Women Voters of Saratoga County (formerly the League of Women Voters, Saratoga Springs Area) formed in early 1965. This collection documents the day-to-day activities of this local league from its founding with 59 members through the current day. The collection contains annual meeting booklets, meeting minutes, correspondence, financial statements, newsletters, education and advocacy materials, records of special projects and related reports, and membership lists. There is a small amount of video, predominantly of “Meet the Candidates” nights and other special events.

LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS OF SCHENECTADY COUNTY
RECORDS, 1925–2004, 10 cubic ft. (APAP-210)

On April 30, 1925, Mrs. Charles Richmond, wife of the president of Union College, invited approximately fifty women to her home for a talk by Mrs. F.W. Slade, chairman of the New York State League of Women Voters. After Slade's talk, the women at the meeting decided to elect officers and adopt by-laws thereby forming the Schenectady County League of Women Voters (later renamed League of Women Voters, Schenectady County). The collection contains information about the history and activities of the League from 1925 to the present. The collection includes meeting minutes and agendas, annual reports, newsletters, scrapbooks, publications, and subject files.

LENT, NORMAN FREDERICK
PAPERS, 34 cubic ft. (APAP-263)

Norman Frederick Lent was a U.S. Representative from New York. Lent was born in Oceanside, Nassau County, NY on March 23, 1931. He graduated from Malverne High School in 1948, earned his B.A. from Hofstra College in 1952, and earned his LL.B. from Cornell University Law School in 1957. Lent served in the United States Naval Reserve from 1952 through 1954 during the Korean Conflict with the rank of lieutenant. Lent was admitted to the New York bar in 1957 and commenced practice in Lynbrook. He was an associate police justice in East Rockaway, NY, 1960-1962; confidential law secretary to New York Supreme Court Justice, 1960-1962; member of the New York State Senate, 1962-1970; executive committeeman in East Rockaway, NY, 1962-1984; a delegate to the New York State Republican convention, 1968; and a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1972. Lent was elected as a Republican-Conservative to the Ninety-second and ten succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1971-January 3, 1993) and was not a candidate for renomination to the One Hundred Third Congress in 1992. Lent is a resident of Arlington, Virginia and West Palm Beach, Florida and a partner in the lobbying firm of Lent Scrivner & Roth LLC.

LEWIS, NAHUM
PAPERS, 1940-1990, .4 cubic ft. (APAP-156)

The collection documents the Jewish community in New York's Capital Region and includes material from teh Troy Zionist Organization of America, the Albany Jewish Community Center, the Troy Hebrew Credit Union, an exhibit produced by the Albany Institute of History and Art.

LINK, EUGENE P.
PAPERS, 1941–1991, 6.8 cubic ft. (APAP-025)

Correspondence with Herbert Aptheker, Lee H. Ball, Merle Curti, Buell Gallagher, Corliss Lamont, and others, 1941–91; lecture notes and course papers, 1951–77; and research files on Harry F. Ward (1873–1966), American medical history, and other subjects, undated  Link retained the records of the Religious Freedom Committee for the years 1955–64, including minutes of its Administrative Committee, financial and membership records, its newsletter Religious Freedom News, and occasional publications.  The Religious Freedom Committee was an interfaith, interracial group founded in New York City to work for the free exercise of religion under the First Amendment.  Eugene P. Link received a B.D. from Union Theological Seminary, 1933, and a Ph.D. from Columbia University, 1941; he taught history at the State University of New York colleges at New Paltz, 1950–63, and Plattsburgh, 1964–77, among other schools. Link has been an activist for unionism, joining the American Federation of Teachers in 1930s and United University Professions in the 1970s.

LOMBARDI, TARKY
PAPERS, 1966-1967, 1.0 cubic ft. (APAP-261)

Tarky Lombardi was born in 1929 and represented the 49th district in Central New York in the New York State Senate as a member of the Republican party. Voters first elected Lombardi to his seat in 1965 and he served until retiring in 1992. Earlier he spent six years on the Syracuse Common Council, including a number of years as its majority leader. A U.S. Army veteran, Lombardi graduated from the New York Military Academy and received a bachelor of science degree as well as a juris doctor from Syracuse University. The Tarky Lombardi, Jr. Papers document only his earliest years in the New York State Senate (1966-1967). They are almost entirely correspondence with a few newspaper clippings attached to incoming letters. The correspondence is primarily constituent mail and topics vary, but generally relate to a bill pending in the State Senate. There is a small amount of correspondence with fellow legislators. In all instances, the incoming letter is attached to a copy of the outgoing one.

