M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives

ARCHIVES OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS AND POLICY

Finding Aid for the
RUFUS EDWARD MILES, JR.
PAPERS, 1934-1985

(APAP-048)

This is an incomplete preliminary finding aid. Contact Grenander Department Reference staff or (518)-437-3931 for further information.

Preliminary Finding Aid Compiled by
William F. Young, Jr.







M. E. Grenander Department of Special Collections & Archives 
University Libraries / University at Albany / State University of New York 
1400 Washington Avenue / Albany, New York 12222 / (518) 437-3935


VOLUME: 8.0 cubic feet

ACQUISITION: All items in this manuscript group were donated to the University Libraries, M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives, by Rufus E. Miles from July 1989 to September 1997.

ACCESS: Access to this record group is unrestricted.

COPYRIGHT: The researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming with the laws of copyright. Whenever possible, the M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives will provide information about copyright owners and other restrictions, but the legal determination ultimately rests with the researcher. Requests for permission to publish material from this collection should be discussed with the Head of Special Collections and Archives.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Biographical Sketch

Scope and content note

Series Descriptions

Box and Folder List:


Rufus Edward Miles Jr. Papers
Biographical Sketch

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Rufus Edward Miles Jr. was born in Cincinnati, Ohio on June 14, 1910 and grew up in that same state in Columbus "in the shadow of Ohio State University". His father was a New Englander who attended Amherst and Harvard and was one of the first individuals engaged in the new profession of "public administration". Rufus' mother, Mable Arnold Rufus, was a graduate of Radcliffe, a professional social worker and eventually president of the Columbus Chapter of the League of Women Voters. Both parents were Unitarians and descendants of ancestors who came over on the Mayflower in 1620. [1]

Rufus Miles attended Antioch College where in 1932 he won a nationwide essay contest on the subject of "How Can American Colleges Promote World Peace". His essay, later published in the American Scholar , was an outline of a college course concerning war with particular emphasis on the role of irrationality. [2] His leanings toward pacifism was modified by the advent of Hitler's aggressions. He remained however a lifelong advocate for the disarmament of conventional and nuclear weapons. [3] He also maintained a belief in government intervention as a benign force for bringing about social change. [4]

Miles graduated from Antioch in 1932 in the midst of the Great Depression. He subsequently embarked on a lifetime career as a public administrator, bureaucrat and writer on public issues. His first position was that of budget officer for the Ohio Relief Production Units (1934-35) which he describes as "a modest and unsuccessful experiment in state socialism." [5] His first federal position was that of Ohio Superintendent of Selection for the Civilian Conservation Corp. (1935-36). This was followed by a distinguished career in Washington D.C. in a series of federal positions: Administrative Assistant to the Director of the Civilian Conservation Corp for Selection (1936-41), The Navy Department, Bureau of Ships, Finance Division (1942-45), various posts at the Bureau of the Budget (1941-42) and (1945-50), Assistant Administrator of the Federal Security Agency (1950-55). The remainder of Miles' career was spent at the Department of Health Education and Welfare where he regarded himself as the "male midwife" for that newly formed bureaucracy. [6] There he held the positions of Director of Administration (1953-55) and (1956-61), Comptroller (1955), Administrative Assistant Secretary (1961-64) Assistant Secretary for Administration(1964-65). The title of "Assistant Secretary" was specifically designed for Miles as a top official who would be expected to continue from one administration to another. During this period he served under Presidents Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson and under six Cabinet Secretaries: Hobby, Folsom, Flemming, Ribicoff, Celebrezze and Gardner.

Upon his retirement from public service he was appointed a lecturer in public affairs and Director  of the Mid-Career Program at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University (1966-75) and then as a Senior Fellow at that same School (1975-82).

Among Rufus Miles' publications are  Now They are Men (Washington DC: National Home Library Foundation, 1940), a ghostwritten paperback about the Civilian Conservation Corps; [7] The Department of Health Education and Welfare (Praeger, 1974), a history of that agency; A Cabinet Department of Education (American Council on Education, 1976). In the latter he took the lead in making the analytical arguments for a cabinet level Department separate from HEW, a position which became a reality, under Jimmy Carter, in 1979. In 1976 he authored Awakening From the American Dream: The Social and Political Consequences of Growth (Universe, 1976). In this work he argued that future high-level economic growth was not sustainable and envisioned a future less affluent but a caring society based on a new value of doing with less. This influential book, published during a period of general pessimism about the future economy [8], was a runner-up for the National Book Award in 1977. It may well have been an influence on President Carter's controversial "malaise" speech at the mid-term of his administration. Throughout his lengthy and distinguished career, Miles also wrote newspaper and journal articles dealing with the subjects of population control, energy consumption, world peace and public administration. Many of the latter articles appeared in Public Administration Review.

