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Criminal Justice and Prisons

The AOHP is an ongoing research effort conducted under the auspices of the CPRI. Through interviews with a wide variety of death penalty abolitionists, the AOHP is building an oral history of the post-Furman movement to end capital punishment in America. This collection entails audio- and video taped interviews with abolitionists, biographical information, and personal documents and/or papers associated with these interviews. As of November 8, 2004 interviewees include: Demaris Maguire, former Executive Director, New Yorkers Against the Death Penalty; Scott Christianson, historian and author Condemned: Inside the Sing Sing Death House; Jonathan Gradess, Executive Director, New York State Defenders Association; David Kaczynski, Executive Director, New Yorkers Against the Death Penalty; Abraham J. Bonowitz, Director and Co-Founder, Citizens United for Alternatives to the Death Penalty; Bill Pelke, Board Member, Murder Victims' Families for Reconciliation, Journey of Hope, and National Coalition Against the Death Penalty; Juan Melendez, former death row prisoner; and Steven W. Hawkins, former Executive Director of the National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty.

Records, 1983–1992, 2.47 cubic ft. (APAP–106)
The collection documents the activities of ACT–UP, Albany (N.Y.) Chapter, and other chapters from its creation in 1987 to 1992. In March 1987, ACT–UP, AIDS Coalition To Unleash Power, was formed in New York City by a group of people as a diverse, nonpartisan organization of individuals united in anger and committed to ending the AIDS crisis. ACT–UP is a national and international nonpartisan activist group whose mission is to fight for "an end to the AIDS crisis." The collection consists of administrative files such as handbooks for activists, activism in various chapters, the AIDS Curriculum Lesson for the City of Albany, AIDS education and preventive guides and programs, correspondence, minutes, and papers of the Health Systems Agency of Northeastern New York, Inc., from 1990 to 1991. It also includes several legal documents related to human rights, penal law, and public health law, and meeting notes. The strengths of this collection are the posters, fliers, and other activism material from ACT–UP chapters.

Papers, 2013 .1 cubic ft. (APAP-347)

The Steven King Ainsworth Papers contain “Heads Up” bulletins written by Ainsworth for prison inmates sentenced to life, life without parole, and their advocates. The bulletins contain advice for and background information about petitioning the Governor’s Office for clemency in the State of California, as well as news clippings of interest. Ainsworth, currently incarcerated in California, was previously sentenced to death and served two decades on Death Row in San Quentin. In 2001 the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California granted Ainsworth's habeas corpus petition vacating his capital sentence. Ainsworth is a published writer of fiction and non-fiction, and a self-taught artist whose work has been exhibited in the United States and internationally. His many publications include Words from the Row and essays or short stories in Undoing Time: American Prisoners in Their Own Words (2001), Writing for Their Lives: Death Row U.S.A. (2007), and Fourth City: Essays from the Prison in America (2014).

Records, 1967–1973, .53 cubic ft. (APAP–078)

The materials in the Americans for Effective Law Enforcement, New York Chapter collection document the chapter's early days through the by–laws, articles of incorporation, and constitution. The collection includes material from the period when LeRoy Marceau was Executive Director of the state chapter beginning in 1972. The collection is particularly strong in documenting the New York Chapter's solicitation for funding from individuals, corporations, and foundations when the New York Chapter was first organized. There is also correspondence with potential donors and officials from the Americans for Effective Law Enforcement national office in Evanston, Illinois. The collection includes research material from issues of interest to the organization such as school discipline, busing school children in the 1970s to create integrated schools, the bail system in New York City, and other related issues. The Legal briefs are some of the court cases for which the organization filed friends of the court, or amicus curiae, briefs. Alert was a publication of the national Americans for Effective Law Enforcement and it contains information about the activities of the various state chapters.

Collection, 1990–2006, 3.5 cubic ft. (APAP–204)

The Bill Babbitt Collection primarily consists of material related to the execution of Bill's brother, Manny Babbitt, in California on May 4, 1999. The collection includes material collected by Bill Babbitt as part of his activism with Murder Victims' Families For Human Rights and the contents of Manny Babbitt's cell at the time of his execution.

Papers, 1961–2000, 9 cubic ft. (APAP–199)

Bedau (Ph.D., Harvard, 1961), is a current commentator and active opponent of the death penalty. Professor of Philosophy at Tufts University from 1966-1999 and author of Current Issues and Enduring Questions (4th edition, 1996); Critical Thinking, Reading, and Writing (2nd edition, 1996); In Spite of Innocence (1992); editor, Civil Disobedience in Focus (1991); Death is Different (1987); The Death Penalty in America (4th ed., 1997); and contributor to many other volumes. His Romanell - Phi Beta Kappa lectures delivered at Tufts in the spring of 1995, were published by Oxford University Press under the title, Making Moral Choices. Bedau was recently the chairman of the board for the National Coalition Against the Death Penalty and a member of the board for the American Civil Liberties Union of Massachusetts.