LORD, VICTOR A.
PAPERS, 1950–1980, 5.0 cubic ft. (APAP-318)

Victor A. Lord, Jr., a native of Schenectady, New York, obtained a law degree from Yale University after serving time overseas in World War II. In 1951 he returned to the Albany area and joined the law firm of McNamee, Lochner, Titus, and Williams. Lord also joined the Junior Chamber of Commerce, which indirectly led to an eye-opening view of Albany's Democratic Machine. His activities with the Chamber introduced him to his future wife, who would also be his partner in promoting social and political change in Albany. Together they became involved with reform groups like the Albany Independence Movement (AIM) and the Citizens United Reform Effort (CURE), both of which were foundations for the Albany Liberal Party. Lord and his colleagues worked to end corruption in local and state government, promoting an end to the five-dollar vote, end to racial prejudice, and greater variety of voices in political matters. The collection, which has been inventoried but not fully processed, contains Lord's notes, correspondence, speeches, brochures and booklets on matters of social reform, and many fliers, pamphlets, and news clips regarding voting, Albany public schools, urban renewal, race issues, the Albany police and fire departments, and the election of Dan Button to Congress.]

LUMBARD, ELIOT HOWLAND
PAPERS, 1944-1999, 2001, 2006, 52.55 cubic ft. (APAP-071)

Eliot Howland Lumbard practiced law for 40 years as an associate or partner in various New York and Pennsylvania firms. In addition to his private practice, he compiled a distinguished record in government service, including service on several commissions to investigate, combat, and control crime, and as a key advisor on crime to New York State Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller. The Eliot Lumbard Papers document the life’s work of a lawyer who devoted himself towards both public service and private practice with equal vigor and success. The collection is arranged into 12 series: Series 1: U.S. Attorney’s Office, Southern District of New York; Series 2: New York State Commission of Investigation; Series 3: Special Assistant Counsel for Law Enforcement to New York State Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller; Series 4: Other Public Service, Professional Associations and Organizations; Series 5: Publications; Series 6: Private Practice; Series 7: Teaching; Series 8: Correspondence; Series 9: Personal Files; Series 10: Subject Files; Series 11: Audio/Visual. Series 5 and 6 are further divided into two subseries each.

LURIE, ANDREA
PAPERS, 1967-1986, 3 cubic ft. (APAP-051)

The collection includes materials related to the women's movement and lesbians with an emphasis on the Capital Region of New York. Lurie collected photographs from Women's Day in Albany, posters, material related to projects in Albany, correspondence, drafts of manuscripts, and Lurie's own speeches. Records of particular interest are those of the group Capital District Women and the Women's Counseling Collective. Also included are pamphlets, newsletters, journals, and periodicals. These publications are currently being cataloged in Minerva, the University Libraries' online catalog. An inventory of these print materials is available in the Department of Special Collections and Archives.

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M.C. LAWTON CIVIC AND CULTURAL CLUB
RECORDS, 1921-2004, cubic ft. (APAP-027)

The M.C. Lawton Club has its beginnings in the Women's Auxiliary of the 15th Infantry, a black unit active during World War I. At the end of the war, the members of the auxiliary decided to continue to associate as they had for the previous four years. The minutes (1927-65, 1971-75) of the M.C. Lawton Club are its most substantial records. The earliest minutes (1919-26) are missing, but the minutes that remain give a good picture of the activities of the organization and how well it met those goals. Only scattered minutes for 2002-2004 are available in this collection. The remainder of the Club's minutes remain in with its members. Especially interesting are the earlier minutes when the club fought for racial justice at the local level in the fields of housing, education, and employment, presenting black speakers such as Countee Cullen to the population as a whole and decrying minstrel shows.