Rufus E. Miles Jr. married Nelle Mary Petrouski in 1938. They had two children: Barbara Miles and Mary (Mrs. Joseph Patten). Mrs. Miles died in 1988. Rufus Miles died in Ithaca, New York on April 9, 1996 at age 85. He is survived by his children and his second wife, Elizabeth Klaer Miles.
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Notes

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1. Some of his biographical details are contained in Miles' manuscript "True Tales From Tin Lizzy Time and Other Sketches", unpublished manuscript, 1983 especially in his "prefatory  note" p. 1-5.  A sketch of the essential details of his career are contained in Who's Who in America, 43rd. ed., vol. II. Chicago:  Marquis, 1984.
2. His essay was reprinted in a book of essays for college use: "A Student Requests a Course on War"in Essays of Three Decades. New York: Harper, 1939.
3. Miles, "An Innocent Half-Student in Pre-Hitler Germany" in "True Tales..." p. 24-25.
4. Perhaps best expressed in Miles' history of HEW, The Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (New York: Praeger, 1974), 299-300.
5. Rufus E. Miles, "Index of Papers and Accompanying Explanatory Notes of Rufus E. Miles, Jr.",unpublished manuscript, 1988(?)  p. 1.
6. As Rufus E. Miles describes himself in "Index of Papers..." p. 2.
7. The author of record is James J. McEntee, the Director of the Civilian Conservation Corp
8.  The economy was in recession between 1973 and 1975.


Rufus Edward Miles Jr. Papers
Scope & Content Note

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Rufus E. Miles, Jr. papers contain published and unpublished essays and articles, personnel papers, proposed draft legislation, memoranda, public testimony, lectures, addresses and speeches, reports, opinion pieces in journals and newspapers, correspondence, photos and awards primarily related to his fifteen years as a top level administrator at the Federal Security Agency and the Department of Health Education and Welfare (1950-65).

The same types of papers, also including course related materials, conferences, and award programs, are contained in his papers while serving as a faculty member at Princeton's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs (1965-76) and then as a Senior Fellow at that same institution (1976-82). This period holds papers related to his service on President Johnson's Task Force on Government Organization (1964-67),  President Nixon's Transition Task Force (1968) and Nixon's Advisory Council on Management (1970-73). These years include significant materials related to President Jimmy Carter's welfare reform program and Miles' role in making the analytical argument for a new cabinet level Department of Education. This period also includes his writings and lectures on the issues of population and energy as related to social and environmental consequences as well as the broader issue of world peace cumulating in his book Awakening from the American Dream (1976) but continuing, through the early 1980's, after his retirement from Princeton in 1982.

Miles papers also encompass other materials related to his work on advisory councils and committees including the National Academy of Public Administration (1971-88). In addition the papers hold items concerning Miles' deputy at HEW, James F. Kelly, documents by former Secretary of HEW Marion Folsom, correspondence with Congresswoman Millicent Fenwick and with Shirley Hufstedler, first Secretary of the Department of Education (1980). Personal notes from all the HEW Secretaries under whom he served are included as well as one from Under Secretary Nelson A. Rockefeller.

A small portion of the Miles collection includes materials related to his career before 1950: a program of "Self-Help Cooperatives" in Ohio (1935), The Ohio Relief Production Units (1934-35), The Navy Department, Bureau of Ships, Finance Division (1942-45), The Civilian Conservation Corp. in Ohio and Washington DC (1935-41) and the Bureau of the Budget (1941-42, 1945-50).

The collection also holds a series of personal reminiscences written for his children and grandchildren which Miles entitled True Tales From Tin Lizzy Times and Other Essays (unpublished; 1983, 138 p.).


Rufus Edward Miles Jr. Papers
Series Descriptions

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Series 1: Autobiographical and Biographical Information, 1910-64.

