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THE GERMAN AND JEWISH INTELLECTUAL ÉMIGRÉ COLLECTION

 
In recognition of the serious scholarly interest in the mass migration of German speaking exiles from the Nazi regime, a German and Jewish Intellectual Émigré Collection was established in 1976 at the University at Albany, State University of New York. This growing collection has been developed since the 1970s through the efforts of the University Libraries and Professor John M. Spalek of the University's Germanic and Slavic Languages and Literature Department. It is housed in the University Libraries' M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives located on the 3rd floor of the Science Library. The Department's Research Room is open to the public from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Monday to Friday, plus Tuesday and Wednesday evenings until 9:00 p.m. when classes are in session, or by appointment. Over the last decade this collection has been used by scholars from many European and American universities, colleges, and other research institutions to produce scores of doctoral dissertations, theses, books, articles, conference papers, exhibits, and videos.

The German and Jewish Intellectual Émigré Collection is comprised of over 95 collections (approximately 750 cubic feet) of personal papers, organizational records, tape recordings, photographs, and related research materials documenting the German intellectual exodus of the 1930s and 1940s. To complement the successful collecting efforts of other libraries and archival repositories in the United States and the German Federal Republic, the Émigré Collection has focused on the careers and accomplishments of social scientists (economists, sociologists, anthropologists, and political scientists), humanists (historians, philosophers, sinologists, and musicologists), writers (novelists, poets, journalists, critics, political writers, and publishers), creative artists (composers, musical performers, and artists), and others. One of the principal focal points of the Émigré Collection is papers of former faculty members at the University in Exile, now the Graduate Faculty of Political and Social Science of the New School University in New York City.

Collections are searchable through the University Libraries' online catalog, Minerva. Emigré Collections can also be browsed in the alphabetical listing below or through subject listings which include all manuscript collections and record groups available in the Department of Special Collections and Archives.

Subject Guide to Collections in the M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives

For reference queries contact the M. E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives Reference Staff or (518) 437–3935.

COLLECTION DESCRIPTIONS
AMERICAN COUNCIL FOR ÉMIGRÉS IN THE PROFESSIONS
Records, 1930–1974, 9.25 ft. (GER–017)
Chiefly, correspondence, memoranda, resumes, and other materials of the American Council for Émigrés in the Professions (ACEP). Original files on more than a thousand "academically trained refugees" from Nazi Germany, as well as from Spain, France, and Italy. Among the prominent academicians are Marc Bloch, Max Ernst, Karl Jaspers, Nikolaus Pevsner, and Franz Schoenberner. The files were kept by Else Maier Staudinger as director of the Scholars Project of the New School for Social Research, 1940–1945, and of ACEP, as it was reconstituted, 1945–1966. There are also photocopies of other ACEP records (history files, annual reports, and files on individuals), the originals of which are located at the Immigration History Research Center of the University of Minnesota.

ANDERS, GÜNTHER S. (1902–1986), writer
Papers, 1955–1976, .15 ft. (GER–027)
Correspondence in German and English of Günther Anders with Erna Budzislawski, an émigré living in Hollywood, California, 1955-76, and with Claude R. Eatherly, 1959, concerning the latter's role as a reconnaissance pilot who gave target approval for the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 and about the possibility of making a movie relating to his experience. During the Nazi years, Anders lived and wrote in California and New York, where he taught at the New School for Social Research; after the war he returned to Vienna with his wife Charlotte,a concert pianist. He wrote on German literature, the threat of nuclear war, and ethical questions.

AUFBAU (NY) (1939-2005), German-Jewish newspaper
Collection, 1957-1998, 6 cubic ft. (GER-114)

Bound copies of "Wiedergutmachung" section of the newspaper, 1957-1977; unbound issues, 1980s-1990s; articles, theses, and other publications written about the Aufbau.

BACHHOFER, LUDWIG (1894–1976), art historian
Papers, 1922–1968, 10.3 ft. (GER–018)
Correspondence in German and English with Henry Bergsen and others about Asian art, 1930–62; research notes, manuscripts, and articles, 1922–53; and photographs of art works and of the University of Munich after the 1944 bombing. The University Libraries also has his library (including many annotated books) relating to Chinese, Japanese, and Indian art history. Bachhofer taught at the University of Chicago from 1935.

BARTH, MAX (1896–1970), writer
Papers, 1916–1962, .25 ft. (GER–019)
Photocopies of hand–corrected typescripts of poetry, 1916–1940; and offprints of articles, 1961–1962. Born in Waldkirch im Breisgau, Barth was a poet and journalist.
BAUCHWITZ, KURT (1890–1974), poet
Papers, 1890–1994, 19 ft. (GER–011)
Includes correspondence with Ilse Bry, Erika Mann, and Imma von Bodmershof, 1942–1974; manuscripts in German (general poems, Tokyo poems, "Versepigramme," "Abzieh–Bilderbuch," travel poems, "Einsaetze," "Silben," and other poetry); and manuscripts in English ("Ego and Echo," aphorisms, and "Pebbles"). Bauchwitz, an attorney from Halle, lived in Japan, New York, and Massachusetts. He wrote under the name Roy C. Bates.

BAUM, VICKI (1888–1960), novelist
Papers, 1929–1953, .2 cubic ft. (GER–020)
Correspondence in English with Doubleday, Doran, and Company concerning her novels Grand Hotel, Secret Sentence, Helene, Men Never Know, The Ship and the Shore, Marion Alive, The Weeping Wood, Danger from Deer, and Headless Angel; notes, synopses and manuscript corrections for Marion Alive, Men Never Know, A Tale of Bali, and The Weeping Wood.

BENDIX, REINHARD (1916–1991), political scientist, sociologist
Papers, 1929–1998, 12.67 ft. (GER–021)
The bulk of the collection consists of Bendix' writings and the materials used by him for research purposes as well as for his courses in political and social sciences. This includes a large volume of materials on Max Weber, social stratification, power and authority, bureaucracy, industrialization and large-scale organizations. Bendix' files contain correspondence dealing with his career at the University of California, Berkeley and include materials pertaining to controversies at the university and within the Department of Sociology, as well as student issues and recommendations. Also present in the collection are a number of files dealing with individuals and issues connected with both the American Sociological Association and the International Sociological Association.

BLUMENTHAL, FRITZ (1913-2002), physician, painter, printmaker
Papers, 1922-2002, 7 cubic ft. (GER-115)
Family and personal documents; correspondence, 1930-1996; clippings; manuscripts and typescripts of poetry, as well as published poems; sketchbooks; correspondence and clippings concerning exhibitions of Blumenthal's art (water colors and monotypes); materials and correspondence on radioactive fallout from the 1950s and 1960s. Fritz Blumenthal came to the U.S. in 1938 after having received his Doctor of Medicine degree in 1937 from the University of Bern, Switzerland. Although Blumenthal remained a practicing physician, he continued to write poetry, paint and produce monoprints and his work was exhibited throughout the U.S. and Europe during his lifetime.

BODKY, ERWIN (1896–1958), musician
Papers, 1897–1958, 6 ft. (GER–023)
Biographical materials; letters of recommendation from Bruno Walter, Wilhelm Furtwängler, and others, 1922–1938; letters to his wife, 1915–1938, primarily as a German soldier in World War I; musical programs and reviews relating to his career as a keyboard performer and musicologist, 1908–1955; manuscripts relating to posthumously published book The Interpretation of Bach's Keyboard Works (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1960); extensive manuscripts of his own compositions and arrangements (instrumental, vocal, orchestral, and chamber music), 1906–1926; and printed material. Bodky studied piano with Ferrucio Busoni and composition with Richard Strauss and performed widely on harpsichord and piano. He left Germany and lived in the Netherlands, 1933–1938, and the United States from 1938 until his death. He was a professor of music at Brandeis University.

BRANDT, THOMAS O. (1906–1968), writer
Papers, 1947–1968, 1.5 ft. (GER–001)
Biographical materials; correspondence with publishers, 1958–1966; hand–corrected typescripts of published and unpublished novels (including "Stern in Nebel," which concerns the 1933–1938 period), short stories, essays, literary criticism, children's literature, and poetry, 1947–68; and offprints of journal, magazine, and newspaper articles. A native of Vienna, Brandt taught at Colorado College from 1947 to 1966.

