Table Of Contents

Descriptive Summary

Biographical Sketch

Scope and Content Information

Arrangement of the Collection

Restrictions

Subject and Genre Headings

Administrative Information

Container List

Series 1: Card File Index of Executions Undated

Series 2: Documentation of Executions 1730-2008Undated

Series 3: The Capital Punishment Research Project 1974-1999Undated

Series 4: Subject Files 1803-2001Undated

Series 5: Correspondence 1962-2007Undated

Series 6: Biographical Materials 1937-2008Undated

Series 7: Writings by Others 1965-2002Undated

Series 8: Advocacy 1977-2007Undated

Series 9: Publications 1929-2001Undated

Grenander banner

M. WATT ESPY PAPERS, (APAP-301), 1730-2008


Processed and encoded with the generous support of the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.



Descriptive Summary

Title: M. Watt Espy Papers
Date: 1730-2008
Physical Characteristics: 90.0 cubic ft.
Abstract: The M. Watt Espy papers chronicle the extensive research efforts that led to the creation of the Capital Punishment Research Project and the database known as the Espy File. Espy spent three decades gathering and indexing documentation of legal executions in the United States. His papers contain both primary and secondary sources used to catalog thousands of instances of capital punishment in the United States and its territories since the 1600s. The collection includes material from corrections records, newspapers, county histories, legal proceedings, and books. In addition to the records pertaining specifically to the death penalty, there is also a selection of magazines collected by Espy that cover true crime stories as well as life in the American Old West.
Storage: The materials are located onsite in the department.
Language: The materials in the collection are in English.
Repository: M. E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives, University at Albany, SUNY

Biographical Sketch

M. Watt Espy, Jr. (1933-2009) was widely recognized as one of the foremost historians of legal executions in the United States. Beginning with his own personal resources, in May 1970, Espy began the first serious quest to chronicle and document more than 15,000 government-sanctioned executions in the United States since 1608—an effort that formally became the Capital Punishment Research Project. His method was to collect information by obtaining state Department of Corrections records, newspapers, published and unpublished county histories, proceedings of state and local courts, magazines, and holdings of historical societies, libraries, museums, and archives.

Initially Espy accumulated and recorded information about executions in the United States from his home in Headland, Alabama as a part-time pursuit while working in sales. Between 1977 and 1985, however, the University of Alabama Law Center in Tuscaloosa hired Espy to continue his work and during this time he published “Capital Punishment and Deterrence: What the Statistics Cannot Show”, Crime & Delinquency, (Vol. 26, No. 4, 537-544 (1980). He also wrote numerous opinion editorials and histories of the death penalty for major daily newspapers, including the Los Angeles Times, The Atlanta Constitution, The Virginian-Pilot, The Columbus Dispatch, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, and The Nashville Tennessean, throughout the 1980s. In 1984, the National Science Foundation awarded a grant to support the preparation of a comprehensive computer database with Espy’s exhaustive research as its foundation.

In 1987, that database became a reality when the Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR) published a dataset, Executions in the United States, 1608-1987: The Espy File (ICPSR 51). The portable data file furnishes information on executions performed under civil authority in the United States between 1608 and July 6, 1987, and describes each individual executed and the circumstances surrounding the crime for which the person was convicted. Variables include age, race, name, occupation, and sex of the individual; date, jurisdiction, place, and method of execution; and the crime committed. Also recorded is whether the only evidence for the execution was official records indicating that an executioner or slave owner received compensated for an execution. The Espy File was subsequently updated to include executions through 2002.

The Espy File is based on several ledgers that Espy used to confirm an execution. In one ledger, he arranged executions alphabetically by state and then in chronological order. Espy recorded the name, race, age and occupation of the offender, county of conviction, crime, date and method of execution. A second ledger contained the same cases listed chronologically, beginning with 1608. Espy included just the name of the individual, the crime, and date, location, and method of execution. A third, and much smaller ledger, also is arranged by year and contains post-Furman executions beginning in 1986. There is also a page for new confirmations from nineteenth and earlier twentieth century dates.

Espy’s work went beyond simply tallying the total number of executions. Instead he passionately researched and gathered all available background information on those executed, writing detailed note cards, narratives, and the ledger entries, which are all included in the collection. He painstakingly sought confirmation that officials carried out even the most obscure death sentences. Espy innovatively utilized antebellum state and county warrant records outlining compensation for executed slaves in his research. He explored the lesser known area of juvenile executions, documenting cases where children and teenagers received death sentences. Espy chronicled gruesome capital punishments for participants in slave rebellions during the colonial period. In addition, he uncovered botched executions where law enforcement hanged or electrocuted the same man more than once to complete the death sentence. As a further indication of his all-consuming interest in researching capital punishment, Espy filled the walls of his home with photographs of individuals executed.

Although he attended the University of Alabama for two years following service in the United States Navy during the Korean War, Espy never received a college degree. However, through his work, he earned the respect and admiration of academics, advocacy groups, and members of the general public. In 1991 the National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty honored Espy with a special award at its annual meeting. His professional relationships with noted death penalty abolitionists, sociologists, criminal justice professors, authors, lawyers, members of Congress, and advocacy group executives are detailed in his correspondence. This group includes such notables as former director of the American Civil Liberties Union Capital Punishment Project Henry Scharwzchild and leading experts on capital punishment Dr. Hugo Bedau, and Dr. Michael Radelet, who once commented that “’[Espy] is widely recognized by everyone in the academic world as America’s foremost death penalty historian." (Ronald Smothers, “Headland Journal; Historian's Death Penalty Obsession,” The New York Times, October 21, 1987.) Letters describe how public defender offices and defense attorneys hired Espy to research past crimes and executions as part of mounting a defense in capital cases. Prisoners exchanged correspondence with him for insights gleaned from his work and moral support. (Series 5: Correspondence).

Following his affiliation with the University of Alabama Law Center, Espy continued to research and document executions, write, consult, and lecture from his home base in Headland until his death in August 2009.

Return to the Table of Contents


Scope and Content Information

The M. Watt Espy Papers document more than three decades of research from the nationally recognized expert on legal executions in the United States. Beginning as a macabre hobby in 1970, M. Watt Espy, Jr. began chronicling tens of thousands of government-sanctioned capital punishment sentences from the colonial period until the present day. His solitary hobby eventually became an all-consuming passion and he embarked upon a full-time career as the commanding force behind the Capital Punishment Research Project.

In 1987, The New York Times profiled Espy, his work and his “death penalty obsession” stating: “By all accounts Watt Espy’s collection is as unique as he is eccentric.” This statement remains an accurate description of Espy’s materials and the death penalty researcher himself. The collection includes Espy's vast documentation of executions in America, including a series of typed index cards listing individuals executed. Espy’s method was to collect information by obtaining state Department of Corrections records, newspaper articles, published and unpublished county histories, proceedings of state and local courts, magazines, and holdings of historical societies, libraries, museums, and archives. In addition, there is aggregated research data, administrative files, general subject research and notes, professional correspondence, news articles about or citing Espy, statements to the media, copies of his published and unpublished writings (including numerous opinion editorials), texts of speeches and testimonials before government panels, a personal signed portrait and autograph collection, scholarly works by others writing in the fields of history, crime, capital punishment, and the legal system, materials from advocacy organizations, photographs of individuals executed, and true crime, penitentiary, and general interest publications and books. Although the materials in the collection include eighteenth, nineteenth, and early twentieth century dates of creation, please note many of these items are photocopies of originals.

The collection also documents Espy’s research and thought process over the course of more than three decades. Espy’s materials illustrate the shift of research methodologies of the 1970s and 1980s through the twenty-first century. While he began by spending countless hours typing up correspondence to libraries, archives and historical societies, and scouring microfilm, the later portions of the collection include e-mail correspondence and news articles culled from the Internet. Of note, Espy rejected his earlier beliefs favoring capital punishment and over time became a critic of executions, arguing they did not deter future criminal acts and objecting to the number of individuals executed who were not guilty.

Return to the Table of Contents


Arrangement of the Collection

The collection is organized into the following series:

Series 1 - Card File Index of Executions, Undated
Series 2 - Documentation of Executions, 1730-2008, Undated
Series 3 - Capital Punishment Research Project, 1974-1999, Undated
Series 4 - Subject Files, 1970-2003, Undated
Series 5 - Correspondence, 1962-2007, Undated
Series 6 - Biographical Materials, 1937-2008, Undated
Series 7 - Writings by Others, 1965-2002, Undated
Series 8 - Advocacy, 1977-2007, Undated
Series 9 - Publications, 1929-2001, Undated

Most of the series in the Watt Espy Papers are arranged in alphabetical order, namely the Capital Punishment Research Project, subject files, biographical materials, writings by others, and advocacy. The index card files are arranged alphabetically by state, then alphabetically by person's name within each state. Documentation of executions are arranged in subseries based on Espy's own categorization: the 50 states/District of Columbia/territories, federal, military, Native American tribal, and international. Correspondence is subdivided into regular communication/people of prominence and general communication, then is alphabetical within those two groups. Publications are alphabetical by title, then chronological within each title.

Return to the Table of Contents


Restrictions

Access

Access to this record group is unrestricted.

Copyright

The researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming with the laws of copyright. Whenever possible, the M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives will provide information about copyright owners and other restrictions, but the legal determination ultimately rests with the researcher. Requests for permission to publish material from this collection should be discussed with the Head of Special Collections and Archives.

Return to the Table of Contents


Subject Headings

Persons

Bedau, Hugo Adam
Espy, M. Watt, 1933-2009
Ingle, Joseph B. (Joseph Burton), 1946
Prejean, Helen
Radelet, Michael L.
Schwarzchild, Henry
Smykla, John Ortiz
Vandiver, Margaret

Corporate Bodies

Capital Punishment Research Project

Associated Titles

The Angolite

Subjects

Abolition movement--United States
Capital Punishment Research Project
Capital punishment--Moral and ethical aspects
Capital punishment--United States
Death penalty
Electrocution--United States
Espy File
Executions (Law)--United States--Cases
Executions and executioners--Press coverage--United States
Executions and executioners--United States--States
Executions--1608-2004
Gas chambers--United States--History
Hanging
Lethal injection (Execution)--United States
Slaves--America--History
University of Alabama. Criminal Justice Program

Places

Headland (AL)

Genres and Forms

Books
Correspondence
Criminal court records
Ledgers
Legal documents
Magazines--Crime
Magazines--Old West
Newsletters
Newspaper clippings
Papers
Photographs

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Preferred citation for this material is as follows:

Identification of specific item, series, box, folder, M. Watt Espy Papers, 1730-2008. M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives, University Libraries, University at Albany, State University of New York (hereafter referred to as the Espy Papers).

Acquisition Information

All items in the M. Watt Espy Papers were donated by Mr. Espy or his heirs to the University Libraries, M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives, between 2008 and 2011.

Finding Aid Information

Created by: Jodi Boyle and Kerry Lynch
Date: © 2011 By the University at Albany, SUNY. All rights reserved.
Revision history: -

