M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives

ARCHIVES OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS AND POLICY

Finding Aid for the
ARTHUR H. ESTABROOK
PAPERS, 1908-1962

(APAP-069)

For reference queries contact M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives Reference staff

Finding Aid Compiled by
Marion P. Munzer
February 5, 1985







M. E. Grenander Department of Special Collections & Archives 
University Libraries / University at Albany / State University of New York
1400 Washington Avenue / Albany, New York 12222 / (518) 437-3935


VOLUME: 2.0 cubic feet

ACQUISITION: All items in this manuscript group were donated to the University Libraries, M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives, by Dr. Arthur H. Estabrook. The first accession was received in March 1966 and additional material was deposited in 1968.

ACCESS: The collection is open to use by "qualified and responsible scholars." Please note that several files are restricted and this is noted next to the respective folder. Researchers must complete a non-disclosure form before gaining access and reproductions are not permitted.

COPYRIGHT: The researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming with the laws of copyright. Whenever possible, the M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives will provide information about copyright owners and other restrictions, but the legal determination ultimately rests with the researcher. Requests for permission to publish material from this collection should be discussed with the Head of Special Collections and Archives.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Content Note

Series Descriptions

Box and Folder List:


Arthur Estabrook Papers
Biographical Sketch

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Dr. Arthur Howard Estabrook was born on May 9, 1885, to Arthur Francis and Susan Rebecca (Breck) in Leicester, Massachusetts. Estabrook earned the A.B. degree in 1905 and the A.M. in 1906 from Clark College in Worcester, Massachusetts. He was a fellow and assistant in zoology at Clark in 1906-1907. Estabrook received his Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins in 1910 and was a student at the School of Philanthropy in New York in 1914. Estabrook married Jessie McCubbin on October 25, 1911, and married Anne Ruth Medcalf on July 8, 1931, after his first wife's death. He worked in the Eugenics Record Office of Carnegie Institution of Washington (1910-1929) and served as a special investigator for the Indiana State Commission on Mental Defectives (1916-1918). Estabrook traveled to Virginia on behalf of the Eugenics Record Office to study the issues and people involved in the Virginia sterilization case of Carrie Buck. Estabrook served in the U.S. Army in 1918-1920 as a Captain in the Sanitary Corps. He began working for the American Society for the Control of Cancer in 1929 and served as president of the Eugenics Research Association in 1925-1926.[1] Estabrook died on December 6, 1973, in Chatham Center, New York.[2]


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Notes

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1. Unless otherwise noted all information in this text is from Who's Who in America, 1935-1936 edition (Chicago : Marquis Who's Who).
2. Files of the M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives, Chatham (NY) Courier, 13 December 1973.


Arthur Estabrook Papers
Scope & Content Note

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The papers of Dr. Arthur H. Estabrook contain correspondence, news clippings, research materials, and reports and publications on his research on racial integrity, sterilization of the mentally defective, venereal disease campaign in New York City, crippled children in Buffalo and Erie County, and a housing study in Buffalo.

The major part of the collection deals with studies on racial integrity; mixtures of Indians, Whites, and African Americans; intelligence and criminality. This early eugenics work by Estabrook was conducted in Pembroke, North Carolina, and in Robeson County, North Carolina. The resultant publication, co-authored with Ivan, E. McDougle, was Mongrel Virginians: The Win Tribe, published in 1926.

The collection contains some background material for the 1915 study of the Jukes of New York state, and the 1922 study of the "Tribe of Ishmael" of Indiana. The material dealing with the Carrie Buck trial (the 1924 case against the Virginia statute on sterilization of the mentally defective, which was eventually upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court in Buck v. Bell [1927]) consists of limited correspondence, news clippings, and court records. Two studies resulted in publications: "The Crippled Children Situation in Buffalo and Erie County" and A Roof Over Their Heads. What's What in Housing in Buffalo.

In addition to the writings by Estabrook, the collection is of interest because of the newspaper clippings showing current attitudes and the wide range of the research materials included.

An image of Carrie and Emma Buck from the collection as well as other information about Estabrook is available from the Image Archive on the American Eugenics Movement.

The Carnegie Institution's holdings include correspondence of Estabrook for the period 1926-1929. The correspondence is described as six items including letters about Estabrook's annuity policy, where to send a package, and two letters discussing his publication Mongrel Virginians. Contact information for the Carnegie Insitution is availabe at http://carnegieinstitution.org/reading_room.html.

The G. Stanley Hall Papers held at the Clark University Archives and Special Collections include Estabrook correspondence in the Graduate Student Correspondence (undated) and President Papers (1902-1914) series.

The records of the American Eugenics Society at the American Philosophical Society also include undated Estabrook correspondence.


Arthur Estabrook Papers
Series Descriptions

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Note: Series 1-8 relate to studies on racial integrity, mixtures of Indians, Whites, and African Americans, intelligence and criminality. This early work by Estabrook was conducted in Pembroke, North Carolina, and in Robeson County, North Carolina. Please note the dates for series 5 and 7 are not inclusive.

Series 1: Correspondence regarding Studies of Indian Families in Pembroke, North Carolina and Robeson Counties, North Carolina, by Estabrook and Ivan E. McDougle, 1916-1917, 1923-1927

Series 2: Manuscripts by Arthur H. Estabrook regarding his Studies of Racial Characteristics, 1922, 1924-1926, undated

Series 3: Manuscripts by Others, 1924-1925

Series 4: Genealogical Charts, undated

Series 5: Notes, 1908-1925, undated

Series 6: Photographs, 1923-1925, 1931, undated

Series 7: Clippings, 1912-1936, undated

Series 8: Miscellaneous Publications by Others, 1914, 1917, 1922, 1924-1926

Series 9: Carrie Buck Trial, 1924-1927

Materials on the 1924 Supreme Court case against the Virginia statute of sterilization of the mentally defective.

Series 10: Venereal Disease Campaign, 1924-1925, 1929-1930, 1936, undated

Material from the Bellevue-Yorkville Health Demonstration in New York City in October, November, and December of 1930.

