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Biological Sciences



Last Updated: November 03, 2009
This page is maintained by Michael Knee.

Search Engines

Search Engines

Internet search engines listing from the Internet Tutorials Web site.

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Starting Points

All the Virology on the WWW

Well-organized collection of virology-related Web sites.

BiologyBrowser

Produced by BIOSIS, BiologyBrowser provides links to a large collection of life sciences information. It can be browsed or searched by organism, subject, or geography; or the entire site can be searched.

BioNetbook

A directory of Web pages for biology that's searchable by keyword or by resource type, organism, and biological domain.

BioTech: Life Sciences Resources and Reference Tools

Directory of biotechnology data & information from around the world.

The E. coli Index

Offers a large assortment of E. coli resources including links to journals, societies, publishers, universities, & employment opportunities.

Entomology Index of Internet Resources

A directory and search engine of insect-related Internet resources, including bibliographies, checklists, databases, directories, electronic publications, images, sounds, institutions, jobs, listservs, online courses, and software.

EnviroLink Library

Comprehensive resource guide to environmental information available on the Internet.

Environmental Sites on the Internet

A metasite that provides a comprehensive array of environmental science information available on the Internet.

Internet Directory for Botany

An index to botanical information on the Internet; browse the alphabetical or category lists or use the site's search engine.

Microbes.info

Microbes.info is a gateway to microbiology resources on the Internet. It provides access to resources in general, environmental, food, industrial, medical, and veterinary microbiology as well as to educational resources, employment sites, companies, organizations, Web gateways, publications, news, events, articles, and FAQs.

Microscopy and Imaging Resources on the WWW

Lists microscopy-related links in the following categories: beginning topics, advanced topics, Internet resources, interesting and educational, & professional societies.

Neurosciences on the Internet

Contains a searchable & browsable index of neuroscience resources available on the Web, including email lists, ftp sites, gopher, & telnet resources; neurobiology, neurology, neurosurgery, psychiatry, psychology, cognitive science, & information on human neurological diseases are covered.

Pedro's BioMolecular Research Tools

A comprehensive collection of research tools for molecular biologists including databases, guides, and links to other useful WWW sites.

Plant Pathology Internet Guide Book

A subject oriented internet resource guide for plant pathology, applied entomology, & all related fields.

The Protein Kinase Resource

Compendium of information on the protein kinase family of enzymes; includes tools for structural & computational analyses as well as links to related information maintained by others.

Scott's Botanical Links

Two sites in one: a "link of the day" archive, consisting of rated and annotated sites & a subject hierarchy (Site Index) containing over forty topics including cell biology, horticulture, dendrology, & phytopathology.

Virtual Library of Ecology & Biodiversity

As part of the WWW Virtual Library it provides access ecology and biodiversity sites including links to resources about global sustainability, history of life, endangered species, captive breeding, exotic introductions, pollution, human population, habitats, protected areas, values of biodiversity, national issues, U.S. state issues, U.S. government and legislation, international treaties, involvement, biodiversity and conservation, and conservation education.

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Anatomy

Interactive Atlases: Digital Anatomist Project

Each atlas is comprised of a set of structurally annotated color images containing 2-D and 3-D images from cadaver sections, MRI scans, & computer reconstructions.

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Associations & Organizations

Committee for the National Institute for the Environment

Site includes information on the origin of the NIE, its accomplishments, its current activities, as well as sections on membership, fund-raising, and financial & legislative sponsors.

Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

Links to the home pages of the FASEB member societies including information about their meetings, conferences, newsletters, & journals.

Resources of Scholarly Societies - Biology

Access to Web sites & gophers maintained by or for scholarly biological societies around the world.

BIRDNET

Provides access to the member societies of the Ornithological Council as well as to information about ornithology & the scientific study of birds.

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Bacteriology

List of Prokaryotic Names with Standing in Nomenclature

Includes, alphabetically & chronologically, the official nomenclature of bacteria.

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Bibliographic Databases & Indexes

AGRICOLA

The National Agricultural Library's Web gateway provides access to materials relating to all aspects of agriculture as well as plant ecology from 1984 forward or access FirstSearch's AGRICOLA which goes back to 1970.

Bibliographic Databases & IndexesAccessible to University at Albany users only

An alphabetical listing of bibliographic databases and indexes for the biological sciences.

PrimateLit: A Bibliographic Database for Primatology

Covering the scientific literature from 1940 forward, PrimateLit provides access to citations on nonhuman primates. Coverage includes articles, books, abstracts, technical reports, dissertations, and book chapters. The database may be searched or browsed.

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Bibliographies

Recent Ornithological Literature Online

Previosly published as a printed supplement to The Auk, The Emu, & The Ibis, this bird bibliography is now only available on the Web; coverage is global & comprehensive including journal articles, book chapters, & special publications.

Topical Reviews in Plant Physiology

This American Society of Plant Biologists Web site lists topical reviews in plant physiology from sources such as: Annual Review of Biochemistry, Annual Review of Cell Developmental Biology, Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, Annual Review of Phytopathology, Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology, Photosynthesis Research, Plant Physiology, and Trends in Plant Science.

Bibliography: Climate Change and Its Impact on Biodiversity

A bibliography of peer-reviewed & gray literature focusing on climate change & its impacts on flora and fauna species and critical supporting ecosystems.

Early Classics in Biogeography, Distribution, and Diversity Studies: To 1950

This is a bibliography covering the fields of ecology, conservation, systematics, physical geography, evolutionary biology, cultural biogeography, paleobiology, and bioclimatology. All citations have in common a relevance to the study of geographical distribution and diversity. Many of the entries link to the full text or to information about the author.

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Biochemical Compounds

BMRB: BioMagResBank

BMRB contains a repository of NMR results from peptides, proteins, and nucleic acids. There is also a collection of computer software applications used for biomolecular NMR.

ChemBank

ChemBank contains data and properties of small molecules, including chemical structure, biological activity, and biological assay.