Return to the Table of Contents


Container List

Series 1: Card File Index of Executions, Undated 2.8 cubic ft.
Arranged alphabetically by state/territory, then alphabetically by person's name within categories such as "1-2 people executed", "3+ people executed", "Executions-- anonymous", etc.
Watt Espy kept a series of index cards, grouped mainly by state, that records information about executions on American soil (colonies, states, territories) since the 1600s. Some cards contain lots of information, including name, place of execution, method, and details of the crime. Other cards have very little information aside from the fact that someone was executed. Sometimes there is not even a name—just “two slaves” or “pirate”. There are additional categories for federal, military, and Indian tribal executions. There are two different card sizes; for the 3x5 inch cards, each state, territory, or other main division is identified with a manila tab. Subdivisions are marked with blue, unlined cards and are intended to mirror the arrangement of materials in Series #2 as closely as possible.
In addition to Espy’s numerous 3x5 inch cards, there is also an assortment of 4x6 inch cards used in cases where Espy continued information for prisoners who had lengthy and/or unusual details regarding their crimes and punishments. Nearly every state is featured in this category, as well as Guam, Indian tribal, military, and federal executions. Since Espy did not have surplus information to match every 3x5 card, the 4x6 cards are a much smaller group. Researchers will know when to refer to the larger index cards because Espy noted “see large card” on the 3x5 size where appropriate. The 4x6 cards do not have any subdivisions and are arranged alphabetically by state, then alphabetically by prisoner name within each state.
Special notes for 3x5 index cards:
1. Slave states of the South, as well as colonial states of the North, usually have an extra category of cards: compensation paid to owners whose slaves were executed for crimes. Espy was the first researcher to track that information. However, cards showing compensation paid to sheriffs for carrying out executions are not separated into their own group.
2. Espy marked certain cards “unconfirmed” if he did not have sufficient evidence that an execution was carried out. Other cards indicate that an individual (or individuals) received a death sentence, but there is neither an “unconfirmed” notation nor date of death. Those cards have been categorized by the archivist as additional unconfirmed executions.
3. Researchers might want to search more than one category within a state, because some executions fit more than one description. Ex. “Female slave” executed 1858 whose owner was paid $400 would fit the categories of anonymous executions and slave owner compensations, but would only be filed in the latter. Ex. #2: “Man and Woman” possibly hanged in Kentucky, 1820s—would be filed in unconfirmed executions, not the anonymous group.
4. Card files include military executions and lynchings although neither were a main focus of Espy’s research.
5. Cards that name 3 or more individuals executed are in order by whoever’s name would properly be first alphabetically, even if Espy did not list that person’s name first. Ex: Dennis Igoe, James Johnson, and Joseph Frampton- Frampton is first alphabetically and is filed as such although his name is listed last on Espy’s index card.
6. Many of the 3x5 card subdivisions identified by blue cards are organized alphabetically, but due to time constraints, the slave owner compensation categories are not alphabetized.
Card-File
1 Index cards, Alabama to Arkansas, Undated
Card-File
2 Index cards, Arkansas to Colorado, Undated
Card-File
3 Index cards, Connecticut to Florida, Undated
Card-File
4 Index cards, Georgia, Undated
Card-File
5 Index cards, Georgia to Kentucky, Undated
Card-File
6 Index cards, Kentucky to Louisiana, Undated
Card-File
7 Index cards, Louisiana to Massachusetts, Undated
Card-File
8 Index cards, Massachusetts to Mississippi, Undated
Card-File
9 Index cards, Mississippi to Nebraska, Undated
Card-File
10 Index cards, Nevada to New York, Undated
Card-File
11 Index cards, New York to North Carolina, Undated
Card-File
12 Index cards, North Carolina to Ohio, Undated
Card-File
13 Index cards, Ohio to Pennsylvania, Undated
Card-File
14 Index cards, Pennsylvania to South Dakota, Undated
Card-File
15 Index cards, Tennessee to Texas, Undated
Card-File
16 Index cards, Texas to Virginia, Undated
Card-File
17 Index cards, Virginia, Undated
Card-File
18 Index cards, Virgina to Wyoming, also "Special" cards, Undated
Card-File
19 Index cards (4x6), Alabama to Iowa, Undated
Card-File
20 Index cards (4x6), Kansas to Ohio, Undated
Card-File
21 Index cards (4x6), Ohio to Wyoming, Undated
Series 2: Documentation of Executions, 1730-2008, Undated 44.5 cu. ft.
Arranged alphabetically within subseries.
This series comprises the bulk of Watt Espy’s primary and secondary research and is therefore the largest in the collection. Initially, approximately half of these documentation of execution records were arranged in an organized fashion alphabetically by state, or by federal, military, tribal or international categories and then alphabetically by an individual’s name. The others were not arranged in any discernable scheme with a significant amount of materials kept as unorganized loose documents in boxes. Espy marked some files as "not written up," but it was ultimately unclear how these differed from other records. After careful review, the archivists decided to combine all of the documentation of executions together, divided the records into five subseries for executions conducted by all 50 states and the District of Columbia, federal executions, military executions, Native American tribal executions, and international executions, and subsequently arranged and inter-filed all the loose materials.
This series consists of state Department of Corrections records, newspapers, published and unpublished state and county histories, proceedings of state and local courts, magazines, holdings of historical societies, libraries, museums, and archives, notes taken by Espy or others conducting research, lists of individuals executed by state or county, annotated photocopies of Espy’s index card files, and documentation of executions sent via correspondence. The amount of material varies greatly by individual. Individuals are referred to by last name or, in the absence of a surname, by their given name. In general, date ranges for this series are not inclusive. Although the folders include eighteenth, nineteenth, and early twentieth century dates of creation, please note many of these items are photocopies of originals that Espy utilized for his research.
In addition, Espy frequently grouped together materials for individuals executed for the same crime or executed on the same day for different crimes. Therefore he often had only one set of records for two people executed for the same crime. The archivists filed these records under the name of the individual whose last name or given name was alphabetically first.
The respective volumes of aggregated material suggest Espy focused heavily on U.S. state and federal executions, and not military, tribal or international ones. The state subseries is the largest of the five and documents executions in the United States by state or in the District of Columbia. It also includes executions in colonies or territories that later became states. The files are arranged alphabetically by state and then alphabetically by the last name of the individual executed when one or two people received the death penalty. Next are files containing references to multiple executions, three or more individuals executed on the same day or for conviction of the same crime; anonymous individuals executed, such as a “slave woman” or “pirate man;” city, county, state, or regional records and histories, and lists of individuals executed; and unconfirmed or possible executions. At the end of this subseries are files with lists or records of individuals executed from multiple states. For instance, a list of juveniles or innocents executed from more than one state or executions from other states listed in Maryland newspapers.
The federal, military and Native American tribal subseries follow the same arrangement scheme. The files are organized alphabetically by the last name of the individual executed when one or two people received the death penalty. Following are files containing references to multiple executions, lists of individuals executed, and then unconfirmed executions.
The international subseries is arranged alphabetically by country and then by an individual’s last name. There are less than fifteen countries and one U.S. territory mentioned.
Subseries 1: State, 1730-2008, Undated
Box Folder
1 1 Alabama, A-B, 1835-1998, Undated
2 Alabama, B, 1823-1935, Undated
3 Alabama, B-C, 1843-1995, Undated
4 Alabama, C-D, 1883-1959, Undated
5 Alabama, D, 1832-1989, Undated
6 Alabama, D-E, 1894-1988, Undated
7 Alabama, F-G, 1833-1952, Undated
8 Alabama, G-H, 1878-1995, Undated
9 Alabama, H, 1890-1997, Undated
10 Alabama, H, 1866-2000, Undated
11 Alabama, H-J, 1884-1996, Undated
12 Alabama, J, 1831-1984, Undated
13 Alabama, J-K, 1904-1989, Undated
14 Alabama, K-L, 1860-1989, Undated
15 Alabama, M, 1884-1993, Undated
16 Alabama, M-P, 1860-1989, Undated
17 Alabama, P, 1831-1950, Undated
18 Alabama, R, 1839-1989, Undated
19 Alabama, R-S, 1887-1992, Undated
20 Alabama, S-T, 1899-1991, Undated
Box Folder
2 1 Alabama, V-W, 1886-1997
2 Alabama, W-Y, 1894-1995, Undated
3 Alabama, unidentified and multiple executions, 1835-2005
4 Alabama, executions recorded in county histories, 1941-1984, Undated
5 Alabama, executions recorded in county histories, 1935-1989, Undated
6 Alabama, executions recorded in statewide records, 1928-1989, Undated
7-13 Alabama, executions in manuscript format, Undated
14 Alabama, unconfirmed and possible executions, 1827-1997, Undated
15-16 Alabama, unconfirmed and possible executions, 1825-1860, Undated
17 Alaska, 1879-1996, Undated
18 Arizona, A-B, 1910-1996, Undated
19 Arizona, B-C, 1916-1998, Undated
20 Arizona, C-D, 1879-1995, Undated
Box Folder
3 1 Arizona, D, 1929-1970, Undated
2 Arizona, F-G, 1911-1999, Undated
3 Arizona, H, 1882-1994
4 Arizona, H, J-L, 1934-1999
5 Arizona, L-M, 1897-1996, Undated
6 Arizona, M-R, 1891-1991, Undated
7 Arizona, S-U, 1914-1991, Undated
8 Arizona, V-W, multiple executions, 1922-1999
9 Arizona, executions recorded in city, county, and statewide records, 1968, 1981, 1986, Undated
10 Arkansas, A-B, 1878-1998, Undated
11 Arkansas, B-C, 1886-1982, Undated
12 Arkansas, C-D, 1893-1997, Undated
13 Arkansas, D-G, 1881-1995, Undated
14 Arkansas, H, 1902-1998, Undated
15 Arkansas, H-L, 1879-1983, Undated
16 Arkansas, L-P, 1874-1996, Undated
17 Arkansas, P-R, 1885-1999, Undated
18 Arkansas, R-S, 1906-2000, Undated
Box Folder
4 1 Arkansas, S, 1909-1995, Undated
2 Arkansas, S-V, 1893-1990, Undated
3 Arkansas, W, 1869-1997, Undated
4 Arkansas, unidentified and multiple executions, 1891-1997, Undated
5 Arkansas, executions recorded in county and statewide records, 1890-1997, Undated
6 Arkansas, unconfirmed and possible executions, Undated
7 California, A, 1879-1995
8 California, A, 1923-1979, Undated
9 California, A-B, 1932-1979, Undated
10 California, B, 1925-1996, Undated
11 California, B, 1913-1996, Undated
12 California, B, 1930-1996
13 California, B, 1916-1955, Undated
14 California, B-C, 1906-1964, Undated
15 California, C, 1933-1988, Undated
16 California, C, 1954-1992, Undated
17 California, C, 1884-1998, Undated
18 California, C, 1939-1989, Undated
Box Folder
5 1 California, C, 1949-1994, Undated
2 California, C-D, 1939-1989, Undated
3 California, D, 1891-1975, Undated
4 California, D, 1895-1986
5 California, D-E, 1937-1962, Undated
6 California, E-F, 1854-1968, Undated
7 California, F-G, 1856-1987, Undated
8 California, G, 1942-1983, Undated
9 California, G, 1914-1984, Undated
10 California, G-H, 1907-1963, Undated
11 California, H, 1989-1992
12 California, H, 1980-1994
13 California, H, 1877-1992, Undated
14 California, H, 1928-1994, Undated
15 California, H-J, 1884-1969, Undated
16 California, J-K, 1885-1994, Undated
17 California, K, 1924-1976, Undated
18 California, K-L, 1929-1980, Undated
Box Folder
6 1 California, L, 1887-1961, Undated
2 California, L, 1936-1989
3 California, L-M, 1885-1995, Undated
4 California, M, 1880-2001, Undated
5 California, M, 1898-1992, Undated
6 California, M-N, 1881-1992, Undated
7 California, N-O, 1866-1988, Undated
8 California, O-P, 1899-1977, Undated
9 California, P, 1864-1980, Undated
10 California, P-R, 1918-1987, Undated
11 California, R, 1896-1996, Undated
12 California, R-S, 1879-1982, Undated
13 California, S, 1884-1973, Undated
14 California, S, 1885-1969, Undated
15 California, S, 1883-1999, Undated
16 California, S, 1899-1994, Undated
17 California, T, 1891-1997
18 California, T-V, 1873-1988
Box Folder
7 1 California, V-W, 1932-1995, Undated
2 California, W, 1884-1996, Undated
3 California, W-Z, 1902-1990, Undated
4 California, Z, 1953-1964
5 California, multiple executions, 1929-1983, Undated
6 California, multiple executions, 1938-1995, Undated
7 California, multiple executions, 1953-1992
8 California, executions recorded in city and county histories, 1880-1990, Undated
9 California, executions recorded in statewide records, 1931-1989, Undated
10 Colorado, A-C, 1881-1992, Undated
11 Colorado, D-F, 1932-1997
12 Colorado, G-J, 1886-1994, Undated
13 Colorado, K-L, 1939-1994, Undated
14 Colorado, M, 1890-1994, Undated
15 Colorado, N-R, 1879-1949, Undated
16 Colorado, S, 1880-1994, Undated
17 Colorado, S-W, 1883-1986
18 Colorado, multiple executions, 1896-1994, Undated
Box Folder
8 1 Colorado, executions recorded in county and statewide records, 1947-1982
2 Connecticut, A-B, 1803-1965, Undated
3 Connecticut, B-C, 1920-1977, Undated
4 Connecticut, C, 1894-1985, Undated
5 Connecticut, C-D, 1749-1989, Undated
6 Connecticut, D, F-K, 1854-1991, Undated
7 Connecticut, K-M, 1816-1991, Undated
8 Connecticut, M-O, 1807-1989, Undated
9 Connecticut, P-R, 1833-1991, Undated
10 Connecticut, R-S, 1858-1989, Undated
11 Connecticut, T,W, Z, 1917-1993, Undated