Series 11: Crippled Children in Buffalo and Erie County, 1936, 1943, 1947

The Council of Social Agencies of Buffalo requested a survey of the problem of crippled children in Buffalo and Erie County with particular reference to the part the Crippled Children's Guild should play in the situation.

Series 12: Housing Study, Buffalo, 1930, 1943, undated

Series 13: Publications by Estabrook, 1912, 1920, 1923, 1926

Please note that the archivist removed the geneological key and photographs from The Nam Family: A Study in Cacogenics for preservation purposes. These items are now stored in box 4, folder 10.

Series 14: Research Material, 1908-1962

Many of the published resources acquired from Estabrook were separated from the manuscript collection and are being cataloged in the University Libraries' online catalog. Contact a member of the Department's staff for additional information or to obtain a complete list of titles donated by Estabrook. Please note the dates for this series are not inclusive.


Arthur Estabrook Papers
Box and Folder List

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Series 1: Correspondence regarding studies of Indian families in Pembroke, North Carolina and Robeson Counties, North Carolina, by Estabrook and Ivan E. McDougle, 1916-1917, 1923-1927

Box 1
Folder

1. 1916-1917

a. Claghorn, Kate Holladay. Letter, 1916 Jan. 6, New York, N.Y., to Dr. A. H. Estabrook, Indianapolis, Ind. Typescript, signed 1 1.
b. Michael, M. J. Letter, 1916 Oct. 23, Kingston, N.Y., to Dr. Arthur H. Estabrook, Indianapolis, Ind. Typescript, signed. 1 1.
c. Lewis, 0. F. Letter, 1916 Oct. 26, New York, N.Y., to Dr. A. H. Estabrook, Indianapolis, Ind. Typescript, signed. 1 1.
d. Hall, Gertrude E. Letter, 1917 Jan. 30, Utica, N.Y., to Dr. Estabrook. Typescript, signed. 1 1.
e. Evans, Ethel R. Letter, 1917 Jan. 31, New York, N.Y., to Dr. Estabrook. Typescript, signed. 1 1.
f. Evans, Ethel R. Letter, 1917 Feb. 14, New York, N.Y., to Dr. Estabrook. Typescript, signed. 2 1.
g. [Estabrook] Letter, 1917 Feb. 17, Indianapolis, Ind., to Miss Ethel R. Evans, New York, N.Y. Carbon of typescript 1 1.

2. 1923

a. Hubbard, Louisa. Letter, 1923 Feb. 1, Greenville, N.C. to Dr. Arthur H. Estabrook, Amherst, Va. Typescript and handwritten in ink. 4 p. on 2 1.
b: McDougle, Ivan E. Letter, 1923 March 8, Sweet Briar, Va., to Dr. Estabrook. Typescript, signed. 1 1.
c. McDougle, Ivan E. Letter, 1923 April 13, Sweet Briar, Va., to Dr. Estabrook. Typescript, signed. 1 1.
d. Wade, Theodora K. Letter, 1923 April 14, New York, N.Y., to Mr. Arthur H. Estabrook. Typescript, signed. 1 1.
e. McDougle, I. E., Letter, 1923 April 17, Sweet Briar, Va., to Dr. Estabrook. Typescript, signed. 1 1.
f. McDougle, Ivan E. Letter, 1923 April .30, Sweet Briar, Va., to Dr. Estabrook. Typescript, signed. 1 1.
g. Estabrook, Arthur H. Letter, 1923 May 19, to Dr. Ivan E. McDougle, Sweet Briar, Va. Carbon of typescript. 1 1.
h. McDougle, Ivan E. Letter, 1923 Sept. 20, Sweet Briar, Va., to Dr. Estabrook. Typescript, signed. 2 1.
i. [Estabrook] Letter, 1923 Sept. 22, Philadelphia, Pa., to Dr. McDougle. Carbon of typescript. 1 1.