Klotho: Biochemical Compounds Declarative Database

Klotho is an attempt to model biological processes. The database can be searched or browsed; results include a compound's stereochemical configuration.

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Biodiversity/Phylogeny

Biodiversity Hotspotsnew resource

From Conservation International, Biodiversity Hotspots highlights 25 critically threatened ecosystems (hotspots) around the world. Its purpose is to focus on areas where biodiversity is at greatest risk. Information includes an overview, unique biodiversity, human impacts, conservation actions, and in depth information. There is also an outline map, a reading list, and related links.

EMAN-Recommended Monitoring Protocols

The Ecological Monitoring and Assessment Network (EMAN) provides recommended protocols for monitoring species of freshwater, marine, & terrestrial ecosystems.

The Gap Analysis Program

The goal of the GAP Program is to collect and integrate many levels of biological, physical, and policy information on a large scale, in order to identify gaps in current resource management plans.

NBN (National Biodiversity Network) Gateway

After registering, users can access a large variety of datasets that can be navigated by species name or site location. Results also allow users to view 10km distribution maps of the selected species.

The Tree of Life

A site designed to contain information about the phylogenetic relationships and characteristics of organisms, to illustrate the diversity and unity of living organisms, and to link biological information available on the Internet in the form of a phylogenetic navigator.

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Bioethics

Bioethics Resources on the Web

The National Institute of Health's clearinghouse of bioethics resources on the Web.

Bioethics.net

Bioethics.net is the home for The American Journal of Bioethics. It provides access to The Journal along with news and opinion.

Encyclopedia of BioethicsAccessible to University at Albany users only

The third edition of the Encyclopedia of Bioethics is a complete revision. It contains 448 articles covering a broad range of bioethics issues, from cloning to nanotechnology. Many articles begin with a history of the topic.

The Hastings Center

The Hastings Center is "a nonpartision research institute dedicated to bioethics and the public interest." Its publications, research, and news are made available, along with information on selected bioethics topics. The site is fully searchable.

Human Genome Project Information (genomics.energy.gov)

The aim of this site is to disseminate information about human genome projects. It also furnishes general research information on genetics and bioethics, a genetics tutorial, a glossary, a list of acronyms, a FAQ section, news, and an extensive list of links to other genome Web sites.

Kennedy Institute of Ethics: Library and Information Services

A Georgetown University site that provides access to numerous bioethics resources including resources on special topics, databases, bibliographies, and customized bibliograhies by request.

President's Council on Bioethics

The Council advises the President on bioethical issues emerging from technological advances. The site includes background material, transcripts, and reports. It is arranged by topic of concern and includes subjects like age-retardation, cloning, death, genetics, health care, nanotechnology, organ transplantation, and stem cells.

Reference UniverseAccessible to University at Albany users only

Reference Universe is a master index to the contents of reference books. Users can search article titles and back-of-the-book indexes of subject encyclopedias and other reference works. For chapters or articles in ebooks owned by the University Libraries, Reference Universe links to the full text. For chapters or articles in print books owned by the University Libraries, Reference Universe links to the Minerva catalog record.

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Biography

Profiles in Science

Profiles in Science contains the archival collections of prominent 20th century biomedical scientists. The collections have been donated to the National Library of Medicine and contain published and unpublished materials, including books, journal volumes, pamphlets, diaries, letters, manuscripts, photographs, audio tapes, and other audiovisual materials.

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Biological Suppliers

SelectScience

SelectScience is an independent guide for laboratory scientists. It aims to improve the exchange of information and experience, and to help scientists make informed decisions when purchasing a product.

BioSupplyNet

Search or browse through suppliers, products, or product categories. BioSupplyNet provides access to biosupply information as well as links to biosupply companiesp.

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Birds

The A.O.U. Check-list of North American Birds

This is the online version of the American Ornithologists' Union's 7th edition (1998) of its check-list. It covers species from the Arctic through Panama, including the West Indies and Hawaiian Islands. Over 2,000 species of birds are listed by Order.

Audubon's (Multimedia) Birds of America

Online version of Birds of America by John James Audubon; includes the full text, color plates, figures, U.S. state birds, & bird calls.

Bird Checklists of the United States

A compilation of bird checklists developed by numerous sources around the United States indicating the seasonal occurrence of birds in state, federal, and private management areas and nature preserves.

Bird Families of the World

It classifies the bird families of the world according to the Handbook of the Birds of the World. 202 families are listed.

Canadian Bird Trends Database

Population trends and range distribution information for all species of birds that breed within the Canadian provinces of the North American Breeding Bird Survey.

International Field Guides

International Field Guides contains a searchable database to field guides for plants, animals, and other objects in North America and around the world. It may also be browsed by by type of organism and region covered. This site was created by Diane Schmidt, Biology Librarian at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Migratory Bird Center

From the Smithsonian National Zoological Park, this site provides broad and accessible information on migratory birds that breed in the U.S. and Canada, and spend the winter in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Neotropical Birds

From Cornell's Lab of Ornithology, Neotropical Birds provides life history information on birds from Central and South America.

The North American Breeding Bird Survey: Results and Analysis 1966-2002

This is a 30-year summary of the effort to monitor breeding birds across North America. The site maintains 3,700 active BBS surveys of which nearly 2,900 are surveyed annually, and includes continent-wide range maps, population trends, identification tips, and general summaries for more than 200 species of birds.

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Book Reviews

Book Reviews in Scientific Journals in CLICAPS

This Website contains links to book reviews in chemistry, biology, and pharmacy journals and Websites, that have been cataloged in CLIPCAPS, the library catalog at ETH Zürich. Since it is based on RSS feeds, this site is automatically updated and may be subscribed to using an RSS reader or aggregator.

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Botany

The Families of Flowering Plants

Provides detailed character descriptions, taxonomic information, references, & line illustrations of all the Angiosperm families.