12 Connecticut, unidentified and multiple executions, 1918-1951, Undated
13 Connecticut, executions recorded in city and statewide records, 1981, Undated
14 Delaware, A-B, 1792-1996, Undated
15 Delaware, C-D, 1878-1996, Undated
16 Delaware, G-P, 1915-1992, Undated
17 Delaware, R-Y, 1850-1996, Undated
18 Delaware, multiple executions, 1917
19 Delaware, executions recorded in statewide records, 1956-1977, Undated
20 District of Columbia, B-H, 1896-1972, Undated
21 District of Columbia, M-N, 1886-1976, Undated
22 District of Columbia, P-T, 1873-1983
23 District of Columbia, executions recorded in district wide records, 1989, Undated
Box Folder
9 1 Florida, A, 1852-1990, Undated
2 Florida, A, 1912-1991, Undated
3 Florida, A-B, 1850-1995, Undated
4 Florida, B, 1891-1995, Undated
5 Florida, B, 1833-1995, Undated
6 Florida, B, 1910-2000, Undated
7 Florida, B-C, 1887-1996, Undated
8 Florida, C, 1848-1998, Undated
9 Florida, C, 1939-1991, Undated
10 Florida, C, 1916-1991
11 Florida, C-D, 1905-1988, Undated
12 Florida, D, 1886-1999, Undated
13 Florida, D, 1982-1986, Undated
14 Florida, D-E, 1926-1993, Undated
15 Florida, F, 1901-1991, Undated
Box Folder
10 1 Florida, F, 1957-1989
2 Florida, F-G, 1902-1986
3 Florida, G, 1849-1984, Undated
4 Florida, G-H, 1897-1991, Undated
5 Florida, H, 1838-1999, Undated
6 Florida, H, 1897-1991, Undated
7 Florida, J, 1853-1943, Undated
8 Florida, J, 1927-1993, Undated
9 Florida, J-K, 1888-1998, Undated
10 Florida, L-M, 1894-1974, Undated
11 Florida, M, 1912-1992, Undated
12 Florida, M, 1911-1992, Undated
13 Florida, M-N, 1875-1997, Undated
14 Florida, N-P, 1894-1995, Undated
15 Florida, P-Q, 1887-2000, Undated
16 Florida, R, 1877-1987, Undated
17 Florida, R-S, 1906-1984, Undated
18 Florida, S, 1848-2000, Undated
Box Folder
11 1 Florida, S, 1895-1998, Undated
2 Florida, S, 1980-1991, Undated
3 Florida, T, 1885-1990, Undated
4 Florida, T, 1986
5 Florida, T-W, 1886-1986, Undated
6 Florida, W, 1887-1995, Undated
7 Florida, W-Y, 1869-2002, Undated
8 Florida, Z and unidentified executions, 1933-2002, Undated
9 Florida, multiple executions, 1846-1976, Undated
10 Florida, executions in city and county histories, 1954-1993, Undated
11 Florida, executions recorded in county histories, 1976-1991
12 Florida, executions recorded in statewide records, 1945-1993
13 Florida, executions recorded in statewide records, Undated
14 Florida, unconfirmed and possible executions, 1856-1926, Undated
15 Georgia, A-B, 1835-2008, Undated
16 Georgia, B, 1867-1988, Undated
17 Georgia, B, 1877-1991, Undated
18 Georgia, B, 1847-1993, Undated
19 Georgia, C, 1901-1998, Undated
20 Georgia, C, 1801-1988, Undated
21 Georgia C, 1819-1991, Undated
22 Georgia, D, 1878-1995, Undated
23 Georgia, D, 1858-1964, Undated
24 Georgia, E, 1821-1973, Undated
Box Folder
12 1 Georgia , F-g, 1851-1997
2 Georgia, G, 1892-1985, Undated
3 Georgia, H, 1903-1994
4 Georgia, H, 1858-1991, Undated
5 Georgia, H-I, 1849-2001
6 Georgia, J, 1833-1991, Undated
7 Georgia, J, 1884-1991, Undated
8 Georgia, K-L, 1884-1996, Undated
9 Georgia, M, 1938-1991
10 Georgia, M, 1885-1995
11 Georgia, M, 1851-1998, Undated
12 Georgia, M, 1882-1987
13 Georgia, M, 1841-1991
14 Georgia, M, 1841-1987, Undated
15 Georgia, N-O, 1815-1992
16 Georgia P-Q, 1857-1975, Undated
17 Georgia, R, 1849-1973, Undated
Box Folder
13 1 Georgia, S, 1859-1975, Undated
2 Georgia, S, 1832-1991
3 Georgia, S, 1985
4 Georgia, S, 1873-1985, Undated
5 Georgia, T-V, 1833-1987, Undated
6 Georgia, W, 1820-1982, Undated
7 Georgia, W, 1906-1987
8 Georgia, W-Y, 1850-1990, Undated
9 Georgia, unidentified executions, 1867, Undated
10 Georgia, multiple executions, 1882-1914, Undated
11 Georgia, executions recorded in county histories, 1889-1995, Undated
12 Georgia, executions recorded in regional histories, 1989
13 Georgia, executions recorded in statewide records, 1887-1995, Undated
14 Georgia, executions recorded in statewide records, 1938-1991, Undated
15 Georgia, unconfirmed and possible executions, 1858-1990
16 Hawaii, 1930-1946
17 Idaho, A-S, 1901-1971, Undated
18 Idaho, S-W, 1888-1994, Undated
19 Idaho, multiple executions, 1887-1989
20 Idaho, executions recorded in statewide records, 1976, Undated
21 Illinois, A, 1933-1995
22 Illinois, B, 1878-1992, Undated
23 Illinois, B, 1854-1997, Undated
24 Illinois, B-C, 1873-1997, Undated
Box Folder
14 1 Illinois, C, 1907-1988
2 Illinois, C-D, 1856-1993, Undated
3 Illinois, D, 1880-1995, Undated
4 Illinois, D-F, 1880-1995, Undated
5 Illinois, G, 1877-1994
6 Illinois, G, 1980-1994
7 Illinois, G, 1879-1988, Undated
8 Illinois, G-H, 1824-1963, Undated
9 Illinois, H-J, 1893-1991, Undated
10 Illinois, J-k, 1919-1986, Undated
11 Illinois, K-L, 1881-1975, Undated
12 Illinois, L-M, 1837-1985, Undated
13 Illinois, M-N, 1878-1997, Undated
14 Illinois, N-P, 1894-1977, Undated
15 Illinois, P, 1893-1993, Undated
16 Illinois, R-S, 1899-1984, Undated
Box Folder
15 1 Illinois, S, 1933-1963, Undated
2 Illinois, S, 1895-1990, Undated
3 Illinois, S, 1913-1996, Undated
4 Illinois, S-T, 1933-1951, Undated
5 Illinois, T-W, 1881-1990, Undated
6 Illinois, W, 1986-1991
7 Illinois, W, 1921-1996, Undated
8 Illinois, W-Z, 1886-1995, Undated
9 Illinois, unidentified and multiple executions, 1885-1995, Undated
10 Illinois, multiple executions, 1912-1957, Undated
11 Illinois, executions recorded in county histories, 1878-1994, Undated
12 Illinois, executions recorded in statewide records, 1887, 1984, 1991, Undated
13 Indiana, A-B, 1879-1983, Undated
14 Indiana, B, 1886-1997, Undated
15 Indiana, B-C, 1884-1997, Undated
16 Indiana, C-F, 1826-1976, Undated
17 Indiana, G-H, 1823-1976, Undated
Box Folder
16 1 Indiana, H-M, 1825-2001, Undated
2 Indiana, M-R, 1822-1981
3 Indiana, R-S, 1838-1996
4 Indiana, S, 1876-1998, Undated
5 Indiana, T-W, 1867-1985, Undated
6 Indiana, multiple executions, 1936-1976
7 Indiana, executions recorded in county and statewide records, 1881-1984, Undated
8 Iowa, B, 1935-1974, Undated
9 Iowa, C-J, 1889-1975, Undated
10 Iowa, J-P, 1865-1983,
11 Iowa, R-W, 1901-1979, Undated
12 Iowa, executions recorded in county and state records, 1850-1977, Undated
13 Kansas, A-H, 1867-1989
14 Kansas, H-L, 1943-1962, Undated
15 Kansas, L-T, 1887-1989, Undated
16 Kansas, executions recorded in statewide records, 1950, Undated
17 Kentucky, A-B, 1857-1990, Undated
18 Kentucky, B, 1899-1990, Undated
19 Kentucky, B, 1911-1990, Undated
20 Kentucky, C, 1885-1990, Undated
Box Folder
17 1 Kentucky, C-D, 1885-1997, Undated
2 Kentucky, E-G, 1886-1990, Undated
3 Kentucky, G, 1849-1986, Undated
4 Kentucky, H, 1823-1996, Undated
5 Kentucky, H-J, 1858-1990, Undated
6 Kentucky, J-M, 1887-1994, Undated
7 Kentucky, M, 1829-1990, Undated
8 Kentucky, M-P, 1878-1992, Undated
9 Kentucky, Q-S, 1853-1974, Undated
10 Kentucky, S-T, 1868-1990, Undated
11 Kentucky, T, 1883-1990, Undated
12 Kentucky, U-W, 1879-1990, Undated
13 Kentucky, W-Y, 1899-1990, Undated
14 Kentucky, multiple executions, 1941-1975, Undated
15 Kentucky, multiple executions, 1892-1990, Undated
16 Kentucky, executions recorded in county histories, 1883-1983, Undated
17 Kentucky, executions recorded in county histories, 1886-1972, Undated
18 Kentucky, executions recorded in statewide records, 1974-1987, Undated
19 Kentucky, unconfirmed executions, 1850, Undated
20 Louisiana, A-B, 1885-1984, Undated
21 Louisiana, B, 1897-1993, Undated
Box Folder
18 1 Louisiana, B, 1831-1997, Undated
2 Louisiana, B-C, 1837-1995, Undated
3 Louisiana, C, 1879-1987, Undated
4 Louisiana, C-D, 1867-1989, Undated
5 Louisiana, D-E, 1831-1979, Undated
6 Louisiana, F-G, 1879-1988, Undated
7 Louisiana, G, 1878-1987, Undated
8 Louisiana, H-J, 1818-1996, Undated
9 Louisiana, J, 1930-1991, Undated
10 Louisiana, K-L, 1830-1988, Undated
11 Louisiana, M, 1806-1991, Undated
12 Louisiana, M-P, 1893-1987, Undated
13 Louisiana, P-R, 1906-1990, Undated
14 Louisiana, S, 1905-1993, Undated
15 Louisiana, S-W, 1837-1995, Undated
16 Louisiana, W, 1885-1998, Undated
17 Louisiana, W-Y, 1885-1963, Undated
18 Louisiana, unidentified executions, 1812-1984, Undated
Box Folder
19 1 Louisiana, multiple executions, 1896-1966, Undated
2 Louisiana, multiple executions, 1837-1984, Undated
3 Louisiana, executions recorded in city and parish histories, 1885-1990
4 Louisiana, executions recorded in statewide records, 1936-1989, Undated
5 Louisiana, executions recorded in statewide records, 1923-1986, Undated
6 Louisiana, unconfirmed executions, 1815-1908, Undated
7 Maine, 1788-1988, Undated
8 Maryland, A-G, 1858-1998, Undated
9 Maryland, G-W, 1820-1993, Undated
10 Maryland, unidentified executions, multiple executions, and executions recorded in statewide records, 1814-1989, Undated
11 Massachusetts, A-B, 1834-1988, Undated
12 Massachusetts, B-C, 1796-1988
13 Massachusetts, C-D, 1739-1984, Undated
14 Massachusetts, D, 1879-1982, Undated
15 Massachusetts, E-F, 1730-1989, Undated
16 Massachusetts, G, 1849-1989, Undated
17 Massachusetts, G-H, 1849-1989, Undated
18 Massachusetts, I-K, 1830-1977, Undated
19 Massachusetts, K-O, 1857-1988, Undated
20 Massachusetts, O-R, 1850-1983, Undated
21 Massachusetts, R-S, 1771-1997, Undated
22 Massachusetts, S, 1936-1991, Undated
Box Folder
20 1 Massachusetts, S, 1935-1991, Undated
2 Massachusetts, T, 1812-1997, Undated
3 Massachusetts, T-Z, 1806-1988, Undated
4 Massachusetts, multiple executions, 1820-1990, Undated
5 Massachusetts, executions recorded in city and county histories, 1878-1992, Undated
6 Massachusetts, executions recorded in statewide records, 1849-1988, Undated
7 Massachusetts, executions recorded in statewide records, 1971-1992, Undated
8 Michigan, 1924-1986, Undated
9 Minnesota, B-H, 1889-1991, Undated
10 Minnesota, H-Y, 1897-1992, Undated
11 Minnesota, multiple executions, 1962, 1976, 1987
12 Mississippi, A-B, 1837-1976, Undated
13 Mississippi, B-C, 1824-1978, Undated
14 Mississippi, C-E, 1818-1989, Undated
15 Mississippi, F-G, 1849-1990, Undated
16 Mississippi, G-H, 1846-1992, Undated
17 Mississippi, H-J, 1845-1946, Undated
18 Mississippi, J-L, 1857-1987, Undated
19 Mississippi, L-M, 1852-1947, Undated
Box Folder
21 1 Mississippi, M-P, 1845-1986, Undated
2 Mississippi, P-R, 1841-1977, Undated
3 Mississippi, S, 1877-1986, Undated
4 Mississippi, S-T, 1849-1995, Undated
5 Mississippi, U-W, 1851-1948, Undated
6 Mississippi, W-Y, 1873-1988, Undated
7 Mississippi, unconfirmed executions, 1828-1950
8 Mississippi, unidentified and multiple executions, 1851-1948, Undated
9 Mississippi, executions recorded in county histories, 1884-1981, Undated
10 Mississippi, executions recorded in statewide records, 1875-1992, Undated
11 Missouri, A-B, 1849-1953, Undated
12 Missouri, B, 1863-1993, Undated
13 Missouri, B-C, 1874-1991, Undated
14 Missouri, C-E, 1821-1991, Undated
15 Missouri, E-G, 1850-1995, Undated
16 Missouri, G, 1879-1995, Undated
17 Missouri, H-J, 1883-1992, Undated
18 Missouri, J-K, 1886-2001, Undated
Box Folder
22 1 Missouri, K-L, 1831-1996, Undated
2 Missouri, L-M, 1846-1993
3 Missouri, M, 1931-1997
4 Missouri, M-O, 1854-1996, Undated
5 Missouri, O-P, 1877-1996, Undated
6 Missouri, P-R, 1857-1999, Undated
7 Missouri, S, 1824-1997, Undated
8 Missouri, S-T, 1830-1996, Undated
9 Missouri, T-W, 1879-1996, Undated
10 Missouri, W-Z, 1888-1996, Undated
11 Missouri, unidentified and multiple executions, 1841-1991, Undated
12 Missouri, executions recorded in city and county histories, 1883-1990, Undated
13 Missouri, executions recorded in county histories, 1883-1981, Undated
14 Missouri, executions recorded in county histories, 1881-1985, Undated
15 Missouri, executions recorded in statewide records, 1881, 1949, 1987, Undated
16 Missouri, unconfirmed executions, 1837-1913
17 Montana, A-H, 1882-1996, Undated
18 Montana, K-M, 1879-1998, Undated
19 Montana, M-R, 1878-1952, Undated
Box Folder
23 1 Montana, S-Z, 1888-1975, Undated
2 Montana, multiple executions and executions recorded in statewide records, 1975, Undated
3 Nebraska, B-F, 1891-1943, Undated
4 Nebraska, H-J, 1887-1996, Undated
5 Nebraska, M-N, 1890-1986
6 Nebraska, N-P, R, 1903-1994
7 Nebraska, R-S, 1879-1994, Undated
8 Nebraska, S-T, W, 1917-1976, Undated
9 Nebraska, executions recorded in county and statewide records, 1892, 1937, 1994, Undated
10 Nevada, A-B, 1948-1990, Undated
11 Nevada, C-F, 1949-1989, Undated
12 Nevada, G-K, 1882-1994, Undated
13 Nevada, L-M, 1868-1985, Undated
14 Nevada, M, P, R, S, 1874-1999, Undated
15 Nevada, S-T, V-W, 1874-1989
16 Nevada, multiple executions and executions recorded in statewide records, 1922-1958, Undated
17 New Hampshire, A-H, 1849-1991, Undated
18 New Hampshire, K-T, 1845-1997, Undated
19 New Hampshire, executions recorded in county and statewide records, 1884-1973, Undated
20 New Jersey, A-B, 1860-1946, Undated
Box Folder
24 1 New Jersey, B, 1895-1988, Undated
2 New Jersey, C, 1883-1999, Undated
3 New Jersey, C, 1879-1976, Undated
4 New Jersey, D, 1857-1985, Undated
5 New Jersey, D-F, 1883-1990
6 New Jersey, F, 1856-1985, Undated
7 New Jersey, G-H, 1796-1949, Undated
8 New Jersey, H (Hauptmann), 1932-1995
9 New Jersey, H (Hauptmann), 1931-1991
10 New Jersey, H (Hauptmann), 1935-1991, Undated
11 New Jersey, H, 1837-1978, Undated
12 New Jersey, H-J, 1875-1958, Undated
13 New Jersey, K-M, 1859-1994, Undated
14 New Jersey, M, 1881-1987, Undated
15 New Jersey, N-S, 1867-1992, Undated
16 New Jersey, S-Z, 1867-1994, Undated
17 New Jersey, unconfirmed executions, Undated
18 New Jersey, multiple executions, 1915-1943
Box Folder
25 1 New Jersey, executions recorded in county, regional, and statewide records, 1881-1987, Undated
2 New Mexico, A-H, 1861-1986, Undated
3 New Mexico, H-M, 1885-1985, Undated
4 New Mexico, M-W, 1883-1992, Undated
5 New Mexico, Y, 1946-1985
6 New Mexico, unidentified and multiple executions, 1897-1991, Undated
7 New Mexico, executions recorded in city, county, and statewide records, 1901-1982, Undated
8 New Mexico, unconfirmed executions, 1948
9 New York, A, 1882-1979
10 New York, A, 1821-1967, Undated
11 New York, A-B, 1880-1964, Undated
12 New York, B, 1837-1994
13 New York, B, 1876-1991, Undated
14 New York, B, 1935-1990
15 New York, B, 1932-1975, Undated
16 New York, B, 1878-1994, Undated
17 New York, B-C, 1869-1977, Undated
18 New York, C, 1829-1951
19 New York, C, 1897-1988, Undated
Box Folder
26 1 New York, C, 1880-1991, Undated
2 New York, C-D, 1854-1991
3 New York, D, 1878-1951, Undated
4 New York, D, 1813-1977, Undated
