M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives


Finding Aid for the
Papers, 1930-1995

For reference queries contact Grenander Department Reference staff or (518)-437-3935.

Finding Aid Compiled by
Timothy Niland
Fall, 2000


M. E. Grenander Department of Special Collections & Archives 
University Libraries / University at Albany / State University of New York
1400 Washington Avenue / Albany, New York 12222 / (518) 437-3935

VOLUME: 7.25 cubic ft.

ACQUISITION: All items in this manuscript group were donated to the University Libraries, M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives, by Alfred H. Woodcock in October, 1999.

ACCESS: Access to this record group is unrestricted.

COPYRIGHT: The researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming with the laws of copyright. Whenever possible, the M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives will provide information about copyright owners and other restrictions, but the legal determination ultimately rests with the researcher. Requests for permission to publish material from this collection should be discussed with the Head of Special Collections and Archives.


Administrative History

Scope and Content Note

Series Descriptions

Box and Folder List:

Alfred H. Woodcock papers
Administrative History

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Biographical Sketch

Alfred H. Woodcock was born on September 7, 1905 in Atlanta, Georgia. His formal education ended very early as his father had very little regard for school and Woodcock went to work in a wide variety of jobs in the seasonal economy of the southeastern United States after dropping out of high school. After moving to Massachusetts and resuming his education at a local agricultural school, he worked on farms and did odd jobs. Woodcock heard the research vessel Atlantis was looking for hands to sign on for a research cruise under the command of Columbus Iselin. The Atlantis was the first deep-water research ship of the fledgling Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI). Under the direction of Dr. Henry Bigelow of Harvard University, WHOI was formed in 1930 and funded by a Rockefeller Foundation grant of 3 million dollars. Woodcock signed on and became a valued member of the crew, rising to the position of chief scientist in 1935. Woodcock had found his calling in atmospheric research and oceanography, and he began his research into the soaring patterns of marine birds, sailing patterns of jellyfish and the ways that dolphins and porpoises ride along the bow of sailing ships. Woodcock continued to conduct experiments aboard the Atlantis until 1942.

During the Second World War, Woodcock worked with the U.S. Navy to develop smoke screens that could be used to camouflage allied vessels at sea. After the end of the war, Woodcock continued to work in conjunction with the Navy to study wind patterns at sea. Beginning in 1942 he was employed at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute in Massachusetts, first as a research associate and then as an oceanographer. He conducted research into oceanography and atmospheric science, studying sea salt and its affect on precipitation. From 1949 to 1953 Woodcock published a series of groundbreaking scientific papers about the research he had conducted into atmospheric sea salt. In 1951, he met and began to work with one of his primary collaborators, Duncan Blanchard. Woodcock and Blanchard would collaborate on atmospheric research and carry on a long running correspondence.

In the early 1950's Woodcock was involved in Project Shower, which investigated the physics and chemistry of warm rain in Hawaii. This was a cooperative project involving WHOI and the Pineapple Research Institute and funded by the Office of Naval Research (ONR). The data and final report of Project Shower was published in 1957 in the journal Tellus. Woodcock also published a paper in 1958 which dealt with the behavior of atmospheric sea salt in hurricanes. In this period Woodcock collaborated with Duncan Blanchard and also with chemist James Lodge and meteorologist E.G. "Taffy" Bowen among others.  In 1961 Woodcock was awarded an honorary PhD from Long Island University as a doctor of science. It was not long after (1962) that Dr. Woodcock moved to Hawaii, where he concentrated on the study of atmospheric sea salt in Hawaii from 1962 to 1965.

From 1963 to 1972 Woodcock was a research associate in the Department of Oceanography at the University of Hawaii and a research associate at the Hawaiian Institute of Geophysics. In Hawaii, Woodcock conducted atmospheric studies at the dormant volcano Mauna Kea and also did research on Lake Waiau, an alpine lake that is near the summit of Mauna Kea. He developed a theory of "mountain breathing" where gasses entered and exited the mountain. Woodcock conducted research into the movement patterns of the Portugese Man 'o War, Physalia, and continued research into Sargassum and studies of Hawaiian cloud physics. His primary collaborator during this period continued to be Duncan Blanchard, but he also conducted research with James Hughes of ONR, as well as researchers Jack Warner and Sean Twomey in Australia.