Flora of North America

A project undertaken to provide authoritative, up-to-date information on the names, relationships, characteristics, & distributions of over 21,000 species of plants that grow outside of cultivation in North America north of Mexico; the major product being produced is a comprehensive set of taxonomic treatments for all North American plant species and infraspecific taxa; these treatments are published on this Web site & as a 30-volume set published by Oxford University Press.

Global Compendium of Weeds

The Global Compendium of Weeds is a list of 28,000 named plant species that have been cited as weeds. The list of weeds may be browsed, and is arranged by the first letter of the genus name. The species profiles include the data source, synonyms, status, origin, and sometimes native range and reported medicinal/herbal uses.

Index Nominum Genericorum

A Collaborative project of the International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT) and the Smithsonian Institution, that brings all generic names of plants together in a single list. This searchable database includes bibliographic citations as well as information about the "typification and nomenclatural status" of generic names.

The International Plant Names Index

Based on the Index Kewensis (IK), the Gray Card Index (GCI) and the Australian Plant Names Index (APNI); for every known flowering plant, IPNI provides the plant's official scientific name as well as a citation of the journal article or book in which the discovery of the species was recorded.

International Field Guides

International Field Guides contains a searchable database to field guides for plants, animals, and other objects in North America and around the world. It may also be browsed by by type of organism and region covered. This site was created by Diane Schmidt, Biology Librarian at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

IOPI Database of Plant Databases (DPD)

Compiled by the International Organization for Plant Information, the DPD is a global list of plant databases including taxonomic databases, collection catalogs, & DELTA datasets.

Medicinal Plants of the World: Chemical Constituents, Traditional, and Modern Medicinal UsesAccessible to University at Albany users only

This encyclopedic work covers the medicinal uses for plants from around the world. It includes illustrations and descriptions of each plant, all of which are cross-referenced. It also contains the plant's chemical constituents and usage.

MedPhyt

Developed and funded by the Beilstein Institute and the Institute for Information Technology at the University Klagenfurt (Austria), MedPhyt is a database containing information about plants of medicinal and pharmaceutical interest. Initially, it will contain data on European plants. Plants from other continents will be added later. MedPhyt is freely available, but registration is required. English and German versions are available.

Plants Database

A single source containing information about the approximately 45,000 currently recognized plant taxa, both vascular and nonvascular, known to occur as native or naturalized species within the boundaries of the U.S., including territories. It is searchable by family or genus as well as by state. Retrieved items may contain taxonomic information, synonyms, a coarse distribution map, and references.

Vascular Plant Type Catalog

An online catalog of more than 67,000 vascular plant type specimens that are housed at the New York Botanical Garden; searable and browsable.

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Brain Atlases

MAP: Mouse Atlas Project

Available from UCLA, the goal of MAP is "to develop a dynamic, probabilistic atlas of the adult and developing C57BL/6J mouse. Users can import their own data into the atlas and use the same tools to visualize, compare and measure domains of gene expression in normal, gene-targeted knock-out, or transgenic mice."

The Whole Brain Atlas

An atlas of normal brain structure & function as well as normal aging of the brain & vascular anatomy of the brain.

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Conferences & Meetings

All Conferences: Biology

All Conferences is a directory that focuses on up-coming conferences, conventions, trade shows, exhibits, workshops, events, and meetings. It may be browsed by subject field or searched.

BiologyBrowser: Conferences

Contains current and upcoming national and international conference announcements as well as archived conference announcements. Links to conference Websites are also provided.

MInd: The Meeting Index

Created by InterDok, the publisher of the Directory of Published Proceeding, MInd lists information on future conferences, congresses, meetings and symposia. It can be searched by subject keyword, sponsor, location, or year.

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Courses, Lectures, & Tutorials

The Big Picture Book of Viruses

This site serves as a catalog of virus pictures on the Internet as well as a resource to information about viruses.

BioComputing Hypertext Coursebook

A course offered on the Web that covers the interaction between biology & computer science.

Biodiversity and Conservation

A comprehensive introduction & learning aid for biological conservation; also include links to resources on the Web.

Bioinformatics Tutorials Series (BITS)

A joint effort of the MIT Engineering and Science Libraries and Harvard's Countway Library of Medicine, the Bioinformatics Tutorials Series (BITS) is a growing collection of bioinformatics tutorials in video format.

Biology Labs On-Line

This site provides several interative biological simulations and exercises. Among the offerings are Fly Lab, Evolution Lab, Mitochondria Lab, Leaf Lab, and Enzyme Lab. Users must register.

The Biology Project

An interactive online resource for learning biology; includes sections on biochemistry, cell biology, developmental biology, human biology, Mendelian genetics, immunology, molecular biology as well as links to Web resources.

Cells Alive

This site contains several activities to help users understand the basics of cellular biology. It also has three interactive quizzes on cell structure, cell function, microbes, and the immune system.

DNA from the Beginning

This is animated primer to the basics of DNA, genes, and heredity. Each section contains a quiz to test your understanding.

Human Anatomy On-line

Offers 2 tutorials: the "Interactive Anatomy" version for exploration on your own and the "Anatomy Lesson" for a guided tour.

Introduction to the Aves: The Birds

This is a learning resource on the paleontology of birds; it covers fossil record, life history and ecology, systematics, & morphology.

MendelWeb

Based on Gregor Mendel's 1865 paper "Versuche über Pflanzen-Hybriden" and a revised version of the English translation "Experiments in Plant Hybridization," MendelWeb contains a wealth of information about this foundational paper in genetics, and the context of Mendel's research and its rediscovery.

MIT Biology Hypertextbook

This online textbook is designed to supplement the MIT Introductory Biology course materials and provide additional tools to learn introductory biology.

Molecular Models for Biochemistry

Developed to complement standard biochemistry textbooks, this site contains interactive 3-D images of molecules and macromolecules. Chime or RasMol are required to view the images.

Neuroscience Tutorial

An illustrated guide to the essential basics of clinical neuroscience.