3. 1924

a. Estabrook, Arthur H. Letter, 1924 Jan. 25, Philadelphia, Pa., to Dr. McDougle. Carbon of typescript. 1 1.
b. McDougle, Ivan E. Letter, 1924 Jan. 27, Sweet Briar, Va., to Dr. Estabrook. Typescript, signed. 2 1.
c. Estabrook, Arthur H. Letter, 1924 Feb. 12, Philadelphia, Pa., to Dr. McDougle. Carbon typescript. 1 1.
d. [Estabrook] Letter, 1924 Feb. 12, Philadelphia, Pa., to Min. Carbon of typescript. 1 1.
e. Min. Letter, 1924 Feb. 15, Columbia, S.C., to Arthur. Typescript, signed. 1 1.
f. McDougle, Ivan E. Letter, 1924 Feb. 17, Sweet Briar, Va., to Dr. Estabrook. Typescript, signed. 1 1.
g. Min. Letter, 1924 Feb. 23, to Arthur. Typescript with handwritten postscript. 1 1.
h. Estabrook, Arthur H. Letter, 1924 March 22, Philadelphia, Pa., to Miss Harned. Carbon of typescript. 2 1.
i. Estabrook, Arthur H. Letter, 1924 March 25, Philadelphia, Pa., to Dr. Arthur Gray, Richmond, Va. Carbon of typescript. 1 1.
j. Estabrook, Arthur H. Letter, 1924 March 26, Philadelphia, Pa., to Dr. McDougle. Carbon of typescript. 2 1.
k. Harned, Eleanor M. Letter, [1924?] March 27, to Dr. Estabrook. Handwritten in ink,. signed. 5 p. on 3 1. Letter, 1924 April 8, Pembroke, N.C., to Mr. Estabrook,
l. Corbin, A F. Cold Spring Harbor, Long Island, N.Y. Typed, signed with initials. 1 1.
m. Harned,, Eleanor M.. Letter, 1924 April 9, Sweet Briar, to Dr. Estabrook. Handwritten in ink, signed. 11 p. on 6 1.
n. Rollins, W. E. Note, 1924 April 9, Alexandria, Va., to Dr. Estabrook. Handwritten in ink, signed. 1 1.
o. McDougle, Ivan E. Letter, 1924 April 26, Sweet Briar, Va., to Dr. Estabrook. Typescript, signed. 2 1.
p. Estabrook, Arthur H. Letter, 1924 May 2, Philadelphia, Pa., to Dr. McDougle. Carbon of typescript. 2 1.
q. McDougle, Ivan E. Letter, 1924 May 3, Sweet Briar, Va., to Dr. Estabrook. Typescript, signed. Enclosure: "Answers to your questions in letter of May 2, 1924." Typescript.2 1.
r. (Estabrook] Letter, 1924 May 6, Philadelphia, Pa., to Dr. McDougle. Carbon of typescript. 1 1. s. McDougle, Ivan E. Letter, 1924 May 7, Sweet Briar, Va., to Dr. Estabrook. Typescript, signed. 2 1.
t. McDougle, I. E. Memorandum: "Questions May 7, 1924, dated 1924 May 10, Sweet Briar, Va." Typescript.. 3 1.
u. Estabrook, Arthur H. Letter, 1924 June 23, Gitley, Letcher County, Kentucky, to Mr. A. F. Corbin, Pembroke, N.C. Carbon of typescript. 2 1.
v. [Estabrook] Memorandum, 1924 July 1. Carbon of typescript. 1 1.
w. Corbin, A. F. Letter, 1924 July 9, Pembroke, N.C., to Mr. Estabrook. Typescript. 1 1.
x. Locklear, A. N. Letter, 1924 July 10, Pates, N.C., to Mr. Arthur Estabrook, Gitley, Letcher Co., Ky. Handwritten in pencil, signed. 3 1.
y. Estabrook,. Arthur H. Letter-, 1924 July 23, Hyden, Ky., to Mr. Corbin. Carbon of typescript. 1 1.
z. Estabrook, Arthur H. Letter, 1924 July 24, Hyden, Ky., to Mr. A. N. Locklear, Pates, Robeson County, N.C. Carbon of typescript. 1 1.
aa. Plecker, W. A. Letter, 1924 July 29, to Mr. W. N. Clark, Rockbridge Co., Va. Carbon of typescript. 2 1.
bb. Corbin, A. F. Letter, 1924 Aug. 8, Pembroke, N.C., to Mr. Estabrook, Hyden, Ky. Typescript with handwritten note in ink. 1 1.
cc. Plecker, W. A. Letter, 1924 Aug. 11, Richmond, VA., to Dr. Arthur H. Estabrook, Cold Spring Harbor, Long Island, N.Y. Typescript, signed. 2 1.
dd. Plecker, W. A. Letter, 1924 Aug. 11, Richmond, Va., to Dr. Estabrook, Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y. Typescript, signed. 1 1.
ee. Plecker, W. A. Letter, 1924 Aug. 29, to Dr. Arthur H. Estabrook, Cold Spring Harbor, Long Island, N.Y. Typescript, signed. 2 1.1., ca rbon of typescript with handwritten note in ink. 2 1.
ff. Estabrook, Arthur H. Letter, 1924 Sept. 5, Hyden, Ky., to Dr. W. A. Plecker, Richmond, Va. Carbon of typescript. 1 1.
gg. Plecker, W. A. Letter, 1924 Sept. 9, Richmond, Va., to Dr. Arthur H. Estabrook, Hyden, Ky. Typescript, signed.. 2 1.
hh. Estabrook, Arthur H. Letter, 1924 Sept. 20, Philadelphia, Pa., to Dr. Plecker. Carbon of typescript. 1 1.
ii. Plecker, W. A. Letter, 1924 Oct. 13, Richmond, Va., to Carnegie Foundation, New York., 'City. Typescript, signed. I halfsheet.
jj. Furst, Clyde. Letter, 1924 Oct. 14, New York, N.Y., to Dr. W. A. Plecker, Richmond, Va.. Carbon of typescript. 1 1.
kk. Plecker, W. A. Letter, 1924 Oct. 30, Richmond, Va., to Dr. Arthur H. Estabrook, Philadelphia, Penna. Typescript, signed. I halfsheet.
ll. Plecker, W. A. Letter, 1924 Oct. 30, to Professor Ivan E. McDougle, Baltimore, Md. Carbon of typescript, signed. 1 1.
mm. Plecker, W. A. Letter, 1924 Oct. 31, Richmond, Va., to Professor Ivan McDougle, Baltimore, Md. Carbon of typescript, signed. 1 1.

4. 1925

a. McDougle, Ivan E. Letter, 1925 July 5, Williamsburg, Va., to Dr. Arthur H. Estabrook, Philadelphia, Penna. Typescript, signed. 2 1.
b. Plecker, W. A. Letter, 1925 Sept. 15, Richmond, Va., to Dr. A. H. Estabrook, Hyden, Ky. Typescript, signed. 1 1. Enclosure: Plecker, W. A. Letter, 1925 Sept. 15, to
Mr. P. S. Beverley, Pera, Amherst Co., Va. Carbon of typescript. 1 1.
c. Estabrook, Arthur H. Letter, 1925 Sept. 19, Hyden, Ky., to Dr. Plecker. Carbon of typescript. 1 1.