BRECHT, ARNOLD (1884–1977), political scientist
Papers, 1933–1970, 15 cubic ft. (GER–024)
Correspondence in German and English with Otto Braun, Heinrich Bruning, Jürgen Fehling, Theodore Heuss, and others, 1933–1970; lectures, notes, and syllabi, 1934–1938; offprints; and manuscripts of published and unpublished works, 1950–1970. Brecht was a Prussian official who was dismissed after defying Hitler in the last free speech in the German parliament. He was a professor of political science, public finance, and international law at the New School for Social Research. His principal work was Political Theory (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1959). This manuscript group was photocopied by the University Libraries with Brecht's permission before the originals were sent to the Bundesarchiv, Koblenz, Germany.

BUNZEL, JOSEPH H. (1907–1975), sociologist, writer
Paper 1941–1975, .25 ft. (GER–028)
Includes biographical materials, undated; and manuscripts of an antifascist play The Ship: A Tragedy and of prose and poetical works in English and German, 1941–1975. Bunzel was a sociologist from Graz, Austria, who taught at the State University College at Buffalo, State University of New York.

COLM, GERHARD (1897–1968), economist
Papers, 1929–1972, 1.67 cubic ft. (GER–029)
Correspondence with Hans Staudinger and Émigré social scientists, 1955–1968; typescripts of writings on economics and public policy, 1936–1968; tributes to and lectures about Colm, 1968–1972; materials relating to the National Planning Association, 1952–1968. Gerhard Colm was a professor of economics at the New School for Social Research and an expert on public revenues, unemployment, and economic planning.

DOLBIN, BENEDIKT FRED (1883–1971), artist, journalist
Drawings, 1922–1969, 12 ft. (GER–012)
Approximately 5,000 original pencil and pen–and–ink drawings of European and American musicians, writers, and public figures, most of which were drawn by Dolbin to illustrate his articles in the New York Émigré newspaper Aufbau and in the magazine Musical America. The collection also includes a small number of pastel landscapes dating from Dolbin's career in Vienna in the early 1920s, where he studied musical composition with Arnold Schönberg and art with Egon Schiele, and a few drawings dating from his journalistic career in Berlin in the late 1920s and early 1930s. Dolbin's personal papers and most of his drawings from the 1920s are at the Institut für Zeitungsforschung, Dortmund, and at the Deutsches Literaturarchiv, Marbach am Neckar.

EBERHARD, WOLFRAM (1907–1989), sinologist, sociologist
Papers, 1935–1957, 1 ft. (GER–026)
Includes hand–corrected typescripts of "China–Aufenhalt: Arbeiten über Astronomie und Volkskunde" (1935), "Chinesische Volksmärchen in Übersetzungen" (1935), "Materialen von der China–Reise zur Volkskunde und Astronomie Chinas" (1936), "Kaiser der Idee" (1937), and "Biographisches Wörterbuch, Beamtetitel Hsiung–nu–Texte" (1943); and offprints of articles on Chinese history, culture, and folklore, 1935–1957. Born in Potsdam, Eberhard taught in China and Turkey in the 1930s and at the University of California at Berkeley.

EHRMANN, HENRY W. (1908–1995), political scientist
Papers, 1932–1998, 4 cubic ft. (GER–013)
The Henry Ehrmann Papers are focused on Ehrmann's scholarly career as a political scientist and a professor of law and his participation in the program of re-education of German prisoners-of-war in the 1940s. The material also documents Ehrmann's association with other universities and institutions in the United States and Europe. The correspondence from and to the former German prisoners-of-war who met Ehrmann during the reeducation program organized by the War Department include letters - in several cases written by the prisoners' family members as well - almost entirely dating from the period immediately subsequent to the POWs' release and their return to Germany. Therefore, they are a valuable source of information about the living conditions in occupied Germany, the country's political transformation, and the correspondents' adaptation to new circumstances. Letters in the general correspondence subseries are, for the most part, related to Ehrmann's contacts with his fellow scholars and with academic or political institutions. Also included are speeches, lectures, lecture notes, and newspaper articles, 1941–1984. Ehrmann was a professor of political science at the University of Colorado, the University of California at San Diego, and Dartmouth University, and worked on French politics, labor relations, and comparative government.

ELIAS, HANS (1907– ), medical professor
Autobiography and reprints, undated, .5 cu ft., (GER–031)
Photocopy of typescript of "Abenteuer in Emigration und Wissenschaft," by Hans Elias, a native of Darmstadt who taught medicine at the University of Chicago since 1950. Also includes reprints of various articles related to Elias' work and interests.

EMERGENCY RESCUE COMMITTEE
Records, 1936–1947, 3 cu. ft. (GER–032)
Files (copies) of letters, registration cards, and other materials of an organization based in New York City concerning some 170 Émigrés and their efforts to flee to the United States from Nazi persecution. Includes files about Alfred Döblin, Hans Natonek, Nelly Sachs, Fritz von Unruh, and Friderike Zweig. By 1950 the Emergency Rescue Committee and International Relief Association combined to form the International Rescue Committee.

FODOR, LADISLAUS (1898-1978), playwright
Papers, 1941-1980, 2 cubic ft. (GER–116)
Correspondence; playscripts, film treatments and synopses (originals and photocopies), in Hungarian, German and English. The main collection of Fodor's papers is at the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek, Frankfurt am Main.

FRANK, PAUL (1885–1975) AND ADLER, HANS (1899–1966), writers
Manuscript, undated, 1 vol. (GER–033)
Corrected first draft of the English translation of their play, "The Golden Ladder: A Comedy in Eleven Scenes."

FRIED, JOHN H. E. (1905–1990), political scientist
Papers, 1941–1986, 40 ft. (GER–014)
Biographical materials, ca. 1941–1986; correspondence, 1954–1975; manuscripts, 1940s–1970s; lecture notes, examinations, and related materials, 1941–1970; and offprints. Fried was born in Vienna; wrote extensively on comparative government, labor economics, and the Vietnam War; was Special Legal Consultant to the U.S. War Crimes Tribunals at Nuremberg, 1947–1949, and was coeditor of the Trials of War Criminals before the Nuremberg Military Tribunals, 1950–1953; worked for the United Nations, 1951–1954, 1964–1966; and taught at the New School for Social Research, City University of New York, and other institutions, 1942–1970.

FRIEDLÄNDER, WALTER A. (1891–1984), social work
Papers, 1925–1978, 45 ft. (GER–003)
Correspondence with Karl Frankenstein, Kurt Richard Grossmann, Ella Kay, Oskar Kohn, Paul Tillich, and others, 1925–1978; and manuscripts and offprints, 1922–1970. Friedländer received a doctorate in law from the University of Berlin in 1913 and was from then until 1933 a magistrate in charge of the local office for youth and social welfare in the Prenzlauer Berg district of his native Berlin. He was president of the German Child Welfare League, 1931–1933; director of a refugee service in Paris, 1933–1936; professor at the University of Chicago, 1936–43; and professor at the School of Social Welfare at the University of California at Berkeley, 1943–1956. He published numerous books and articles on international social services in the United States and Europe.

FRIEDMANN, JAMES I.,(1900- ) publisher
Autobiography, 1966, 1 vol. (GER–034)
"Müttersprache: Das Vaterland der Heimatlosen: Errinerungen und Dokumentation einer Verlegers in der Emigration." Corrected typescript of an unpublished autobiography of a Berlin bookseller and publisher who settled in Buenos Aires, where he lived from 1939 to 1965. Pertains to German exile literary life and antifascist activities in Argentina during the years 1938–45. Includes transcription of a letter by the novelist Joseph Roth and information pertaining to the antifascist artist Clément Moreau.