Optical Microscopy Primer

Developed at Florida State University, this set of tutorials covers microscopy and its related principles. It starts with the basics, but covers several advanced topics.

Peptide Guide

This resources provides a basic introduction to the field of peptide chemistry along with some applications of peptides. It includes an overview of amino acids, a protein builder that constructs text representations for simple peptides and proteins, a peptide mass calculator, and a glossary as well as information about bonds and synthesis.

Primer on Molecular Genetics

This primer was prepared by Denise Casey at Human Genome Management Information System of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory; it is available in PDF, HTML, and Palm Pilot (PDB) formats.

SciTalks: Biology

Launching with over 1,000 entries, SciTalks is a repository of science lectures and talks from all over the world. The lectures (talks) range in length from brief to lengthy, and from basic or humorous to complex and serious. SciTalks can be browsed by scientific fields, or the entire collection can be searched.

Viremia Page

This site provides students with interactive learning & self-assessment in the field of medical virology.

The Virtual Embryo

The centerpiece of this site is Dynamic Development, a modular resource to facilitate learning in developmental biology.

Virus Ultra Structure

Intended to serve as an introductory manual for students of virology.

World Lecture Hall

A worldwide listing of courses in Anatomy, Biochemistry, Biology/Botany, Biotechnology, Environmental Science, Microbiology, Neuroscience, and Zoology.

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Databases

ChemBioGrid: Chemistry Databases on the Web

From the Chemical Informatics and Cyberinfrastructure Collaboratory (CICC) at Indiana University, this Web site lists and describes many major chemistry and biology databases and resources on the Web. It is classified into these categories: general; 2D structure; specific classes of compounds; drug-related; disease-related; physical properties, spectra, etc.; toxcity and environmental; biomolecules; metabolic pathways; Web services-enabled biosciences; commercial; and miscellaneous. There is also an alphabetical list of databases (resources) that is annotated.

Atlas of Mouse Development & Gene Expression Database

A full 3-D anatomical atlas of mouse development & an associated database of gene expression patterns, cell lineage, & other spatially organized data.

The Borrelia burgdorferiGenome Database (BBDB)

The Institute for Genomic Research has recently released sequence data & related annotation for Borrelia burgdorferi.

BRENDA: The Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

BRENDA is a comprehensive database of enzyme information. It contains enzyme function data from primary literature sources including enzyme name, organism, EC number, literature citations, two dimensional images, and links to other databases. It's free, but users must register.

Canadian Bird Trends Database

Population trends and range distribution information for all species of birds that breed within the Canadian provinces of the North American Breeding Bird Survey.

ChemBank

ChemBank contains data and properties of small molecules, including chemical structure, biological activity, and biological assay.

E. coli Genome Project

The Data and Analysis subsection is the centerpiece of this site with 11 browsable ORF tables that provide information on 12 characteristics of each gene; an additional RNA table includes information on all non-protein encoding RNA species; all tables can be downloaded.

Environmental Data Registry (EDR)

EDR is a comprehensive catalog of major data collections maintained by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

ENZYME

An enzyme nomenclature database based on the recommendations of the Nomenclature Committee of the International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (IUBMB) and it describes each type of characterized enzyme for which an EC (Enzyme Commission) number has been provided.

ExPASy Proteomics Tools

Describes & provides access to a comprehensive collection of protein-related databases & research tools.

Human Genome Database from The Institute for Genomic Research

Access to cDNA/EST (human genome) sequence & related data as well as other molecular biology databases.

Human Genome Variation Database

HGVbase seeks to list and summarize known sequence variations in the human genome, and facilitate research into how genotypes affect common diseases, drug responses, and other complex phenotypes.

IOPI Database of Plant Databases (DPD)

Compiled by the International Organization for Plant Information, the DPD is a global list of plant databases including taxonomic databases, collection catalogs, & DELTA datasets.

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes Release

The KEGG Project is an attempt to bridge the gap between the genes and their functional implications; it contains a searchable database of computerized information pathways that consist of interacting genes or molecules.

Klotho: Biochemical Compounds Declarative Database

Klotho is an attempt to model biological processes. The database can be searched or browsed; results include a compound's stereochemical configuration.

LIGAND

The Ligand Chemical Database for Enzyme Reactions (LIGAND) is designed to provide the linkage between chemical & biological aspects of life in light of enzymatic reactions.

The Mendel Database

Searchable database containing more than 20,000 genes, which can be translated into proteins, organized into about 2,000 gene families based on their sequence homology; typical entries include gene family number & gene family name, gene & gene product descriptions & synonyms, and accession numbers with links to SWISS-PROT & EMBL.

National Center for Biotechnology Information

Among the NCBI databases are the GenBank Sequence Database, UniGene: Unique Human Gene Sequence Collection, dbEST: Database of Expressed Sequence Tags, dbGSS: Database of Genome Survey Sequences, dbSTS: Database of Sequence Tagged Sites, Electronic PCR , amd MMDB: Molecular Modelling Database. The NCBI Handbook provides a detailed introduction to NCBI resources with extensive links to help documentation.

NBII Metadata Clearinghouse Gateway

The goal of this National Biological Information Infrastructure site is to help researchers & educators locate repositories of biological data from the following sources: state and federal government agencies, universities, museums, libraries, & private organizations.

The Nucleic Acid Database

The goal of NDB is to assemble & distribute structural information about nucleic acids; it includes the coordinates of nucleic acid-containing crystal structures, including a searchable atlas of structures; Protein Finder, a search-engine for locating protein structures in the PDB database; a macromolecular crystallographic information file, & reports about the structures contained in the database.

REBASE: The Restriction Enzyme Database

A collection of information about restriction enzymes, methylases, the microorganisms from which they have been isolated, recognition sequences, cleavage sites, methylation specificity, the commercial availability of the enzymes, & references.

SCOP: Structural Classification of Proteins

The SCOP database furnishes a detailed description of the structure & evolutionary relationships of proteins.