5. 1926

a. Burleigh, Louise. Letter, 1926 Jan. 22, Richmond, Va., to Mr. McDougle. Typescript, with penciled note by McDougle. 1 1.
b. Estabrook, Arthur H. Letter, 1926 Jan. 23, Philadelphia, Pa., to Mr. Corbin. Carbon of typescript. 1 1.
c. McDougle. Letter, 1926 Feb. 9, Baltimore, Md.., to Estabrook. Typescript, signed. 1 1.
d. McDougle. Letter, 1926 Feb. 10, Baltimore, Md., to Estabrook. Typescript, signed, with handwritten note in ink and handwritten note on card attached. 1 1.
e. McDougle, I. E. Letter, 1926 Feb. 14, Baltimore, Md., to Estabrook. Typescript, signed. 1 1.
f. Young, James N. Letter, 1926 Feb. 17, New York, N.Y., to Mr. Stern, Philadelphia, Pa. Typescript, signed. 1 1.
g. McDougle. Letter, 1926 Feb. 18, Baltimore, Md., to Estabrook. Typescript. 1 1.
h. Corbin, A. H. Postcard, 1926 Feb. 23 (Pembroke), N.C. to Estabrook, handwritten, signed. 1 1.
i. McDougle, Ivan E. Letter, 1926 Feb. 23, Baltimore, Md., to Estabrook. Typescript, signed. 1 1. j. Estabrook, Arthur H. Letter, 1926 Feb. 23, Philadelphia, Pa., to Mr. Corbin. Carbon of typescript. 1 1.
k. McDougle. Letter, 1926 March 4, Baltimore, Md., to Estabrook. Type-. script. 1 1.
1. Smith, Jas. W. Letter, 1926 March 6, Pembroke, N.C., to Mr. A. F. Corbin, Pembroke, N.C. Handwritten in ink. 3 1.
m. Jacobs, L. W. Letter, 1926 March 6, Pembroke, N.C., to Mr. Brooks (1. i. Estabrook] Handwritten in ink. 3 1.
n. Corbin,,-',. A. F. Letter, 1926 March 9, Pembroke, N.C., to Mr. Estabrook, Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y. Typescript, signed. 1 1.
o. McDougle. Letter, 1926 March 16, Baltimore, Md., to Estabrook. Typescript, signed. 1 1.
p. (Estabrook?] Letter, 1926 March 18, to Mr. Corbin. Typescript. 1 1.
q. Corbin, A. F. Letter, 1926 April 2, Pembroke, N.C., to Mr. Estabrook, Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y. Typescript, signed, with handwritten note. 1 1.
r. Estabrook, Arthur H. Letter, 1926 April 6, Philadelphia, Pa., to Mr. Corbin. Carbon of typescript. 1 1.
s. McDougle. Letter, 1926 April 22, Baltimore, Md., to Estabrook. Typescript, signed. 1 1.
t. McDougle, Ivan E. Letter, 1926 June 11, Baltimore, 14d., to Estabrook. Typescript, signed. 1 1.

6. 1927

a. Campbell, Olive D. Letter, 1927 Feb. 16, Brasstown, N.C., to Dr. Arthur H. Estabrook, Philadelphia, Pa. Typescript, signed. 1 1.
b. McGibony, J. R. Letter, 1946 Oct. 23, Washington, D.C.., to Mt. A. H. Estabrook, Philadelphia, Pa. Typescript, signed. 1 1.
c. Wolverton, Emma. Letter, 1931 Dec. 13, Vineland, N.Y. to Dr. Estabrook. Handwritten in ink, signed. 4 p. on 2 1., Christmas card enclosed.

Arthur Estabrook Papers

Box and Folder List

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Series 2: Manuscripts by Arthur H. Estabrook regarding his Studies of Racial Characteristics, 1922, 1924-1926, undated

Box 1 (cont)
Folder

8. The Tribe of Ishmael. 1922, 296 p. Pages 87 and 93-103 are missing.
9. The Win Tribe. A Study in Triple Racial Mixtures. By Arthur H. Estabrook and Ivan E. McDougle. 1925. 108 p.
10. The Win Tribe. The Isshies. - Virginia. A Study in Triple Racial Mixtures. By Arthur H. Estabrook and Ivan E. McDougle. 1926.. 133 p.
11. The Indian Johns. undated p. 17-74.
12. "Triple Crosses."
    a. "Triple Crosses in the South: Indian - Negro - White." Abstract. 6-14-1924. 2 1.
    b. "Triple Crosses in the South." May 1, 1925. 5 p.
    c. "Triple Crosses in the South."' (Carbon) May 1, 1925. 5 1.
13.  Mongrel Virginians.
    a. Ribbon copy. March 20, 1926. 3 1.
    b. Carbon copy. March 20, 1926. 3 1.
14.  "Marriage Records." undated 4 1.


Arthur Estabrook Papers
Box and Folder List

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Series 3: Manuscripts by Others, 1924-1925

Box 1 (cont)
Folder

15. Plecker, W. A. "The New Virginia Law 'To Preserve Racial Integrity'." [1924). 3 p. With "Amended Senate Bill 219 as passed by the Senate February 27th, 1924." 3 p.
16. Smith, Elizabeth. "An Analysis of a 'Croatan' Community." [1925] 10 p.


Arthur Estabrook Papers
Box and Folder List

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Series 4: Genealogical Charts, undated

Box 1 (cont)
Folder

17. Printed genealogical charts: - RESTRICTED

a. The Bob-Salva Family
The Asa Esther Family
The Austin Roxanna Family
The Aba Betsey Family
The Bill B. Brown Family
The Al - Elea Brown Family
The Andrew Hall Family
b. The Willett Family
The Bruno Family
The Hamlin Family
The Alphonse Brown Family
The Carl Geraldine Family
The Abraham Johnson Family
The Reuben Ross Family
The Saul Lillie Family
Abigail's Family
c. The Oswald Family
The Rupert Brown Family
The Amelia Family
The Hal - Ada Jones Family
The Webster Burton Family
The Half-Breed Jones Line
The Gus Family
The Alta - Sam Long Family
The White Brown Family
The Half-Breed Brown Family

Early Generations of the Wins

18. Handwritten genealogical charts: - RESTRICTED

a. Duff
b. Early Genealogy of the Isshies
c. Amherst, Va. Early notes
d. Johns (Deed Book E 111)
e. (?] (Deed Book DD 334-340)
f. [Johns - Branham]
g. Willis

19. Large genealogical charts - Amherst work sheets - RESTRICTED


Arthur Estabrook Papers
Box and Folder List

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Series 5: Notes, 1908-1925, undated

Box 2
Folder

1. "The Nams." 1912. Handwritten notes, charts, list of names, and "Key Index to Places in Guilder Hollow Pedigree." - RESTRICTED
2. "The Nams." 1912. Preservation photocopy of handwritten notes, charts, list of names, and "Key Index to Places in Guilder Hollow Pedigree." - RESTRICTED
3. "The Juke Data." Aug. 1, 1914. approximately 88 p. Typescript. - RESTRICTED
4. Interviews: - RESTRICTED

a. Coleman, Silas.
b. Dickinson, Sallie P.
c. Gray, Arthur
d. Lewis, Thomas
e. Packard, Cornelia
f. Packard Cornelia, and Spencer, Miss
g. Poole, Mr..J. R.
h. Sandidge, Dr. and Mrs.
i. Shields, Mr. A. T.
j. Whitmell

