M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives

GERMAN AND JEWISH INTELLECTUAL ÉMIGRÉ COLLECTION

Finding Aid for the
HANS TISCHLER
PAPERS, 1935-1982

(GER-009)


 

For reference queries contact Grenander Department Reference staff or (518)-437-3935

Finding Aid Compiled by
Eric Roth
December 1997



 
 
 
 
 
 

M. E. Grenander Department of Special Collections & Archives 
University Libraries / University at Albany / State University of New York 
1400 Washington Avenue / Albany, New York 12222 / (518) 437-3935


VOLUME: 3.5 cubic ft.

ACQUISITION: The majority of the records were received from Hans Tischler in May, 1977 by the University Libraries, M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives. Additional accretion came in 1981 and 1983.

ACCESS: Access to this record group is unrestricted.

COPYRIGHT: The researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming with the laws of copyright. Whenever possible, the M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives will provide information about copyright owners and other restrictions, but the legal determination ultimately rests with the researcher. Requests for permission to publish material from this collection should be discussed with the Head of Special Collections and Archives.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Content Note

Series Description

Box and Folder List:


Hans Tischler
Biographical Sketch

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Hans Tischler, musicologist, was born in Vienna, Austria, on January 18, 1915 to Joachim and Grete Spitz Tischler. In 1938 he married the pianist and musicologist Louise Hochdorf who died in 1957. One year later he married the organist and music librarian Alice Bock. In 1933, having studied with Eduard Steuermann, Bertha Jahn-Beer, and Paul Wittgenstein, he received a Piano Pedagogy Diploma from the Vienna State Academy of Music, and then Master’s degrees in Conducting under Oswald Kabasta and Composition under Franz Schmidt, respectively in 1935 and 1936. He earned his first Ph.D. in Musicology from the University of Vienna in 1937, under Robert Haas, Robert Lach, Leopold Novak, Alfred Orel and Egon Wellesz, with a dissertation entitled Die Harmonik in den Werken Gustav Mahlers (Harmony in the Works of Gustav Mahler). A second Ph.D., from Yale University, under Paul Hindemith and Leo Schrade, followed in 1942, with a dissertation, The Motet in 13th-Century France.

Hans Tischler began his professional career in 1938, doing conducting research at the British Museum for Gustave Reese’s book, Music in the Middle Ages. After several years as piano teacher and pianist in Bridgeport, Connecticut, and service in the U.S. Army (1943-1945), he became Professor of Piano and Music History and Head of the Music Department at West Virginia Wesleyan College (1945-1947). From 1947-1965 he was Associate Professor of Music History at Roosevelt University in Chicago, where he founded a chapter of the International Society for Contempory Music. During his time in Chicago, he also guest-taught at the University of Chicago and at several universities abroad, and he began a long career of publishing books and articles. In 1965 he accepted the position of Professor of Musicology at Indiana University, Bloomington.

As Professor Emeritus since 1985, Dr. Tischler has continued his research and publication, concentrating primarily on the music of the late 12th and 13th centuries. Since about 1950 he has published some fifteen books and multi-volume editions as well as about 80 shorter studies. They range from a volume of analyses of Mozart’s Piano Concertos (1966) to a 15-volume edition of the songs of the 12th–13th century trouvères (1997). Other titles are: The Montpellier Codex (3 vols., 1979), The Earliest Motets (3 vols., 1982), The Parisian Two-Part Organa (2 vols., 1988), and The Parisian 2-Part Conductus (2 vols., 2005). His articles have appeared in The Musical Quarterly, Journal of the Musicological Society, Music and Letters, Acta Musicologica, Die Musikforschung, Orbis Musicae, Revue Belge de Musicologie, etc. These studies range from medieval music to Mendelssohn, Bruckner, Mahler, Hindemith, and Samuel Barber.