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Development

Developmental Biology Cinema

From the Society for Developmental Biology, this Web site offers video sequences of developing embryos (organisms) and experimental techniques.

Atlas of Mouse Development & Gene Expression Database

A full 3-D anatomical atlas of mouse development & an associated database of gene expression patterns, cell lineage, & other spatially organized data.

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Dictionaries & Encyclopedias

AmphibiaWeb

The goal for this project is to provide an accout about every amphibian species in the world; the accounts include species descriptions, photos, life history information, conservation status information, & literature references.

Biomedical Abbreviation Server

Created by scanning Medline, this dictionary contains over 2,000,000 biomedical abbreviations and acronyms. It can be searched by abbreviation, acronym, or keyword.

BioTech Life Science Dictionary

Illustrated dictionary containing terms associated with biochemistry, biotechnology, botany, cellular biology, and genetics.

Dictionary of Cell and Molecular Biology

This dictionary is intended to provide quick access to easily-understood and cross-referenced definitions of cell and molecular biology terms. It contains 7,072 entries and 7,168 cross-references.

Dictionary of (Ecological) Epidemiology

A dictionary edited by Jonathan Swinton, but based on other dictionaries.

Encyclopedia of BioethicsAccessible to University at Albany users only

The third edition of the Encyclopedia of Bioethics is a complete revision. It contains 448 articles covering a broad range of bioethics issues, from cloning to nanotechnology. Many articles begin with a history of the topic.

Encyclopedia of DesertsAccessible to University at Albany users only

This encyclopeida covers deserts and semideserts of the world. There are early 700 entries on topics from desert survival to the way deserts are formed.

Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol, and Addictive BehaviorAccessible to University at Albany users only

The second edition of this encyclopedia "addresses the new frontiers that have opened in the area of addictive studies, including the biological basis for addiction and recent enhancements in diagnosis and treatment."

Encyclopedia of Life SciencesAccessible to University at Albany users only

A biological encyclopedia covering biochemistry, cell biology, developmental biology, evolution, genetics & molecular biology, immunology, microbiology & virology, neuroscience, plant science, structural biology, and other related areas; currently under development with completion date of Fall 2001.

Encyclopedia of Public HealthAccessible to University at Albany users only

The Encyclopedia of Public Heath covers a range of topics such as "environmental health, drug abuse, epidemiology, nutrition, demographics, and diseases. Includes overviews, definitions, and biographical entries."

The Encyclopedia of Earth

The Encyclopedia of Earth is a "new electronic resource about the Earth, its natural environments, and their interaction with society. It is a free, fully searchable collection of articles written by scholars, professionals, educators, and experts who collaborate and review each other's work. The articles are written in non-technical language." Althougt the Encyclopedia is a wiki, all content is reviewed and approved by editors prior to being published.

Environmental EncyclopediaAccessible to University at Albany users only

The third edition (2003) of the Environmental Encyclopedia "provides in-depth, worldwide coverage of environmental issues. The articles are written in a nontechnical style and furnish current status, analysis, and suggested solutions whenever possible."

Eurodic Autom

It translates between 12 European languages: Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Italian, Latin, Portuguese, Spanish, and Swedish.

Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative MedicineAccessible to University at Albany users only

This encyclopedia "presents current, unbiased information on alternative and complementary medical practices, including reflexology, acupressure, acupuncture, chelation therapy, kinesiology, yoga, chiropractic, Feldenkrais, polarity therapy, detoxification, naturopathy, Chinese medicine, biofeedback, Ayurveda, and osteopathy."

GeneticsAccessible to University at Albany users only

Edited by Richard Robinson, this 4-volume encyclopedia contains a comprehensive collection of articles on all aspects of genetics.

Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Offers concise definitions of both common & more obscure terms.

Grzimek's Animal Life EncyclopediaAccessible to University at Albany users only

Access the full text of the second edition (2004) of Grzimek's. This encyclopedia contains revised information as well as recent developments in the animal world.

Judging the Quality of Macromolecular Models: A Glossary of Terms from Crystallography, NMR, and Homology Modeling

Based on Crystallography Made Crystal Clear by Gale Rhodes, the purpose of this glossary is to help students and researchers judge the quality of molecular models.

Kimball's Biology Pages

Hypertext dictionary specializing in cell and molecular biology; each entry may contain a definition, links to other definitions, or mini-essays about the topic.

Macmillan Encyclopedia of EnergyAccessible to University at Albany users only

The Macmillan Encyclopedia of Energy contains over 250 illustrated articles, covering all topics in the field of energy. It also includes biographies.

Medicinal Plants of the World: Chemical Constituents, Traditional, and Modern Medicinal UsesAccessible to University at Albany users only

This encyclopedic work covers the medicinal uses for plants from around the world. It includes illustrations and descriptions of each plant, all of which are cross-referenced. It also contains the plant's chemical constituents and usage.

Medpedia

Developed in association with the medicals schools at Harvard, Stanford, and Michigan, and UC Berkeley's School of Public Health, Medpedia is a wiki-based encyclopedia covering up-to-date, unbiased medical and health information. The articles in Medpedia are written and edited by health experts for the general public. It can be browsed or searched.

Merriam-Webster's Medical Dictionary

Merriam-Webster contains definitions of more than 59,000 medical terms. The dictionary may be searched or browsed, and links to additional information on other health and medical Web sites are also provided.

National Library for the Environment

A project of the Committee for the National Institute for the Environment (CNIE), the library addresses the need for objective, scientifically sound information on environmental issues. It currently includes Congressional Research Service Reports and will eventually include An Encyclopedia of the Environment and In Depth Issues in the Environment.

The Online Medical Dictionary

Provides over 46,000 brief definitions of terms related to biochemistry, cell biology, chemistry, medicine, molecular biology, physics, plant biology, radiobiology, science, & technology; each definition is cross linked to other definitions.