The highlights of Miles' life up to about 1945 are contained in a typewritten manuscript of 138 pages. This item, meant for his children and grandchildren, is divided into eleven chapters and titled True Tales From Tin Lizzy Times and Other Sketches. Biographical information can be found on Boyd Fisher (chap. VI), the force behind the Ohio Relief Production Units (1934-35) and the Rural Electrification Administration; Sally Rand (chap. IX), the exotic dancer; Franklin Roosevelt's Aunt Bessie (chap. X) and John Pratt Whitman (chap.XI), mystic, teacher, social worker, actor, journalist and author who is Miles' "most unforgettable character". This series also includes a five page statement, written in 1986, concerning his undergraduate experience at Antioch College as well as materials related to his first published article in 1932.

Series 2: Introduction to his own papers (3 typewritten pages) and his early career, 1933-53. This series is divided into five subseries all arranged chronologically.

Series 3: Rufus E. Miles' Years at Health Education and Welfare (1953-65). Arranged largely chronologically.

The major items in this series are an unpublished essay by Miles on his years at HEW, published articles and other materials that resulted from his receiving the Rockefeller Public Service Award (1956), other published articles, speeches, materials concerning Miles' deputy James F. Kelly, items related to the polio vaccination campaign in the 1950's and a official trip to India in 1961, copies of correspondence and memoranda, photographs. This series also contains Miles' proposal for a reorganization of HEW (1965) as well as personal  notes, and other letters, signed by Secretaries Hobby, Folsom, Fleming, Richardson and Under Secretary Nelson A. Rockefeller.

Series 4: Rufus E. Miles Campaign for the Creation of a Cabinet Level Department of Education Separate from that of Health Education and Welfare ( 1964-80).

This series includes a copy of the "Report of the President's Task Force on Government Reorganization" (Nov.1964) which recommended a cabinet level Department of Education; documents by former Secretary of HEW, Marion Folsom, opposing a separate Department; materials dealing with Miles' association with the American Council on Education and lobbying efforts on Jimmy Carter regarding this issue; Miles' testimony before Congress; correspondence with Shirley Hufstedler, the first Secretary of the Department of Education; Miles' articles, speeches etc. on this subject. Copies of and materials related to his studies The Department of Health Education and Welfare (1974) and A Cabinet Department of Education (1976) are contained here.

Series 5: Rufus Miles' Activities as a Member of the Faculty at Princeton's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs (1966-75).

This series largely contains Miles' scholarly and teaching efforts in the area of management and public policy. It encompasses both published and unpublished materials. The former includes articles in Public Administration Review and the Journal of Higher Education. A subseries is made up of his continued part-time role in government service: his participation in a self-study of the Bureau of the Budget's organization (1967), testimony before Senator Abraham's Ribicoff's Committee on Government Organization (1968) and membership on President Nixon's transition team (1968).

Series 6: Rufus Miles Writings and Activities while a Senior Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University (1976-82).

This series encompasses lectures, published articles, materials related to conference participation on various public policy issues. In particular it contains items related to the Presidency of Jimmy Carter namely Carter's Welfare and Civil Service Reform Programs. It also holds a copy of Miles' testimony before Congress regarding Social Security Organization (Jan.1984) and materials related to the Rockefeller Public Service Awards Program.


Rufus Edward Miles Jr. Papers
Box and Folder List

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Series 1: Autobiographical and Biographical Information, 1910-1964.

Miles, R. E. "True Tales From Tin Lizzy Times and Other Essays" [1 folder], unpublished manuscript, 1983, 138p.

Miles, R. E. "Antioch College Years", 1928-1932 [1 folder], 1986.


Rufus Edward Miles Jr. Papers
Box and Folder List

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Series 2: Early Career, 1933-53.

Subseries 1: Introduction and the Ohio Years, 1932-35.

Miles, R. E. Introduction to his papers [1 folder], 1987

Miles, R. E. "Self Help Cooperatives in Ohio", 1935; "Ohio Relief Production Units: An Experiment in Production for Use" ,1935 [1 folder].

Subseries 2: Civilian Conservation Corp, 1936-41 [2 folders].

Appointment papers and other personnel items.

Memos on improving the CCC.