Hans Tischler received several honors for his work, including grants from the American Philosophical Society in 1955, 1962, and 1965, a Guggenheim Fellowship for 1964-1965; grants by the Chapelbrook Foundation (1965, 1969), an editorial grant and a fellowship from the National Endowment for the Humanities (1971, 1975-6). He has belonged to the American and International Musicological Societies, is an honorary member of the Austrian Musicological Society, was the President of the Midwest Chapter of the American Musicological Society, and has been a member of the Mediaeval Academy of America and the Medieval Association of the Midwest (past president). He is listed in many reference works, such as Grove’s Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Who’s Who in America, Who’s Who in American Education, Who’s Who in Music, Who’s Who in Austria, International Who’s Who in Music, and Dictionary of International Biography.


Hans Tischler
Scope and Content Note

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These records chiefly document the professional activity of Dr. Tischler during his tenures at Roosevelt University at Chicago and Indiana University at Bloomington. The collection is divided into four series: 1) Publications and Essays (1941-1982), 2) Musical Scores (1935, 1972 and undated), 3) Correspondence (1949-1981), and 4) Research Notes (undated). Although many of the papers are undated, there are no significant gaps in the collection, nor are there many materials missing. In this respect, the records are quite complete. The only exception to this lies in the Journal Articles, which only represent a small percentage of Tischler's total output. Citations for all of Tischler's articles, however, are available on the CD-Rom Academic Index, which is available at most college and university libraries.

The major records of interest in this collection are found in the correspondence files, which contain information pertaining to Tischler's extensive output of published works (books, articles, lectures, etc.), his research of medieval music, and his administrative duties as university professor (advising dissertations, attending conferences, etc.). The majority of the correspondence relates to Tischler's negotiations and contracts with publishing companies. For instance, the correspondence with Yale University Press (1971-1980) and A-R Editions, Inc. (1970-1980) reveals the numerous difficulties that Tischler had with the Presses during the publication process; he was constantly returning drafts with innumerable corrections and revisions. The publication date for The Earliest Motets was actually delayed several times before the final publication in 1982.

The correspondence files also consist of letters from Indiana University faculty and Tischler's colleagues at other college and university music departments throughout America, Europe and Israel including Massachusetts University at Amherst, the University of Tel Aviv, Ball State University, State University of New York at Binghamton, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Bowling Green University, Universität Hamburg, Eastman School of Music, Columbia University, and New York University. Notable individual correspondents include linguist Samuel Rosenberg, musicologist Jürg Stenzl, and Bach scholar Gerhard Herz. Of particular interest is a series of letters between Tischler and musicologist Gwynn McPeek from the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor. This correspondence, written in 1973 and found in Professional Correspondence L-R (1958-1977), details an interesting debate between Tischler and McPeek regarding a lecture given by Dr. Tischler on the distinction between modes and scales in medieval music. The debate also touches on the influence of regional accent on the pronunciation of medieval texts, and the influence of poetic forms on medieval monophonic song.

Other correspondence concerns the students and former students of Dr. Tischler, the status and direction of the Musicology profession in the 1970's, and personal correspondence regarding Tischler's family and friends throughout the world. Several doctoral students from all over the country sought advice from Dr. Tischler when writing dissertations in musicology on early music. Although most of the correspondence is in the English language, a significant portion of the letters are in German and French. Also of importance, Tischler often wrote down his reactions to the correspondents' messages directly on the letters, therefore leaving a significant amount of marginalia for study in addition to the letters themselves.

Although Tischler is not known for his musical compositions and arrangements, he did write several pieces for small and mid-size chamber ensembles, as well as full-scale orchestral works. All of his compositions show a marked adherence for strict musical forms. This is readily evident in his frequent use of familiar titles such as Scherzo, and Sonate, Prelude and Fugue. Tischler also seemed to have been particularly fond of writing for voice, as three of his orchestral works contain vocal parts. Most of the compositions are undated.


Hans Tischler
Series Descriptions

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Series 1: Publications and Essays, 1941-1982, 1 cubic ft.