FRITZ, KURT VON (1900–1985), classicist
Papers, 1935–1980, 1 folder (GER–035)
German autobiographical notes and materials, ca. 1980; "Die Grund, die zu meiner Emigration," ca. 1980; hand–corrected copies of letters, 1970–80; and photographs. Von Fritz was a professor of classics at the University of Munich and at Columbia University.

FURTH, JOSEF HERBERT (1899–1995), economist
Papers, 1932–1981, 4.3 cubic ft. (GER–036).
Correspondence with Gottfried Haberler, Friedrich A. Hayek, Eric Vögelin, and other fellow Viennese Émigré economists, 1921–1981; diaries, 1907; typescripts of his reviews, articles, and papers, 1940–1974; lectures and course syllabi, 1952–1969; reports and reviews written for the U.S. Federal Reserve Board, 1944–1955; and offprints of articles, 1947–1962. Furth taught economics at Lincoln University and American University, wrote on central banking and international monetary relations, and was an economist for the Federal Reserve Board from 1943 to 1966.

FÜRTH, OTTO (1894–1979), writer
Papers, 1933–1971, 4 cubic ft. (GER–037)
Correspondence with exile friends and writers and with Twentieth Century Fox pertaining to copyright infringement, 1940–1948; and German and English manuscripts of books, plays, poetry, lectures, and articles in newspapers and magazines, 1933–1969. Fürth also wrote under the pseudonym Owen Elford.
GEORGE, MANFRED (1893–1965), writer, journalist
Papers, 1933–1965, 4 ft. (GER–038)
Correspondence with Hannah Arendt, Max Barth, Hans Habe, Ludwig Marcuse, Thomas Mann, Hertha Pauli, and many other Émigré scholars and writers, 1933–1965; two reel–to–reel tape recordings concerning the New York Émigré newspaper Aufbau; clippings of articles by George in European and American newspapers, 1934–1954; materials pertaining to the German–American Writers' Association, 1938–1940. Born in Berlin, George was editor–in–chief of Aufbau from 1939 to 1965. This manuscript group was photocopied by the University Libraries in part from scrapbooks at Aufbau offices and in part from George's papers with the permission of George's widow before the originals were sent to the Deutsches Literaturarchiv, Marbach am Neckar, German Federal Republic.

GERHARD, ADELE (1868–1956), writer
Manuscripts, 1938–1956, .5 ft (GER–039)
Hand–corrected typescripts of Gerhard's novels or novellas Gäa, Unter den Gestirnen, Wahrer der Leuchte, Das Kind, Spuren im Schnee, Wurzelweibchen, and an untitled work, all written in the United States by this native of Cologne, 1938–1955.

GLUECKSOHN-WAELSCH, SALOMÉ (1907- ), geneticist
Papers, 1928-1998, 27 cubic ft. (GER-117)

Correspondence; personal documents, including awards, citations, diplomas; grant applications; reviews; publications; National Academy of Science files; conference, seminar and lecture materials; photographs; extensive reprint collection in the field of genetics. Dr. Waelsch received her Ph.D. from the University of Freiburg, Germany in 1932, but was forced to flee Hitler's Germany one year later with her first husband, biochemist Rudolf Schoenheimer. Her first position in the U.S. came in 1936 as a Research Associate at Columbia University, a position she held for nineteen years. Finally, in 1955, she was offered a full-time faculty position in the Department of Genetics at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine. In 1979, Waelsch was elected to the National Academy of Sciences and in 1993, she was awarded the National Medal of Science.

GODE VON AESCH, ALEXANDER (1904-1970)/STORM PUBLISHERS
Papers, 1924–1976, 6.0 ft (GER–107).
The Alexander Gode von Aesch collection includes biographical information, photographs, and correspondence. There are also writings by Alexander Gode von Aesch and others as well as various issues of periodicals with references to Gode von Aesch. Related collections include New York City's Storm Publishers (GER–090) and the Frederick Ungar Papers (GER–092).

GOLDSTEIN, MORITZ (1880–1968), writer
Manuscripts, 1939–68, 1 ft. (GER–041)
Moritz Goldstein was born and educated in Berlin. As a Jew, he had to leave Germany in 1933, going to Italy in 1933-39, France in 1939, England in 1939-41, and the United States in 1947. He lived in Washington, D.C., 1949-51, and New York City, 1951-77. He used the pseudonyms Michael Osten and "Inquit." Hand–corrected typescripts of Goldstein's unpublished books ("Widerlegung der Macht," "Gedankengänge," and "Formulierungen" (1960); and manuscripts of newspaper and journal articles, 1939–53. Goldstein lived in Washington, D.C., and in New York City, and wrote under the name "Inquit."

GRAF, OSKAR MARIA, (1891–1967), writer
Papers, 1891–1967, 9.0 ft (GER–002)
Included in collection is correspondence with noted figures such as Heinrich Boll, Gunter Grass, Rainer Maria Rilke, Erich Maria Remarque, Heinrich Heine, Herman Hesse, Thomas Mann and others of Graf's contemporaries, such as Albert Einstein, Otto Preminger, and His Holiness, Pope Paul VI; and correspondence also with family, friends, colleagues, compatriots in exile, newspapers, publishers, PhD candidates, and others. Includes also are copies of all Graf's published literary works; his unpublished novels, essays, aphorisms, poems, political writings, fragments, critiques of other authors; speeches; radio plays; critiques of Graf; loose pages of writing. Also included are articles, books, and material about exhibitions in Germany, Switzerland, Austria, and the USA; and materials from various Goethe institutions. Graf was a writer born in Germany who joined anarchist and socialist organizations, lived and traveled in Germany, Czechoslovakia, and Russia, and who eventually, upon the rise of Nazism, escaped to the USA where he lived in New York City until his death in 1967. Though exiled, later in his life he became a corresponding member with the German Academy of the Arts in Berlin.

HERZ, JOHN H. (1908–2005), political scientist
Papers, 1940–1981, 31 ft. (GER–015)
The collection includes documents and autobiographical materials (including his autobiographyVom Überleben), professional and personal correspondence, copies of his published and unpublished writings (manuscripts, typescripts, reprints and books), texts of numerous speeches and lectures (published and unpublished), teaching materials, as well as Herz’s research collections on topics relating to his writings and lectures, as well as materials relating to the United Nations Commission to Study the Organization of Peace, 1972-1974. The collection contains a nearly complete collection of Herz’s writings spanning six decades from his early years in Germany and Switzerland to his later years in the United States after his forced emigration in 1938. John Herz was a professor of political science at Howard University in Washington, D.C. and later at the City College of the City University of New York.

HIRSCH, FELIX (1902–1981), historian, librarian
Papers, 1932–1976, 3 ft. (GER–042)
Biographical materials, 1932–56; correspondence with Hans Kohn, Golo Mann, and others, 1932–1976; manuscripts of books and articles, undated; offprints of articles, 1934–1976. Hirsch was a professor of history and library director at Bard College and at Trenton State College. Also includes some correspondence and offprints of his wife Elizabeth F. Hirsch, a specialist in Renaissance philosophy.

HIRSCH, HELMUT (1907– ), historian, socialist
Papers, 1947–1980, 3 ft. (GER–043)
Correspondence with Alfred Döblin, Manfred George, Thomas Mann, and other Émigrés, as well as with the Goethe Institute and Aufbau, 1947–80; and manuscripts and offprints of articles, 1930–1969. Hirsch co–founded Roosevelt College (which became Roosevelt University) and taught at the University of Wyoming in Laramie, the University of Chicago, and the Institute of Design in Chicago before returning to Germany in 1957. Other papers are at the Leo Baeck Institute, New York City.

HULA, ERICH (1900–1987), political scientist
Papers, 1900–1977, 22 ft. (GER–044)
A substantial portion of the Erich Hula Papers consists of his writings, both in typescript and published form. This includes his contributions to newspapers and journals, dating from the 1920s to 1984, and also contains extensive notes from his research as well as for courses taught primarily at the New School for Social Research. The collection also contains correspondence files and biographical documents, and a large collection of reprints (and some typescripts) sent to and collected by Hula of colleagues and other scholars, including Hans Kelsen, Hans Morgenthau, Leo Gross, Arnold Brecht and Kurt von Fritz.

