vortex Plagiarism 101
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Citation Practice:
Electronic documents present new temptations to plagiarize.

Because it's easy to download, print, or cut and paste materials off the web, it's easy to forget that electronic documents are not necessarily common property. Despite ongoing discussions about how the web may be rapidly changing the way intellectual property is defined, current accepted practice requires that an author be credited regardless of the format of their work.

Creepy charcter peddling papers off the internet (by Sarah Malavasic)

Artwork by Sarah Malavasic '02


 Although it's widespread practice, using images or code from web sources without permission or citation is technically plagiarism and is regarded as such by the University.

• Cutting and pasting from an electronic document is as much plagiarism as "lifting" sections of a print document. Professors also expect you to be clear and accurate about whether documents you used were print or web-based.

 Submitting a friend's work forwarded in an e-mail as your own is still plagiarism.

• It's also not ethical to submit the same paper for two different classes without the permission of both instructors.

To Summarize:

The University at Albany considers the following to be unethical practice:

• Purchasing prepared research or completed papers or projects

• Recycling your own work without prior consent of the instructor (multiple submission)

• Using the words or phrases of others without properly crediting your source

• Using the ideas or theories of others without crediting them

• Lifting sections from online or print sources without crediting sources

        (Community Rights & Responsibilities, 2007-2010, 20)

When in doubt, always provide citations which allow your readers to locate the source of information or ideas that are not your own. Determining when to credit sources will become easier as you develop your research and writing skills. For more information and examples of how to use sources see:

Plagiarism and How to Avoid it

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