5 New York, D-E, 1871-1990, Undated
6 New York, E, 1876-1975, Undated
7 New York, E-F, 1825-1986, Undated
8 New York, F, 1910-1991, Undated
9 New York, F-G, 1866-1979, Undated
10 New York, G, 1935-1951, Undated
11 New York, G, 1865-1981, Undated
12 New York, G, 1876-1971, Undated
13 New York, G, 1881-1989
14 New York, G-H, 1876-1989, Undated
15 New York, H, 1819-1989, Undated
16 New York, H, 1817-1978, Undated
17 New York, H-J, 1888-1975, Undated
18 New York, J-K, 1828-1988, Undated
Box Folder
27 1 New York, K, 1865-1955, Undated
2 New York, K-L, 1834-1997, Undated
3 New York, L, 1874-1991, Undated
4 New York, L-M, 1883-1984, Undated
5 New York, M, 1854-1988, Undated
6 New York, M, 1876-1985, Undated
7 New York, M-N, 1937-1964, Undated
8 New York, O-P, 1866-1964, Undated
9 New York, P, 1880-1966, Undated
10 New York, R, 1933-1987, Undated
11 New York, R, 1881-1964, Undated
12 New York, R, 1858-1964, Undated
13 New York, R-S, 1851-1975, Undated
14 New York, S, 1923-1984, Undated
15 New York, S, 1879-1987, Undated
16 New York, S, 1927-1991, Undated
17 New York, S-T, 1878-1991, Undated
Box Folder
28 1 New York, T-V, 1888-1984, Undated
2 New York, V-W, 1917-1963, Undated
3 New York, W, 1819-1988, Undated
4 New York, W, 1858-1984, Undated
5 New York, W-Z, 1797-1989, Undated
6 New York, unidentified, 1988
7 New York, slave insurrections, 1928-1988, Undated
8 New York, multiple executions, 1934-1964, Undated
9 New York, multiple executions, 1914-1988, Undated
10 New York, multiple executions, 1929-1975, Undated
11 New York, multiple executions, 1928-1955, Undated
12 New York, multiple executions, 1934-1985, Undated
13 New York, executions recorded in city and county histories, 1851-1963, Undated
14 New York, executions recorded in statewide records, 1857-1988, Undated
15 New York, executions recorded in statewide records, 1881-1974, Undated
16 New York, executions recorded in statewide records, 1964-1965, Undated
17 New York, executions recorded in statewide records, Undated
18 New York, unconfirmed and possible executions, 1839-1886, Undated
19 North Carolina, A, 1825-1972, Undated
20 North Carolina, B, 1874-1996, Undated
Box Folder
29 1 North Carolina, B, 1822-1956, Undated
2 North Carolina, B, 1847-1959, Undated
3 North Carolina, C, 1830-1956, Undated
4 North Carolina, C-D, 1851-1977, Undated
5 North Carolina, D, 1773-1987, Undated
6 North Carolina, E-F, 1831-1985, Undated
7 North Carolina, F-G, 1888-1992, Undated
8 North Carolina, G, 1818-1995, Undated
9 North Carolina, H, 1849-1954, Undated
10 North Carolina, H-I, 1880-1998, Undated
11 North Carolina, J, 1856-1975, Undated
12 North Carolina, J-K, 1830-1935, Undated
13 North Carolina, L, 1868-1995, Undated
14 North Carolina, M, 1921-1991, Undated
15 North Carolina, M, 1829-1988, Undated
16 North Carolina, M, 1827-1990, Undated
17 North Carolina, O-P, 1858-1984, Undated
Box Folder
30 1 North Carolina, P-R, 1878-1999, Undated
2 North Carolina, S, 1812-1853, Undated
3 North Carolina, S, 1810-1995, Undated
4 North Carolina, S, 1820-1984, Undated
5 North Carolina, T-W, 1810-1848, Undated
6 North Carolina, W, 1810-1987, Undated
7 North Carolina, W, 1854-1986, Undated
8 North Carolina, multiple executions, 1831-1964, Undated
9 North Carolina, executions recorded in city histories, 1983, 1984, 1988
10 North Carolina, executions recorded in county histories, 1920-1985, Undated
11 North Carolina, executions recorded in statewide records, 1886-1901
12 North Carolina, executions recorded in statewide records, 1907, 1937
13 North Carolina, executions recorded in statewide records, 1928-1987, Undated
14 North Carolina, unconfirmed executions, 1827, 1831, 1858, 1937, Undated
15 North Dakota, 1885-1988, Undated
16 Ohio, A-B, 1891-1982, Undated
17 Ohio, B, 1872-1998, Undated
18 Ohio, B-C, 1871-2001, Undated
19 Ohio, C, 1844-1986, Undated
20 Ohio, C-D, 1882-1974, Undated
21 Ohio, D, 1864-1986, Undated
Box Folder
31 1 Ohio, D-E, 1876-1989, Undated
2 Ohio, E-F, 1889-1969, Undated
3 Ohio, F-G, 1897-1982, Undated
4 Ohio, G-H, 1874-1984, Undated
5 Ohio, H, 1927-1974
6 Ohio, H, 1892-1982, Undated
7 Ohio, H-J, 1871-1969, Undated
8 Ohio, J-L, 1884-1974, Undated
9 Ohio, L-M, 1878-1984, Undated
10 Ohio, M, 1876-1974, Undated
11 Ohio, M-P, 1864-1975, Undated
12 Ohio, P, 1890-1952, Undated
13 Ohio, P-R, 1922-1997, Undated
14 Ohio, R, 1921-1990, Undated
15 Ohio, R-S, 1870-1978, Undated
16 Ohio, S, 1930-1997, Undated
17 Ohio, S-T, 1888-1996, Undated
Box Folder
32 1 Ohio, T, 1882-1984, Undated
2 Ohio, T-V, 1922-1976, Undated
3 Ohio, W, 1878-1987, Undated
4 Ohio, W, Y, 1891-1991, Undated
5 Ohio, multiple executions, 1867-1991, Undated
6 Ohio, executions recorded in city and county histories, 1878-1985, Undated
7 Ohio, executions recorded in statewide records, 1965-1991, Undated
8 Oklahoma, B-C, 1891-1997, Undated
9 Oklahoma, C, 1939-1992
10 Oklahoma, D, F, 1933-1998, Undated
11 Oklahoma, F-H, 1927-1995, Undated
12 Oklahoma, H-K, 1908-1996, Undated
13 Oklahoma, L-O, 1933-1998, Undated
14 Oklahoma, O-P, 1940-1992, Undated
15 Oklahoma, Q-R, 1932-1985, Undated
16 Oklahoma, R-S, 1922-1999, Undated
17 Oklahoma, S-T, W, 1940-1995, Undated
18 Oklahoma, W, 1940-1980
19 Oklahoma, executions recorded in statewide records, 1979, Undated
Box Folder
33 1 Oregon, A-C, 1902-1996, Undated
2 Oregon, C-E, 1902-1979, Undated
3 Oregon, F, H, 1894-1998, Undated
4 Oregon, H, J-K, 1911-1975, Undated
5 Oregon, L, 1878-1985, Undated
6 Oregon, L-M, 1887-1997, Undated
7 Oregon, N-S, 1877-1977, Undated
8 Oregon, S-T, W, 1908-1991, Undated
9 Oregon, W, Z, 1977-1996, Undated
10 Oregon, unidentified and multiple exec., 1873-1977, Undated
11 Oregon, executions recorded in county and statewide records, 1951, Undated
12 Pennsylvania, A-B, 1858-1984, Undated
13 Pennsylvania, B, 1878-1988, Undated
14 Pennsylvania, B-C, 1894-1978, Undated
15 Pennsylvania, C, 1799-1987, Undated
16 Pennsylvania, D, 1923-1977, Undated
17 Pennsylvania, D, 1867-1987, Undated
18 Pennsylvania, D-E, 1879-1990, Undated
19 Pennsylvania, E, 1920-1989, Undated
Box Folder
34 1 Pennsylvania, E-F, 1866-1975, Undated
2 Pennsylvania, F-G, 1852-1987, Undated
3 Pennsylvania, G-H, 1901-1986, Undated
4 Pennsylvania, H, 1894-1997, Undated
5 Pennsylvania, H-J, 1875-1985, Undated
6 Pennsylvania, J-K, 1878-1987, Undated
7 Pennsylvania, K-M, 1822-1987, Undated
8 Pennsylvania, M, 1808-1959, Undated
9 Pennsylvania, M, 1932-1987, Undated
10 Pennsylvania, M, 1832-1995, Undated
11 Pennsylvania, P, 1866-1995, Undated
12 Pennsylvania, P, 1938-1957, Undated
13 Pennsylvania, P-R, 1909-1975, Undated
14 Pennsylvania, R-S, 1878-1949, Undated
15 Pennsylvania, S, 1853-1995, Undated
16 Pennsylvania, S-T, 1915-1956, Undated
17 Pennsylvania, T-U, 1824-1975, Undated
Box Folder
35 1 Pennsylvania, V-W, 1908-1976, Undated
2 Pennsylvania, Z, 1985-1995
Oversized Folder
1 1 Pennsylvania and Minnesota newspaper accounts of executions, 1862, 1904, Undated
Box Folder
35 3 Pennsylvania, unidentified and multiple executions, 1877-1970, Undated
4 Pennsylvania, executions recorded in city, county and statewide records, 1866-1992, Undated
5 Rhode Island, A-M, 1737-1988, Undated
6 Rhode Island, P-W, 1832-1988, Undated
7 Rhode Island, unidentified and multiple executions, Undated
8 Rhode Island, executions recorded in statewide records, 1974-1988
9 South Carolina, A-B, 1899-1996, Undated
10 South Carolina, B, 1875-1982, Undated
11 South Carolina, B-D, 1800-1984, Undated
12 South Carolina, D-F, 1820-1997, Undated
13 South Carolina, G, 1908-1991, Undated
14 South Carolina, H, J, 1809-1988, Undated
15 South Carolina, J-M, 1791-1996, Undated
16 South Carolina, M-P, R, 1846-1996, Undated
17 South Carolina, R-S, 1909-1998, Undated
18 South Carolina, S-T, 1876-1998, Undated
19 South Carolina, T, V-W, Y, 1785-1998, Undated
20 South Carolina, unidentified executions, Undated
21 South Carolina, multiple executions, 1893-1982, Undated
Box Folder
36 1 South Carolina, multiple executions, 1877-1987, Undated
2 South Carolina, executions recorded in city and county histories, 1892-1987, Undated
3 South Carolina, executions recorded in statewide records, 1963-1981, Undated
4 South Carolina, unconfirmed executions, 1793-1832, Undated
5 South Dakota, 1902-1992, Undated
6 Tennessee, A-B, 1826-1981, Undated
7 Tennessee, B-C, 1843-2000, Undated
8 Tennessee, D-H, 1879-1997, Undated
9 Tennessee, H, 1843-1964, Undated
10 Tennessee, J-K, 1801-1991, Undated
11 Tennessee, L-N, 1867-1983, Undated
12 Tennessee, O-S, 1819-1992, Undated
13 Tennessee, T-Y, 1883-1960, Undated
14 Tennessee, multiple executions, 1890-1939, Undated
15 Tennessee, executions recorded in city and county histories, 1946-1983, Undated
16 Tennessee, executions recorded in statewide records, 1886-1982, Undated
17 Texas, A, 1879-1995, Undated
18 Texas, A-B, 1907-1997, Undated
19 Texas, B, 1883-1997, Undated
Box Folder
37 1 Texas, B, 1873-2002, Undated
2 Texas, B, 1861-1998, Undated
3 Texas, B, 1878-1997, Undated
4 Texas, B, 1879-1997, Undated
5 Texas, B, 1918-1963, Undated
6 Texas, B-C, 1898-1991, Undated
7 Texas, C, 1880-1997, Undated
8 Texas, C, 1879-1997, Undated
9 Texas, C-D, 1874-1994, Undated
10 Texas, D, 1884-1999, Undated
11 Texas, D-E, 1923-1999, Undated
12 Texas, E, 1955-1992, Undated
13 Texas, F, 1891-1999, Undated
14 Texas, G, 1879-1997, Undated
15 Texas, G, 1885-1974, Undated
16 Texas, G, 1922-2000, Undated
Box Folder
38 1 Texas, G-H, 1878-1994, Undated
2 Texas, H, 1900-1997, Undated
3 Texas, H, 1871-1995, Undated
4 Texas, H, 1938-1998, Undated
5 Texas, H, 1892-1973, Undated
6 Texas, H, J, 1915-2000, Undated
7 Texas, J, 1948-1997, Undated
8 Texas, J, 1838-1995, Undated
9 Texas, J-K, 1898-1993, Undated
10 Texas, K-L, 1901-1997, Undated
11 Texas, L, 1877-1997, Undated
12 Texas, L-M, 1862-1998, Undated
13 Texas, M, 1896-1995, Undated
14 Texas, M, 1889-1995, Undated
15 Texas, M, 1869-1998, Undated
16 Texas, M, 1934-1997, Undated
Box Folder
39 1 Texas, M, 1898-1987, Undated
2 Texas, M-O, 1880-1998, Undated
3 Texas, O-P, 1878-1900, Undated
4 Texas, P, 1926-1993, Undated
5 Texas, P-R, 1901-1998, Undated
6 Texas, R, 1885-1997, Undated
7 Texas, R, 1926-1998, Undated
8 Texas, R-S, 1913-1995, Undated
9 Texas, S, 1893-1997, Undated
10 Texas, S, 1891-1991, Undated
11 Texas, S, 1878-1997, Undated
12 Texas, S-T, 1882-1998, Undated
13 Texas, T-V, 1879-1998, Undated
14 Texas, V-W, 1882-1995, Undated
15 Texas, W, 1886-1997, Undated
16 Texas, W, 1947-1993, Undated
Box Folder
40 1 Texas, W, 1908-1995, Undated
2 Texas, W-Y, 1886-1997, Undated
3 Texas, multiple executions, 1924, 1968, 1984
4 Texas, executions recorded in city histories, 1968-1985, Undated
5 Texas, executions recorded in county histories, 1882-1988, Undated
6 Texas, executions recorded in county histories, 1936-1995, Undated
7 Texas, executions recorded in county histories, 1949-1982, Undated
8 Texas, executions recorded in statewide records, 1948-1998, Undated
9 Texas, unconfirmed and possible executions, 1898-1995, Undated
10 Utah, A-C, 1922-1996
11 Utah, C-F, 1888-1984, Undated
12 Utah, G-F, 1887-1994, Undated
13 Utah, K-M, 1869-1997, Undated
14 Utah, N-W, 1879-1999, Undated
15 Utah, executions recorded in statewide records, 1951-1975, Undated
16 Vermont, A-M, 1839-1985, Undated
17 Vermont, M-W, 1867-1975, Undated
18 Vermont, executions recorded in statewide records, Undated
19 Virginia, A, 1795-1981, Undated
20 Virginia, A-B, 1805-1995, Undated
21 Virginia, B, 1791-1997, Undated
Box Folder
41 1 Virginia, B, 1922-1990, Undated
2 Virginia, B-C, 1815-1997, Undated
3 Virginia, C, 1787-1991, Undated
4 Virginia, C, 1887-1992, Undated
5 Virginia, C, 1821-1996, Undated
6 Virginia, D-E, 1765-1998, Undated
7 Virginia, E-F, 1806-1992, Undated
8 Virginia, F-G, 1796-1999, Undated
9 Virginia, G-H, 1900-1997, Undated
10 Virginia, H, 1822-1996, Undated
11 Virginia, I-J, 1818-1992, Undated
12 Virginia, J-L, 1883-1991, Undated
13 Virginia, L-M, 1896-1985, Undated
14 Virginia, M, 1808-1997, Undated
15 Virginia, N-P, 1772-1999, Undated
16 Virginia, P, R, 1813-1993, Undated
Box Folder
42 1 Virginia, R-S, 1801-1997, Undated
2 Virginia, S, 1902-1994
3 Virginia, S-T, 1777-1998, Undated
4 Virginia, T,V-W, 1805-1997, Undated
5 Virginia, W, 1807-1993, Undated
6 Virginia, W, Y, 1787-1999, Undated
7 Virginia, unidentified executions, 1860-1990, Undated
8 Virginia, multiple executions, 1778-1989, Undated
9 Virginia, multiple executions, 1951, 1993
10 Virginia, executions recorded in city histories, 1877-1989
11 Virginia, executions recorded in county histories, 1870-1993, Undated
12 Virginia, executions recorded in country histories, 1932-1978, Undated
13 Virginia, slave executions recorded in statewide records, 1852, 1985, Undated
14 Virginia, slave executions recorded in statewide records, 1911-1996, Undated
15 Virginia, unconfirmed and possible executions, 1799-1958, Undated
16 Washington, A-F, 1886-1993, Undated
17 Washington, H, 1936-1976, Undated
18 Washington, H-J, 1873-1987, Undated
19 Washington, L, 1901-1993
20 Washington, M-N, 1893-1997, Undated
Box Folder
43 1 Washington O-R, 1905-1951, Undated
2 Washington S, 1902-1976
3 Washington T-W, 1881-1984
4 Washington, executions recorded in county and statewide records, 1959-1986, Undated
5 West Virginia, A-D, 1805-1995, Undated
6 West Virginia, E-K, 1881-1957, Undated
7 West Virginia, M-P, 1887-1963, Undated
8 West Virginia, P-Y, 1824-1991, Undated
9 West Virginia, multiple executions, 1938-1958, Undated
10 West Virginia, executions recorded in county and statewide records, 1958-2002, Undated
11 Wisconsin, 1846-1995, Undated
12 Wyoming, B-H, 1914-1992
13 Wyoming, H, 1960-1993, Undated
14 Wyoming, H-Y, 1892-1997, Undated
15 Wyoming, executions recorded in statewide records, 1984, Undated
16 Executions, state unknown, Undated
17 Multiple States, botched executions, 1996, 2005
18 Multiple states, crime notebooks 1-2, Undated
19 Multiple states, crime notebooks 4-5, Undated
20 Multiple states, elimination of witnesses, 1988
21 Multiples states, excerpts from Celebrated Criminal Cases of America, 1910
22 Multiple states, excerpts from Criminal Justice in Colonial America, 1983
23 Multiple states, excerpts from Designs in Scarlet, 1939
24 Multiple states, excerpts from First Degree, 1960
25 Multiple states, excerpts from Imprisoned in America, 1973
26 Multiple states, excerpts from The Journal of Negro History, 1916