HUTSCHNECKER, ARNOLD (1898-2000), psychoanalyst, psychotherapist
Papers, 1925-1994, 5 cubic ft.(GER–118)
Correspondence, including copies of letter to and from Richard M. Nixon; publications by Hutschnecker; newspaper clippings; diaries; photographs; Richard Nixon materials, including a copy of Hutschnecker's unpublished typescript, "Richard Nixon: His Rise to Power – His Self Defeat." Arnold Hutschnecker, the author of the bestseller The Will to Live, became Richard Nixon's personal therapist in 1952 and remained his personal friend and consultant through Nixon's years in the White House.

JELLINEK, OSCAR (1886-1949), writer
Typescript, undated, 1 folder (GER–045)
Photocopied typescript of the novel fragment "Das Dorf des 13. März."

KAHLER, ERICH VON (1885–1970), historian
Papers, 1905–1970, 13 ft. (GER–048)
Diaries, 1906–1913; correspondence in German and English with Hans Bethe, Richard Beer–Hofmann, Jacob Bronowski, Albert Einstein, Elizabeth Mann Borgese, Erich Fromm, Herbert Marcuse, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Kurt Wolff, and others, 1923–1970; notes and drafts of letters, 1905–1954; manuscripts of his books, articles, reviews, and other writings, 1907–1968; hand–corrected manuscripts of literary works by Hermann Broch, Golo Mann, and others, 1945–1970; lecture notes on philosophy of history, Jewish history, German literature, and contemporary politics for lectures given in Germany and the United States and for courses at Black Mountain College and Ohio State University, 1915–1968; and sixteen reel–to–reel tape recordings of lectures, readings, and other presentations, undated. The University Libraries also have annotated books and presentation copies of books from Erich von Kahler's Library. He taught at the New School for Social Research and at Cornell University and Princeton University.

KASKELL, JOSEPH (1892-1989), attorney, writer
Papers, 1939–1964, .5 ft. (GER–049)
Correspondence with Peter Lindt, Karl O. Paetel, Udo Rusker, Albert Thiele, and others, 1939–1964. Kaskell was an attorney and writer who lived in New York City.

KIRCHHEIMER, OTTO (1905–1965), political scientist
Papers, 1928–1965, 4.67 ft. (GER–006)
Correspondence with Arcadij Gurland, Hajo Holborn, Franz Neumann, Hans Simons, Hans Staudinger, and others, 1937–1965; research and lecture notes, undated; offprints, book reviews, and ephemera, 1928–1965. Kirchheimer worked for the Institute for Social Research and the U.S. Office of Strategic Services (OSS), and was later a professor of political science at the New School for Social Research. The University Libraries also have annotated books from Otto Kirchheimer's library.

KNIGHT, MAX (1909–1993), writer, editor, translator
Papers, 1909-1993, 4 cubic ft. (GER–050)
The bulk of the collection consists of the writings of the co-authors Max Knight (Max Eugen Kühnel) and Joseph Fabry (Joseph Epstein), who wrote and published jointly from 1933 to 1993 under the pseudonym of Peter Fabrizius. The duo wrote and published short stories, poetry and drama in German in their native Austria until 1938, when both were forced to flee the Hitler regime. After 1938, the authors reunited in the United States (San Francisco) and continued to publish under the joint pseudonym in both English and German. Although many of the earlier short stories were translated, the duo gradually changed to essayistic writing and translation of German poetry and verse into English. Although the bulk of the published writings appeared under the Peter Fabrizius pen name, Knight and Fabry also published individually under their own names, as well as jointly under various other pseudonyms, including: Charlotte Ellert, Peter Joe Fabry, Peter Förster, Peter Foster, Fregoli, Paul Fridolin, Ernst Friese, Hugh Gosser, Stephan Hanke, Dr. Josef Hans, J. Hinkel, Myra (Mia) Schütz and Oliver Twin.

KOLLISCH, MARGARETE (1893–1979), writer
Papers, 1910–1978, .5 ft. (GER–051)
Correspondence (copies) with Albert Einstein and Helen Dukas, 1934, 1967; typescripts of poetry and children's stories, 1942–1969; aphorisms, 1910–1978; short stories, 1963–66. Kollisch was a native of Vienna.

KORTNER, FRITZ (1892–1970), and THOMPSON, DOROTHY (1893–1961), writers.
Manuscript, 1937, .5 ft. (GER–052)
Photocopies of hand–corrected typescript drafts and revisions of "Spell Your Name: A Play in Five Scenes" (later titled "Another Sun"), written in New York City by Viennese Émigré Fritz Kortner and American journalist Dorothy Thompson. Before returning to Germany in 1947, Kortner was a Hollywood writer.

KOTSCHNIG, WALTER MARIA (1901– ), diplomat
Papers, 1936–1976, 22.5 ft. (GER–053)
Correspondence, 1936–1976; memoranda, reports, photographs, and other materials pertaining to his work with the United Nations, 1953–1973; speeches, 1944–65; and typescripts of articles and reports, 1944–1976. Kotschnig taught at Smith College and Mt. Holyoke College from 1937 to 1942. As an expert on international organization, he became an official of the U.S. State Department in 1944 and represented the United States in the United Nations in the 1950s.

KRAFT, JULIUS (1898–1960), philosopher
Papers, 1921–1960, 4 ft. (GER–054)
Biographical materials; correspondence with Adolf Löwe, Karl Popper, Kurt Wolff, and others, 1922–1960; notebooks, 1935–1959; manuscripts of articles, essays, and lectures, 1921–1960; and offprints. Kraft was a professor of philosophy at the New School for Social Research and at Washington and Jefferson College.

KRISTELLER, PAUL OSKAR (1905-1999), Renaissance scholar, philosopher
Publications, 1938-1978, 1 cubic ft. (GER–119)
Reprint collection of Kristeller's publications, 1938-1978. The main collection of Kristeller's papers is located at Columbia University, New York.

LAQUEUR, GERT (1912- ), pathologist
Papers, 1935-1981, .25 cubic ft.(GER–055)
Documents; photographs; publications.

LAZARSFELD, PAUL (1901-1976), sociologist
Typescript, 1976, 0.25 cubic ft.(GER–056)
Photocopied typescript of doctoral thesis of David Edward Morrison: "Paul Lazarsfeld: The Biography of an Institutional Innovator."

LEDERER, EMIL (1882–1939), economist
Papers, 1901–1971, 1 ft. (GER–057)
Family documents, 1901–1936; correspondence, documents, and typescripts of articles by economist Emil Lederer (d. 1939), 1901–1934; and correspondence and personal records of his wife Gertrud Lederer, 1930–1969. Both taught at the New School for Social Research.

LEDERER, WALTHER (1908-2001), economist
Papers, 1929-2003, 7 cubic ft.(GER–120)
Publications of Walther Lederer; publications of his uncle, Emil Lederer; correspondence between Walther and his first wife, Ruth Klein Lederer, 1929-1931; personal documents. Walther Lederer came to the U.S. in 1933 and, after completing postgraduate work at the University of Iowa, held teaching positions at Hunter College in New York, the University of Delaware in Newark, and Queens College in New York. In 1942, Lederer accepted his first position in Washington, D.C. as an economist for the Board of Economic Welfare. In October 1945, he moved to the U.S. Department of Commerce, Office of Business Economics, Balance of Payments Division, and in May 1954 became Chief of the Division. Lederer continued in that position until 1969.

LEHR, DAVID (1910- ), pharmacologist
Papers, 1935-2005, 13 cubic ft.(GER–121)
Typescripts and original materials used for Dr. Lehr's autobiographical account, Austria Before and After the Anschluss (1998); correspondence and documentation concerning legal cases; memorabilia of his teacher and mentor Dr. Ernst Peter Pick; documents; newspaper clippings; publications. Dr. Lehr, who emigrated to the U.S. in 1939, was a full-time faculty member of the New York Medical College for 43 years and served as the first Chairman of the Department of Pharmacology for 25 years.