Oxford Reference Online: Biological ScienceAccessible to University at Albany users only

Oxford Reference Online provides access to several resources in its Biological Sciences section. They may be searched together at the link above or separately at the links below:

Talking Glossary of Genetic Terms

This glossary offers phonetic spelling, a brief definition, a detailed explanation from a scientist in RealAudio format, related terms, & illustrations.

Terms of Environment

Dictionary of environmental terms, abbreviations, & acronyms.

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E-Print (Pre-Print) & Abstract Archives

APStracts

A publication of the American Physiological Society, it provides bibliographic information and abstracts of current research scheduled to be published in 11 of the Society's publications.

ArXiv.org E-Print Archive: Quantitative Biology

Part of the arXiv.org E-Print Archive, the Quantitative Biology section covers the subjects of biomolecules; cell biology; genomics; molecular networks; neurons and cognition; populations and evolution; quantitative methods; subcelluar processes; and tissues and organs. Based on arXiv.org, Eprintweb.org is a service from the Instiutue of Physics. It can be searched, browsed, and personalized. Althought it is free, registration is required for personalization.

CogPrints Electronic Archive

An electronic archive for papers in Biology and Neuroscience that are pertinent to the study of cognition.

Enviro-Science e-Print Service

A project of the U.S. Department of Energy and the EPA, this service provides online access to manuscripts, conference papers, presentations, posters, and technical reports in environmental management science.

Nature Precedings

Covering biology, medicine, chemistry, and earth sciences, Nature Precedings is an repository for scientists and researchers to deposit and share pre-publication research, unpublished manuscripts, presentations, posters, white papers, technical papers, supplementary findings, and other scientific documents. Submissions are screened, but are not peer reviewed. Nature Precedings may be browsed or searched, and RSS feeds and email alerts are available for several subjects. Developed by Nature Publishing Group.

PrePRINT Network

Access is provided to biology and medicine preprint collections or preprints provided by individual authors.

viXra.org Open e-Print Archive

viXra.org (reverse of arXiv) is a preprint archive alternative. It places no restrictions on the sorts of papers that can be posted.

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Ecology & Environment

Beacham's Guide to the Endangered Species of North AmericaAccessible to University at Albany users only

Arranged taxonomically, Beacham's contains data, habitats, and ecosystems of more than 1,200 endangered species. Each entry includes introductory and summary information, an image, distribution, threats, conservation and recovery efforts, and references.

e.hormone: Hormones and the Environment

Hosted by the Center for Bioenvironmental Research at Tulane and Xavier universities, e.hormone provides access to news, events, educational opportunities, research, and resources about hormones in the environment.

Environmental Data Registry (EDR)

EDR is a comprehensive catalog of major data collections maintained by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Environmental EncyclopediaAccessible to University at Albany users only

The third edition (2003) of the Environmental Encyclopedia "provides in-depth, worldwide coverage of environmental issues. The articles are written in a nontechnical style and furnish current status, analysis, and suggested solutions whenever possible."

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (2006)

Listing of the more than 11,000 species of the Earth's plants and animals that face a high risk of extinction in the near future.

NatureServe

A source for authoritative conservation information on plants, animals, & ecological communities of the U.S. & Canada; it provides in-depth information on conservation status, conservation needs, life histories, & distribution.

Terrestrial Vegetation of the United States

This site provides a standardized listing of all natural vegetation types representing variations in biological diversity at the community level and identifies communities requiring protection.

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Electronic Books

The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online

This site contains the major works of the English naturalist Charles Darwin (1809-1882). It is the largest collection of his work ever assembled, and includes searchable text pages and images of both publications and handwritten manuscripts. Descriptions of Darwin's Beagle specimens are included along with first editions of Journal of Researches (1839), The Descent of Man (1871), The Zoology of the Voyage of H.M.S. Beagle (1838-43), and the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th editions of the Origin of Species. Additional materials will be forthcoming.

Gray's Anatomy

The 20th edition (1918) of Henry Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body.

National Academy Press - Biology

A collection of freely available reports from the National Academy Press.

The Online Books Page: Call Numbers Starting With QH-QR

Access the full text of biological sciences books.

The Origin of Species

The first edition of Charles Darwin's contribution to evolution.

Wikibooks: Biology Bookshelf

Wikibooks is a collection of open content textbooks. Open content means that these textbooks are freely available online. A textbook is defined by Wikibooks as "a manual of instruction or a standard book in any branch of study. They are produced according to the demand of educational institutions." The Biology Bookshelf contains introductory textbooks, subfields, biology courses, interdisciplinary fields, and other topics.

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Employment

ASM: Career Connection

This site provides recent employment listings posted by The American Society for Microbiology.

Biology Careers on the Internet

An article appearing in the Fall 1998 issue of Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship; it is an extensive listing of career resource sites for five areas of biology: biochemistry and molecular biology, botany, ecology and the environment, general biology, & zoology.

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Entomology

Monarch Watch

Contains information on monarch butterfly natural history, research, & conservation.

Moths of North America

Includes data on more than 550 species of moths from 7 families; organized by family, this site includes color photographs of most species; full descriptions of range, feeding habits, & life history; there is also a detailed color map of distribution & abundance, noting areas of confirmed records.

Social Insects World Wide Web

SIWeb's main sections include catalogs, collections, and identification of social insects; most of sections contain links to other databases, sites, or glossaries; there is also a collection of video and still images.

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Enzymology

BRENDA: The Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

BRENDA is a comprehensive database of enzyme information. It contains enzyme function data from primary literature sources including enzyme name, organism, EC number, literature citations, two dimensional images, and links to other databases. It's free, but users must register.

ENZYME

An enzyme nomenclature database based on the recommendations of the Nomenclature Committee of the International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (IUBMB); it describes each type of characterized enzyme for which an EC (Enzyme Commission) number has been provided .

LIGAND

The Ligand Chemical Database for Enzyme Reactions (LIGAND) is designed to provide the linkage between chemical & biological aspects of life in light of enzymatic reactions.