MacCRATE, ROBERT
PAPERS, 1959–1962, 5 cubic ft. (APAP-026)

Includes retained copies of memoranda written by MacCrate as legal counsel to Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller concerning pending bills in the New York State Assembly and Senate. Bound with the memoranda are copies of the Governor's approval or veto messages for the bills, which are arranged by year, legislative body, and bill number. MacCrate was a partner in the New York City law firm of Sullivan and Cromwell and served as president of the American Bar Association, 1987–1989.

MACHLUP, FRITZ
PAPERS, 1935–1982, .5 cubic ft. (APAP-125)

A partial collection of the published writings of Fritz Machlup, consisting of reprints of his articles and encyclopedia entries primarily in German and English, but also containing translations into French and Hungarian. The main collection of materials pertaining to Fritz Machlup is located at the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace, Stanford University.

MADEJ, HENRY
PAPERS, 1966-2006, 2.93 cubic ft. (APAP-140)

The Henry M. Madej papers contain documents pertaining to his work with the Albany City Charter Revision Commission, the Pine Hills Neighborhood Association, and the Albany Tricentennial Commission. The documents in this collection include professional correspondence, newspaper clippings, meeting minutes, agendas, document drafts, press releases, newsletters, pamphlets, memorabilia, magazines, invitations, schedules, event plans, and handwritten notes as well other materials that document his involvement with the city of Albany, New York and the University at Albany community.

MANLEY, HENRY S.
PAPERS, 1849-1960, 2.26 cubic ft. (APAP-178)

Henry S. Manley practiced law in Jamestown, NY, served as an attorney in the Office of the Attorney General of New York State, and was Counsel to the New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets. While Counsel he defended the milk control system in the U.S. Supreme Court in Nebbia v. New York (1934). From 1943 to early 1955 Manley was an Assistant Attorney General in the Appeals and Opinions Bureau of the New York State Department of Law. From early 1955 until his retirement later that year, he served as Solicitor General of the Department. Manley published a book, The Treaty of Fort Stanwix, and a number of articles regarding Native Americans and the law. The collection includes Manley's writings, pamphlets, as well as briefs and case files. Manley's cases covered in the collection are mostly from his years in private practice and include Indian land rights, the Attica Central School District, and other issues mostly in western New York

MARTENS, FREDA R. H.
PAPERS, 1961-1985, .66 cubic ft. (APAP-153)

The papers of Freda R. H. Martens include her reports and papers about higher education in California and New York. Her writings are usually about community colleges, but also include the state university system. Her thesis from Harvard University is also included in the collection as is the Final Report on the Governor's Task Force on Higher Education from New York State

MARYLAND CITIZENS AGAINST STATE EXECUTIONS
RECORDS, 1996–2013, 5 cubic ft. (APAP-340)

Maryland Citizens Against State Executions (Maryland CASE) is a coalition of over 25 groups and 1,300 individuals that united to help successfully end the death penalty in Maryland in 2013 through education, grassroots action, and public demonstration. Founded in 1997 and formally incorporated in 2000 as the Maryland Coalition Against State Executions, the group changed its name in 2003. Today MD Case remains active and is overseen by an involved board of death penalty activists. The collection documents MD CASE’s ongoing efforts to repeal capital punishment in Maryland. It consists of correspondence, meeting minutes, legislation, lobbying materials, subject files, special event and conference materials, case files and clippings.

MATHER, JOHN J.
PAPERS, 1965-1996, cubic ft. (APAP-107)

John L. Mather was Assistant to the Chancellor of the SUNY System in the 1960s and 1970s, later becoming Associate Vice Chancellor for Continuing Education, and retiring as Chair of the SUNY Small Business Development Council in the early 1990s. As Assistant to the Chancellor, Mathers was assigned special projects to spearhead. In the late 1960s he was heavily involved in efforts to document, understand, and stem unrest in the SUNY System caused by the anti-war movement, the stresses involved in introducing large numbers of persons of color into the System, and the stresses caused by a rapidly expanding SUNY System and student involvement in governance. He retained most of his day file correspondence from his service, as well as copies of much of the record relating to the controversies at Stony Brook, New Paltz, Buffalo State, UB, and Albany. In 1971 his position was elevated to Executive Assistant to the Chancellor where he was lead liaison with the staff of the governor and chief legislative leaders for developing the System's priorities. In the 1970s Mathers was point person for studies of the economic impact of the System (1971-73), the transformation of the D & H Building into SUNY Central Headquarters (1973-74), and was involved in much of the negotiations for the establishment of the Empire State Youth Theatre (1974-81) and the SUNY Russian Student Exchange Program (1977). In the late 1970s and early 1980s, as Associate Vice Chancellor for Continuing Education he was also involved in overseeing the NYNET, the SUNY television system. In the 1980s and 1990s, Mathers'primary focus was on developing the NYS Small Business Development Center, voluminously documented in his papers.