27 Multiple states, excerpts from The Mold of Murder, 1961
28 Multiples states, excerpts from The Murderer and this Victim, 1961
29 Multiple states, excerpts from Mysteries of Crime, 1870
30 Multiple states, excerpts from Night Stick, 1947
31 Multiple states, excerpts from Ransom Kidnapping in America, 1978
32 Multiple states, excerpts from Women Who Kill, 1980
Box Folder
44 1 Multiple states, executions by year, 1878-1880, 1882-1918, Undated
2 Multiple states, executions in Georgia and Virginia, newspapers, Undated
3 Multiple states, executions in Louisiana newspapers, Undated
4 Multiple states, executions in Maryland newspapers, Undated
5 Multiple states, executions in Mississippi newspapers, Undated
6 Multiple states, executions in New York newspapers, Undated
7 Multiple states, executions in Pennsylvania newspapers, Undated
8 Multiple states, executions in Rhode Island newspapers, Undated
9 Multiple states, executions in South Carolina, newspapers, Undated
10 Multiple States, hangings, 1992-1993, Undated
11 Multiple states, innocents executed, 1988
12 Multiple states, juveniles executed, Undated
13 Multiple states, last executions pre-Furman, Undated
14 Multiple states, legal executions in the American South, 1987
15 Multiple states, lists and notes on executions, 1985-1986, 1990, Undated
16 Multiple states, New England research, 1988, Undated
17 Multiple states, newspapers with two or more execution accounts, 1875-1995
18 Multiple states, The Noose and the Chair, Undated
19 Multiple states, record of Espy notes on various executions, Undated
20 Multiple states, women executed, 1991, Undated
Subseries 2: Federal, 1790-2002, Undated
Box Folder
44 21 Federal, A-B, 1790-1985, Undated
22 Federal, B-C, 1819-2002, Undated
23 Federal, D, 1936-1976, Undated
24 Federal, D-F, 1820-1980, Undated
25 Federal, G-H, 1831-1933, Undated
26 Federal, H, 1862-1991, Undated
27 Federal, H, J-M, 1860-1994, Undated
28 Federal, M, O-P, 1930-2001, Undated
29 Federal, R-S, 1902-1997, Undated
30 Federal, S-T, W, 1877-1987, Undated
31 Federal, multiple executions, 1827-1997, Undated
Box Folder
45 1 Federal, multiple executions, 1876-1985, Undated
2 Federal, Nazi saboteur executions, 1942-1991
3 Federal, execution lists, Undated
4 Federal, unconfirmed and possible executions, 1988, Undated
Subseries 3: Military, 1861-1995, Undated
Box Folder
45 5 Military, A-G, 1864-1998, Undated
6 Military, H-N, 1861-1989, Undated
7 Military, P-W, 1863-1989, Undated
Oversized Folder
1 2 Military death sentence ledger, Undated
Box Folder
45 8 Military, multiple executions, 1829-1991, Undated
9 Military, multiple executions, 1863-1993, Undated
10 Military, multiple executions, 1945-1995, Undated
Box Folder
46 1 Military, multiple executions, 1951-1992, Undated
2 Military unconfirmed and possible executions, 1862, Undated
Subseries 4: Native American Tribal, 1823-1986, Undated
Box Folder
46 3 Native American tribal executions, 1823-1986,, Undated
Subseries 5: International, 1759-1992, Undated
Box Folder
46 4 International - Australia, 1948
5 International - Canada, 1890-1960, Undated
6 International - China, 1934
7 International - Denmark, 1949
8 International - England, 1759-1969, Undated
9 International - France, 1937-1976, Undated
10 International - Germany, 1935-1952
11 International - Hungary, Undated
12 International - India, 1945, 1949
13 International - Italy, 1948
14 International - Japan, 1937
15 International - Panama, 1946
16 International - Philippines, 1992
17 International - Puerto Rico, 1900, 1902
18 International - U.S. Virgin Islands, 1829, 1874, Undated
Series 3: The Capital Punishment Research Project, 1974-1999, Undated 3.5 cu. ft.
Arranged alphabetically.
This series features administrative records of Watt Espy’s efforts to chronicle every government-sanctioned execution in the United States as part of his Capital Punishment Research Project. Espy was the only full-time employee of this organization although he worked with paid graduate assistants while at the University of Alabama School of Law.
Through correspondence, this series recounts Espy’s work at the university, including the tribulations of his work on the National Science Foundation grant to produce a dataset of executions in the United States and relations with his academic partner on the grant. Espy writes often of his difficulties with the dataset, outlining errors committed by others during the data entry process, such as using the wrong code for type of execution, misspelling prisoner names, and typing in incorrect dates. There are numerous computer printouts of the dataset.
The series also contains Espy’s work from his home in Headland. There are his hard-copy and handwritten ledgers listing the executions he researched and their particulars. Files document administrative activities, including issuing invoices, paying bills, and submitting a copyright registration request. Date books from 1986-1990 and 1995 describe research requests, appointments, talks, meetings and telephone conversations.
Box Folder
47 1 Advisory Board, 1984-1985, Undated
2 Bills recorded and paid, 1974-1977, 1993
3 Capital Punishment Research Project lists of confirmations, 1978, 1985, 1989-1992, 1996-1998
4 Codes for data entry for the Espy file, 1985, Undated
5 Copyright registration, 1985
Oversized
2 Data printouts of execution research study, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1990
Oversized
3 Data printouts of execution research study, 1986
Oversized
4 Data printouts of execution research study, 1987
Box Folder
47 6 Death penalty in America: Current research, 1988
7 Espy file index, Undated
Oversized
5 Espy handwritten ledger, chronological order, Undated
Oversized
6 Espy handwritten ledger, chronological order, Undated
Oversized
7 Espy handwritten ledger, by state, Undated
Oversized
8 Espy personal datebooks, 1986-1990
Box Folder
47 8 Executions in America: The Espy File, 1987, Undated
9 Form letters, Undated
10 Invoices issued, 1986-1991, 1993-1999
11 National Science Foundation grant publicity, 1984
12 Price list, Undated
13 Press release from the University of Alabama, 1982
14 Smykla, 1985, Undated
15 University of Alabama Law school: hiring, tax and salary correspondence, 1977, 1983-1986
16 University of Alabama school of Law and National Science Foundation grant work, 1982-1985
17 University of Alabama school of Law and National Science Foundation grant work, 1986-1987, 1989, Undated
Series 4: Subject Files, 1803-2001, Undated 6.5 cu. ft.
Arranged alphabetically.
The Watt Espy subject files contain a variety of materials that supplement information in the other series without necessarily being directly related. Researchers will find background information on the history of capital punishment, death penalty statistics, and a few files on crime in general. There are folders devoted to crime and punishment in many individual states and territories, though not all of them are represented. The subject files also contain information on the various methods of execution employed across the country, mainly hanging, gassing, electrocution, and lethal injection. Additionally, there are death penalty-related topics such as physician participation, editorial pieces dealing with ethics of capital punishment, execution of prisoners with low IQs, background materials on the death penalty in early America, and a few assorted death penalty research projects that Espy followed. There are also assorted photos, many of which feature inmates and prisons. Images of identified and unidentified individuals executed are presumed to be the ones that filled the walls of Espy’s house.
The subject files mainly are comprised of secondary source materials collected by Espy by virtue of his interest in the topics or actively used by him in his research. Occasionally there are entire photocopied books, or chapters of books, which have been retained due to the age and/or scarcity of the originals from which they were taken.
Many folders have items dated in the 1950s and earlier, some even to the 1800s, but those dates reflect the age of the content, not the documents themselves. Most of the papers in the subject files are photocopies obtained by Espy from the 1970s to the 1990s. Also, please note that the date spans in this series are not inclusive.
Box Folder
48 1 Agresti, David-- Research materials, 1940, 1979, Undated
2-3 Agresti, David-- Research materials, Undated
4 Alabama, 1816, 1921, 1950-1953
5 Alabama, 1896, 1913, 1975-1993
6 Alabama, lynchings, 1871-1990, Undated
7 Alabama, non-capital, A-M, 1841-2001
8 Alabama, non-capital, O-Z, 1823-2001, Undated
9 Alabama, non-capital, county and statewide records, 1870-1976, Undated
10 American Civil Liberties Union, 1976
11 Arizona, 1928-1943, 1974-1992
12 Arizona, non-capital, 1939-1998, Undated
13 Arizona, lynchings, 1982, 1956, 1986
14 Arkansas, 1931, 1986-1992
15 Arkansas, non-capital, 1985-1986, Undated
16 Arkansas, lynchings, 1874-1936
17 Bibliographies, 1930, 1970, 1982, 1983
18 California, 1882, 1891, 1931-1961, 1976-1995, Undated
19 California, lynchings, 1881-1992
20 California, non-capital, 1933-1991
21 Canada, 1973, 1987, Undated
22 Capital offenses in Mosaic code, Undated
23 Capital punishment, general, 1984-1990, Undated
24 Capital punishment, general, 1949, 1967, 1981-1988, Undated
25 Capital punishment, general, 1929, 1948, 1973-1988, 1990-1995, Undated
26 Capital punishment, general, 1942-1958, 1971-1989, 1993-1997, Undated
27 Capital punishment, general, 1930-1939, 1980-1989, Undated
28 Capital punishment, general, 1930-1939, 1979, 1980-1989, Undated
29 Capital punishment, general, 1909, 1957, 1985, 1996, Undated
Box Folder
49 1 Capital punishment history, 1920-1962, 1985, 1989, 1994-1995, Undated
2 Capital punishment statistics, 1955, 1970, 1983-1988, 1999-2000
3 Capital punishment statistics, 1973, 1975-1977
4 Capital punishment statistics, 1930-1970
5 Cartoons, 1988, 1990, 1998, Undated
6 Colonial period, 1928, 1933, 1945, 1958, 1975
7 Colonial period, 1971, 1974-1978, Undated
8 Colorado, 1947, 1972, 1978, 1987-1996
9 Colorado, lynchings, 1879-1988, Undated
10 Colorado, non-capital, 1937-1966
11 Connecticut, 1803, 1836, 1930-1965, 1972-1995
12 Connecticut, non-capital, 1948-1988, Undated
13 Consensual execution, 1993, 1995, Undated
14 Cook, Kerry Max, 1988-1994, Undated
15 Cost of capital punishment, 1948, 1981, 1985-1998, Undated
16 Court decisions, 1985-1988, Undated
17 Crime general, 1932, 1943-1947, 1994
18 Death before execution date, 1901-1931, 1983-2001, Undated
19 Death penalty bridge week packet, 1993
20 Delaware, 1991
21 Deterrence, 1979, 1984, 1989-1990
22 Discrimination, 1953, 1984-1998, Undated
23 District of Columbia, 1928-1946, 1960, 1978
24 District of Columbia, non-capital, 1864-1937
25 Duddings prison story, 1918
26 Electrocutions, 1880, 1931-1965, 1973-1985, 1990-1996, Undated
27 Espy research materials, 1927, 1984-1995, Undated
28 Espy research materials, 1980, Undated
29 Espy research materials, Undated
30 Espy research materials, 1985
Box Folder
50 1 Espy research materials, 1979, Undated
2 Espy research materials, 1977, 1990, Undated
3 Espy research materials, 1972, Undated
4 Espy research materials, 1939, 1962, 1973, 1978, Undated
5 Execution witnesses, 1931, 1941
6 Executions, 1937-1957, 1983-1991
7 Executions: pro and con, 1922-1956, 1974-1997, Undated
8 Executions: pro and con, 1988-1996, Undated
9 Federal executions, 1986, 1989, 1995
10 Federal, non-capital, 1936, 1963, 2000
11 Federal legislation, 1970, 1986, Undated
12 Florida, 1923-1932, 1949, 1979-1993
13 Florida, 1973-1998, Undated
14 Florida, lynchings, 1837-1994, Undated
15 Florida, non-capital A-S, 1896-1999, Undated
16 Florida, non-capital V-Y, 1907-1975
17 Florida, non-capital, county and statewide records, 1984-1998, Undated
18 Foreigners, 1997, 2001
19 Forgiveness, 1996, 1999
20 Gas executions, 1935, 1947, 1988-1993
21 Grigson, James/ Dr. Death, 1988, 1992
22 Georgia, 1931-1935, 1973-1993
23 Georgia, lynchings, 1891-1988, Undated
24 Georgia, non-capital, 1859-1987, Undated
25 Guillotine, 1956
26 Hanging, 1878, 1905, 1933-1948, 1978-1996
27 Hawaii, non-capital, 1936
28 Idaho, non-capital, 1943, 2001
29 Illinois, 1986, 1990-1994
30 Illinois, 1927-1957, 1973-1993
31 Illinois, lynchings, 1844-1933
32 Illinois, non-capital A-M, 1934-1998, Undated
33 Illinois, non-capital N-W, 1936-1990
34 Images, Death Row portraits of Mark Jenkinson, Undated
35 Images, execution invitations, gravestones, reward posters, historic sites, Undated
36 Images, identified portraits of individuals executed likely from the walls of Espy's home, 1938-1994, Undated
37 Images, identified portraits of individuals executed likely from the walls of Espy's home, Undated
Oversized Folder
1 3 Images, identified portraits of individuals executed- Oversized, Undated
Box Folder
51 1 Images, portraits of persons not executed but who were or are on death row, 1979, 1983-1985, Undated
2 Images, unidentified executions and execution equipment, 1977, 1982, 1988, Undated
3-5 Images, unidentified images, possibly of persons executed and taken from the walls of Espy's home, Undated
6 Indiana, 1937, 1988-1991, 1996
7 Indiana, lynchings, 1890-1993, Undated
8 Indiana, non-capital, 1930-2001
9 Innocents, 1951, 1979, 1984-2001, Undated
10 Iowa, 1991-1992
11 Iowa, lynchings, 1857, 1875, 1984, Undated
12 Iowa, non-capital, 1943-1968, Undated
13 Insanity, 1941, 1947, 1972
14 International, non-capital, 1979
15 Judge Isaac Parker and Fort Smith, Arkansas, 1908, 1949, 1970-1977
16 Jurors, 1945, 1986, 1990, 1997
17 Juveniles, 1954-1956, 1977, 1983-1999
18 Kansas, 1938, 1963-1998
19 Kansas, lynchings, 1902-1988
20 Kansas, non-capital, 1991
21 Kentucky, 1874-1900, 1935-1951, 1970, 1980-1992
22 Kentucky, 1892, 1924-1954, 1989-1992, Undated
23 Kentucky, lynchings, 1858-1990, Undated
24 Kentucky, non-capital, 1901-2000, Undated
25 Last meals, 1947, 1990, 1998
26 Last words, 1944, 1992, 1995, Undated
27 Law enforcement killed on duty, 1958, 1970, 1984-1986, Undated
28 Lethal injection, 1979-1993, Undated
29 Louisiana, 1925-1941, 1970, 1982-1983
30 Louisiana, 1874-1890, 1930-1961, 1970-1989
31 Louisiana, lynchings, 1811-1979, Undated
32 Louisiana, non-capital, 1882-1998, Undated
33 Low IQ, 1988-1989
34 Lynchings, 1962, 1969
35 Lynchings, 1894, 1899, 1934, 1937
36 Lynchings, the crisis articles, 1910-1926