Miles, R.E. The CCC: A Young Man's Opportunity, 1937 [a pamphlet]. "Selecting 1,800,000 Young Men for the CCC", Monthly Labor Review, April,1938 [ghostwritten by Miles].

"The CCC and the Employment Service", Employment Service News, May,1939 [ghostwritten by Miles].

"The CCC Celebrates", Employment Service News, May, 1938 [ghostwritten by Miles].

"U.S. Department of Labor. Standard of Eligibility for Junior Enrollees of the Civilian." Conservation Corp. Washington D.C.: G.P.O., 1938 [ghostwritten by Miles].

Now They Are Men. Washington, D.C.: National Home Library Foundation, 1940 [ghostwritten by Miles;].

Subseries 3: Navy Department, Bureau of Ships, 1942-45[1 folder].

Appointment, personnel, promotion papers and citations, one signed by James Forrestal, Secretary of the Navy.

Memos regarding suggestions for improving the morale of civilian employees and greater economy in the procurement process.

A one page statement by Miles [ undated] regarding his experience during the war.

Subseries 4: Bureau of the Budget, 1941-50 [2 folders].

Twelve page essay by Miles on his years at the Bureau.

Appointment and other personnel papers.

Eight page memo on "Recommended Basis for a Long-Range National Policy for Youth",1947.

Materials related to Miles' work on the "Serviceman's Readjustment Act" of 1944 i.e. the "GI Bill of Rights".

Subseries 5: Federal Security Agency, 1950-53 [1 folder].

Eight page retrospective essay by Miles.

Personnel and appointment papers.

Photos.

Items related to an inquiry by the Agency's concerning Miles loyalty to the U.S. Government.


Rufus Edward Miles Jr. Papers

Box and Folder List

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Series 3: Rufus E. Miles Years at Health, Education and Welfare,

1953-65. [13 folders].

Sixteen page overview by Miles on his years at the Department.

Materials on the polio vaccination program in the 1950's.

Miles statement before the Senate Appropriations Committee on HEW salaries and expenses (1953).

Papers related to Miles receiving a Rockefeller Public Service Award (1956) and subsequent publications by him: "The Orientation of Presidential Appointees", Public Administration Review, Winter, 1958; "The Orientation of Presidential Appointees: A Continuing Challenge",Public Administration Review, Spring, 1958.

Other publications during this period.

Miles memo to the Secretary of HEW : "A Theory of Foreign Aid and its Logistics" (1959) and related items.

Items related to Miles' trip to India in 1961 including photos.

Materials connected to the issue of a Social Security " earnings test" (1960).

Miles' proposal regarding the reorganization of HEW (1965).

Miscellaneous documents.

Miles' appointment, personnel papers and awards including documents connected to his winning the National Civil Service League Career Service Award in 1960. Included here are personal notes signed by the Secretaries of HEW and numerous photos.

Papers associated with his retirement from HEW in 1965 with photos.

Miscellaneous materials regarding HEW after his retirement.


Rufus Edward Miles Jr. Papers

Box and Folder List

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Box 2

Series 4: Rufus E. Miles Campaign to Form a Seperate Cabinet Level Department of Education (1964-80) [10 folders].

Miscellaneous papers before 1970

Miles' essay on President Nixon's plans for Departmental Reorganization and two copies of Papers Related to the President's Departmental Reorganization Program, Washington, DC: GPO, 1972.

Papers related to Miles' book on the history of HEW (1974)

Multiple copies of his A Cabinet Department of Education, Washington, DC: American Council on Education, 1976.

Materials related to the publication of A Cabinet Level Department of Education.

Miles' Senate testimony regarding the Department of Education Act of 1977, Oct. 12, 13, 1977. 1977, 1978 and 1979 miscellaneous documents connected with the proposed new Department. [3 folders]

Journal articles by Rufus E. Miles concerning the proposed Department.


Rufus Edward Miles Jr. Papers

Box and Folder List

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Series 5: Rufus Miles Activities as a Member of the Faculty at Princeton's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs [22 folders].

Materials related to Miles' role on the Advisory Council of the Woodrow Wilson School (1960-62).

Miles' appointment papers and other personnel documents related to the School.

Miles' report evaluating the Woodrow Wilson School.

Papers related to conferences on the Public Service (Dec.1965) and Mid-Career Education (Feb.1966).