MCENENY, JOHN
PAPERS, 1992–2009, 9.25 cubic ft. (APAP-320)

John J. McEneny represents the 104th district in the New York State Assembly, which encompasses portions of Albany County, including parts of the city of Albany, the towns of Guilderland and New Scotland, and the Helderberg Hill towns of Berne, Knox, Westerlo and Rensselaerville. A member of the Democratic Party, he has served on several committees, including steering (chair), ethics and guidance, ways and means, governmental employees, and social services, and as Acting Speaker ProTempore on weekends, holidays and non-session days. Born in Albany in 1943, McEneny received his Bachelor of Arts degree from Siena College. Prior to his election to the Assembly in 1992, McEneny served in other public service roles. He began his career as a social services caseworker in 1965 and later Mayor Erastus Corning appointed him Albany's first Director of Manpower Planning, Director of Public Employment Programs, and Commissioner of Human Resources, 1971-84. In 1985 McEneny became director of the State Urban Cultural Parks Program and, from 1989-1991, was Assistant Albany County Executive. This collection contains materials from McEneny’s tenure in the Assembly including correspondence, primarily from constituents, dating from 1992-2009, annotated files containing his 1993 sponsored legislation, and materials from his 1993 freshman orientation to the Assembly.

MCNULTY, MICHAEL R.
PAPERS, 73 cubic ft. (APAP-307)

Michael Robert McNulty was a U.S. Representative from New York. A Democrat, he represented New York’s 21st Congressional District (which encompasses Albany, Schenectady and Troy as well as portions of Fulton, Montgomery and Schoharie Counties) from 1989 to 2009. McNulty was born in Troy in 1947 and graduated from the College of the Holy Cross in Worcester, MA in 1969. He served as town supervisor of Green Island, N.Y. from 1969 to 1977 and as mayor from 1977 to 1983. That year he was elected to the New York State Assembly, where he served until 1988. When Congressman Samuel Stratton withdrew from the 1988 Congressional race, McNulty replaced him as the Democratic candidate and was elected. He served in Congress for ten terms and was a member of the House Ways & Means Committee, where he was chairman of the Subcommittee on Social Security. He chose not to run for reelection in 2008. This collection spans and documents McNulty’s tenure in the House of Representatives. It includes subject files, bills introduced by McNulty, briefing books and background reports for Congressmen, travel folders of materials related to Congressional delegation visits around the world, legislative profiles, legislative action guides, legislative calendars, photographs (both framed and unframed), newsletters, news clips, correspondence, books, certificates of appreciation from constituents and groups, and audio/video materials. The A/V includes audio cassette tapes, VHS tapes, 1-inch Type Cs, reel-to-reels, DVDs, and CDs.

MELICH, TANYA M.
PAPERS, 1950-2000, 19.48 cubic ft. (APAP-079)

The Tanya Melich Papers are particularly strong in documenting the political scene in the 1960s and 1970s both nationally and within New York State. The Papers include extensive reports related to political candidates, voting statistics, and political and social issues. The vast amount of material comes from her work on campaigns, the ABC–News Election Unit, and the Ripon Society. The main focus of the collection is the Republican Party's policies, candidates, and strategies. The Papers also document Melich's concern and work regarding relevant social issues. Her work with the New York City Partnership, United States Commission on Civil Rights New York State Advisory Board, and International Women's Year are documented in the collection. Her interest in women's rights, equality, and reproductive freedom can be assessed through the numerous folders in the Subject Files, her writings, and the collection of publications regarding these issues.