37 Lynching statistics, 1912-1970, Undated
38 Maine, non-capital, 1938
39 Maryland, 1936-1967, 1977-1991, Undated
40 Maryland, lynchings, 1880, 1934
41 Maryland, non-capital, 1934, 1996
Box Folder
52 1 Massachusetts, 1850-1854, 1934-1958, 1977-1999, Undated
2 Massachusetts, Undated
3 Massachusetts, 1936-1957
4 Mentally disabled, 1989, 1997, 2001, Undated
5 Michigan, 1948-1978, Undated
6 Michigan, non-capital, 1935-1946
7 Military, 1940-1959, 1977-1996, Undated
8 Military, non-capital, 1945, 1990
9 Minnesota, lynchings, 1882
10 Minnesota, non-capital, 1942
11 Mississippi, 1928-1940, 1951, 1969-1987, Undated
12 Mississippi, lynchings, 1892-1959
13 Mississippi, non-capital, 1934-1985, Undated
14 Missouri, 1882, 1929-1952, 1987-1998
15 Missouri, lynchings, 1896-1942
16 Missouri, non-capital, 1902-1998, Undated
17 Montana, non-capital, 1900, 1954
18 Multiple state, lynchings, 1880, Undated
19 Murder, Incorporated, 1939-1945, 1951, 1994
20 Murder, Incorporated, 1937, 1940-1945, 1951-1965
21 Nebraska, lynchings, 1890, Undated
22 Nebraska, non-capital, 1939, 1951, 1998
23 Nevada, 1991, 1995, Undated
24 Nevada, lynchings, 1985-1987
25 Nevada, non-capital, 1955-1998
26 New Hampshire, 1955, 1974-1990, Undated
27 New Hampshire, non-capital, 1955
28 New Jersey, 1954, 1978, 1986, 1990
29 New Jersey, non-capital, 1903-1996
30 New Mexico, 1948, 1953, 1977-1991
31 New Mexico, lynchings, 1970, Undated
32 New Mexico, non-capital, 1981
33 New York, 1930-1963, 1978-1995, Undated
34 New York, non-capital, A-M, 1934-1996, Undated
35 New York, non-capital, O-W, 1937-1988
36 New York, non-capital statewide records, 1946, Undated
37 North Carolina, 1925-1945, 1964-1993, -1730
38 North Carolina, lynchings, 1921, 1986
39 North Carolina, non-capital, 1926-1970, Undated
40 North Dakota, lynchings, Undated
41 North Dakota, non-capital, 1956
42 Official Detective articles, 1934-1938, 1953
43 Ohio, 1889, 1891, 1922-1950, 1983-1995, Undated
44 Ohio, 1889, 1891, 1922-1950, 1983, Undated
45 Ohio, 1960-1973, 1982, Undated
46 Ohio, 1961, 1973, 1991, 2000, Undated
Box Folder
53 1 Ohio, lynchings, 1895-1918
2 Ohio, non-capital, B-R, 1933-1975, Undated
3 Ohio, non-capital, S-W, 1934-1993
4 Ohio, non-capital, statewide, 1991
5 Oklahoma, lynchings, 1880-1913
6 Oklahoma, non-capital, 1940-1999
7 Oregon, 1935, 1952, 1970-1997
8 Oregon, non-capital, 1939, 1946, 1948
9 Pain during execution, 1990-1994
10-11 Pennsylvania, 1944-1949, 1966-1968, 1984, Undated
12 Pennsylvania, 1891, 1942-1998, Undated
13 Pennsylvania, non-capital, 1931-1998
14 Philippines, 1989
15 Physician participation, Undated
16 Prejean, Sister Helen, 1990, 1996-1997
17 Prison life, 1942, 1970-1971, 1987-1998
18 Psychological Perspectives, 1968, 1986, Undated
19 Quality of death row defense, 1987, 1990, 1998
20 Real Detective magazine articles, 1931, 1933, 1934
21 Religious views, 1941, 1988-2000
22 Rhode Island, 1989, 1995
Oversized Folder
1 4 Signed pen-and-ink drawing of electric chair, 1992
Box Folder
53 23-24 Slavery, 1896, 1921, 1939, 1966-1976, 1980
25 South Carolina, 1950-1962, 1982-1996
26 South Carolina, lynchings, 1857-1902, Undated
27 South Carolina, non-capital, 1935-1989, Undated
28 South Dakota, 1942, 1985
29 South Dakota, lynchings, 1885
30 South Dakota, non-capital, 1937
31 Supreme court decisions, 1969, 1983-1988, Undated
32 Tennessee, 1942, 1949, 1971-1992, Undated
33 Tennessee, lynchings, 1878-1985
34 Tennessee, non-capital, 1936-1937, 1974, 1983
35 Tesla, Nikola, Undated
36 Texas, 1905, 1932-1940, 1967-1995, Undated
37 Texas, 1895, 1972-1998, Undated
38 Texas, 1983-1999, Undated
39 Texas, lynchings, 1858-1994, Undated
40 Texas, non-capital, 1879-2001
41 Thomas Albert petition, 1985
42 Torture, 1986, 1998
Artifact-Box
1 Trading cards, opened and unopened, 1992
Box Folder
53 43 True Detective series by Luke S. May, 1932-1940
Box Folder
54 1 True Detective articles, 1931, 1933, 1934, 1946
2 Utah, 1992
3 Utah, lynchings, 1863
4 Utah, non-capital, 1945
5 Van Raalte Project, 1985
6-7 Virginia, 1962, 1985, 1998
8 Virginia, 1965, 1985-1992
9 Virginia, lynchings, 1936, Undated
10 Virginia, non-capital, 1935-2001, Undated
11 Wardens office notices and death penalty procedures, 1963-1964
12 Washington, 1952, 1960, 1980-1989, Undated
13 Washington, lynchings, 1891-1975
14 Washington, non-capital, 1936-1960
15 West Virginia, 1932, 1994, Undated
16 West Virginia, lynchings, 1957, Undated
17 Williams, Wayne, Undated
18 Wisconsin, 1958, 1989, 1995
19 Wisconsin, non-capital, 1932, 1940, 1957
20 Women, 1930-1967, 1984-1996
21 Wyoming, 1932, 1966
Series 5: Correspondence, 1962-2007, Undated 7.5 cu. ft.
Arranged alphabetically.
Watt Espy sent and received a significant amount of correspondence as part of his work on the Capital Punishment Research Project. The majority of correspondence, however, was not organized when it arrived at the University at Albany. The archivists elected to arrange it into two groups: files devoted to prominent or regular correspondents, and general correspondence. The former includes key academics (Michael Radelet, Hugo Bedeau, Margaret Vandiver), attorneys (The California Appellate Project, NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Ohio Public Defender’s Office), death penalty abolitionists and advocacy group executives (Rev. Joe Ingle, Sister Helen Prejean, Henry Schwarzschild), prominent prisoners and their families (Kerry Max Cook, Gary McGivern), and researchers who frequently corresponded with Espy. There were also a small number of files that Espy organized by subject, such as letters to and from prisoners, telephone inquiries, or correspondence relating to executions in a particular state, and the archivists retained this order and kept the files in the first group. The second group includes more infrequent correspondents, usually general inquiries sent to libraries or archives for records relating to individuals executed or for research requests.
Please see Series 3: Capital Punishment Research Project for correspondence specifically relating to Espy’s work at the University of Alabama School of Law and the National Science Foundation grant and Series 6: Biographical Materials for correspondence related to some of Espy’s publications, testimony, speaking events, and signed portrait and autograph collection.
Box Folder
55 1 Abbott, Jack, 1981
2 Agresti, David, University of South Florida, 1981, 1984-1987
3 Agresti, David, University of South Florida, 1988
4 Agresti, David, University of South Florida, 1988, 1996
5 Allen, Howard, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, 1995-1996
6 Alabama closed, 1974-1980, 1982-1986
7 Alabama Coalition Against the Death Penalty, 1983-1984, Undated
8 Alabama legislature, 1981
9 Alabama outstanding, 1976-1979, 1981-1986
10 Alabama Peace Officers' Association, 1981
11 Alabama Prison Project, 1980, 1982-1987, 1989, 1997, Undated
12 Alaska, 1977, 1986
13 Amnesty International, Austrian Section, 1985
14 Amnesty International USA, 1988-1989, 1991, 1993
15 Andrews, George, Congress of the United States, 1962, 1964, 1968-1969
16 The Angolite, Louisiana State Prison, William Rideaux and Ronald Wikberg, 1987-1992, 1995, Undated
17 Arizona closed, 1974, 1977, 1979, 1981-1984
18 Arizona open, 1977, 1980-1982, 1984
19 Arkansas closed, 1974-1977, 1979, 1981-1984, 1986
20 Arkansas outstanding, 1976-1978, 1981-1982, 1985
21 The Atlanta Constitution, Tom Teppen, Bill Shipp, 1985-1986
22 Bailey, William C., Cleveland State University, 1984, 1986
23 Barnard, William, University of Alabama, 1982, 1984
24 Beatty, Sam, Justice- Supreme Court of Alabama, 1985-1986
25 Bedau, Hugo, 1980-1983
26 Bedau, Hugo, 1984-1989
27 Bedau, Hugo, Undated
28 Bevill, Tom, Congress of the United States, House of Representatives, 1986
29 Bexar County, Texas, District clerk, 1978-1980
30 Biffle, Kent, Dallas Morning News, 1995-1996
31 Blackwelder, Robert E., Wallace Community College, 1984-1985, 1988, 1992
32 Blaine, Quentin, 1987
33 Bowers, William, Northeastern University, 1984-1986
34 Bray, Bendard, Talladega College, 1983, 1989, Undated
35 Buffalo and Erie County Public Library, 1978-1979
36 Bushwhacker Museum, Vernon County (MS) Historical Society, 1977
37 California Appellate Project, Allen Hopper, Michael Millman, Lisa Short, 1983-1989, 1991, 2001
38 California closed, 1974-1977, 1979-1983, 1985-1986
39 California outstanding, 1976-1978, 1981-1984
40 Callahan, Harriet, Louisiana State Library, 1986
41 Callahan, Marguerite, 1975-1977, 1979-1980, Undated
42 Capital Collateral Representative, Ken Driggs, Michael Mello Larry Helm Spalding, Terry Farley Walsh, 1985, 1990-1992
43 Capital Collateral Representative, Ken Driggs, Larry Helm Spalding, Terry Farley Walsh, 1992-1993
44 Christianson, Scott, 1982, 1983, 1985
45 Chattanooga Public Library, 1974-1975
46 Clemency Requests and Related Correspondence, 1979-1980, 1983-1988, 1994, Undated
47 Committee Against Executions, Valda Winsloe Restrepo, 1981
48 Commonwealth of Kentucky, Department of Public Advocacy, 1986, 1989
49 Conyers, John, Congress of the United States, House of Representatives, 1985-1987
Box Folder
56 1 Cook, Kerry Max, 1988-1989
2 The Courier- Journal/ The Louisville Times, 1987
3 CURE, Charles Sullivan, 1985-1986, 1989, 1995, 1999, 2002
4 Dallas Public Library, 1982
5 Death Penalty Information Center, 1993, 2000
6 Dent, Rick, 1983, 1985, Undated
7 Denton, Jeremiah, Congress of the United States, Senate, 1985-1986
8 Dickson, William, Congress of the United States, House of Representatives, 1976, 1979
9 Dicks, Shirley, 1985, 1989, 2001, Undated
10 Erdahl, Bishop Lowell, 1985-1986
11 Eastern Shore Public Library, 1976-1977, 1979, 1983
12 Equal Justice Initiative of Alabama, 1995, 1998
13 Fairchild, Halford, University of California, 1986
14 Fayette County (TN) Historian, 1977, 1979
15 Feingold, Russell, Congress of the United States, Senate, 2001
16 Flippo, Ronnie, Congress of the United States, House of Representatives, 1986, 1989
17 Foster, Burk, The University of Southwestern Louisiana, 1990
18 Foster, Burk, The University of Southwestern Louisiana, 1996, 1999-2000
19 Frazier, Harriet, Central Missouri State University, 1985-1988
20 Frazier, Harriet, Central Missouri State University, 1989-1990
21 Frazier, Harriet, Central Missouri State University, 1991-1994, 2001, Undated
22 Gautier, Benard, 1984
23 Geimer, William, Washington and Lee University, 1985-1990, Undated
24 Gillespie, Kay, 1985-1986
25 Glasscock, John, 1985-1987
26 Glasspole, Florizel, Governor-General of Jamaica, 1986
27 Gonzales County Historical Commission, 1977, 1980
28 Gorman, Jerome, 1985-1988, 1991
29 Gorman, Jerome and Donna, 1984-1986, Undated
30 Gorman, Jerome and Donna, 1987-1988, Undated
31 Halperin, Rick, Amnesty International, Southern Methodist University, 1988, 1995
32-34 Halperin, Rick, Amnesty International, Southern Methodist University, 1997
35 Halperin, Rick, Amnesty International, Southern Methodist University, 1998
36 Halperin, Rick, Amnesty International, Southern Methodist University (1 of 2), 1999
Box Folder
57 1 Halperin, Rick, Amnesty International, Southern Methodist University (2 of 2), 1999
2 Halperin, Rick, Amnesty International, Southern Methodist University, 2000
3 Hayes, Roger Dale, 1988
4 Hayes, Roger Dale, 1988, 1992
5 Hearn, Daniel, 1987-1990
6 Hearn, Daniel, 1990-1992, 1995-1998
7 Hearn, Daniel, 1999-2002, 2005, Undated
8 Heflin, Howell, Congress of the United States, Senate, 1989
9 Herron, Roy Brasfield, 1985
10 Hines, Liz, Louisiana State University, 1988-1989
11 Holt, Wythe, 1982-1983, 1985, Undated
12 Howe, Scott, University of Texas at Austin, 1988
13 Hunt, Guy, Governor, Alabama, 1986, Undated
14 Husband, Eliza, Louisiana State University, 1987-1988
15 Illinois State Historical Library, 1977-1978
16 Indiana State Library, 1976, 1978-1979
17 Justice and Mercy Project, Steve and Lisa Haberman, 1987, Undated
18 Kalish, Carol, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Department of Justice, 1983
19 Kangwana, Juma, 1986, 1993
20 Kelly, Jack, 1992-1993
21 Keve, Paul, Virginia Commonwealth University, 1983-1987, 1989, Undated
22 Kroll, Michael, 1988, 1990-1991
23 LaBranche, Linda, 1989-1990
24 Likely Stories Inc., 1996-1997
25 Lilly, Bob, Northern Kentucky University, 1992-1993, 1995, Undated
26 Linebaugh, Peter, 1993-1994, Undated
27 Littlejohn, Nancy, Central Missouri State University, 1989, 1991-1995
28 Los Angeles Times, Bob Berger, 1986
29 Louisiana Coalition on Jails and Prisons, 1979, 1983-1984, 1986
30 Mackey, Phillip, 1978-1980, 1982-1983
31 Magee, Doug, 1980-1984, Undated
32 Maguire, Andrew, Congress of the United States, House of Representatives, Undated
33 March, Ray, 1978-1979, 1981-1982
34 Marquardt, Ronald, University of Southern Mississippi, 1986
35 Massey, Jim, University of Georgia, 1986
36 Mastel, John, 1996-1997
37 McCluskey, Jim, 1996
38 McDade, Thomas, 1977-1984, Undated
39 McFarland and Company, Inc. Publishers, 1980-1981, 1984
40 McGivern, Gary and Friends of Gary McGivern, Marguerite Culp, 1983, 1985-1986, 1989
41 McMullen, Sean, Hunton and Williams, 1993
42 Mele, Carlo, 1984, 1986
43 Miami Herald, 1988
44 Moore, Arch, Govenor, West Virginia, 1974-1975
45 NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund, 1980, 1984-1985, 1989, 1995, Undated
46 National Association and Center for Outlaw and Lawman History, 1978-1980, 1982
47 National Coaliton to Abolish the Death Penalty, Robery Bryan, Bob Gross, Jedd Lubbers, 1983, 1988-1990, 2001
48 National Execution Alert Network, Decourcey Squire, 1984-1986
49 New York State Defenders Association, 1984-1988, 1990-1991
50 The New York Times, 1985, 1998
51 Niemiec, Vera Bennett, 1987-1988
52 Office of the Ohio Public Defender and the Ohio Public Defender Commission, Randall Dana and Anita Lunn, 1983-1986, 1988-1990
Box Folder
58 1 Office of the Ohio Public Defender and the Ohio Public Defender Commission, Randall Dana and Anita Lunn, 1991-1996, Undated
2 Osmond, Humphry, 1982-1986
3 Pacific News Service, 1988
4 Pennsylvania State Library, 1977-1979, 1982
5 Pepper, Claude, Congress of the United States, House of Representatives, 1986
6 Perske, Robert, 1992, 1995, 1998
7 Prejean, Sister Helen, 1985-1986, 1989, Undated
8 Prisoners, general, 1977-1984
9 Prisoners, general, 1985-1987
10 Prisoners, general, 1988-1997
11 Prisoners, general, 2000, 2002-2003, 2007, Undated