5. Notes on the history of the area

a. "Georgia founded..."
b. "Charlottesville data - 3-11-1411
c. "Land Grant Records - Richmond, Va., 1924"

6. Notes on persons: - RESTRICTED

a. "List of children already examined at Amherst Mission"
b. "Deaths - Amherst"; "Tuberculosis"
c. [Notes on individuals] 2-7-23
d. "Incomplete list 2/20/24"
e. [Notes. undated]
f. [Notes on Johns Family, map showing location of known Johns and Branhams of early days]
g. "The Lowrie History"
h. "Croatans - 4-1-1925"
i. "The Wins - Isshies" - Keys to Surnames, places; Other mixed areas; Christian names - Women; Christian names - Men.
j. "Pictures - Persons, Bldgs., etc."

7. Notes from official records

a. Amherst Co. Records: Criminal Records, Chancery book, Marriage bonds.
b. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico.
c. McMillan, Hamilton. Sir Walter Raleigh's Lost Colony.
d. Psychological Review, vol. 29, 1922, p. 221.
e. Surface, G. T. "Racial and Regional Study of the Virginia Population."
f. (U.S. Census?] - "1908 on census: List of Isshy Area, Miss Packard's notes."
g. "U.S. Census Estimate of Indians in Virginia, 1920."
h. "Miscegenation - Virginia."
i. "Virginia - Race - Legal Definition - History."
j. Virginia code "1/16th or more negro..."
k. Miscellaneous: "Registrations in Marriage Licenses", "Virginia Indians". "Re Amherst Indians", 'Washington Library"

8. Information on the project:

a. "Indian - Negro - White Group, Amherst, Va." 2-1-1923
b. "Names of field workers on survey" May 1, 1923.
c. (Notes on topics to include, records to be checked, etc.]
d. [Notecards]


Arthur Estabrook Papers
Box and Folder List

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Series 6: Photographs, 1923-1925, 1931, undated

Box 2 (cont)
Folder

9. [Photographs mounted on sheets: Virginia, Amherst County The Isshies; North Carolina, Robeson Co. Triple Mixtures; North Carolina; South Carolina]
10. [Album: Photos of Jukes, etc.]
11. [Photographs laid in Dugdale, The Jukes]
12. [Photographs laid in Campbell, The Southern Highlander]
13. Miscellaneous prints and photographs:

a. Emma Dec. 25, 1931
b. Negative and positive prints of two pages from an unidentified album (photographs were labeled)

Arthur Estabrook Papers
Box and Folder List

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Series 7: Clippings, 1912-1936, undated

Box 2 (cont)
Folder

14. 1922-1924

a. Garth, T. R. "The Intelligence of Indians." Science v. 61, no. 1457. (December 1, 1922): 635-36.
b. "Human Dregs.." Bulletin (Feb. 26, 1923)
c. "Virginia Tribe Proves Hard to Classify." from Tribune (Aug. 1923)
d. The Pembroke Herald, v. 1, no. 7 (March 1924): 1-6.
e. First Indian County Commencement At Pembroke So Big It Is Day to Reckon From." The Robesonian v. 60, no. 15 (March 31, 1924): 1+
f. "Set Store by Their Schools." [April? 19241
g. "Studies are being made of Indian psychology..." Science (5-16-24)
h. Seawell, Joseph Lacy. "Black Teacher of Southern Whites." The New York Times Magazine (May 18, 1924): 8.
i. "State Registrar Plecker Comments On Criticism of Virginia's Efforts To Enforce Racial Integrity Law." The News Leader, Richmond, September 9, 1924,
j. "Robeson Expects A Monster Fair." The News and Observer, October 13, 1924

15. 1925

a. "Shall We All Be Mulattos?" The Literary Digest, March 7, 1925, p. 23-24
b. "Plecker Aroused By Blow Aimed At Racial Law." Richmond Times-Dispatch, 3-31-1925
c. "Places Indians in Negroid Class." The Richmond News Leader, July 2, 1925
d. Beirne, Francis F. "The Late South." The Evening Sun, Baltimore, July 2. 1925.
e. "Pamunkey Chief Answers Plecker." The Richmond News Leader, July 8, 1925.

Box 3
Folder

Series 7 (cont)