REBASE: The Restriction Enzyme Databaes

A collection of information about restriction enzymes, methylases, the microorganisms from which they have been isolated, recognition sequences, cleavage sites, methylation specificity, the commercial availability of the enzymes, & references.

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Genetics

The Borrelia burgdorferi Genome Database (BBDB)

The Institute for Genomic Research has recently released sequence data & related annotation for Borrelia burgdorferi.

Dog Genome Resources

The dog genome, which was sequenced by the Whitehead Institute/MIT Center for Genome Research, is available at this National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) Web site and mirrored at other sites around the world. Other dog genetics resources are also available.

E. coli Genome Project

The Data and Analysis subsection is the centerpiece of this site with 11 browsable ORF tables that provide information on 12 characteristics of each gene; an additional RNA table includes information on all non-protein encoding RNA species; all tables can be downloaded.

GeneMap'99

A gene map of the human genome posted by National Center for Biotechnology Information of the National Library of Medicine; it shows the positions, associated data, & annotations for more than 30,000 human gene-based markers.

Genetic and Physical Maps of the Mouse Genome

View integrated genetic maps & physical maps with STS-content data.

Genetic Maps of the Rat Genome

Genetic linkage maps of the rat resulting from the integration of two F2 intercrosses; available as viewable images, PICT, & PostScript files.

GeneticsAccessible to University at Albany users only

Edited by Richard Robinson, this 4-volume encyclopedia contains a comprehensive collection of articles on all aspects of genetics.

The Human Gene Map

A gene map of the human genome.

Human Genome Central

Features links to ancillary information and tools, enabling researchers to assess useful information such as the overlaps between clones, the correct genomic location of each clone, an integrated genomic sequence that merges the individual clones, and annotation of gene content.

Human Genome Database from The Institute for Genomic Research

Access to cDNA/EST (human genome) sequence & related data as well as other molecular biology databases.

Human Genome Project Information (genomics.energy.gov)

The aim of this site is to disseminate information about human genome projects. It also furnishes general research information on genetics and bioethics, a genetics tutorial, a glossary, a list of acronyms, a FAQ section, news, and an extensive list of links to other genome Web sites.

Human Genome Variation Database

HGVbase seeks to list and summarize known sequence variations in the human genome, and facilitate research into how genotypes affect common diseases, drug responses, and other complex phenotypes.

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes Release

The KEGG Project is an attempt to bridge the gap between the genes and their functional implications; it contains a searchable database of computerized information pathways that consist of interacting genes or molecules.

MAP: Mouse Atlas Project

Available from UCLA, the goal of MAP is "to develop a dynamic, probabilistic atlas of the adult and developing C57BL/6J mouse. Users can import their own data into the atlas and use the same tools to visualize, compare and measure domains of gene expression in normal, gene-targeted knock-out, or transgenic mice."

The Mendel Database

Searchable database containing more than 20,000 genes, which can be translated into proteins, organized into about 2,000 gene families based on their sequence homology; typical entries include gene family number & gene family name, gene & gene product descriptions & synonyms, and accession numbers with links to SWISS-PROT & EMBL.

Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man

An authoritative reference for information on the inheritance of human characteristics. The database can be searched for information on any human characteristic that might be genetically influenced. The result of a search will lead to a summary of what is known about the inheritance of that characteristic and references will be provided.

Rat Genome Map

The Rat Map Viewer shows the locations of simple sequence length polymorphism markers for genetic and radiation hybrid maps. Data can be searched by marker name, marker alias, or chromosome position.

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History

Linus Pauling and the Race for DNA

The Special Collections unit at the University of Oregon has created this documentary history that chronicles the pursuit of the discovery of DNA. It contains over 800 documents, photographs, audio clips, and video clips.

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Images

Atlas of Mouse Development & Gene Expression Database

A full 3-D anatomical atlas of mouse development & an associated database of gene expression patterns, cell lineage, & other spatially organized data.

The Big Picture Book of Viruses

This site serves as a catalog of virus pictures on the Internet as well as a resource to information about viruses.

BIODIDAC

Biological images can be searched or browsed (under Resources) in three major categories: zoology, botany, & histology.

Cells Alive

Video clips, animations, & text on cellular functions.

Developmental Biology Cinema

From the Society for Developmental Biology, this Web site offers video sequences of developing embryos (organisms) and experimental techniques.

Interactive Atlases: Digital Anatomist Project

Each atlas is comprised of a set of structurally annotated color images containing 2-D and 3-D images from cadaver sections, MRI scans, & computer reconstructions.

Flowerbase

A searchable database offering over 7,000 pictures of flowers & plants.

Image Library of Biological Macromolecules

Repository of molecular structures, featuring selected VRML (as well as two dimensional) images of "building blocks" and macromolecular structures.

Nanoworld

Dedicated to the microscopy & microanalysis of materials at the atomic, molecular, cellular, and macromolecular scales.

National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) Digital Image Library

The NBII Digital Image Library contains a diverse collection of images related to nature and the environment, mainly focusing on plant and animal species, scenic landscapes, wildlife management, and biological study/fieldwork. The Digital Image Library may be browsed by broad subject categories or searched for specific images.

Plant Image Gallery

A collection of high-quality images of plants, mainly from Europe, Costa Rica, Japan, & the Galapagos Islands.

PLANTS: Image Gallery

A browsable and searchable image gallery of plants.

Smithsonian Catalog of Botanical Illustrations

A database of botanical illustrations from three plant families: Bromeliaceae, Cactaceae, and Melastomataceae.

Vascular Plant Image Gallery

vascular plant names are listed alphabetically by family; to view an image simply click on the name; some familiarity with vascular plant taxonomic nomenclature is assumed.

The Whole Brain Atlas

An atlas of normal brain structure & function as well as normal aging of the brain & vascular anatomy of the brain.

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Journal Abbreviations

All That JAS: Journal Abbreviation Sources: Bioscience

A registry of Web resources that lists or provide access to the full title of journal abbreviations.