Woodcock was retired from the University of Hawaii in 1972, but continued to work on projects relating to atmospheric science. Woodcock became interested in fog formation and conducted research into fog in Alaska and Woods Hole, MA. He continued the research begun in the 1960s by further investigating the phenomenon of mountain breathing at Mauna Kea and did further research in Lake Waiau. Much of the funding for Woodcock's research came from the Office of Naval Research and his primary contact was James Hughes, in the Atmospheric Research department of the Office of Naval Research. Woodcock's ONR funding began with Project Shower and was terminated in 1984. In 1988, Woodcock was named Scientist Emeritus by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute and in 1994 he was presented with a lifetime achievement award by the American Meteorological Society.

Chronology of Events

1905- Born September 7, in Atlanta, GA

1931- Joins the research vessel Atlantis, under the command of Columbus Iselin

1931-1942 Technician, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute

1935- Sole scientist on the Atlantis' North Atlantic voyage

1938- Publishes a paper in The Atlantic Monthly on the flight patterns of birds

1940-  Publishes a paper on soaring gulls in The Journal of Marine Research

1941- Chief scientist aboard the Atlantis

1941-  Smoke screen project begins in conjunction with the U.S. Navy

1942-1946 Research Associate, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute

1944-  Begins research into Physalia/Portugese Man o' War

1946-1963 Oceanographer, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute

1947-  Wyman/Woodcock report released on the temperature lapse rate in clouds

1947-1949 Woodcock studies the seaweed genus Sargassum

1949-  Begins research into atmospheric sea salt

1949-1953 Publishes a series of groundbreaking papers on atmospheric sea salt.

1951-  Begins working with Duncan Blanchard at Woods Hole

1954-  Project Shower begins (study of the physics and chemistry of warm rain)

1957- Publishes results of Project Shower in Tellus

1958-  Publishes a paper about the behavior of atmospheric sea salt in hurricanes

1961- Awarded honorary PhD from Long Island University

1962-  Moves to Hawaii

1962-1965 Peak of Woodcock's research into atmospheric sea salt

1963-1972 Research affiliate, Dept. of Oceanography, University of Hawaii

1963-1972 Research associate, Hawaiian Institute of Geophysics

1974 (ca.) Conducts research into fog formation in Alaska and Woods Hole

1975-   Revisits gull research

1988- Emeritus Scientist, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute

1994-   Receives American Meteorological Society's Lifetime Achievement Award


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1. Blanchard, Duncan circa (1984) "The Life and Science of Alfred H. Woodcock" Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society v. 65, no. 5, May 1984, p. 457-463
2. Blanchard, Duncan circa (1984) "Between the Air and the Sea: The Life and Science of Alfred H. Woodcock" Weatherwise v. 37, no. 2, April 1984, p. 83-85
3. Schlee, Susan (1978) Onalmost Any Wind: The Saga of the Oceanographic Research Vessel Atlantis Ithaca and London : Cornell University Press
4. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute Webpage www.whoi.edu/home

Alfred H. Woodcock papers
Scope & Content Note

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The material in this collection documents the correspondence and scientific research of Alfred H. Woodcock. Correspondence files date from 1930-1995 and consist of correspondence from the scientists that Woodcock worked and collaborated with, along with carbons of his original correspondence, as well as journal articles and a small amount of personal correspondence. Most of the correspondence is related to science and the topics that Woodcock was investigating. There is very little correspondence for the years 1930-1950.Woodcock's major collaborators were atmospheric scientist Duncan Blanchard, U.S. Navy scientist James Hughes, chemist James Lodge, and atmospheric researcher Sean Twomey. The scientific research files date from 1937-1986 and consist of original data collected by Woodcock as well as journal articles, record books, and photographs. Information about the scientists Woodcock collaborated with can be found in the correspondence files. Information about the scientific projects that Woodcock researched can be found in the scientific research files. Major projects and research covered by the collection includes the study of the soaring patterns of marine birds, 1931-1942, 1975; Woodcock's study of atmospheric sea salt, 1950-1965; Project Shower, a major study of warm rain in Hawaii, 1954-1957; the study of the alpine environment on the volcano Mauna Kea and Lake Waiau, 1956-1975. Also covered are Woodcock's study of the seaweed Sargassum, 1944-1949; and the Portugese man 'o war Physalia, 1944-1970. Research pertaining to Woodcock's fog studies dates from 1977-1981. Note that in some files the topic can cover many years with significant gaps, and that occasionally multiple topics are covered within one folder. The dates of research are  those in which the primary research was conducted; other material in the files such as journal articles and background material may predate the primary research.