Miles' critique of a "Super Department of HEW for the Heineman Task Force", (Nov.29,1996),

Miles' unpublished paper: "Some Observations on the President's Problems of Managing the Executive Branch". (April 7, 1967).

Final copy of the Heineman Task Force Report, i.e. A Final Report of the President's Task Force on Government Organization (June 15, 1967).

Documents concerning Miles' work on the U.S. Bureau of the Budget's Self Study (1967).

Materials related to Miles' article: "Search for Identity of Graduate Schools of Public Affairs". Public Administration Review XXVII (Nov. 1967).

Miles' testimony before the U.S. Senate's Subcommittee on Government Organization (Jan.23, 1967).

Miles' lecture on "Population and Public Policy", (March 31, 1967).

Memoranda, etc. regarding 31 students arrested at Princeton during a demonstration (1967-68).

Lectures, Syllabi, etc. for course on "Philosophies and Techniques of Public Management", (1966-70).

Papers connected to President Nixon's Task Force on Organization of the Executive Branch (1968) and related Ash council Report (1969).

Materials regarding Miles' lecture at the U.S. civil Service Executive Seminar Center: The Role of the Agency Head", (April 23, 1968).

Unpublished papers by Miles on management (1969).

Papers connected to Miles' unpublished essay: "Is Leadership Teachable?", (April, 1969).

Note on and copies of Miles' article: "The Pathology of Institutional Breakdown". Journal of Higher Education XL May, 1969).

Documents from a conference paper: "Policy Options in Coping with Problems of Poverty", (June 18, 1969).

Materials regarding Miles course on "Poverty and Public Policy", (1969).

Papers related to Miles' "Non-Subservient Public Servant" and editorial in Public Administration Review, Nov/Dec 1970.

Documents dealing with Miles seminar on "Issues of Government Organization" (January, 1972).


Rufus Edward Miles Jr. Papers

Box and Folder List

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Series 6: Rufus Miles' Writings and Activities While A Senior Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University (1976-82)

[26 folders]

BOX 3 and BOX 4

Personnel papers, photos, miscellaneous items for this period (1975-1982).

Seven folders related to the Rockefeller Public Service Awards Program (1974-1982) including Miles' leading role in reforming the nature of that program (1975).

Papers pertaining to lectures given at private colleges (Carleton, Guildford, Hamilton, Hiram, Middlebury)sponsored by the Woodrow Wilson Foundation (1974-1978).

Documents related to a Policy task Force on Youth Employment and two conferences on that same subject (1976).

Notes regarding and copies of Miles' "Considerations for a President Bent on Reorganization", Public Administration Review, Vol. 37(2), March/April,1977.

Materials related to Miles' opinion on and other views of President Carter's Welfare Reform Program (1977-78).

Documents related to Miles view of President Carter's Civil Service Reform program including correspondence with Alan K. Campbell, Chairman of the Civil Service Commission, and a letter from Jimmy Carter urging support (1977-78).

Correspondence regarding and copies of Miles' "The Origin and Meaning of Miles' Law", Public Administration Review, 38, Sept/Oct., 1978.

Correspondence pertaining to and copies of Miles' "Six Other Maxims of Management", Organizational Dynamics, Summer, 1979.

Materials regarding Miles' and others opinions on management including a proposal to the National Academy of Public administration titled "A Typology of Management" (1979). [2 folders]

Papers related to actuarial forecasting and an "earnings test" for Social security (1975-79) including his statement before HEW's Advisory Council on social Security, Jan. 5, 1979.

Documents pertaining to and copy of Miles' "The Abominable Myth of 48% Waste" appearing untitled in the Public Administration Times, April 15, 1981.

Copy of Miles' paper "Rethinking some Premises of the Senior Executive Service" read at a Brookings Institute Seminar: "Dialogue on the Public Service," May 6, 1981.

Papers related to the Woodrow Wilson's School's Public Management Task Force and Mid-Career Task force (1980-81).

Miscellaneous correspondence with Richard Nathan (1979-1982).

Miscellaneous correspondence etc. (1977-82) including Miles letter of resignation (1982).

Related matter after retirement: testimony before Congressional Panel on Social Security Organization, January 13, 1984 and related materials to this testimony and the history of Social Security in general. [2 folders] *excluding most materials concerning his work in creating a cabinet level Department of Education (see Series 4).


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Last updated April 16, 2004