This series contains the manuscripts of the various phases of The Earliest Motets (to circa 1270): Complete and Comparative Edition from all Extant Sources (1982), journal articles (1941-1981) and unpublished essays (1961-1968). The journal articles are filed chronologically under the following subjects: Book Reviews, Medieval Music, Montepellier Codex, Music Theory/Pedagogy/Musicology, Program Notes and Romantic/Modern Music. Articles filed under Medieval Music relate to 13th century motets, rhythmic and structural interpretation of medieval music, the Notre Dame School, Perotin and musica ficta. The articles filed under Romantic Music contain articles about Mahler, Schubert, Bruckner, Mendelssohn, Hindemith, and Samuel Barber. The unpublished essays include an essay on thirteenth century medieval music and a lecture on Mozart's piano music.

Series 2: Musical Scores, 1935, 1972 and undated, 1.3 cubic ft.

This series consists of original compositions, transcriptions of medieval motets, the St. John's Passion by Heinrich Schütz, and arrangements of works by J.S. Bach and Tischler's wife, Louise Tischler. Tischler's own works fall into five main categories: chamber works, piano solos, piano duets (including works for four hands), songs for voice and accompaniment, and large scale orchestral works (oversize). Thereunder the works are filed alphabetically by title. Virtually all of the manuscripts are undated. The transcriptions and arrangements are filed chronologically according to the date of the original composition.

Series 3:  Correspondence, 1949-1981, 1 cubic ft.

The majority of Tischler's correspondence files consist of his dealings with the several companies who published his written works. Such publishers include the A-R Editions, Inc., Associated Music Publishers, Inc., Yale University Press, McGraw-Hill Book Company, Prentice Hall, Inc., Pendragon Press and Oxford University Press. Except for correspondence concerning Tischler's books The Earliest Motets and Practical Harmony, and three folders filed alphabetically by author(A-K, L-R, S-Z), all correspondence has been arranged according to the respective publishing company (i.e. Professional Correspondence, Oxford University Press, etc.) All folders are arranged alphabetically. Within each folder, the letters are further arranged in reverse chronological order. Also, there is one file of personal correspondence containing letters dealing with Tischler's family and friends (1974-1980).

Series 4: Research Notes, undated, 0.2 cubic ft.

This series contains the study notes Dr. Tischler used in his research of medieval motets. The notes include copies of three and four-part French motets, matrixes and charts concerning rhythmic structure and text underlay, and biographical information on medieval composers such as Leonin, Perotin, Thibaut, Blondel, Landini, Machaut, Philippe de Vitry and Guido d'Arezzo. Also included among the biographical information on medieval composers are critical statements of The Music of Ernest Bloch: A Program Manual (1956) by the Jewish Music Council and notes regarding the work of Swiss Musicologist Jürg Stenzl (b. 1942). The folders are arranged alphabetically by subject.


Hans Tischler
Box and Folder List

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Series 1: Publications and Essays, 1941-1982

Box 1

a) The Earliest Motets (to circa 1270): Complete and Comparative Edition from all Extant Sources (1982) (Manuscripts 1978, 1982)

  Earliest Motets circa 1190 - 1240 (Draft 1978)
  Complete Edition of the Earliest Motets (Draft 1978)
  Companion to the Complete Edition of the Earliest Motets: pp. 1-250 (Draft 1978)
  Companion to the Complete Edition of the Earliest Motets: pp. 251-514 (Draft 1978)
  Companion to the Complete Edition of the Earliest Motets: pp. 1-276 (MS. 1978) Companion to the Complete Edition of the Earliest Motets: pp. 277-545 (MS. 1978)
  General Analyses: Complete Edition of the Earliest Motets (MS. 1978)
  Earliest Motets (MS. Yale University Press 1982)

Box 2

b) Journal Articles and Unpublished Essays - Subject Files (1949-1981)

  Book Reviews (1966-1979)
  Medieval Music (1944-1966)
  Medieval Music (1967-1976)
  Medieval Music (1977-1981)
  Montepellier Codex (1976, 1978)
  Music Theory/Pedagogy/Musicology (1949-1972)
  Program Notes (1949, 1968)
  Romantic/Modern Music (1941-1965)
  Unpublished Essays (1968 and undated)


Hans Tischler
Box and Folder List

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Series 2: Musical Scores, 1935, 1972 and undated

Box 3

a) Original Compositions (1935 and undated)