PAPERS, 1980–1996, 23 cubic ft. (APAP-312)

Leigh B. Bienen is a senior lecturer at Northwestern University School of Law and a criminal defense attorney whose areas of expertise include capital punishment, sex crimes, and rape reform legislation. Previously, Bienen taught law at Princeton University, the University of Pennsylvania, and the University of California (Berkeley). She is a published author who is licensed to practice law in Illinois, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, and Washington, D.C. and is a member of the Bar of the United States Supreme Court. Currently, Bienen is the director of the Chicago Historical Homicide Project, analyzing a hand written data set kept by the Chicago Police of more than 11,000 homicides in Chicago from 1870-1930. Earlier Bienen directed an empirical study of all homicide cases in New Jersey after the reimposition of capital punishment in that state and drafted the model sex offense statute which was the basis for rape reform legislation in a number of states and enacted in New Jersey in 1979. The collection includes files relating to the New Jersey homicide study, correspondence, case files, court documents and legal briefs, death penalty legislation, newspaper and magazine clippings, background resources, and scholarly articles.

Papers, 1985–2003, 25 cubic ft. (APAP–186)

Photographic prints, negatives, digital images, clippings, and records from Bonowitz' time as Director of Citizens United for Alternatives to the Death Penalty (CUADP), an organization that works to end the death penalty in the United States through aggressive campaigns of public education and the promotion of tactical grassroots activism. There are also materials from Bonowitz' time as a board member of the Journey of Hope ...From Violence to Healing, Inc., and as a board member of the National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty, and pertaining to his participation in anti-death penalty activism with Amnesty International USA, the Abolitionist Action Committee and others.

Records, 1992–2006, 2.29 cubic ft. and 68 mb of electronic records (APAP–164)

Campus Action was formed in April 1992 as a multicultural, multi-issue organization with a mission to promote activism and support activist organizations on university campuses in New York’s Capital Region. It maintained eight chapters representing individual campuses as well as a central office at the Social Justice Center in Albany. The records of Campus Action contain materials collected and generated by the organization including both paper documents and electronic records. These materials include minutes, correspondence, publications, grant applications, webpages, fliers, leaflets and other handouts. The collection holds material from the Campus Action central office and does not contain material specific to the individual chapters of Campus Action. Campus Action created a number of publications for campus distribution. These include the newsletter Campus Action News, two study guides, and directories of local activist organizations and internships. These are all represented in the collection, along with materials from the biannual conferences held to help organize activism, primarily as paper documents with some additional later material in electronic form. The case of Ali Yaghi, an Albany resident and owner of a pizza shop who was arrested just days after 9/11, is also documented in the collection.

Records, 1990–2002, 60+ cubic ft. (APAP–196)

The Capital Jury Project was initiated in 1991 by a consortium of university-based researchers with support from the National Science Foundation. The Project is administered nationally by Dr. William Bowers, Principal Research Scientist, Northeastern University. The findings of the CJP are based on 3 to 4 hour, in-depth, interviews with persons who have served as jurors in capital trials. Phase I of the Project has completed over 1,200 interviews from jurors in 353 capital trials in 14 states. These interviews chronicled the jurors' experiences and decision-making over the course of the trial, identify points at which various influences come into play, and reveal the ways in which jurors reach their final sentencing decision. This project is being continued by the Capital Jury Project II (CJP2), a program of research on the decision-making of capital jurors.

Records, 1985–1999, 12.75 cubic ft. (APAP–072)

The Center for Law and Justice is a community-based organization which works to educate, advocate for, and empower poor communities and communities of color, so that they can effectively participate is social and political change. The Center is proud of its record of service, advocacy, and leadership in the areas of social and criminal justice in the Capital District area and nationwide. Since 1985, The Center has vigorously served the needs of thousands of people negatively affected by unfairness and injustice in the legal and criminal justice systems.