Alfred H. Woodcock papers
Series Descriptions

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Series 1: Correspondence 1930-1995, 3.0 cubic feet, arranged chronologically

Types of material include letters, carbon copies, journal articles, photographs and scientific research. Correspondence arranged chronologically pertaining to Woodcock's work aboard the research vessel Atlantis ,1930-1939, and work with the Navy on the smoke screens at sea project, 1944-45. Research into atmospheric sea salts and sea salt nuclei 1947-1986; Project Shower research into warm rain in Hawaii, 1954-1957; and Hawaiian cloud physics, 1952-1965. Also included is correspondence pertaining to Woodcock's study of Hawaiian rainfall, 1967-72; atmospheric studies at the volcano Mauna Kea, 1965-77; permafrost at Mauna Kea, 1969-77; "mountain breathing" at Mauna Kea, 1976-79; and Lake Waiau, 1965-1985. Correspondence dealing with Woodcock's research into sea salt, and studies of canal fog, 1979-86. Other topics of correspondence include: physalia, 1944-1970; soaring gulls, 1937-1938; wave riding dolphins, 1946-1953; sargassum, 1947-1949; bursting bubbles, 1976; hail, 1976; Woodcock's research into his CIA file, 1977; hurricanes, 1985; slush and ice on lakes and ponds, 1987; rain droplet formation in clouds, 1990, study of Hawaiian trade winds, 1991; Woodcock's reception of the American Meteorological Society's lifetime achievement award, 1994; and budgetary matters. Correspondents include Columbus Iselin, director of the Atlantis research project, 1930-39, atmospheric scientist and meteorologist Duncan Blanchard, 1955-95; U.S. Navy atmospheric scientist James Hughes, 1955-1984; chemist James Lodge, 1955-65; meteorologist and atmospheric scientist E.G. "Taffy" Bowen 1955-1965; and atmospheric researcher Erik Erikkson, 1955-1965; oceanographer Robert Duce 1965-1977; researchers Jack Warner and Sean Twomey, 1969-1977; Charles Penn, 1981-1985; Irving Friedman, 1977-1979; Charles Knight, 1989-1991; as well as Vincent Schaefer, Allen Faller and Irving Friedman. See the box and folder list for a detailed description of the contents of the containers.

Series 2: Scientific Research, 4.25 cubic feet, arranged chronologically

This series collects journal articles, correspondence, data, record books, photographs, notes, monographs, diagrams and tables.  Alfred H. Woodcock's research into a variety of topics including Lake Waiau, 1965-70, 1978, 1982; salt spray in hurricanes, 1956-1958, 1962-1968, 1974; mountain breathing, 1974-1978; sea salt, 1959-1966; soaring flight data, 1937-1938, 1945, 1952, 1966; porpoise and wave riding dolphins, 1940, 1946-1953, 1960; glacier studies, 1960, 1962, 1969-1976, 1979; ice melt patterns, 1961, 1981-1982; ice melt data, 1946-1950, 1959, 1962, 1965; fog studies, 1981; Mauna Kea/Lake Waiau studies, 1965-1975; telescope studies, 1974, 1982; atmospheric research, 1946-1956, 1971-1982; deuterium, 1951, 1961-1963; sargassum, 1947-1949; physalia, 1944-1970; volcano steam cloud, 1960; smoke screen at sea, 1944-1946; declassified, 1973. See the box and folder list for a detailed description of the contents of the containers.