MELLO, MICHAEL A.
PAPERS, 54 cubic ft. (APAP-287)

Michael A. Mello is an internationally recognized authority on the death penalty and capital punishment issues. Examples of cases that he has been involved in or in which he has served as an informal advisor include those of Theodore Kaczynski, Joseph Robert “Crazy Joe” Spaziano, Theodore Bundy, and Paul Hill. Professor Mello's courses taught at Vermont Law School have included Constitutional Law, Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure, Ethics, a Capital Punishment seminar, and a Search and Seizure seminar. The collection includes material related to Professor Mello's publications; research files; files related to individual capital punishment cases including Spaziano and Kaczynski; publications including Death WorkDead WrongRe: Capital Punishment; and related material.

MENNILLO, DAVID J.
PAPERS, 1950–1980, .4 cubic ft. (APAP-171)

David Mennillo was a longtime employee of General Electric in Schenectady, New York. The collection includes material related to Mennillo's career such as training materials and his resume.

MENTAL HEALTH ASSOCIATION IN NEW YORK STATE, INC. (MHANYS)
RECORDS, 1879-2001, cubic ft. (APAP-131)

The Mental Health Association in New York State, Inc. (MHANYS) was formed in 1960 (under the initial name New York State Association for Mental Health, Inc.) as a statewide network of community based Mental Health Associations. MHANYS is an affiliate of the National Mental Health Association. The purposes of MHANYS are to promote mental health, to improve care and treatment of persons with mental disabilities, and to help prevent mental illness. MHANYS seeks to fulfill these goals through public education and citizen advocacy. The collection includes records of MHANYS's predecessor organizations, board files, administrative files, publications, project files, and related material.

METCALF, GEORGE R.
PAPERS, 26 cubic ft. (APAP-264)

George R. Metcalf was born in Auburn, NY on February 5, 1914. Metcalf was a newspaper publisher and served in the U.S. Army during World War II. He was a Republican member of the New York State Senate, 1951-1965 (47th District 1951-1954, 48th District 1955-1965). Metcalf was also a member of the American Legion, Veterans of Foreign Wars, Freemasons, Eagles, Elks, and Lions. He died in Auburn Memorial Hospital on May 30, 2002.

MILES, RUFUS
PAPERS, 1934-1985, 8.0 cubic ft. (APAP-048)

Rufus Edward Miles Jr. was born in Cincinnati, Ohio on June 14, 1910 and grew up in that same state in Columbus "in the shadow of Ohio State University". His father was a New Englander who attended Amherst and Harvard and was one of the first individuals engaged in the new profession of "public administration". Rufus' mother, Mable Arnold Rufus, was a graduate of Radcliffe, a professional social worker and eventually president of the Columbus Chapter of the League of Women Voters. Both parents were Unitarians and descendants of ancestors who came over on the Mayflower in 1620. Rufus E. Miles, Jr. papers contain published and unpublished essays and articles, personnel papers, proposed draft legislation, memoranda, public testimony, lectures, addresses and speeches, reports, opinion pieces in journals and newspapers, correspondence, photos and awards primarily related to his fifteen years as a top level administrator at the Federal Security Agency and the Department of Health Education and Welfare (1950-65).

MILLER, HOWARD F.
PAPERS, 1939-1983, 9 cubic ft. (APAP-088)

Includes correspondence and lecture notes relating to Miller's attendance at the Army Controller's School, 1942–1945, as a student and professor at the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs, Syracuse University, 1938–1969, and the Albany Graduate Program in Public Administration (now part of the School of Public Affairs, University at Albany), 1964; legislative reports, minutes of legislative hearings on the budget and finance and of the New York State Assembly Budget Committee, 1966–1968; correspondence and reports as Executive Director of the New York State Social Development Planning Commission, 1968–1971; and relating to finance for the New York State Constitutional Convention, 1967–1968; news releases of the Speaker of the Assembly to Assembly candidates, 1968. Miller was an expert on institutional budgetary finance. He served as deputy director of the New York State Division of the Budget, 1971–1978, and director of the budget, 1978–1980.

*** [ (NYSMPA) Collection list under construction] ***


Subject Guide to Collections in the M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives

For reference queries contact the Grenander Department Reference staff or (518) 437-3931.