In April 1991, Gopher was developed at the University at Minnesota Microcomputer, Workstation and Networks Center. It was created to help users fins answers to their computer questions. (Nickerson, 53) It didn’t take long for this utility to replace the existing campuswide information systems (CWIS) at the university AND to become one of the hottest Internet resources available. (Hahn, 429)
Gopher is an attractive Internet search tool because it allows the user to traverse the network with one simple interface. Via Gopher, the neophyte can access more difficult Internet protocols, such as telnet, FTP, and email, in a seamless fashion. The end user can effortlessly select an FTP site from a menu and not have to remember the cumbersome FTP syntax or lengthy addresses.
Location Internet address Log in as Australia info.anu.edu.au info Chile gopher.puc.cl gopher Denmark gopher.denet.dk gopher Ecuador ecnet.ec gopher England gopher.brad.ac.uk info Germany gopher.th-darmstadt.de gopher Japan gopher.ncc.go.jp gopher Spain gopher.uv.es gopher Sweden gopher.chalmers.se gopher Sweden gopher.sunet.se gopher USA infopath.ucsd.edu infopath USA scilibx.ucsc.edu gopher USA grits.valdosta.peachnet.edu gopher USA gopher.uiuc.edu gopher USA panda.uiowa.edu - USA gopher.msu.edu gopher USA consultant.micro.umn.edu gopher USA gopher.unc.edu gopher USA twosocks.ces.ncsu.edu gopher USA gopher.ohiolink.edu gopher USA ecosys.drdr.virginia.edu gopher USA gopher.virginia.edu gwis USA wsuaix.csc.wsu.edu wsuinfo (Hahn, 438)
You will encounter some difficulties with using the remote gopher client option. It is impossible to download or print files but you can email them to yourself or others. Your best option is to encourage your systems person to load the gopher software. This is readily available via anonymous FTP at boombox.micro.umn.edu and found in the /pub/gopher directory.
Gopher is a great way to navigate the Internet and opens up the virtual world to all of us. This Internet utility will allow us to easily access information into the next millennium.
Hahn, Harley and Rick Stout. The Internet Complete Reference. Berkeley, CA : Osborne, McGraw-Hill, 1994.
Levin, Jayne. “Use the Right Tools to Surf the Internet.” InfoWorld (Sept. 20 1993) : 60.
Maxwell, Christine and Czeslaw Jan Grycz. New Riders’ Official Internet Yellow Pages Indianapolis, IN : New Riders Publishing, 1994.
Milewski, Darek. “Go for All the information Around the World with the Internet’s Gopher.” InfoWorld (July 12, 1993) : 41.
Nickerson, Gard. “The Internet Gopher.” Computers in Libraries 12.8(1992):53.
Notess, Greg R. “Using Gophers to Burrow Through the Internet.” Online17.3 (May 1993):100+.
Computer Science Professor
July 1, 1994