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Intellectuals in Exile

Des Fuhrers and Der Fuhrer

Adolph Lowe

Adolph Lowe was born in Stuttgart, Germany on March 4, 1893 to a middle-class Jewish family. Löwe received his Dr. Jur. degree from the University of Tübingen in 1918, but his contacts with noted economic historian Lujo Brentano led him to become an economist. He served as an economic advisor to the Weimar government (1918-24), taking posts in the ministries of Demobilization, Labor, and Economic Affairs. He joined the faculty of the University of Kiel (1925-31) and established the Institute for Business Cycle Research (1925). He then served as director of research and educational studies (1926-30) and associate professor of economics (1930-31) at the Institute of World Economics. Between 1931 and 1933, he taught political economy at the University of Frankfurt. In Spring 1933, Löwe was dismissed from his teaching post in accordance with the provisions of the Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service. He was the first professor of social sciences to be dismissed by the Nazi government. A few months later, he and his wife decided to emigrate after their daughters were dismissed from school because of their "race." The family left for Britain just before the German government revoked the passports of those it defined as Jewish. Lowe later accepted an offer from the New School for Social Research and moved to the United States.

The above photograph of Adolph Lowe is taken from Claus-Dieter Krohn's book Der Philosophische Ökonom: Zur intellecktuellen Biographic Adolph Lowes (Metropolis-Verlap, Marburg: 1996).

Letter from Eleanor Roosevelt to Adolph Lowe

Adolph Lowe was a prolific correspondent, and his collection contains some of the letters that he wrote and received while residing in Great Britain and the United States and almost all of the correspondence he sent and received after his 1983 return to Germany to live with his daughter, Hanna. The letter at left is from First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt. In it, she shares her discussion with President Franklin Roosevelt regarding post-war plans for Europe and Germany, particularly an economic union in Germany.

Lowe's academic work in Britain and, in particular, the United States is more amply documented than his work in Germany prior to his emigration. The collection contains many of the lecture notes that he wrote while teaching at Manchester University and the New School for Social Research and numerous published and unpublished articles and essays. Additional information about Lowe is available in the finding aid for his papers.

Exhibited Curated by Mary Osielski, Special Collections Librarian, and Sandy Hawrylchak, Émigré Archivist

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Last updated January 25, 2007