LESER, PAUL (1899-1984), anthropologist
Papers, 1920–1984, 95 cubic ft. (GER–058).
Biographical materials, 1920–1951; diaries and notebooks, 1920–1938; interviews, 1951–1980; correspondence with Paul Goodman, Albert Lestoque, Will Schaber, Hans Staudinger, and others, 1920–1984; research notes pertaining to the history of the plough, undated; family papers and photographs; materials pertaining to his lawsuit against anthropologist Julius Lips; and papers of German anthropologist Fritz Graebner (1877–1934). Leser had a lifelong interest in the German Youth Movement, lived in Denmark and Sweden from 1934 to 1938, and taught at Black Mountain College and at the Hartford Theological Seminary.

(LESER) LESTOQUE , ALBERT (1892–1960), writer
Papers, 1914–1960, 15 ft. (GER–059)
The collection includes records from legal battles and restitution claims of Albert (Leser) Lestoque and his two siblings, Paul Leser and Maria (Mira) Lingemann (née Leser), for family properties in the Plittersdorf section of Bonn, Germany. These materials include exhaustive correspondence files, family documents and property records dating from 1862, as well as numerous case files, photographs, and newspaper clippings. In addition to the restitution files, the collection contains manuscripts and published versions of Lestoque’s writings, including the manuscripts from Lestoque’s lecture engagements, as well as materials collected by him pertaining to such organizations as Citizens for Victory, the International Committee for the Study of European Questions and the German American Writers’ Association (GAWA). He was born near Bonn as Albert Leser.

LIEPMANN, KLAUS (1907-1990), violinist, conductor
Papers, 1933-1990, 1 cubic ft.(GER–122)
Photographs; clippings; recordings of Klaus Liepmann (violin) and as conductor of M.I.T. orchestra and choral groups; copies of unpublished short writings on musical topics, as well as longer typescripts including "Music at M.I.T.," Liepmann's autobiography "Fifty Years in America," as well as a biography of his father, Moritz Liepmann. Liepmann was considered the "Father of Music" at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He was the first to bring music to the humanities department there and became the first full-time director of music and conductor of the M.I.T. choral society and orchestra.

LINDT, PETER M. (1908- ), writer
Papers, 1942–1970, .25 ft. (GER–060)
Letters, clippings, programs, and other materials pertaining to Lindt or kept by him as a member and president of the Social Scientific Society for Intercultural Relations, Inc., a New York City German–American organization founded in 1870. Lindt was a writer and radio commentator. Lindt was born and educated in Vienna, Austria. He immigrated to the United States in 1938 and was a radio commentator on station WEVD in New York City.

LIPMAN–WULF, PETER (1905–1993), artist
Papers, 1938–1982, 2 ft. (GER–061)
Peter Lipman-Wulf was born in Berlin's Jewish community and immigrated to France in 1933 and to the United States in 1947. In 1939 he was interned in the Les Milles camp in southern France. He worked as a painter, sculptor, and graphic artist in and around New York City, and taught art at Queens College (City University of New York) and Adelphi University. Autobiographical manuscripts of an artist born in Berlin and working in New York City, undated; original prints for Hermann Broch's Death of Vergil, undated

LOWE, ADOLPH (1893–1995), economist
Papers, 1926–1991, 5 cubic ft. (GER–022)
Biographical material includes biographies; personal papers from teaching at the University of Kiel, 1926–31 and University of Manchester, 1933–40; papers from Lowe's 80th birthday (1973); Veblen–Commons Award, 1979; interview with Die Zeit, 1988; correspondence, 1928–91; writings by Lowe, including lectures, speeches, published and unpublished works. Lowe was one of the founders of the New School for Social Research comprised mostly of the German intellectual Émigrés to the USA prior to WWI.

MAASS, JOACHIM (1901–1972), writer
Papers, 1927–1961, 2.5 ft. (GER–063)
Chiefly photocopied manuscripts of novels, short stories, plays, poetry, and essays, 1940–1946; lecture notes,– 1956–1961; and clippings, offprints, reviews, and biographies, 1927–1936. Maass was born in Hamburg and taught at Mt. Holyoke College. The papers were photocopied before the originals were sent to the Deutsches Literaturarchiv, Marbach.

MACHLUP, FRITZ (1902–1983), economist
Papers, 1935–1982, .5 ft. (GER–125)
A partial collection of the published writings of Fritz Machlup, consisting of reprints of his articles and encyclopedia entries primarily in German and English, but also containing translations into French and Hungarian. The main collection of materials pertaining to Fritz Machlup is located at the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace, Stanford University.

MANSCHINGER, GRETA HARTWIG (1899–1971), writer and MANSCHINGER, KURT (ASHLEY VERNON, 1902-1968), composer
Papers, 1912–1970, 20 cubic ft. (GER–025)
Correspondence, 1945-1968; manuscript of Greta's unfinished autobiographical novel "Brno-New York" and hand-corrected typescripts and manuscripts of novel sketches, opera librettos (English translations from German), songs, short stories, children's literature, advertising and media sketches, and critical reviews, 1935-1970; personal family papers of Kurt and Greta Manschinger; scores and sheet music by Kurt and Greta; audio tapes of performances; index card files of Manschinger music contacts; Manschinger Music Trust files.

MARCK, SIEGFRIED (1889–1957), philosopher
Papers, 1939–1957, .5 ft. (GER–064)
Biographical materials, 1939–57; correspondence, in part pertaining to Thomas Mann, 1950–57; and printed materials. A native of Breslau, Marck taught at Roosevelt University from 1945.

MARCU, EVA AND VALERIU (1899-1942), author
Papers, 1941-1942, 2 folders (GER–108)

Copies of correspondence between Eva Marcu and Heinrich Brüning, 1941-1942; photocopies of articles by Valeriu Marcu (1941).

MARTON, GEORGE (1899-1979), screen writer
Autobiography, 1964, 1 vol. (GER–065)
Marton was a writer from Budapest who lived and worked in Vienna, Paris, London, New York, and Hollywood. Includes chapters on Franz Werfel and Thomas Mann in exile.

MARX, HILDE (1911–1986), writer
Papers, 3.5 cubic ft. (GER–066)
Includes diaries; notebooks; correspondence; a volume of unpublished poetry; writings published in Aufbau (NY); lectures on the Holocaust delivered at various universities; home video tapes; several interviews; photograph albums; school papers from Marx's youth; large albums of programs from her one–woman shows; and ephemera. Much of the material is in scrapbooks.

MISCH, CARL (1896–1965), historian
Papers, 1941–1963, .5 ft. (GER–067)
Correspondence, 1941–1962; and typescripts of articles and lectures, 1945–1963. Misch taught at Centre College.

NATONEK, HANS (1892–1963), writer
Papers, 1918–1963, 3.2 ft. (GER–004)
Biographical materials, 1918–1963; diary fragments, 1940–1951; correspondence with Helmut Hirsch, Aufbau, and others, 1940–1952; manuscripts and hand–corrected typescripts of published, unpublished, revised, and translated works, including autobiography, novels, short stories, and poetry, 1939–1963; and offprints, galleys, and clippings of published essays in German, 1960–1963. Natonek worked as a newspaper editor in his native Prague and in Leipzig before fleeing to France in 1939 and to the United States in 1941. His autobiography, In Search of Myself, was published in New York in 1943. The bulk of Natonek's manuscripts date from his later career in Tucson, Arizona, from where he wrote for American and European newspapers and magazines.

NECHELES, HEINRICH (1897-1979), physician, and STEPHANIE (1901- )
Autobiography, 1988, 1 volume(GER–068)
Autobiography of Heinrich and Stephanie Necheles: Autobiographical Reminiscenes by Heinrich Necheles and My Life's Journey: Berlin, Chicago, Walnut Creek. A Memoir by Stephanie Necheles, privately published in 1988.

NEISSER, HANS PHILLIP (1895–1975), economist
Papers, 1918–1971, 3 ft. (GER–069)
Autobiography, undated; correspondence, 1918–1933; lecture notes, course outlines, and examinations, 1942–1968; and drafts, typescripts, and offprints of articles and reviews, 1919–1971. Neisser was a professor of economics at the New School for Social Research.