1. 1926

a. The Indian Leader, v. 29, no. 17 (January 1, 1926): 113-18.
b. Mac Neill, Ben Dixon. "Riddle of The Lumbee Indians." The News and Observer, Raleigh, Jan. 31, 1926; Feb. 7, 14, 21, 1926.
c. "Proposed Law Classes 20,000 Noted Virginians As 'Colored'." Baltimore Sun, Feb. 9, 1926.
d. "Know the Facts." [2-16-26]
e. Tucker, Harry. "Main Street." [Richmond Times-Dispatch, 2-16-26]
f. "Resolutions Oppose Pending Racial Bills." [Richmond Times-Dispatch, 2-17-261
g. Motte. "The Capitol Square." [Richmond Times-Dispatch, Feb. (17-261
h. McDougle, Ivan E. "The Color P roblem." [Letter to the editor], [Richmond Times-Dispatch, Feb. 20, 1926]
i. Says Integrity Bill Is Not Harsh." Richmond Times-Dispatch [2-21-26]
j. Fragment:"... ginia men must get ready..." Richmond Times-Dispatch 2[?] 21, 1926]
k. "The Color Problem." Richmond Times-Dispatch [Feb. [?] 1926
l. "Virginia Not So Slow." Richmond Times-Dispatch, Feb. 22, 1926.
m. Mabane, Mary. "An American Problem" [Voice of the People] Richmond Times Dispatch, 2-24-26
n. Montague, R. Cary. "A Real Remedy." [Voice of the People] Richmond Times-Dispatch, 2-24-26
o. Wingo, Donald circa "Down to Brass Tacks." [Voice of the People] Richmond Times-Dispatch, 2-26-26
p. Coghill, H. D. "The Only Effective Remedy." [Voice of the People] Richmond Times-Dispatch, 2-26-26
q. "Says Mixed Races Would End Strife."' Philadelphia Record, Feb. (1926?]
r. Davis, M. B. "A Mother's Standpoint." [Letters Richmond Times-Dispatch, Feb. 28, 1926.
s. Williams, W. R, "Face the Facts Like Men." [Letters], Richmond Times-Dispatch, Feb. 28, 1926.
t. Richardson, W. G. "Evading the Issue." [Letters] Richmond Times-Dispatch, Feb. 28, 1926.
u. Owen, Mrs.. R. J. ."From a 'Grandma'." Voice of the People] [Richmond Times-Dispatch, 3-1- 61
v. "Discuss Segregation at Colored Meeting." Richmond Times-Dispatch, 3-1-26
w. "For Racial Integrity." Richmond Times-Dispatch, 3-2-26
x. "N. Y. State Senator Asks For Integrity Bill Information." Richmond Times-Dispatch, March 4. 1926
y. Copeland, W. S., "Pass the Massenburg Bill." [Voice of the People] Richmond Times-Dispatch, 3-4-26
z. "Noted Citizens Sign For Racial Integrity Bill." Richmond Times-Dispatch, March 4, 1926
aa. "Make Racial Integrity Bill Acceptable, Aim." Richmond Times-Dispatch, March 5, 1926
bb. Powell, John. "For Sake of Justice." [Voice of the People] Richmond Times-Dispatch, March 5, 1926
cc. "The Massenburg Bill." Richmond Times-Dispatch, March 5, 1926.
dd. "House Passes Racial and Two Rail Measures." Richmond Times-Dispatch, March 7, 1926
ee. Harrison, E.L.. "What Possible Objection?" [Letter to the editor] Richmond Times-Dispatch, March 6?, 1926
ff. "The Crux of the Matter." .Richmond Times-Dispatch, March 7, 1926
gg. "The Real Trouble." Richmond Times-Dispatch, March 9, 1926.
hh. "Racial Integrity Bill Meets Death When Senate Votes to Postpone Action Indefinitely. "Richmond Times-Dispatch, March 13, 1926.
ii. "The Rhinelander Case." Richmond Times-Dispatch, March 29, 1926
jj. "Indian School Case Results in Mistrial." The Robesonian, May 20,-1926
kk. "Two Indians Shoot Up Store At Pembroke and Run Folks Away." The Robesonian, 10-1-26
ll. Oxendine, Griffan.- "Men Who Shot up Store Not Recognized As Indians of Robeson." [Letter] The Robesonian, 10-?-26

2. 1926. Powell, John. "The Last Stand." Richmond Times-Dispatch, Feb. 16-18, [undated], 22, [23], 24, [25?], 26, [ undated], Mar. 1, 1926. Love. L.F. "The Last Stand." [Letter to the editor] Richmond Times-Dispatch, Feb. 22, 1926
3. The Jukes

a. "Degenerate Family Cost State Heavily." [Jan. 18, 1912]
b. "Carrie Maines" (Death notice) Leader, 11-16-26
c. "Jukeses Mentality Unfit for Crimes of Today." [New York Evening Post, Oct. 16, 1933]

4. Reviews of Mongrel Virginians

a. The Williams & Wilkins Company. "Mongrel Virginians," (leaflet) 1936.
b. "Mongrel Virginians," The American Journal of Sociology, undated Typescript.
circa Estabrook, A. H. and McDougle, Ivan E. "Mongrel Virginians."The Annals of the American Academy (undated): 165-166.
d. "Mongrel," British Medical Journal, December 4, 1928.
e. "Mongrel Virginians: The Win Tribe." Mental Hygiene ( undated): 640-43.
f. "Mongrel Virginians: The Win Tribe." Nature, June 4, 1927.
g "Mongrel Virginians," News, Lynchburg, Virginia, 29 April 1926.

5. Berea College

a. "10 Berea Students Here For Five Days." The New York Times, June 6, 1926.
b. Berea College, Information Card, undated
circa Winter, Alice Ames. "Berea." n.p., undated

6. Miscellaneous and undated

a. "The Gullah-speaking..."
b. "Virginia Dare's County to Salute Her."
c. "She's Expert at Several Pursuits."
d. "Negro 'Who's Who' To Be Published Here."
e. "Hold Lenten Services For South Side Children."
f. "With the Guineamen of Virginia."
g. "Compulsory Education Law for Children Between 8 and 14 Passed."
h. "Maryland's Wesorts Are A 'Different' People." "Tennessee Bars Evolution From Public Schools."
i. Scarborough, Dorothy. "Where the Eighteenth Century Lives On.". The New York Times Book Review, Dec. 27, 1931.
j. Lieberman, Elias. "On the Turning Up of the Kaiser's Skull." New York Times, July [?] 1917

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Series 8: Miscellaneous Publications by Others, 1914, 1917, 1922, 1924-1926

Box 3 (cont)
Folder

7.

a. Hunter, Walter S., assisted by Eloise Sommermier. "The Relation of Degree of Indian Blood to Score on the Otis Intelligence Test." from The Journal of ComparativePsychology, v. 2, no. 3, June 1922. p. 257-277.
b. White America Society. White America by Earnest Sevier Cox. [publisher's leaflet] [4] p. **Added (from unknown source): Cox, E. S. The South's Part in Mongrelizing the Nation. Richmond: White America Society, c1926.
c. "Intermarriage: Standpoint and Tentative Questionnaire."
d. Pleeker, W. A. "The New Virginia Law To Preserve Racial Integrity." Virginia Health Bulletin, v. 16, extra no. 2, March 1924. 4 p.
e. "Registration of Birth and Color." Form 59 - 3-17-24 - 65M.
f. Wormeley, Carter W. "Illegitimate Births in Virginia Discussed by Head of Vital Statistics." Release for Sept. 11, 1924. 1 f.
g. The New Family and Race Improvement. New Family Series, no. 5. Richmond, Va.: State Board of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics, 1925. [32) p.
h. George Hunter's Map of the Cherokee Country and the Path thereto in 1730, with comments by A. S. Salley, Jr. Bulletin of the Historical Commission of South Carolina, no. 4. Columbia, S. circa: The State Company, 1917.
i. U. S. Geological Survey. Reconnaissance Map: Virginia, Lexington Sheet. Edition of Sept. 1894, reprinted 1914. 1 sheet.