Alfred H. Woodcock papers
Box and Folder List

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Series 1: Correspondence, 1930-1995

Box 1

1. Correspondnece, 1930-1939
2. Correspondence, 1941
3. Correspondence, 1942
4. Correspondence, 1943
5. Correspondence, 1944
6. Correspondence, 1945
7. Correspondence, 1946
8. Correspondence, 1947
9. Correspondence, 1948
10. Correspondence, 1949
11. Correspondence, 1950
12. Correspondence, 1951
13. Correspondence, 1951-1952
14. Correspondence, 1952
15. Project Shower Correspondence, 1952

(Correspondence relating to Project Shower, the study of warm rain in Hawaii)

16. Correspondence, 1953
17. Project Shower correspondence, 1953
18. Correspondence [folder 1], 1954
19. Correspondence [folder 2], 1954
20. Project Shower correspondence [folder 1], 1954
21. Project Shower correspondence [folder 2], 1954
22. Project Shower correspondence [folder 3], 1954
23. Correspondence [folder 1], 1955
24. Correspondence [folder 2], 1955
25. Correspondence, 1956
26. Correspondence, 1957
27. Correspondence, 1958
28. Correspondence, 1959
29. Correspondence [folder 1], 1960
30. Correspondence [folder 2], 1960
31. Correspondence, 1961
32. Correspondence [folder 1], 1962
33. Correspondence [folder 2], 1962
34. Correspondence, 1963
35. Correspondence [folder 1], 1964
36. Correspondence [folder 2], 1964

Box 2

1. Correspondence [folder 1], 1965
2. Correspondence [folder 2], 1965
3. Correspondence [folder 3], 1965
4. Correspondence [folder 1], 1967
5. Correspondence [folder 2], 1967
6. Correspondence [folder 1], 1968
7. Correspondence [folder 2], 1968
8. Correspondence, 1969
9. Correspondence [folder 1], 1970
10. Correspondence [folder 2], 1970
11. Correspondence [folder 1], 1971
12. Correspondence [folder 2], 1971
13. Correspondence [folder 1], 1972
14. Correspondence [folder 2], 1972
15. Correspondence [folder 1], 1973
16. Correspondence [folder 2], 1973
17. Correspondence [folder 1], 1974
18. Correspondence [folder 2], 1974
19. Correspondence [folder 1], 1975
20. Correspondence [folder 2], 1975
21. Correspondence [folder 1], 1976
22. Correspondence [folder 2], 1976

Box 3

1. Correspondence [folder 1], 1977
2. Correspondence [folder 2], 1977
3. Correspondence [folder 1], 1978
4. Correspondence [folder 2], 1978
5. Correspondence, 1979
6. Correspondence [folder 1], 1980
7. Correspondence [folder 2], 1980
8. Correspondence, 1981
9. Correspondence [folder 1], 1982
10. Correspondence [folder 2], 1982
11. Correspondence, 1983
12. Correspondence, 1984
13. Correspondence with James Hughes, 1964-1984
14. Correspondence, 1985
15. Correspondence, 1986
16. Correspondence, 1987
17. Correspondence, 1988
18. Correspondence, 1989
19. Correspondence, 1990
20. Correspondence, 1991
21. Correspondence, 1992
22. Correspondence, 1993
23. Correspondence, 1994 - 1995

Alfred H. Woodcock papers
Box and Folder List

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Series 2: Scientific Research, 1937-1986