NEUGASS, FRITZ (1899–1979), art historian, photographer
Papers, 1933–1979, 60 cubic ft. (GER–007)
Autobiography, undated; correspondence, 1941–1944, 1970–1979; manuscripts of two novels written under pseudonyms in a French internment camp, 1939–1941; typescripts of articles and related correspondence, photographs, notes, and clippings relating to art collecting and criticism, photography, architecture, and motion pictures, 1942–1979; and negatives and prints of photographs taken by Neugass in New York City, Europe, and Mexico, primarily 1940s and 1950s.

NEUMEYER, ALFRED (1901–1973), writer
Papers, 1932–1948, .10 ft (GER–070)
Copies of manuscripts and hand–corrected typescripts of poetry, plays, essays by Neumeyer, an art historian who taught at the University of Berlin until 1935 and thereafter at Mills College in Oakland, California.

OPPLER, ALFRED C. (1893-1982), jurist
Papers, 1942–1981, 2.75 ft. (GER–016)
Diary, 1950; correspondence, 1942–1981; and manuscripts of books (including "Prussian Bureaucracy and National Socialism"), lectures, and reports, 1947–1959. As a civilian employee of the U.S. Army from 1946 to 1952, Oppler was the principal architect of legal and judicial reforms in occupied Japan.

PACHTER, HENRY M. (1907–1980), historian
Papers, 1939–1980, 9 ft.(GER–071)
Autobiography, undated; diaries, 1941, 1953; manuscripts of unpublished articles and "Men of the Camp," about a French internment camp in 1939–40; copies of letters sent, 1954–1960; and clippings and manuscripts of articles for West German newspapers, 1952–1976. Pachter was a professor of history at the New School for Social Research and at City College of the City University of New York. He was born Heinz Pächter and wrote political articles under the pseudonym Henry Rabassiere.

PADOVER, SAUL K. (1905–1981), political scientist
Papers, 1947–69, .10 ft. (GER–010)
Lecture notes, reading lists, and other materials pertaining to courses on world politics, Soviet propaganda, American foreign policy, and other subjects taught by Padover as a professor of political science at the New School for Social Research.

PAETEL, KARL O. (1906–1975), writer
Papers, 1940–1975, 70 ft. (GER–072)

Autobiographical materials, undated; diary, 1950; correspondence with Hannah Arendt, Manfred George, Ernst Jünger, Henry Kissinger, Reinhold Niebuhr, Paul Tillich, and others, 1940–1972; manuscripts of books, articles, essays, and reviews, 1940–1972; offprints and clippings; materials pertaining to five exile magazines published by Paetel; two reel–to–reel and two cassette tape recordings, 1957–1966; and photographs. Includes a large collection of ephemera pertaining to the German Youth Movement, anti–Nazi resistance, refugee problems, exile writers, and post–war German politics. Paetel retained manuscripts of and biographical materials pertaining to the German novelist Ernst Jünger and the manuscript and woodcuts for a children's book by Käte Döring. The University Libraries also have books from Paetel's library pertaining to these areas of interest.

PAULI, HERTHA (1909–1973), writer
Tape recordings, 1960–1970, 1 ft. (GER–097)
Twelve reel–to–reel recordings of interviews, readings, and reminiscences of an Austrian Émigré who wrote popular history and children's literature. Includes interviews about Émigré writers Guido Zernatto (1903–1943) and Ödön von Horváth (1901–1938).

PESSL–SOBOTKA, YELLA (1906–1991), musician
Papers, 1918–1979, 23 ft. (GER–073)
Correspondence, 1930–1979; musical manuscripts, arrangements, and fingered sheet music, primarily of the keyboard works of J. S. Bach, undated; scrapbooks pertaining to her concert career, 1924–1956; 78 commercial and private recordings of her performances on harpsichord and piano, primarily from the 1940s and 1950s; and printed materials.

PLANT, RICHARD (1911–1998), writer
Papers, 1950–1981, 1 ft. (GER–074)
Manuscripts on Sigmund Freud and Karl Marx and on homosexual victims of the Nazis; typescripts and offprints of articles, book reviews, and film reviews; and materials for two unwritten novels, one about a German Émigré family in New York City. Plant taught German and comparative literature at the New School for Social Research an at City College of the City University of New York.

PRIBRAM, KARL (1877–1973), economist
Papers, 1877–1973, 10 ft. (GER–005)
Correspondence, diaries, manuscripts, offprints, and other materials pertaining to the life and work of Pribram, an Émigré economist from Austria. During his long career, he was chief of the Legislative Division for Social Policy in the Ministry for Social Administration, 1918–1921; head of the research and statistical department at the International Labour Office, Geneva, 1921–1928; professor of economics at the University of Frankfurt am Main, 1928–1933; a research member of the Brookings Institution, 1933–35; member of the U.S. Social Security Board, 1935–1942; and senior economist at the U.S. Tariff Commission, 1942–1951. He later taught at American University. He was an expert on economic thought and policymaking.

RABINOWITCH, EUGENE I. (1901–1973), physicist
Papers, 1923–1973, 14 ft. (GER–075)
Correspondence with James Franck, Bertrand Russell, Laslo Szalay, and others, 1947–1972; records of the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists, including correspondence, administrative files, and manuscripts of articles published, 1945–1972; materials pertaining to the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, 1957–1972; and writings by Rabinowitch and others, including related correspondence, drafts, and other materials, 1923–1972. Rabinowitch was born in Russia, lived and taught in Germany from 1921 to 1933, emigrated to the United States, worked on the Manhattan Project, taught at the University of Illinois from 1947 to 1968, and directed the Center for the Study of Science and Society (University at Albany, State University of New York) between 1968 and 1971. Records of the Center are in University Archives.

RAUSCHNING, HERMANN (1887–1982), statesman
Papers, 1941–1980, 1 ft. (GER–076)
Correspondence (copied from originals before they were given to the Deutsches Bundesarchiv, Koblenz) with Golo Mann, Karl O. Paetel, Eugen Rosenstock–Huessy, Dorothy Thompson, and others, 1941–80; and newspaper clippings, 1952–80. Rauschning was president of the Free City of Danzig and a one–time Nazi; he emigrated to the United States, became a farmer in Oregon, and wrote on National Socialism and his own political career.

REMARQUE, ERICH MARIA (1898–1970), writer
Papers, 1952–1963, .25 ft. (GER–077)
Correspondence with the publishing firm of Doubleday and Company, 1952–1963; clippings, and reviews of his novels.

RIESER, MAX (1893-1981), philosopher
Publications, 1940-1976, .33 cubic ft. (GER–123)
Reprints and photocopies of publications of Max Rieser.

ROHRLICH, GEORGE F. (1914–1995), economist
Papers, 1943–1984, 9 ft. (GER–008)
Correspondence with William Haber, Friedrich J. Hacker, Eric Vögelin, and others, 1952–1984; correspondence concerning the Association for Social Economics and the International Institute for Social Economics, 1981–1984; manuscripts of unpublished papers, lecture notes, and novellas, undated. Rohrlich served in the U.S. Office of Strategic Services, 1943–1945; in the Public Health and Welfare Section of the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers, Japan, 1947–1951; and the International Labour Office (ILO), Geneva, 1959–1964. He was a professor of economics at the University of Chicago, 1964–1967, and at Temple University, 1967–1981.

ROSENHAUPT, HANS (1911-1985), educator, administrator
Papers, 1932-1983, .33 cubic ft. (GER–124)
Photocopies of articles, speeches, short stories, newspaper clippings and tributes, 1932-1983. Hans Rosenhaupt, who came to the U.S. in 1935, taught at Colorado and Knox Colleges, and was Director of Admissions at Columbia University, 1948-1958. From 1958-1981, Rosenhaupt served first as National Director, and later as President of the Woodrow Wilson Foundation.

RUBEL–GROSSVOGEL, NOMI (1910–1996), writer, director
Manuscripts, 1955–1978, 1 ft. (GER–078)
Hand–corrected typescripts in German and English of published and unpublished plays on Jewish life and other themes and novellas ("Das Goldene Tor," "Die Töchter," and "Menschheitswald").