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Series 9: Carrie Buck Trial, 1924-1927

Box 3 (cont)
Folder

8. Correspondence

a. [Strode, Aubrey E.] Letter, 1924 Sept. 30, to Dr. H. H. Laughlin., Cold Spring Harbor, Long Island, N. Y. Carbon of typescript. 2 p.
b. Strode, Aubrey E. Letter, 1924 Oct. 10, Lynchburg, Va., to Dr. Arthur H. Estabrook, Cold Spring Harbor, Long Island, N. Y. Carbon of typescript, signed. 1p.
c. Estabrook, Essie. Telegram, 1924 Oct. 23, Mt. Washington, Md., to Dr. Arthur 0) H. Estabrook. Typescript. 1 p.
d. Strode, Aubrey E. Letter, 1924 Oct. 29, Lynchburg, Va., to Dr. A. H. Estabrook, Hyden, Ky. Typescript, signed. 1p.
e. [Strode, Aubrey E.] Letter, 1924 Nov. 5, to Dr. H. H. Laughlin, Cold Spring Harbor, Long Island, N. Y. Carbon of typescript. 1p.
f. Strode, Aubrey E. Letter, 1924 Nov. 6, Lynchburg, Va., to Dr. Arthur H. Estabrook, Hyden, Ky. Typescript, signed. 1p.
g. Estabrook, Arthur H. Letter, 1924 Nov. 8, Hyden, Ky., to Mr. Aubrey Strode, Lynchburg, Va. Carbon of typescript. 1p.
h. Strode, Aubrey E. Letter, 1924 Nov. 15, Lynchburg, Va., to Dr. A. H. Estabrook, Charlotte esville, Va. Typescript, signed. 1p.
i. Strode, Aubrey E. Letter, 1924 Dec. 11, Lynchburg, Va., to Dr. Arthur H. Estabrook, Hyden, Ky. Typescript, signed. 1p.

9. Photographs. Carrie Buck, Emma Buck, 1924; Carrie's baby... with Mrs. John Dobbs, 1924
10. Strode, Aubrey E. "Sterilization of Defectives." In Virginia Law Review v. 11 no. 4 (Feb. 1925): 296-301.
11. Court records

a. In the Supreme Court of Appeals of Virginia at Staunton: Carrie Buck... vs. Dr. J. H. Bell. From the Circuit Court of Amherst County.
b. In the Supreme Court of Appeals of Virginia at Staunton, September Term, JOIN 1925. Carrie Buck vs. Dr. J. H. Bell. Brief for Appellee. Sterilization of Hereditary Defectives. The Limits of the Power of the State over the Propagation of the Unfit.
c. In the Supreme Court of Appeals of Virginia at Staunton. September Term, 1925. Carrie Buck... vs. Dr. J. H. Bell. Reply Brief for Appellant.
d. Supreme Court of the United States. October Term, 1926. Carrie Buck... vs. J. H. Bell.

12. Clipping. "Sterilization of Defectives, Aim." Richmond Courier Journal, 5-27-27.


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Series 10: Venereal Disease Campaign, 1924-1925, 1929-1930, 1936, undated

Box 3 (cont)
Folder

13. "Calendar -- Social Hygiene Education Campaign -- 1930"
14. Office folder of form letters, items distributed, clippings, press releases, etc.
15. Press releases
16. Clippings
17.

a. University of Minnesota. Social Hygiene Bureau. "Questions Submitted by Minneapolis Visiting Nurses..."
b. Missouri Social Hygiene Association. "Suggestions for Including All Phases of Social Hygiene in the School of Nursing Curriculum."

18. Publications of The American Social Hygiene Association
a. List of publications, etc.
b. Child Questions and Their Answers
c. Sex Education
d. Social Hygiene Publications

19. Publications by Walter M. Brunet:
a. Gonorrhea in the Female
b. Venereal Disease Prevalence in the City of New York: I. Richmond County (Staten Island)
c. II. Kings County (Brooklyn)
d. III. Bronx County
e. IV. Queens County (Long Island)
f. V. New York County.( Manhattan)

20. Publications:
a. The Committee on Venereal Disease of the Charity Organization Society. The Social Workers Approach to the Problem of Venereal Disease.
b.New York City Commission to Investigate the Prevention and Control of Syphilis and Gonorrhea in Scandinavian Countries and in Great Britain. Report
c.The New York Medical Week, December 27, 1930
d.Snow, William F. Venereal Diseases: Their Medical, Nursing, and Community Aspects. New York and London: Funk & Wagnalls Company, c1924.

Oversized Box

3 posters advertising health awareness meetings, undated


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Series 11: Crippled Children in Buffalo and Erie County, 1936, 1943, 1947

Box 4
Folder

1. Estabrook, Arthur H. "The Crippled Children Situation in Buffalo and Erie County. Survey Made at the Request of The Council of Social Agencies of Buffalo and Erie County." Copy of typescript. 401.
2. St. Nicholas Clinic:

a. "Diagnosis and Recommendations," 5-22-36
b. Report sheets
c. Memorandum, May 23, 1936, "Crippled Individuals Under State Supervision"

3. Correspondence:

a. Jarnagin, Rufus. Letter, 1936 June 25, Buffalo, N. Y., to Mr. Paul L.. Benjamin, Buffalo, N. Y. Carbon of typescript. 1 1.
b. Arnold, Mary. Letter, 1936 July 9, New York, N. Y., to Dr. Arthur H. Estabrook, New York, N. Y. Typescript, signed. 1 1.
c. Estabrook, Arthur H. Letter, 1936 July 10, to Mrs. J. P. Devine, Buffalo, N. Y. Carbon Of typescript 1 1.
d. Foster, James H. "Letter, 1936 July 21, Albany, N. Y.2 t o Mr. Arthur H. Estabrook, New York, N. Y. Typescript, signed. 1 1.