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Journal Directories

Biological Journals

This is an extensive listing of journals for the biological sciences, including those with articles online. ISSNs and impact factors from ISI are provided.

Free Medical Journals

This site is dedicated to the promotion of free access to medical journals over the Internet. The journals are listed by those that are free, free after a certain time limit, and those which have a free trial offer. The titles can also be browsed by specialty, alphabetically, or by language.

Full-Text Electronic Journals in Biology

An extensive listing of online biology journals.

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Journals

Journals - Print & OnlineAccessible to University at Albany users only

Search for journal holding using the ADVANCEWeb online catalog interface. Links are provided for online journals.

Ecological Archives

Ecological Archives contains the supplementary materials and appendices from the journals and publications of the Ecological Society of America: Ecology, Ecological Applications, Ecological Monographs, and Data Papers.

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Laboratory Technique

Practical Molecular Biology

The protocols section lists recipes for salt solutions, buffers, media, and antibiotics; the calculations section contains small programs for common laboratory calculations.

Protocol Online: Your Lab's Reference Book

Protocol Online is a database of lab protocols. The database may be searched by topic or browsed by categories like animal techniques, cell biology, developmental biology, genetics and genomics, immunology, microbiology, molecular biology, neuroscience, and plant biology. Results include links to protocols hosted by research labs, companies, and personal Web sites. Protocol Online also hosts discussion forums and blogs, and contains links to scientific news sites.

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News, Blogs, and Webcasts

DnaTube

DnaTube is similar to YouTube, but covers scientific research, lectures, and seminars in video format. Their goal is "to contribute science by generating a self-growing community who shares their scientific experiences."

Macaulay Library: Sound and Video Catalog

From the Macaulay Library of Cornell's Lab of Ornithology, the Sound and Video Catalog provides access to the world's largest natural sound and video archive of animal behavior. Although birds are favored, many other animals are covered. The site is fully searchable.

Research Blogging: Biology

Research Blogging identifies and aggregates blog posts about serious peer-reviewed research. The posts are about real developments in science; they are not press releases or news reports. Bloggers who want their posts aggregated must register. RSS feeds are available for all topics or by individual subject.

Science Elements

From the American Chemical Society (ACS), Science Elements offers brief webcasts on cutting-edge discoveries described in ACS journals. In addition to chemistry, ACS journals cover topics in fields like medicine, health, nutrition, energy, and the environment.

Science News Presented by BIO

This Web site presents news from the Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO). News items are organized into several categories including bird flu, global health, emerging and recurring disease, food and agriculture, bioethics, genomics, stem cells, and regulation.

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Nucleic Acids

The Nucleic Acid Database

The goal of NDB is to assemble & distribute structural information about nucleic acids; it includes the coordinates of nucleic acid-containing crystal structures, including a searchable atlas of structures; Protein Finder, a search-engine for locating protein structures in the PDB database; a macromolecular crystallographic information file, & reports about the structures contained in the database.

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Patents

Pat2PDF

Enter a U.S. patent number and Pat2PDF will generate a free copy of the patent in PDF format.

Patent Lens

The goal of this site is to help users understand and navigate the intellectual property landscape within the life sciences. Along with a search engine, it contains technology patent landscape analyses, guides to intellectual property policies and practices, and tutorials.

WikiPatents

WikiPatents is a free U.S. patent database beginning with patent 3,930,271, and running through the most recent patents and patent applications. It includes a basic patent number search as well as an advanced search mode. In addition to providing both HTML and PDF versions of patents, WikiPatents features a wiki-like interface to review, rate, and discuss patents. Registration is required to access PDFs and use the wiki-like features.

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Proteins

Protein Sequence Analyzer

Analyzes protein sequences & determines which sequence structure models are most probable explanations of the sequence.

SCOP: Structural Classification of Proteins

The SCOP database furnishes a detailed description of the structure & evolutionary relationships of proteins.

ExPASy Proteomics Tools

Describes & provides access to a comprehensive collection of protein-related databases & research tools.

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Software

The OpenScience Project: Life Sciences

The OpenScience Project contains a directory of open source scientific software. The life sciences section lists resources under several categories including: bioinformatics, biostatistics, ecology, genetics, medical sciences, and physiology. A search engine is also included.

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Style Guides

Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers

The National Library of Medicine recently released Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers. It updates and supercedes two previous NLM publications and is freely available on the NCBI Bookshelf. Citing Medicine provides guidance for citing 26 types of published and unpublished material, ranging from print books and journal articles to blogs and wikis.

Online! Citation Styles: Using CBE to Cite and Document Sources

Developed by Bedford/St. Martin's publishers, this online guide covers the elements of citing Internet sources for several styles include CBE (Council of Biological Editors). It covers: WWW site, subscription service, email message, discussion forum posting, listserv message, newsgroup message, real-time communication, and telnet, FTP, and gopher sites. The print version, Scientific Style and Format: The CBE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers, is avialable in the Science Library at REF T 11 S386 1994.

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Taxonomy

Integrated Taxonomic Information System

ITIS is a database of the current names & classifications of all biota; the database may be queried by full or partial scientific name, common name, or Taxonomic Serial Number.

Species 2000

The Species 2000 project aims to enumerate all known species of plants, animals, fungi, and microbes on Earth as the baseline dataset for studies of global biodiversity.

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Zoology

Grzimek's Animal Life EncyclopediaAccessible to University at Albany users only

Access the full text of the second edition (2004) of Grzimek's. This encyclopedia contains revised information as well as recent developments in the animal world.

International Field Guides

International Field Guides contains a searchable database to field guides for plants, animals, and other objects in North America and around the world. It may also be browsed by by type of organism and region covered. This site was created by Diane Schmidt, Biology Librarian at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Macaulay Library: Sound and Video Catalog

From the Macaulay Library of Cornell's Lab of Ornithology, the Sound and Video Catalog provides access to the world's largest natural sound and video archive of animal behavior. Although birds are favored, many other animals are covered. The site is fully searchable.

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