SCHOCH, MAGDALENA (1897- ), international law
(GER–080)

SCHOENBERNER, FRANZ (1892–1970), writer
Papers, 1933–1966, 1 ft. (GER–081)
Photocopies of correspondence with Hermann Kesten, D. H. Lawrence, Stefan Zweig, and others, 1933–1966; essays in German and English, 1939–1944; offprints; and photographs. Schoenberner was born in Berlin and lived in or near New York City after 1941. He was the editor of Simplicissimus, 1929–1933, and author of Confessions of a European Intellectual (1946). He was active in the P.E.N. World Association of Writers.

SCHUBERT, RUDOLF
Papers, 1935–1994, .25 cubic ft. (GER–126)

Contains manuscripts, unfinished memoir, correspondence in German and English, news clips, CV, and other biographical materials. Born in Silesia, Germany, Schubert (1901-1994) was the head of the social welfare department in the State Administration of Hamburg until 1934. He emigrated to England in 1937 and then the United States in 1938. He was an instructor in German at the New London Junior College in Connecticut, and later worked in the consumer cooperative movement in the United States for several decades.

SIMONS, HANS (1893–1972), political scientist
Papers, 1919–1963, .5 ft. (GER–082)
Diary, 1935–1937; typescripts of articles and lectures on education and politics, 1919–1963; and offprints. Simons was a professor of political science at the New School for Social Research and served as its president.

SORELL, WALTER (1905–1997), writer
Manuscripts, undated, .5 ft. (GER–083)
Hand–corrected typescripts and copies of seven plays in English by this Émigré writer on theater, dance, and German literature.

SPALEK, JOHN M. (1928– ), professor of German literature
Collection, 1933–[ongoing], 7 ft. (GER–106)
Includes photographs of prominent Émigrés, 1933– ; correspondence about the papers of Émigrés, 1974–1978, and cassette tape recordings of oral history interviews conducted by Spalek with more than one hundred Émigrés, 1978–1989, in the compilation of his Guide to the Archival Materials of the German–Speaking Emigration to the United States After 1933 (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1978). There are no transcriptions. Spalek is a professor of Germanic languages at the University at Albany.

SPEIER, HANS (1905–1990), sociologist
Papers, 1922–1989, 16 cubic ft. (GER–084)
The Hans Speier Papers primarily focus on Speier's career in the U.S. after his emigration. The collection includes correspondence with colleagues and leading scholars of the day, including Max Ascoli, Reinhard Bendix, Arvid Brodersen, Lewis A. Coser, Alexander George, Herbert Goldhammer, Joseph Goldsen, Fred C. Iklé, Alvin Johnson, Paul Kecskemeti, Henry J. Kellermann, Ernst Kris, Nathan Leites, M. Rainer Lepsius, Hans Staudinger and Leo Strauss. Also represented in the collection is a lengthy correspondence with co-editors of Propaganda and Communication in World History, Harold Lasswell and Daniel Lerner, and individual contributors. The RAND Corporation materials document Speier's career as organizer and Head of the Social Science Division of the RAND Corporation and a member of the RAND Research Council. During those years he wrote and directed numerous studies for RAND and the texts of many of the position papers, memoranda, lecture texts and essays are present in the collection. Included in the Nazi and anti-Nazi propaganda materials is a collection of rare leaflets prepared by the Psychological Warfare Branch of the U.S. Army and disseminated to enemy troops in Italy in 1943-1944. The collection also contains numerous texts of essays, as well as typescript and manuscript versions of books.

SPIRO, EUGEN (1874–1972), artist
Papers, 1940–1972, 3 ft. (GER–086)
Eugen Spiro was born in Breslau, Lower Silesia, Germany, and studied at the Munich Academy of Art under the painter Franz von Stuck. He lived and painted in Paris, 1906-14, and Berlin, 1914-34. As a Jewish artist whose portraits were classified "degenerate" by the Nazis, he immigrated to France in 1935 and was interned in the French concentration camp at Gurs. He immigrated to New York City in 1941, where he became an independent teacher and artist. He painted portraits of Thomas Mann, Albert Einstein, and many other famous people both in Europe and the United States. Biographical materials; correspondence with Thomas Mann, Ernst Scheyer, Fritz von Unruh, and others, 1940–1972; photographs, reproductions, and catalogs of his paintings and graphic works after 1940.

STAUDINGER, HANS (1889–1980), economist
Papers, 1928–1979, 31.5 ft. (GER–087)

Biographical materials; diary, 1930; correspondence from or pertaining to other intellectual Émigrés, administration of the New School for Social Research, and the American Council for Émigrés in the Professions, 1930–1979; lecture notes, reading lists, speeches, and research notes, 1928–1979; ephemera and offprints on economic policy, public utilities, political issues, German business and government, Émigrés, and other topics; and some family papers from the nineteenth–century. Staudinger was a Social Democratic Party member of the Reichstag until his removal by the Nazis in 1933; he was professor of economics at the University in Exile from 1934 and dean of the graduate faculty of the New School for Social Research at various times between 1941 and 1960.

STEEL, JOHANNES (1908–1988), journalist
Papers, 1935–1978, 2 ft. (GER–088)

Correspondence, 1970–1978; and clippings of newspaper articles, 1935–1951. Steel wrote the column "Johannes Steel on Wall Street."

STEINER, FRANZ BAERMAN (1909–1952), poet, anthropologist
Papers, 1934–1945, .10 ft. (GER–089)
Hand–corrected copies of poems, 1934–43; letters to the donor, Joseph Hahn, 1944–1945. Steiner was a native of Prague who wrote poetry and taught anthropology at Oxford University.

STETTNER, WALTER FRITZ (1914–1998), economist
Papers, 2 ft. (GER–109)

Family papers/documents, publications, autobiography. Includes correspondence in German to and from his parents-victims of the Holocaust; also his 1944 PhD dissertation (Harvard University), "Nineteenth Century Public Debt Theories in Great Britain and Germany." Stettner received his Dr.Juris (1937) at Vienna University (Austria). His autobiography (1999) Witness to a Changing World describes growing up in Italy and Austria, his years as a refugee scholar at Harvard, his position with the Federal Reserve Board of Governors, and a 35-year U.S. Government career with the Marshall Plan, the Council of Economic Advisers, the Turkish Consortium at OECD/Paris, and as Chief Economist (FSR-1) at U.S. Aid Missions to Argentina, Laos, and Pakistan as well as work on Vietnam, the Caribbean and Africa.
STORM PUBLISHERS
Records, 1940–1968, 5.5 ft. (GER–090)

Correspondence between Alexander Gode von Aesch (Oesch) and Albert Einstein, Thomas Mann, Hans Speier, Manfred George, and others, 1940–68; manuscripts of works by Fritz von Unruh, Friderike Zweig, and others, undated; reviews of and publicity materials pertaining to books published; contracts; and some financial records. This Émigré publisher was located in New York City.