12 Project Hope, 1990, 1993, Undated
13 The Prometheus Foundation, 1980-1981, Undated
14 Radelet, Mike, 1984-1986
15 Radelet, Mike, 1986-1988
16 Radelet, Mike, 1989-1991, 1993, 1996-1997, 1999
17 Radelet, Mike, 2001-2003, 2005
18 Radelet, Mike, 2006, Undated
19 Reddick, Bill, 1985
20 Rouse, Albert, 1992-1993
21 Schisgall, David, Fourth Floor Productions, 1991-1992
22 Schrepper, Christian, 1988
23 Schwarz, Philip, Virginia Commonwealth University, 1983, 1985-1986, 1988-1989
24 Schwarzschild, Henry, 1976-1977
25 Schwarzschild, Henry, 1977
26 Schwarzschild, Henry, 1978-1986
27 Schwarzschild, Henry, 1987-1991, 1993, 1995, Undated
28 Schwarzschild, Kathy, 1987
29 Shelby, Richard, Congress of the United States, House of Representatives, 1986
30 Shugg, Wallace, University of Maryland Baltimore County, 1987-1988
31 Slovenko, Ralph, Wayne State University, 1988
32 Snell, William, Lee College, 1975-1976, 1981-1982
33 Southern Coalition on Jails and Prisons, Joe Ingle, 1985-1988, Undated
34 The Southern Poverty Law Center, Morris Dees, John Carroll, Steve Ellman, 1977-1979, 1982-1983, 1986, 1999-2000, Undated
Box Folder
59 1 Southern Prison Ministry, Jeff Blum and John Lozier, 1979-1982
2 Sparkman, John, Congress of the United States, Senate, 1968
3 State Historical Society of Missouri, 1977-1979, 1983
4 State of Alabama, Board of Pardons and Parole, 1990, 1992
5 State of Missouri Department of Corrections and Human Resources, 1986
6 State of New Jersey, Department of the Public Advocate, Office of the Public Defender, Leigh Bienen, 1986-1987
7-8 State of New Jersey, Department of the Public Advocate, Office of the Public Defender, Leigh Bienen, 1988
9-10 State of New Jersey, Office of the Public Defender, Neal Frank, 1988
11 State of South Carolina, Office of the Attorney General, 1983
12 Stevens, Leonard, 1988
13 Streib, Victor, 1982-1987
14 Streib, Victor, 1988-1992
15 Streib, Victor, 1996-1998, 2000
16-17 Streib, Victor, Undated
18 Sturgill, Roy, 1981, 1983
19 Sullivan, Robert A., 1982-1983
20 Sullivan, Andrew, 1988, 1991
21 Tabak, Ronald, 1994-1997
22-23 Telephone inquiries and related correspondence, 1980-1983, Undated
24 Tennessee State Library, 1977-1979, 1981-1982
25 Texas State Library, 1977-1980
26 Tolnay, Stewart, University at Albany, 1992-1993
27 Tomsovic, David, 1984-1986
28 Tomsovic, David, 1987-1988, 1990-1993
29 Tomsovic, David, 1994-1995
Box Folder
60 1 Tomsovic, David, 1995-1996
2 Tomsovic, David, 1996
3 Tomsovic, David, 1996-1997
4 Tomsovic, David, 1997
5 Tomsovic, David, 1997-2000
6-7 Tomsovic, David, Undated
8 Toomey, Tim, 1988
9 Vandiver, Margaret, 1988, 1991, 1997
10 Van Raalte, Ronald, Law Enforcement Memorial Association, 1987-1988, 1992, 1997-1999, 2003, Undated
11 Van Raalte, Ronald, Law Enforcement Memorial Association, Undated
12 Virginia Coaltion on Jails and Prisons, Marie Deans, 1988
13 Virginian-Pilot and the Ledger Star, 1986
14 Wade, Dean Roy, The University at Alabama Law School, 1985-1986, Undated
15 Wallace, David, University of Nebraska, 1986
16 Wallace, George, Governor of Alabama, 1966
17 Washington State Library, 1977-1976
18 Wasserman, Ira, Eastern Michigan Univerrsity, 1985-1986
19 Weltner, Justice Charles, Supreme Court of Georgia, 1985, Undated
20 West Virginia University Main Library, 1978-1979
21 White, Exir, University of Alabama Library, 1977, Undated
22 Wilkes, David, University of Georgia, 1994
23 Williams, Gary, Circuit Court of Sussex County (VA), 1985-1986
24 Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Leigh Bienen, 1991-1992
25-26 Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Leigh Bienen, 1991-1992
27 Woodstock Museum of Shenandoah County, 1982
28 Wright, A.J., 1984-1985, 1988
29 Wright, A.J., 1989-1990
30 Yackle, Larry, 1978, 1983-1986, 1991
31 General Correspondence, 1961, 1964-1969, 1971
32 General Correspondence, 1974
33 General Correspondence, 1975
Box Folder
61 1 General Correspondence, 1976
2-4 General Correspondence, 1977
5 General Correspondence, 1978
6 General Correspondence, 1979
7 General Correspondence, 1980
8 General Correspondence, 1981
9-11 General Correspondence, 1982
12 General Correspondence, 1983
13 General Correspondence, 1984
14-15 General Correspondence, 1985
16-18 General Correspondence, 1986
19 General Correspondence, 1987
Box Folder
62 1 General Correspondence, 1988
2 General Correspondence, 1989
3 General Correspondence, 1990
4-6 General Correspondence, 1991
7 General Correspondence, 1992
8 General Correspondence, 1993
9 General Correspondence, 1994
10 General Correspondence, 1995
Box Folder
63 1-2 General Correspondence, 1996
3 General Correspondence, 1997
4 General Correspondence, 1998
5 General Correspondence, 1999
6 General Correspondence, 2000
7 General Correspondence, 2001
8 General Correspondence, 2002
9 General Correspondence, Undated
Series 6: Biographical Materials, 1937-2008, Undated 2.5 cu. ft.
Arranged alphabetically.
This series contains materials about Watt Espy, including his speeches, published and unpublished writings, testimony, portraits, and news clips featuring Espy or quoting him. Of interest are files relating to his unpublished manuscript on juvenile executions and to a small signed portrait and autograph collection, mainly featuring members of the United States Congress. In addition, there are several personal items of Espy’s: his typewriter, which he utilized well into the 1990s, his eyeglasses, his hat, and a special award from the National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty from 1991.
Box Folder
64 1 American Political Science Association panel, 1982-1983, Undated
2 Biography and vita, Undated
3 "Blackness of the Death Penalty in Alabama" pamphlet based upon studies by Dr. Bernard Bray and Watt Espy, 1985
4 Crime and delinquency: articles and related correspondence, 1980
5 Democratic National Convention Delegate Certificate of Election, 1956
6 Draft capital punishment history articles, 1985-1986
7 Draft opinion editorials, 1985-1988
8 Draft opinion editorials, Undated
Oversized
9 Espy's hat, eyeglasses, and Espy Mercantile Company pen, Undated
Box Folder
64 9 Executions in the United States, 1608-1987: The Espy File, 1987
11 High school diploma, 1950
11 Media tour for Alabama Prison Project, 1985
12 Members pass, House of Representatives, 1952
13 National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty Award, 1991
Artifact-Box
2 National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty Award, 1991
Box Folder
64 14 News clippings, 1977-1980, 1982-1983
15 News clippings, 1984
16 News clippings, 1985-1993
17 News clippings, 1995-1997, 2001, 2006-2008, Undated
18 Opinion editorials and letters to the editor, 1980, 1985-1986, 1991, Undated
19 "Organizing Against the Death Penalty: A Handbook" with a brief history of capital punishment, Undated
20 Photographs of Watt Espy, 1937, 1946, 1988, Undated
21-22 Planned juvenile execution book, correspondence and research, 1991
23 Planned juvenile execution book, edited chapter and juvenile biographies, 1991
24 Planned juvenile execution book, correspondence and research, 1992, Undated
25 Planned juvenile execution book, introduction and sample chapter, 1992
26 Planned juvenile execution book, new data, Undated
27 Reprint requests for Espy's paper: "Capital Punishment and Deterrence", 1981, 1983, Undated
Oversized
8 Signatures and stamp collecting ledger, Undated
Box Folder
64 28 Signed covers and autograph request correspondence, 1963, 1968-1969, 1971, 1973-1976, Undated
29 Signed portraits, 1948-1985, Undated
30 Signed portraits and correspondence, 1948, 1968, 1973, 1975-1976
31 Speeches and testimony, 1979-1981, 1983-1984
32 Speeches and testimony, 1985, Undated
33 Statements to media, 1981, 1983, 1984, 1986, Undated
34 University of Alabama identification card, Undated
35 Washington deposition and related documents, 1993-1994
36 Will, 1986
Box
65 Espy's typewriter, Undated
Series 7: Writings by Others, 1965-2002, Undated 2.5 cu. ft.
Arranged alphabetically
This series consists of published copy, reprints, and drafts of articles about criminal justice and capital punishment by other authors which Watt Espy collected. Authors include scholars Michael Radelet, Hugo Bedeau, and Victor Streib. The archivists kept articles written by others and sent as part of correspondence to Espy with the original letters in Series 5: Correspondence.
Box Folder
66 1 Agresti, David, 1983, 1985-1986
2 Agresti, David, 1986, Undated
3 Bae, Ronald, Dennis Wiechman and Jerry Kendall, 1990
4 Bailey, William, 1974, 1983
5 Barker, Kathleen A., 1986
6 Barnes, Harry, Undated
7 Beck, E. and Stewart Tolnay, 1990, 1992
8 Bedau, Hugo, 1985, Undated
9-11 Bedau, Hugo and Michael Radelet, 1984
12 Bedau, Hugo and Michael Radelet, 1985
13 Bedau, Hugo and Michael Radelet, 1987
14 Bedau, Hugo and Michael Radelet, 1987-1988
15 Bienen, Leigh, 1988
16 Bonnie, Richard, 1990
17 Bosco, Ronald, Undated
18 Bright, Stephen, 1995, 1997
19 Brown, Richard, 1979
20 Cahalan, Margaret, 1986
21 Catz, Richard, 1985
22 Cheatwood, Derral, 1985
23-24 Dicks, Shirley, Undated
25 Dietz, Park, Bruce Harry and Robert Hazelwood, 1986
26 Denno, Deborah, 1994, 1997
27 Diaz, Sandra, 1985
28 Dieter, Richard, 1992, 1993, 1996
29 Disalle, Michael V., 1965
30 Driggs, Ken, 1993
31 Feldman, Marilyn, Katherine Mallouh and Dorothy Otnow Lewis, 1986
32 Frazier, Harriet, 1986-1987, 1990-1991, Undated
Box Folder
67 1 Frost, Brian, 1983
2 Gale, Mary, 1985
3 Gardner, Martin, 1978-1979
4-5 Gautier, Bernard, 1985
6 Geimer, William, 1985
7 Gerstein, Richard, Undated
8 Jack, Gibbs, 1978
9 Gillers, Stephen, 1985
10 Gillespie, Kay and Barbara Lopez, 1986-1987
11 Greenberg, Jack, 1982
12 Griffith, Janice, 1998
13 Gross, Samuel, 1985
14 Haag, Ernest, 1985
15 Harries, Keith, 1995
16 Hart, Statia, 1996
17 Helm, Ryan, Undated
18 Heline, Theodore, 1965
19 Hughes, Thomas, Undated
20 Hubbard, Patrick, 1985
21 Husband, Eliza, 1987
22 Jones, Hardy and Nelson Potter, 1981
23 Kaplan, John, 1984
24 Kennedy, Randall, 1988
25 Keyes, Denis, William Edwards and Robert Perske, 1997
26 Kharif, Wali, 1987
27 Krivosha, Norman, Robert Copple and Michael McDonough, 1982
28 Koester, Pat, Undated
29 Kupfer, David and Norman Sartorius, 1988
30 Lampe, Phillip, Undated
31 Lassers, Willard, 1967
32 Lawes, Lewis, 1969
33 Lewis, Dorothy, Jonathan Picus, Marilyn Feldmen, Lori Jackson and Barbara Bard, 1986
34 Liebman, Ellen, 1985
35 Lilly, Robert, 1996
36 Lincoln, James, 1987
37 Little, Joseph, 1983-1984
38 Mackey, David, 1984
39 McFarland, Sam, 1983
40 Mitchell, William, 1990
41 Protess, David, 1995
42 Raalte, Ronald, 1983
43 Radelet, Michael, 1981, 1983, 1985-1987, 1989, Undated
44 Radin, Margaret, 1980
45 Sherman, Lawrence and Robert Langworthy, 1979
46 Smykla, John, 1986, Undated
47 Strafer, Richard, 1983
48 Streib, Victor, 1982-1983
49 Streib, Victor, 1984-1986
50 Streib, Victor, 1986-1987
Box Folder
68 1 Streib, Victor, 1987-1988
2 Streib, Victor, 1988-1989
3 Streib, Victor, 1989-1990
4 Streib, Victor, 1991-1992
5 Streib, Victor, 1993-1995
6 Streib, Victor, 1996-1998, Undated
7 Streib, Victor and Lynn Sametz, 1982, 1989
8 Stutzman, Tod, Undated
Box Folder
69 1 Tabak, Ronald, 1995-1996, 1998, 2002
2 Texada, David, 1968
3 Tolnay, Stewart, E.M. Beck and James Massey, 1989, 1992
4 Vrofsky, Melvin, 1984
5-6 Vandiver, Margaret, 1983
7 Vandiver, Margaret, 1984-1986
Oversized
10 Vandiver and Radelet notes, Florida executions and clemency, Undated
Box Folder
69 8 Ware, Leland, 1989
9 Wasserman, Ira, 1980, Undated
10 White, Welsh, 1983
11 Winick, Bruce, 1982
12 Zehr, Howard, Undated
13 Zimring, Franklyn, Undated
Series 8: Advocacy, 1977-2007, Undated 4.5 cu. ft.
Arranged alphabetically.
Watt Espy amassed materials related to a variety of organizations advocating against capital punishment, for better prison conditions, for human rights, and for an improved and unbiased criminal justice system. The groups vary and may be secular or religious, national, statewide or local. Materials in this series include newsletters, execution alerts, appeals, meeting minutes, and brochures. In some instances, it is possible to determine that Espy was active within or supported a particular organization as his name appears in meeting minutes or related papers.
Box Folder
70 1-2 Alabama Capital Representation Resource Center, Alabama Capital Reporter, 1989-1995
3 Alabama Coalition Against the Death Penalty (ACADP), 1983-1986, 1991-1993
4 Alabama Committee to Abolish the Death Penalty (ACADP), 1994-1996
5 Alabama Committee to Abolish the Death Penalty (ACADP), 1996-2002
6 Alabama Prison Project, 1983-1987, 1989, 1993-1994, 1996-2001, Undated
7 American Civil Liberties Union, Undated
8 American Indians and the Death Penalty, Undated
9 America's Most Wanted, 1991-1992
10 Amnesty International, 1980-2000, Undated
11 As A Matter of Conscience, 1988
12 California Appellate Project, RECAP (Sept.-Dec.), 1985
13 California Appellate Project, RECAP (Jan.-June), 1986
14 California Appellate Project, RECAP (July-Dec.), 1986
15 California Appellate Project, RECAP (Jan. - June), 1987
16 California Appellate Project, RECAP (July-Dec.), 1987
17 California Appellate Project, RECAP (Jan.-May), 1988
18 California Appellate Project, RECAP (July-Nov.), 1988
19 California Appellate Project, RECAP (Feb.-July), 1989
20 California Appellate Project RECAP (Aug.-Oct.), 1989
Box Folder
71 1 California Appellate Project RECAP (Jan.-June), 1990
2 California Appellate Project RECAP (July-Nov.), 1990
3 California Appellate Project RECAP (Feb., April, May, June), 1991
4 California Appellate Project RECAP (Sept., Dec.), 1991
5 California Appellate Project RECAP (Jan., March, April, July, Oct., Dec.), 1992
6 California Appellate Project RECAP, 1993
7 California Appellate Project RECAP, 1994
8 California Appellate Project RECAP (Jan.-June), 1995
9 California Appellate Project RECAP (July-Dec.), 1995
10 California Appellate Project RECAP (Jan-June), 1996
11 California Appellate Project RECAP (July-Nov.), 1996
12 California Appellate Project RECAP (Jan-May), 1997
13 California Appellate Project RECAP (June-Sept.), 1997
14 California Appellate Project RECAP (Oct-Dec), 1997
15 California Appellate Project RECAP (Jan-May), 1998
16 California Appellate Project RECAP (June-Sept), 1998
17 California Appellate Project RECAP (Oct-Dec), 1998
Box Folder