Box 4

1. Soaring data - convective, 1937-1938
2. Soaring data - dynamic, 1937-1938
3. Porpoise bow and wave riding 1940, 1948-1953, 1960
4. A theory of surface water deduced, etc, 1941-1963
5. A holy smoke, 1944
6. A smoke, 1944-1945
7. Final report on the behavior of smoke screens at sea [folder 1], 1944-1945
8. Final report on the behavior of smoke screens at sea [folder 2], 1944-1945
9. Tests on the behavior of smoke screens at sea [folder 3], 1944-1945
10. Tests on the behavior of smoke screens at sea [folder 1], 1944-1945
11. Tests on the behavior of smoke screens at sea [folder 2], 1944-1945
12. Physalia, 1944-1963
    a. Notebook, "Spring 1961 P-p trip data and rough log of P-p experiments in Florida," 1961;
    b. a graph of observations of Physalia in the Florida Straits, March 1961;
    c. a reprint with some penciled notes of Woodcock's publication, "Dimorphism in the Portuguese Man-Of-War," Nature, Vol 178, August 4, 1956, 253-255;
    d. a reprint of Everet C. Jones, "Tremoctopus violaceus Uses Physalia Tentacles as Weapons, Science, Feb 22, 1963, Vol 139, No 3556, 764-66;
    e. P-p dipping and sailing abs. notes, possibly July 1963, 3 pages
    f. 5 three x five cards with citations and brief notes on articles
    g. 2 pages of notes, one on ships reports, 1882-1903, one labeled Pensacola-Santa Rosa, observations, on float lengths
    h. a chart titled Fig 47 "Idealized Drawings of Wind-Induced Helical Motions in surface waters , with an illustration of the possible effects of asymmetrical vortices upon the drift of bottles and of physalia
    i. reprint of Woodcock, "A theory of surface water motion deduced from the wind-induced motion of the Physalia," Sears Foundation: Journal of Marine Research, Vol. 5, No. 3, October 20, 1944, pp. 196-205;
    j. Map of Trinidad and Tobago.
13. Log book no.4 WHOL, 1945-1950
14. Hawaiian Data, 1946
15. Note on physalia symmetry, 1946
16. Vertical motion exchange of heat and water between the air and sea [folder 1], 1946
17. Vertical motion exchange of heat and water between the air and sea [folder 2], 1946
18. The preparation and use of water sensitive coatings for sampling cloud particles, 1946
19. Grass pond area, 1946-1947
20. Marine studio experiment on porpoise density, 1946, 1948-1950
21. Sargassum pressure tests Bermuda bio. station St. Georges, Bermuda, 1947-1948
22. Sargassum studies, 1947-1948
23. Subsurface sargassum, 1947-1948
24. Sargassum notebook, 1948
25. Salt spray data, 1948
26. Sea and lake boundary, layer conditions, bubbles and foaming, 1948, 1950, 1952, 1960
27. Wave riding dolphins, 1948-1949
28. The swimming of dolphins, 1948-1950, 1960
29. Subsurface sargassum manuscript, 1949
30. Melting patterns in shallow ponds, 1949-1950
31. Grass Pond-Long Island, 1949, 1962
32. Data book impact sampling 1950, Nassau trip 1960, Woods Hole, MA, USA, 1950, 1960
33. Original data June 1951, Ohan, TH, 1951
34. December 1951-Summer 1954, 1951-1954
35. Hawaii, 1952
36. Cloud paper tables, 1953
37. Salt induced convection and clouds "bits and pieces", 1953, 1956
38. Bubbles from melting snow, 1953, 1957, 1971, 1974
39. Project shower, Kilauea "Kapoho" eruption 1954, 1960