TETENS, FRIEDRICH TETE HARENS (1899–1976), journalist
Papers, 1925–1976, 50 ft. (GER–091)

Correspondence with Bernard Baruch, Emil Ludwig, William Langer, Louis Nizer, Friedrich Wilhelm Förster, Harold L. Ickes, and others, 1925–76; typescripts, manuscripts, outlines, and translations (German, English, and Spanish) of published and unpublished books and articles, 1937–72; research reports written for Bernard Baruch and for the U.S. Office of Strategic Services (OSS), 1939–43; research notes, undated; pamphlets and other ephemera on National Socialism, pan–Germanism, anti–semitism, the German–American Bund, post–war Germany, Cold War, and peace issues, 1937–72; propaganda of the Deutsche Liga für Volkerbund and various war and peace groups, collected in Aschaffenburg by Edgar Davidsburg, 1915–19; and printed materials on the German tobacco industry, ca. 1890–1930. Tetens was a journalist from Berlin who fled for political reasons to Switzerland in 1934; he lived in Argentina from 1936 to 1938 and in the United States from 1939. In addition to his own papers, he retained correspondence of Rev. Guy Emery Shipler, editor of the New York City–based religious magazine Churchman, concerning obscenity in films, Communism, National Socialism, religious freedom, and other issues affecting the Protestant Episcopal Church, 1922–66; files of the Philipp Reemstma case, 1925–33; records of the American I. G. Farben Chemical Corporation, 1933–39; papers of Argentinian anti–Nazi journalist Reinhard Maurer, 1937–45; drawings by the Argentinian anti–Nazi artist Clément Moreau, 1937–39; correspondence and writings of Émigré writer Friedrich Wilhelm Förster (1869–1963) about pan–Germanism and National Socialism, 1940–51; manuscripts by the French anti–Nazi writer André Chéradame, 1941; correspondence of Isidore Lipschutz as an officer of the Society for the Prevention of World War III, 1938–56; case files pertaining to Victor F. Ridder/New York Staats Zeitung and Chicago Tribune libel suits, 1943–45, 1951; correspondence of German–Chilean refugee Pablo Hesslein, 1952–53; and records of several anti–Vietnam War groups based in New Jersey, 1968–72. His papers also include an autobiography, diaries, correspondence, and reports of his wife Eugenia Tetens covering their escape from Germany and early life in exile, 1933–45. Of approximately 700 linear feet of clippings in Tetens's "Library on Germanic and Related International Problems," which he amassed between 1937 and 1972, about 15 feet concerning Émigrés and Nazis in North and South America have been retained. Tetens was a journalist and political pamphleteer who also wrote under the pseudonym Anton Pettenkofer.

TISCHLER, HANS (1915– ), musicologist
Papers, 1935–1982, 3.5 ft. (GER–009)

Papers include publication and essays, 1941–82; musical scores, 1935, 1972 and undated; correspondence, 1949–81; and research notes, (undated). Hans Tischler is an Austrian–born musicologist who holds Ph D's in Musicology: Vienna University (1937) and Yale University (1942). After serving in the US Army in WWII, Tischler became Head and Professor of the Music Department at Wesleyan University in West Virginia until 1947; Associate Professor of Music History, Roosevelt University, Chicago, 1947–65; University of Chicago, 1956–57; briefly at Tel Aviv University, Jerusalem, 1972; and the position he is most noted for, Professor of Musicology, University of Indiana, Bloomington, 1965–85, from which he retired to emeritus status. Tischler is known primarily as a scholar of the medieval motet, publishing several books and numerous journal articles on the subject, between 1947 and 1997. Tischler's musical compositions are represented in the collection, as is his correspondence with colleagues at other college and university music departments throughout the USA, Europe,and Israel. Notable correspondents are linguist Samuel Rosenberg; musicologists Jurg Stenz and Israel Katz; and Bach scholar Gerhard Herz. A series of letters between Tischler and Gwynn McPeek of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, written throughout 1973, details a debate regarding the distinction between modes and scales in medieval music.

UNGAR, FREDERICK (1898–1989), publisher
Papers, 1940–88, 15 ft. (GER–092)

Correspondence with Bruno Bettlehem, Franz Rudolf Bienenfeld, Edward L. Ericson, Erich Fromm, Alexander Gode, Fritz Hochwälder, Norman Lear, Robert Lohan, Viktor Mateja, Thomas Mann, Jan Masaryk, Will Schaber (with translations into German), Joseph Liutpold Stern (with anuscripts of poetry), Ernst Waldinger, Marie Weiss, Thornton Wilder, `and others, 1940–84; notebooks, 1959–68; working materials for Ungar's unpublished German–English dictionary, 1945–57; and catalogs and other promotional publications of the Frederick Ungar Publishing Company, 1941–88. Ungar was born and educated in Vienna, where he founded Phaidon Verlag and Saturn Verlag. He founded the Frederick Ungar Publishing Company in 1941 and directed it from its offices in New York City for more than forty years. He edited or introduced many volumes on German and Austrian literature.

UNITARIAN SERVICE COMMITTEE
Records, 1941-1942, 1 folder (GER–093)
Lists of names; reports; publications.

URZIDIL, JOHANNES (1896-1970), writer
Letters, 1946–70, .10 ft. (GER–094)
Photocopies of transcriptions of letters by Urzidil, born in Prague and transplanted to New York City in 1941, to Oskar and Elisabeth Schurer von Witzleben.

WERNER, ALFRED (1911–1979), art historian, writer
Papers, 1941–1977, 30 ft. (GER–096)

Correspondence, 1953–77; hundreds of manuscripts and typescripts of Werner's writings, including exhibition catalogs, lecture notes, art criticism and essays, 1941–77; printed materials and related correspondence in subject files, 1941–77; offprints, photographs of art work used in his books; and papers written by his students. A native of Vienna, Werner was a New York City freelance writer on modern art.

WOLFF, KURT H. (1912–2003), sociologist
Manuscripts, 1937–52, .25 ft. (GER–098)
Hand–corrected typescripts of poetry (1937) and novels "Die Kügel" (1937) and "Organda" (1952) by Wolff, a sociologist who taught at Ohio State University and Brandeis University.

WOLFF, VICTORIA (1908–1992), writer
Manuscript, 1973, 1 vol. (GER–099)
Typescript of "Hass–Liebe–Hollywood: Meine dreissig Jahre als Underhund." The writer was a native of Heilbronn.

WRONKOW, GEORGE (1905–1989), journalist
Autobiography, undated, 1 vol. (GER–100)
Hand–corrected typescript of "Kleiner Mann in grossen Zeiten: Reportagen eines Lebens." A native of Berlin, Wronkow emigrated to the United States from France in 1938, wrote for the Émigré newspaper Aufbau, and worked as an American correspondent for German and Swiss newspapers and radio stations since 1950.

WRONKOW, LUDWIG (1902-1982), journalist, caricaturist
Papers, 1919-1985, .17 cubic ft. (GER-110)
Correspondence of Ursula Wronkow (widow), 1982-1985; typescripts of several poems by Wronkow, as well as typescript of his last article written for publication "Brasilia, 'Stadt der Zukunft'"; clippings of early cartoons; obituaries and memorial articles; clippings pertaining to the exile newspaper Aufbau. Ludwig Wronkow began his career in Berlin in 1919 as a freelance caricaturist and writer. He fled to Paris in 1933 where he continued his journalistic activities until emigrating to the U.S. in 1938. In that same year he joined the staff of the Aufbau, where he remained for 44 years until his death in 1982, serving as reporter, columnist, cartoonist and editor-in-chief of the newspaper.

WUNDERLICH, FRIEDA (1884-1965), social welfare
Papers, 1920–1941, 1 cubic ft. (GER–101)
Wunderlich taught at the New School for Social Research and was an authority on farm labor in Germany and the Soviet Union. The bulk of the collection consists of publications of Frieda Wunderlich, primarily in the anti-Hitler periodical Soziale Praxis, which she edited from 1923 until she emigrated to the United States in 1933. In addition, there are several typescripts of speeches delivered by Wunderlich in Germany during the years 1927-1933. The collection contains only a few letters (primarily concerned with speeches delivered by Dr. Wunderlich), but does contain numerous clippings documenting Dr. Wunderlich's activities during the years 1927-1931.

WYLER, JULIUS (1892–1959), economist
Papers, 1903–59, 7 cubic ft. (GER–102)
The Julius V. Wyler Papers consist of correspondence, publications by Wyler and other economists (in German and in English), and course and lecture notes from his years of teaching at the New School for Social Research in New York. The largest part of the collection consists of Wyler's predominately handwritten lecture and course notes, which include several full-length texts of textbooks for courses he taught at the New School for Social Research, including Applied Statistics, Elementary General Statistics, National Income, and The Structure of the World Economy. Wyler's published writings include those written for the Federal Statistical Office (Eidgenössische Statistische Amt) in Berne, Switzerland, from 1916-1941, as well as publications in English and German from his years in the United States.

ZWEIG, FREDERIKE (1882-1971), writer, publisher
Papers, 1906-1968, .5 cubic ft. (GER–103)

 
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