72 1 California Appellate Project RECAP (Jan.-March), 1999
2 California Appellate Project RECAP (April-June), 1999
3 California Appellate Project RECAP (July-Dec.), 1999
4 California Appellate Project RECAP (Jan.-March), 2000
5 California Appellate Project RECAP (April-June), 2000
6 California Appellate Project RECAP (July-Sept.), 2000
7 California Appellate Project RECAP (Oct., Nov.), 2000
8 California Appellate Project RECAP (Jan.-April), 2001
9 California Appellate Project RECAP (April-Aug.), 2001
10 California Appellate Project RECAP (Nov., Dec.), 2001
11 California Appellate Project RECAP (Jan.-Sept.), 2002
12 California Appellate Project RECAP (Oct.-Dec.), 2002
13 Catholics Against Capital Punishment, CACP News Notes, 1992-2001, 2005-2007
14 Citizens and Parliamentarians Campaign for the Abolition of the Death Penalty Worldwide by 2000, 1994
15 Citizens United for Alternatives to the Death Penalty, 1997-1998
16 Criminal Justice Newsletter, 1987
17 Colorado Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty, 1987-1990
18 CURE - Citizens United for Rehabilitation of Errants, 1987-1997, 1999-2001
19 Dallas Coalition Against the Death Penalty- The Clarion, 1986-1988
20 The Death Penalty Exchange, 1987-1989
21 Death Penalty Information Center, 1999
22 Death Penalty Update, 1983
23 The Death Row Forum, 1994
24 District of Columbia Coalition Against the Death Penalty, 1984
25 East Bay Justice Project/Death Penalty Focus of California, The Sentry, 1984-2007
26 Endeavor, Live Voices from Death Row, 1989-1993, Undated
27 Equal Justice Initiative of Alabama, Undated
Box Folder
73 1 Equal Justice Initiative of Alabama, EJI Legal Quarterly, 1996-2001
2 Equal Justice Initiative of Alabama, EJI Legal Quarterly, 1996-2001
3 Fortune Society, Fortune News, 1992-1996
4 Friends Committee to Abolish the Death Penalty, The Quaker Abolitionist, 1996-1997
5 Friends Outside, 1993
6 The Fully Informed Jury Association, Undated
7 Georgia Committee Against the Death Penalty, Undated
8 Hospitality, 1998-2001
9-10 Illinois Coalition Against the Death Penalty, 1981, 1984-1995
11 Institute for Southern Studies, Undated
12 Institute of Human Relations, 1988
13 Justice and Mercy Project, 1987, Undated
14 Kentucky Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty, 1990
15 The Lamp of Hope Project, Texas Death Row Journal, 1992, 1994-1995
16 Law Enforcement Memorial Association (LEMA), 2000
17 Let Live, 1987-1989, Undated
18 Lockdown, Undated
19 Louisiana Citizens for Life/Pilgrimage for Life, Undated
20 Louisiana Coalition on Jails and Prisons, Louisiana Citizens Against the Death Penalty, 1977-1984, Undated
21 Louisiana Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty/Pilgrimage Peace and Justice Center, 1988-1995
22 Massachusetts Campaign Against Restoration of the Death Penalty (MCARDP), 1982
23 Massachusetts Citizens Against the Death Penalty, 1983-1986, 1989-1991
24 Michigan Coalition Against the Death Penalty, 1981
25 Missourians to Abolish the Death Penalty, 1999
26 Murder Victims Families for Reconciliation, 1991, 1999-2000, Undated
27 NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Death Row U.S.A., 1998-1999
28 NAACAP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Death Row U.S.A., 2000
29 National Alliance Against Racist and Political Repression, 1983, Undated
30 National Coalition Against the Death Penalty, National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty, 1984-1988, 2000
31 National Coalition Against the Death Penalty, National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty, Lifelines, 1981-1985
32 National Coalition Against the Death Penalty, National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty, Lifelines, 1986-1989
33 National Coalition Against the Death Penalty, National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty, Lifelines, 1991-1995
34 National Coalition Against the Death Penalty, National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty, Lifelines, 1997-2001
35 National Coalition Against the Death Penalty, Execution Alerts, 1984-1993
36 National Coalition Against the Death Penalty, Execution Alerts, 1995, 1997-2000
37 National Coalition Against the Death Penalty, Execution Alerts, 2001-2002
38 National Committee to Reopen the Rosenberg Case, 2000-2001
39 National Legal Aid and Defender Association, Capital Report, 1991
40 National Practitioners Network for Fathers and Families and the Family Corrections Network, 2000
41 Nebraskans Against the Death Penalty, 1994-1996, 1998-2001
Box Folder
74 1 New York State Defenders Association, The Defender, 1985-1986
2 New York State Defenders Association, The Defender, 1987-1989
3 North Carolinians Against the Death Penalty, 1988
4 Oregon Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty, 1996-1997
5 Peacework, 1999
6 Penny Resistance, 1985
7 People Abolishing the Death Penalty, 1990
Oversized Folder
1 5 Police Gazette, 1976
6 Police Record Detective, 1948
Box Folder
74 8 Prison, 1979
9 Project Hope, A Christian Perspective, 1993-1998, 2000
10 Project Hope, On Wings of Hope, 1993-2002
11 The Prometheus Foundation, Fire!, 1981-1982
12 Quixote Center and Equal Justice U.S.A., 1987-1990, 2000-2001, Undated
13 South Carolina Coalition Against the Death Penalty, 1984-1985
Box Folder
75 1 Southern Coalition on Jails and Prisons, 1984-1990
2 Southern Poverty Law Center, 1979-1980, 1983
3 Straight Law, 1991
4 Tuscaloosa and West Alabama Coalition Against the Death Penalty, 1983-1985, Undated
5 Utah Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty, 1989
6 The Vision, 1999-2000
7 Washington Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty, 1992
8 West Virginians Against the Death Penalty, The Abolitionist, 1988-1990
Series 9: Publications, 1929-2001, Undated 14.4 cu. ft.
Arranged alphabetically by title, then chronologically within each title.
For over thirty years, Watt Espy assembled true crime, penitentiary, detective, western U.S. life and culture, and legal publications containing articles about capital crimes, executions, and criminal profiles. The publications date from the 1930s into the 21st Century. While some present straightforward non-fiction explanations of crimes, others feature more sensational accounts with lurid depictions. Of interest are 30 issues of the award-winning The Angolite, a newsmagazine written by prisoners at the Louisiana State Penitentiary. This series also includes more than a half dozen Death Row annuals, featuring profiles and photographs of condemned prisoners, and a set of serial killer, mass murderer and gangster trading cards. Please note that Espy personally bound the publications in boxes 88-90, but did not include all issues for each year in the bound volume. Therefore some publications have both bound and unbound issues.
Box Folder
76 1 ABA Journal, January 1987
2 All True Fact Crime, October 1950
3 The Angolite, 1981
4 The Angolite, 1984
5 The Angolite, May 1987-August 1987
6 The Angolite, September 1987-December 1987
7 The Angolite, January 1988-March 1988
8 The Angolite, May 1988-August 1988
9 The Angolite, September 1988-December 1988
Box Folder
77 1 The Angolite, January 1989-April 1989
2 The Angolite, May 1989-August 1989
3 The Angolite, September 1989-December 1989
4 The Angolite, January 1990-April 1990
5 The Angolite, May 1990-August 1990
6 The Angolite, September 1990-December 1990
7 The Angolite, January 1991-June 1991
8 The Angolite, July 1991-October 1991
9 The Angolite, November 1991-December 1991
10 Bad Guys of the Old West, Undated
11 Baffling Detective Mysteries, March 1943
12 Best Detective Cases, 1997
13 The Best of the West, 1984-1985
14 Best True Fact Detective, 1948, 1951
15 Best True Fact Detective, 1955, 1974
16 Best West, August 1967
17 Chronicle of the Old West, February 2001
18 Code 5 Detective, 1972-1973, 1975
19 Confidential Detective, 1961
20 Confidential Detective, 1964-1965
21 Confidential Detective, 1955, 1960
22 Corrections Magazine, 1974
23 Crime Beat, 1991
24 Crime Beat, January 1992-August 1992
25 Crime Beat, November 1992-1993
Box Folder
78 1 Crime Detective, 1957, 1965
2 Crime Expose, January 1958
3 Crimes of Passion, 1973
4 Crime Watch, 1992
5 Daring Detective, February 1943
6 Deadline Detective, 1972-1973
7 Death Row, 1989
8 Death Row, 1992
9 Death Row, 1993
10 Death Row, 1994
11 Death Row, 1995
12 Death Row, 1996
13 Detective Annual, 1951, 1970
14 Detective Cases, February 1998-April 1999
15 Detective Cases, June 1999-October 1999
16 Detective Dragnet, December 1997-February 1999
17 Detective Dragnet, April 1999-October 1999
18 Detective Files, January 1999-July 1999
19 Detective Files, 1997-1998
20 Detective Files, September 1999-May 2000
21 Detective Files, July 2000-2001
Box Folder
79 1 Detective World, 1970-1972
2 Detective World, 1976, 1978
3 Detective Yearbook, 1971-1972
4 Espy index to publications- incomplete, Undated
5 Expose Detective, 1957
6 Famous Police Cases, October 1952
Box Folder
88 1 Frontier Times, 1923-1924
2 Frontier Times, 1927-1928
Box Folder
79 7 Frontier Times, 1929
8 Frontier Times, 1936
9 Frontier Times, 1965
Box Folder
88 3-5 Frontier Times, 1966-1971
Box Folder
79 10 Frontier Times, 1971-1973
Box Folder
88 6 Frontier Times, 1972-1973
Box Folder
89 1-3 Frontier Times, 1974-1979
Box Folder
79 11 Frontier Times, 1980-1981
12 Frontier Times, 1981, 1984
13 Frontier Times, 1985
Box Folder
89 4 Frontier Times Index, Undated
Box Folder
79 14 Frontier West, 1974-1975
15 Frontier West, 1975-1976
16 G Men & Gangster Cards, 1992
17 The Gangsters, 1973
18 Golden West, 1968, 1970
19 Golden West, 1971
20 Golden West, 1973-1974
21 Great Robberies of the Old West, June 1974
22 Great West, 1970-1971, 1974
Box Folder
80 1 Headline Detective, 1952, 1955
2 Headquarters Detective, 1941, 1968
3 Headquarters Detective, February 1970, 1997-1998
4 Headquarters Detective, November 1998-September 1999
5 Headquarters Detective, March 2000-January 2001
6 Human Detective, 1945
7 Inside the Mafia, Undated
8 Lady Killers, 1964
9 Mafia Trading Cards, 1991
10 Master Detective, November 1954
11 The National Centurion, 1983
12 National Association for Outlaw and Lawman History, 1975-February 1982
13 National Association for Outlaw and Lawman History, 1978-1987
14 National Detective, 1947-1948
15 National Outlaw Lawman Association Newsletter, December 1980-June 1981
16 National Outlaw Lawman Association Quarterly, October 1980, January 1981, April 1981
17 Notes on Publications, Undated
18 Official Police Detective, July 1980
19 Old Timers Wild West, 1975-1976
20 Old Timers Wild West, 1976-1977
21 Old Trails, 1977-1978
22 Old West, 1964-1965
23 Old West, 1964-1965
24 Old West, 1966-1967
Box Folder
81 1 Old West, 1967-1968
2 Old West, 1969
3 Old West, 1969-1970
4 Old West, 1970-1971
5 Old West, 1971-1972
Box Folder
89 5-6 Old West, 1973-1978
Box Folder
81 6 Old West, 1979-1980
7 Old West, 1980-1981
8 Old West, 1982-1984
9 Old West, 1984
10 Old West, 1985, 1988
11 Old West, 1992-1993
12 Old West, 1994-1995
13 Old West, 1995-1996
14 Old West, 1996-1997
15 Old West, 1997-1998
16 Old West, 1998-1999
17 Police Detective, 1977-1978
Box Folder
82 1 Police Detective, 1971, 1973, 1976
2 Police Files, June 1955
3 The Police Marksman, 1983
4 Pioneer West, 1971, 1974
5 Pioneer West, 1975-1976
6 Pioneer West, 1976
7 Real Detective, 1972-1974
8 Real Police Stories, October 1954
9 Real West, 1969
10 Real West, 1971-1972
11 Real West, 1972-1973, 1975, 1982
Box Folder
90 1 Real West, 1977-1978
Box Folder
82 12 Real West, 1985-1986
13 Real West, 1986-1988
14 Real West, 1986, 1988-1989
15 Revealing Detective, August 1945
16 Sensation, January 1943
17 Serial Killers & Mass Murder Cards, 1992
18 Special Detective Cases, 1942
19 Star Detective Cases, 1951
20 Startling Detective, March 1998-1999
21 Startling Detective, July 1999-2000
22 Startling Detective, 2000-January 2001
Box Folder
83 1 Timely Detective, March 1950
2 TRUE, 1938, 1940
3 True Action Detective, 1974, 1975
4 True Cases of Yard, 1937
5 True Crime, 1943, 1965
6 True Crime Detective, April 1971
7 True Detective, 1943, 1947, 1961
8 True Detective, December 1961, 1962
9 True Frontier, 1967, 1969
10 True Frontier, 1970-1971
11 True Frontier, 1971-1972
12 True Frontier, 1973
13 True Frontier, 1974-1975
14 True Frontier, 1975-1976
15 True Frontier, 1976-1977
16 True Frontier, 1977-1978
17 True Police Cases, September 1947-1951
18 True Police Cases, May 1953-September 1954
19 True Police Cases, July 1955-May 1956
Box Folder
84 1 True Police Cases, 1957, 1961, 1997
2 True Police Cases, February 1998-February 1999
3 True Police Cases, June 1999-February 2000
4 True Police Cases, June 2000-December 2000
5 True Thrills, 1941-1942
6 True West, 1962-1963
7 True West, 1963-1964
8 True West, 1967
9 True West, 1967-1968
10 True West, 1968
Box Folder
90 2-4 True West, 1969-1974
Box Folder
84 11 True West, 1975
12 True West, 1975-1976
13 True West, 1976-1977
Box Folder
90 5 True West, 1977-1978
Box Folder
84 14 True West, 1978-1979
15 True West, 1979
16 True West, 1980
17 True West, 1980-1981
Box Folder
85 1 True West, 1981
2 True West, 1981-1982
3-4 True West, 1983
5-7 True West, 1984
8 True West, 1984-1985
9 True West, 1985
10 True West, 1985-1986
11 True West, 1986
12 True West, 1986-1987
13 True West, 1992-1993
14 True West, 1993
15 True West, 1994
16 True West, 1994-1995
17 True West, 1995-1996
Box Folder
86 1 True West, 1996
2 True West, 1996-1997
3-4 True West, 1997
5 True West, 1997-1998
6-7 True West, 1998
8 True West, 1998-1999
9 True West, 1999
10 True West, 2000
11 Uncensored Detective, 1947
12 Uncensored Detective, 1952
13 Underworld Detective, 1949, 1957
14 Vital Detective, 1954
15 The West, 1968
16 The West, 1969-1970
17 The West, 1970-1971
18 The West, 1971-1972
19 Westerner, 1969-1970
20 Westerner, 1970-1971
Box Folder
87 1 Westerner, 1971
2 Westerner, 1972
3-4 Westerner, 1973
5 Westerner, 1974
6 Westerner, 1975
7 Westerner, 1976
8 Western Frontier: Bad Men and the Old West and Outlaws and the Old West, 1974-1975
9 Western Frontier Presents Outlaws and Gunslingers, 1985-1986
10 Western Frontier, 1977-1978
11 Western Frontier, 1976-1977
12 Western Frontier, 1978
13 Wild West, 1986, 1991-1993
14 Wild West, 1993-1994
15 Wild West, 1994
16-17 Wild West, 1995
18 Wild West, 1955, 1966
19 Women in Crime, 1945, 1947, 1957
20 Zane Grey Western, 1971-1972

Return to the Table of Contents