  Chamber Music
  Allegretto for French and Piano, Op. 5b (undated)
  Five Pieces for Band, Op. 8 (undated)
  Five Preludes for Brass (undated)
  Notturno for Two Flutes, Two Clarinets, Four Horns, Triangle, Suspended Cymbal, Harp and Strings (undated)
  Sextett fur Zwei Violinen, Zwei Bratschen und Zwei Violoncelli in G-moll; Op. 2 (undated)
  String Quartet (untitled, undated)
  Streich Sextett in G-moll, Funf Satze (undated)
  Piano Duets
  Fugue in E-Flat for Two Pianos (undated)
  Fugue in F for Two Pianos (undated)
  Scherzo in D Minor for Two Pianos (undated)
  Piano Solo
  Fünf Praeludien fur Klavier; Op. 8 (undated)
  Sonate für Solo Klavier in H-Dur; Op. 5 (undated)
  Songs for Voice and Accompaniment
  "Trunkenheit," Baritone solo with Piano accompaniment; Op. 7, no. 2 (1935)
  Three Lieder; Op. 11 (undated)
  Two Lieder; Op. 7 (undated)
  Orchestral Works/Symphonies
  "En Davor" for Voice (tenor?), Two Violins, Brass, Cello, and Contra Bass (undated)
  Five Preludes (for Orchestra) (undated)
  (Five Preludes for Orchestra) (undated)
  Symphonie in G-moll fur Streichorchester (undated)
  Symphonie in G-moll; Op. 1 (undated), Satz I und II
  Symphony (untitled)
  "Zarathustra's'' Tag" nach Worten Nietzsches fur Gemischten Chor und Orchester; Op. 12    (undated)
   "Zarathustra's Day"(English) to words by Friedrich Nietzsche for tenor, chorus, 3     trumpets, 3 trombones, and organ (undated)
  Untitled Drafts (various sketches)

Box 4

b) Transcriptions and Arrangements (1972 and undated)

  Transcriptions
  The Medieval Motet Book (1972)
  Perotin, Viderunt Omnes 1198 (transcription undated)
  Heinrich Schütz, St. John's Passion, arrangement (undated)
  J.S. Bach, Violin Sonata #5, C; Largo (transcribed for French Horn and Cello - undated)
  J.S. Bach, Passacaglia und Doppelfuge in C-moll fur Orgel, bearbeitet für Klavier zu Zwei Handen (undated)
  Arrangements
  Louise Tischler, Concertino; orchestrated by Hans Tischler (undated)
  LouiseTischler, Concerto in D Minor; arranged for Piano, four hands, by Hans Tischler    (undated)


Hans Tischler
Box and Folder List

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Series 3: Correspondence, 1949-1981

Box 5

Professional Correspondence
  A-K (1959-1977)
  L-R (1958-1977)
  S-Z (1955-1977)
  A-R Editions, Inc. - Montepellier Codex (1970-1980)
  Associated Music Publishers Inc. - Heinrich Schütz: St. John's Passion (1969-1975)
  Concerning Willie Apel. Musicologist (1973-1974)
  Earliest Motets (1949-1971)
  Earliest Motets - Yale University Press (1971-1980)
  McGraw-Hill Co. - Encyclopedia of World Bio. (1969-1973)
  Oxford University Press - The Perceptive Music Listener (1976-1977)
  Pendragon Press - Parisian Two-Part Organa (1976-1980)
  Practical Harmony (1960-1974)
  Prentice Hall Inc. - Humanistic Approach to Music (1951-1967)
  Rosenberg, Samuel. Linguist - Indiana University (1974-1979)
  Publishing companies, misc. (1958-1977)
  Students (1977-1981)
  University Music Departments (1973-1981)
  Personal Correspondence (1974-1980)


Hans Tischler
Box and Folder List

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Series 4: Research Notes, undated

Box 6

  Biographical Notes on Medieval Composers (undated)
  Medieval Motets, copies (undated)
  Medieval Motets: Text Distribution and Rhythmic Patterns (undated)


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Last updated October 27, 2005