Box 5

1. Contribution to the study of the origin of nitrogen in atmospheric precipitation, 1955
2. Atmospheric salt sampling, 1955-1956
3. Flight and field data, 1955, 1961, 1963-1965
4. Ideas for further physalia studies, 1956
    a. One page titled: "Tentative suggestions for Physalia studies, emphasizing their sailing habits." dated(Sunday, August 5, 195 6), an outline in pencil.
    b. Seven pages ripped out of a small notebook with observations dated 3/24/46, 3/26/46,3/31, and 4/6/46
5. Dimorphism in the Portuguese Man-of-War, 1956
    a. Typescript inscribed 2nd corrected copy, Mar 28, of article "Dimorphism in the Portuguese Man-of-War", 7 pages including bib & notes, & three pages of graphs accompanying the article & two tables (one draft, on final) of observations of right and left handed Physalia seen on the surface of the open sea.
    b. Correspondence with MacMillan & Co. re the submission, two pages, two post cards dated March 1956;
    c. A second set of the three figures which appear the same but are not numbered.
    d. Three pages of penciled drafts of figure 1 & 2, and of table 1
6. Salt spray in hurricanes, 1956-1958, 1974
7. Factors affecting the distribution of villia - Dr. G.O. Mackie, no date [ca. 1957]
8. Physalia data, 1957-1958
9. Atmospheric salt sampling, 1957-1960
10. Plueston of the Western Pacific - A.J. Savilov, 1958
11. Physalia sailing, 1959-1970
    a. Robert Bieri, "Dimorphism and Size Distribution in Velelia and Physalia," Nature, Oct. 24, 1959, 1333-1334,
    b. Lisbeth Francis, "Design of a Small Cantilevered Sheet: The Sail of Velella velella," Pacific Science, (1985), vol. 39, no. 1, 1-15,
    c. A Russian publication of A. N. Cabnob?? In cyrilic, CCCP 1958
    d. A typescipt Note to: Dick Backus from A. H. Woodcock, 1 March 1961 marked corrected copy, Subject: "Making Observations of the Sailing Direction of Physalia on the Next Chain cruise", three pages & two incomplete drafts of same,
    e. Typescript, G. O. Mackie from the Pacific Marine Station, California, titled "Factors affecting the distribution of Velella" 12 pages & 2 graphs,
    f. A graph of Woodcock's labeled "Observations of Physalia physalis dipping rate as a function of wind speed, Straits of Florida, March 1961 with ink and pencil notations,
    g. Reprint article, Charles E. Lane and Eleanor Dodge, "The toxicity of Physalia Nematocysts" Biological Bulletin, Vol 115, No. 2, 219-226, Oct 1958
    h. Reprint article, R. V. Southcott, "Venomous Jelly Fish," Good Health, South Australia, January 1960, 1-6,
    i. Reprint article, C. W. Kingston and R. V. Southcott, "Skin Histopathology in Fatal Jellyfish Stinging," Transactions of the Royal Society for Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol. 54, No. 4, 373-384, 1960,
    j. A Rejection letter from Nature for a mss. dated 17 Dec. 1970.
    k. Reprint, J. B, Wittenberg, J. M. Noronah and M. Silverman, "Folic Acid Derivatives in the Gas Glands of Physalia physalis L." Biochem. J. (1962) 85, 9, 9-15
    l. Proof with hand written corrections in pencil by Woodcock, "Note Concerning Physalia Behavior at Sea" Limnology and Oceanography, May 1971, V. 16 (3), 551-552
    m. Two drafts of the Notes (17 pages)article above (see 12) & correspondence (2 pages) with Dr. Yvette H. Edmondson, two of the letters are very amusing one from Woodcock to Edmondson explaining his difficulty in getting more data for the Note "The research vessel crew thought I was mad as it was" for spending that much time on the observations in a small boat, and Edmondson's note with reviewers comments concluding "I am amused to note that one of these referees apparently thinks of you as a meteorologist and the other as a biological oceanographer. It's always been my understanding of the legend that you're really a pomologist."
    n. A negative and black & white photo of Physalia probably for use as an illustration if needed in the Notes article 12 above but not dated & negatives and four color photos of Physalia again probably taken during the observations for the Notes article
    o. Photocopy of typescript article by Dorothy H. Miles, "The Left-handed Jelleyfish" Sunday Star Bulletin & Advertiser, for release Sunday, March 19, 1972, 5 pages double spaced with hand written comments in Woodcock's ??? hand.
    p. Two note cards with article citations & comments
12. Comparison of isopiestic and flame photometer methods, 1960
13. Photo micrographs of steam cloud sample #15, 1960
14. Steam cloud samples Nov. 2-3, slide 4 Nov. 3-4, 1960
15. Schults counts of particles in steam cloud, Nov. 8, 1960
16. Lab steam cloud sampling, Nov. 17, 1960
17. Particles from hot lava using saturated sea salt solution, 1960
18. Comments about sustained swimming speeds of dolphins, 1960
19. Volcano steam cloud study Hawaii, 1960
20. Steam cloud particles photographs slide #15, 1960
21. Steam cloud particles slides #1 and #19 photo micrographs, no date [ca. 1960]
22. Glacier variations and climate, 1960-1962
23. Ice melt patterns, 1960-1965
24. Record book no. 1, 1961
25. New note about physalia, 1961
26. Physalia chain observations, 1961
    a. Two note cards on Sailing of P-p
    b. Chart of Chain observations (cruise 17) Dr. R. H. Backus -pencil. 1 page
    c. Typescript "Notes on Physalia, Chain Cruise 17 abstracted from journal of R. H. Backus, 4 pages
    d. Letter, Ian A.E. Bayly to A. H. Woodcock, October 8, 1967, discussing his research interests.
    e. Advertising flyer with notes by Woodcock for Australian Inland Waters and their Fauna Eleven Studies Edited by A. H. Weatherly.
    f. Pencil equipment list and observations on sea surface and in tank, undated, 1 page
    g. Pen notes titled Chain 35 St. Thomas - Recipe, Brazil (Leg #1) P.M. O'W observations R. H. Backus, 1 page
    h. Two note cards of citations on Edwards '66 and Savilov '67
    i. 1 page note that information about Physalia work can be found in file "Data re Papers"
    j. Reprint, Sammy M. Ray, "Gymnodinium breve: Induction of Shellfish Poisoning in Chicks," Science, June 25, 1965, Vol 148, No. 3678, 1748-49
    k. 1 page double sided of notations in pencil, California, Japan, South Atl?, etc. some with totals
    l. 1 page dated Nov. 15, 1943 with name Clara Shoemaker (American Museum of Natural History) and counts for New Zealand "1 left", between Cook and Marshall Islands at Marembold " 1 left" and a few other notations.
27. Rain recorder records Oct. 22-Nov.30, 1961
28. HDO, 1961-1962
29. HDO in raindrops, 1961-1962
30. Deuterium in raindrops Hawaii, 1961-1962
31. Record book no. 2, 1962
32. Salt induced convection and clouds, 1962, 1959
33. Salt spray in hurricanes, 1962-1968
34. Rain recorder paper, 1963
35. Salt + Copters, 1963-1965
36. Atmospheric sea salt, 1963-1966