4. Clippings and publications:

a. "Men's Executive Board to Be Formed by Crippled..." Buffalo Courier-Express, June 27, 1936. b. Ware, E. Louise. Mental Hygiene of the Orthopedically' Handicapped Child. New York: Association for the Aid of Crippled. Children, 1947.
c. Medical Information for Vocational Rehabilitation Officers. Washington., D. G.: U. S. Government Printing Office, 1943.

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Series 12: Housing Study, Buffalo, 1930, 1943, undated

Box 4 (cont)
Folder

5. Estabrook, Arthur H. A Roof Over Their Heads. What's What in Housing in Buffalo. Carbon of typescript. 112; additional, copy of p. 10-14: "Buffalo Municipal Housing Authorit," 1943
6. Notes, 1943
7. Publications of Buffalo agencies, undated
8. Publications by Pennsylvania Conference on Housing, undated
9. Miscellaneous, 1930

a. Southern Women's Educational Alliance. Letter, 1930 Oct. 3. Copy of form letter. 1 1.
b. "Report of a Conference in regard to the Desirability of a Cooperative Survey of the Southern Mountains." Copy of typescript. 3 p.
c. Items laid Hollander. Brain and Intelligence.
d. Corrections. Penciled note on corrections

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Series 13: Publications by Estabrook, 1912, 1920, 1923, 1926

Box 4 (cont)
Folder

10. Accompanying Photographs and Key to the Nam Family from Estabrook, Arthur H., and Davenport, Charles B. The Nam Family: A Study in Cacogenics. With four charts and four text figures. (Eugenics Record Office Memoir No. 2) Cold Spring Harbor, Long Island, N. Y. [Eugenics Record Office], 1912. The photographs have names and numbers and are cross referenced to the Nam study. A typed as well as the original hand written "code breaker" is included - RESTRICTED

Estabrook's personal copy of the The Nam Family: A Study in Cacogenics is housed separately in box 5.

11. Estabrook, Arthur H. "Report of a Study of Mental Ability of Children in One Orphan's Home in Indiana." from The Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science. 1920. p. 69-70.
Estabrook, Arthur H. "The Tribe of Ishmael." from Eugenics, Genetics and the Family, v. 1, 1923, p. 398-404.
12. Mongrel Virginians, News Clippings, 1926


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Series 14: Research Material, 1908-1962

Box 4 (cont)
Folder

13. Hospital Planning, 1912, 1920, 1923, 1926

Hospital Facilities Section, U. S. Public Health Service. Technical Hospital and Health Center Planning Material Request.
The Bulletin of the Hospital Council of Greater New York.
Lublin, Alfred M. Health Center, Elizabeth City, New Jersey
McGibony, J. R. Health Center Designed for Rural Needs.
Hospital Facilities Section, U. S. Public Health Service. Planning for Integrated Service: A Health Center Unit.
Hospital Facilities Section, U. S. Public Health Service. Modern Standards in Adequate Facilities for Obstetric Care.
Dunham, Ethel. Standard Plans for Nurseries for Newborn in Hospitals of 50 to 200 Beds
Hospital Facilities Section, U. S. Public Health Service. Modern Standards in Adequate Facilities for Obstetric Care.
Marysville Community Hospital. The Hospital: A Line Assembly for Medical Care.
Hospital Facilities Section, U. S. Public Health Service. A Type Plan for a Pediatric Hospital Unit.
Hospital Facilities Section, U. S. Public Health Service. New Plan Standards For Hospital Nurseries.
Hospital Facilities Section, U. S. Public Health Service. Planning for Integrated Service: The District Hospital.

14. Halsey, George A. The Negro in America, Six Part Radio Program produced by Voice of America, 1962
1. Negro Educational Opportunities, Dr. George Eaton Simpson, Oberlin College
2. Negor Voting Rights in teh South, Harold circa Fleming, Executive Vice President, The Potomac Institute
3. The Supreme Court, Tradition, and the States, Dr. Guy B. Johnson, University of North Carolina
4. Tensions and Change in Negro-White Relations, Harry Ashmore, Editor-in-Chief, Encyclopedia Britannica, Former Editor, Little Rock Gazette
5. Reflections from the Deep South, Ralph McGill, Editor, the Atlanta Constitution
6. One Year's Progress in Civil Rights, Roy Wilkins, Executive Secretary, NAACP

15. U.S. Congress, Housing Act of 1950.
Land Assembly for Urban Development, 1945
Publications of Interest to Suburbanites and Home Builders, 1944

16. Laughlin, H. H. Eugenics in America, 1925

Davenport, Chas. B. Chromosomes, Endocrines and Heredity, 1925
Lamb, Robert B. Habeas Corpus Proceedings in Lunacy Cases, 1908
Williams, Tom A. The Craving for the Supernatural, 1916
McKee, A. E. State Will Work to Aid Its Wards, 1913

17. The Training School Bulletin
The Training School Bulletin, Vol. VII, No. 5, September 1910.
Doll, Edgar A. "School Training of Exceptional Chidren in Rural Districts." Reprint from The Training School Bulletin, June 1928.
Doll, Edgar A. "Department of Research Annual Report, 1928-1929, Part I." Reprint from The Training School Bulletin, February-March 1930.

18. Davenport, circa B. Medico-Legal Aspects of Eugenics, 1914

Woods, F. A. Successful Men Have Larger Families, 1928
Laughlin, Harry H. Eugenical Sterilization in the U. S., 1920
Butler, F. 0. A Quarter of A Century's Experience in Sterilization of Mental Defectives in California, 1945
Phelan, Daniel. The Mental Factor in Crime, 1913
Dayton, Neil. Influence of Size of Family upon the Characteristics of the Mentally Deficient, 1935

19. Summer, Helen L. Standards Applicable to Child Labor, 1917

Hickson, Wm. J. Psychiatry and Sociology, 1917
Hickson, Wm. J. Organic Brain Lesions in Mental Defectives, 1914
Pollock, Horatio M. A Statistical System for the Use of Institutions for Criminals and Delinquents, 1920


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Last updated December 15, 2010