Records, 1844–1988, 31.33 cubic ft. (APAP–014)

Includes microfilm of the printed annual reports, 1844–1979; scrapbook, ca. 1915; Board of Directors' files, 1962–1988; subject files, 1962–1980; and prison visit reports, 1974–1980; Narcotics Committee files, 1949, 1962–1972, 1975; Program and Bureau Files, 1967–1983. The Correctional Association of New York was founded in 1844 by John W. Edmonds, President of the Board of Inspectors at Sing Sing Prison. Originally named the Prison Association of New York, the organization was formed to ameliorate the conditions of criminal defendants and prisoners, improve the discipline and administration of local jails and state prisons, and furnish assistance and encouragement to reformed convicts after discharge. It is the only private organization in the state that has the power to conduct on–site examinations of state and local correctional facilities and report its findings and recommendations to governmental authorities. Since 1846, it has been charged with submitting an annual report on prison conditions in New York State to the New York State Assembly.

Records, 1968–1989, 10.2 cubic ft. and 1 reel microfilm (APAP–066)
Contains executive committee minutes, 1978–85; legal files, 1976–85; subject files, 1968–85; and Council 82's newspapers (Council 82 Review, then Council 82 Enforcer), 1971–89. Also included are the records of Council 82's Sing Sing Local 1413, 1972–80. Up until 1999, Council 82 was the exclusive bargaining representative of over 22,000 Security and Law Enforcement employees, with the exception of the State Police.  On April 29, 1999, The NYS Correction Officers and Police Benevlolent Association won an election giving it the right to represent the Security Services Unit. The state prison supervisors voted to remain with Council 82. Council 82 was formed from the merger of Councils 30 and 50 in 1969. In September 1971 a riot at the Attica Correctional Facility in Attica, New York, left 11 corrections officers and 32 inmates dead. Council 82 used this incident to petition the state for more satisfactory working conditions and an increase in staff. In April 1979 Council 82 went on strike for 16 days and was fined $2.5 million for contempt of court under New York's Taylor Law. In 1984 the Union of Federated Corrections Officers (TUFCO) challenged Council 82 as the exclusive representative of the state's Security and Law Enforcement Employees, but Council 82 won the PERB election.

Records, 1938–76, 6 ft. (UA–640)

Includes bulletins, 1965–81; Dean's reports, 1967–84; student handbooks, 1970–76; budgets, 1979–81; memoranda; published reports; monographs and bibliographies; and proposals for the school.

EHRMANN, HENRY W. (1908–1995), political scientist
Papers, 1932–1998, 4 cubic ft. (GER–013)
The Henry Ehrmann Papers are focused on Ehrmann's scholarly career as a political scientist and a professor of law and his participation in the program of re-education of German prisoners-of-war in the 1940s. The material also documents Ehrmann's association with other universities and institutions in the United States and Europe. The correspondence from and to the former German prisoners-of-war who met Ehrmann during the reeducation program organized by the War Department include letters - in several cases written by the prisoners' family members as well - almost entirely dating from the period immediately subsequent to the POWs' release and their return to Germany. Therefore, they are a valuable source of information about the living conditions in occupied Germany, the country's political transformation, and the correspondents' adaptation to new circumstances. Letters in the general correspondence subseries are, for the most part, related to Ehrmann's contacts with his fellow scholars and with academic or political institutions. Also included are speeches, lectures, lecture notes, and newspaper articles, 1941–1984. Ehrmann was a professor of political science at the University of Colorado, the University of California at San Diego, and Dartmouth University, and worked on French politics, labor relations, and comparative government.

Papers, 1910–1943, 3 cubic ft. (APAP–069)

Correspondence, notes, manuscripts, and typescripts from his research on eugenics, public health, and housing. Includes materials pertaining to his research for the book Mongrel Virginians: The Win Tribe, 1923, and on the Jukes family, 1916–1933; public housing in Buffalo, New York, 1943–1947; crippled children in Buffalo, 1936–1947; anti–venereal disease campaign in New York City, 1920–1936; and the Carrie Buck trial in Virginia, a case of sterilization of the feeble–minded, 1924–1927.

Collection, 1965–1995, 5.4 cubic ft. (APAP–159)

Alvin Ford was convicted of first-degree murder in Broward County, Florida on December 17, 1974, and sentenced to death on January 6, 1975. He appealed his murder conviction and death sentence to the Supreme Court of Florida, which upheld both in Ford v State (1979). After spending years on death row during which Ford became incompetent, his case eventually was heard by the United States Supreme Court. In Ford v. Wainwright (1986), the Court concluded that the 8th Amendment prohibits the State from inflicting the death penalty on a prisoner who is insane. This collection includes the legal case file created by Ford's legal team during the period 1974-1990.