Box 6

1. Smoke experiment pictures, 1964
2. Salt convection, preliminary report on salt convection experiment results, 1964
3. Lake sediment, radiocarbon dating, 1965-1967
4. Melt patterns in ice over shallow waters, 1965
5. Record book no. 3, 1965-1966
6. Carbon 14 analysis proposal etc. (Waiau core), 1965-1966
7. Older Lake W. reports, etc., 1965-1967
8. L. Waiau sediment TC, 1965-1967
9. Waiau Data, 1965-1967, 1970
10. Waiau data, 1965-1968
11. Waiau core, patterned ground in Waiau core, stone drift, unidentified photos, 1965, 1968, 1975
12. Geochron laboratories, inc. (Waiau cores), 1966
13. Record book no. 4, 1966-1967
14. Soaring flight studies, 1966, 1952, 1945
15. Waiau photos, 1966, 1978
16. Record book no. 5, 1967-1968
17. Latest version of Waiau paper, 1967-1969
18. Record book no. 6, 1968-1969
19. Patterned ground MK Hawaii, drill hole, plant biology, 1968-1977
20. Waiau photos, 1968, 1978
21. Lichen trace mineral results, Mauna Loa Mauna Kea saddle area, 1969
22. Record book no. 7, 1969-1971
23. Glacier variations and climate, 1969-1976
24. Lake Waiau, 1969-1970, 1978, 1982
25. Glacier variations and climate, 1970-1978
26. Glacier variations and climate, 1970-1978
27. Record book no. 9, 1971
28. Record book no. 8, 1971
29. Mauna Kea Juniper news note Lake W., 1971
30. Record book no. 10, 1971-1972
31. Record book no. 11, 1972-1973

Box 7

1. Record book no. 12, 1973-1975
2. Mauna Kea "breathing" 1974, 1978
3. Snow ablation forms, "nine perritente", patterned ground, 1975
4. Record book no. 13, 1975-1976
5. Record book no. 14, 1976
6. Mountain breathing MK, water vapor from drill hole, deuterium, 1976
7. Record book no. 15, 1976-1978
8. Cape Cod canal fog, 1977-1982, 1959, 1962
9. Lake Waiau core photos- 1978, old photos of sargassum lines and rain showers, 1978
10. Record book no. 16, 1978-1982
11. Geological Society of America Bulletin, pt. 2, 1979
12. Cape Cod canal fog data, 1981
13. Ice melt patterns, 1981-1982
14. Hawaiian telescope project- environmental impact statement, 1982
15. Mauna Kea summit area, Sept. 1982, UK drill hole temp. data, 1982
16. Cape Cod Canal, Buzzards Bay, MA [record book no. 18], 1982
17. Sept. 1982 latest "ice patterns" work Woodcock and Lucas, 1982
18. Hawaiian astronomy station- environmental impact study, 1982
19. U. Hawaii Mauna Kea science reserve master plan

Box 8

(Legal Size Material): 1966-1986

1. MB (mountain breathing), 1966-1980
2. Mountain breathing revisited, 1966-1980
3. MB (mountain breathing) [folder 2], 1967-1986

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Last updated August 21, 2007