FRIEDLÄNDER, WALTER A. (1891–1984), social work
Papers, 1925–1978, 22 ft. (GER–003)
Correspondence with Karl Frankenstein, Kurt Richard Grossmann, Ella Kay, Oskar Kohn, Paul Tillich, and others, 1925–1978; and manuscripts and offprints, 1922–1970. Friedländer received a doctorate in law from the University of Berlin in 1913 and was from then until 1933 a magistrate in charge of the local office for youth and social welfare in the Prenzlauer Berg district of his native Berlin. He was president of the German Child Welfare League, 1931–1933; director of a refugee service in Paris, 1933–1936; professor at the University of Chicago, 1936–43; and professor at the School of Social Welfare at the University of California at Berkeley, 1943–1956. He published numerous books and articles on international social services in the United States and Europe.

Records, 1977–95, 5.01 cu. ft. (UA–690.015)
Includes Institute of Gerontology records, 1977–81; grants and grant applications, 1978–79; newsletters, 1977–81; conference and seminar materials; training materials, 1973, 1978–95; memos, 1977–82; day files; and workshop videotapes, 1979. Founded in 1968 as the Institute on Aging, part of the College of General Studies. It was renamed the Institute of Gerontology, part of the School of Social Welfare, in 1972. The Ringel Institute of Gerontology was founded in 1982 as a division of the School of Social Welfare that expands knowledge about the process of aging and services for the elderly, facilitates the development of social policies to benefit the elderly, and helps create and improve social institutions to serve the elderly and their families. The Institute is also involved in evaluation of service programs offered by both public and private organizations. Other Institute activities include providing technical assistance about service provision to local communities, co-sponsoring conferences, and facilitating the development of academic curricula on aging.

Papers, 1960–2001, 1.89 cubic ft. (APAP–136)

The collection is particularly strong in following Dr. Green's media appearances throughout the 1980s and 1990s. Issues of The South End Scene, a newspaper Dr. Green founded as executive director of the Albany-based youth and family services center the Trinity Institution are also included in the collection. The collection contains papers and other materials relating to Dr. Green's 1998 run for Lieutenant Governor of New York State on the Green Party ticket. The collection also follows the progress of Law Never Here, a book Dr. Green co–wrote with Dr. Frankie Bailey which was published in 1999. Items of interest are found in the small correspondence series, which includes letters from New York Senator and former First Lady, Hillary Rodham Clinton, former mayor of Albany, Thomas Whalen III, and comedian Richard Pryor.

Papers, 1982–2000, 11.1 cubic ft. (APAP–108)

Since 1972, Rick Halperin has been actively involved in the effort to abolish the death penalty in the United States. He works with many anti-death penalty organizations, capital defense attorneys, representatives of various communities of faith, newspaper editorial boards, victims' rights groups, members of the families of the condemned, and many death row inmates throughout the country. The collection consists of news clippings, newsletters, campaign materials, letters of plea, flyers and notices of rallies, research materials, organizational reports, and publications about the death penalty and death penalty issues.

Papers, 1991–2003, 3.2 cubic ft. (APAP–188)

Steven Hawkins and his staff created these papers during his tenure as Executive Director of the National Coalition Against the Death Penalty, now called the National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty. The papers contain meeting subject files that include extensive minutes of board meetings, speeches, travel arrangements, fundraising and reception notes, and pamphlets and other papers relating to his attendance at various board and committee meetings with related organizations, such as the Death Penalty Information Center and Amnesty International. The papers also contain copies of police reports, witness and investigator statements, and defendant testimony regarding the cases of certain high-profile death row inmates, such as Mumia Abu-Jamal, Delma Banks Jr., Kenneth Reams and Keith Versie, which were retained by Steven Hawkins and his staff in order to provide legal advocacy in court hearings to obtain commutation, clemency, or exoneration for these inmates.

HURTIN, JOHN G., public servant
Record Books, 1806–1821, 4 vols. (MSS–081)
Two docket books for cases handled by Hurtin as an Orange County sheriff, including lists of jurors and witnesses in cases heard before the Orange County Court of Common Pleas in Goshen, New York, 1811–1821; register of insolvency cases, 1811–1812; and an account book, 1806–1816.

Papers, 1963–2011, 0.6 cubic ft. (APAP–324)

The Illinois Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty (ICADP) donated its records in 2011 following repeal of the death penalty in the state. The archivist retained the original order of the files and the collection includes annual reports, newsletters, clippings and press releases. ICADP gained national attention with its campaign to rid Illinois of capital punishment; this is evident with materials documenting the case of John Wayne Gacy, executed in 1994, and the murder of nine year old Jeanine Nicarico in 1983. The collection also contains the 2002 documentary film Too Flawed to Fix: The Illinois Death Penalty Experience which explores the legal flaws in the capital punishment system in Illinois and materials pertaining to Amnesty International. There are clippings of Northwestern University School of Law’s National Conference on Wrongful Convictions and the Death Penalty during which former Death Row inmates later found innocent of their crimes participated on a panel. In addition, the collection features clippings about the 2000 moratorium on the death penalty by Governor George H. Ryan and the 2011 signing of the bill SB 3539, Abolition of the Death Penalty, by Governor Pat Quinn.

Records, 1993–2005, 29.25 cubic ft. (APAP–205)

Journey of Hope...from Violence to Healing is an organization that is led by murder victims' family members. It conducts public education speaking tours and addresses alternatives to the death penalty. This collection contains organizing material for Journey of Hope…from Violence to Healing, Murder Victims' Families for Reconciliation (MVFR) and Murder Victims’ Families for Human Rights (MVFHR). There are also materials from the National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty (NCADP), Amnesty International and materials related to Juveniles and the death penalty. "Journey of Hope...From Violence to Healing" is an organization that is led by murder victims' family members. It conducts public education speaking tours and addresses alternatives to the death penalty. The collection includes public materials from the Journey of Hope cofounder, Bill Pelke; descriptions of events; t-shirts; and videos of marches. It also includes personal letters with death row inmates (e.g., Michael Ross, Karla Faye Tucker and others), Paula Cooper files, files on forgiveness and miscellaneous additional materials including newspaper articles, newsletters, and pictures from abolition events in the United States and foreign countries.

Papers, 1959–73, 19 cubic ft. (APAP–071)

Contains draft of an unpublished book, Criminal Justice in America; correspondence and notes; clippings, pamphlets, and reprints on probation, parole, gambling, criminal identifications, automation, NYS Constitutional Convention of 1967, crime in New York City, the Law Enforcement Act of 1965, and Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller's speeches, 1959–1973. He was admitted to the New York Bar in 1933, and the U. S. Supreme Court Bar in 1959. Lumbard was also an Associate member to several New York Law firms. He served as Chief Counsel of the New York State Commission of Investigation from 1958–1961, and as Special Assistant Counsel for law enforcement for New York Governor Rockefeller from 1961–1967. He also served on several commissions to investigate, combat and control crime.

Papers, 1849-1960, 2.26 cubic ft. (APAP-178)

Henry S. Manley practiced law in Jamestown, NY, served as an attorney in the Office of the Attorney General of New York State, and was Counsel to the New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets. While Counsel he defended the milk control system in the U.S. Supreme Court in Nebbia v. New York (1934). From 1943 to early 1955 Manley was an Assistant Attorney General in the Appeals and Opinions Bureau of the New York State Department of Law. From early 1955 until his retirement later that year, he served as Solicitor General of the Department. Manley published a book, The Treaty of Fort Stanwix, and a number of articles regarding Native Americans and the law. The collection includes Manley's writings, pamphlets, as well as briefs and case files. Manley's cases covered in the collection are mostly from his years in private practice and include Indian land rights, the Attica Central School District, and other issues mostly in western New York.

Records, 1977–82, 1.33 cubic ft. (UA–359)
Includes staff meeting minutes, 1977–78; correspondence, 1977–81; memoranda, 1977–81; grant proposals, 1977–81; budgets, 1978–81; and published bibliographies and studies on minorities and the criminal justice system, 1979–81. Part of the School of Criminal Justice, the Center was founded in 1980 as a continuation of the Training Program in Criminal Justice Education, which had begun in 1977. The Center's goals were to administer the Minority Fellowship Program and conduct research relating to minorities and criminal justice. Dependent on outside funding, the center closed around 1982 or 1983 when its grant was not renewed. The records of the Center are described as part of the School of Criminal Justice's finding aid.

Papers, 1952–1971, 11 ft. (UA–902.005)

Correspondence, research data, and retained records of Richard A. Myren at the University of North Carolina, 1952–1956; Indiana University, 1955–1966; and as Dean of the School of Criminal Justice at Albany, 1966–74.

RECORDS, 1972-2006, 27.55 cubic ft. (APAP-298)

Since 1976 the National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty has been working to educate the public about the failings and inconsistencies of capital punishment in the United States. Founded after the Gregg v. Georgia Supreme Court decision in 1976, the NCADP has emerged as one of the more influential national anti-death penalty organizations. The collection contains the group’s internal case files, administrative material, publications, petitions, photographic materials, video tapes, and audio cassettes.

Records, 1971–1986, 19.25 cubic ft. (APAP–012)

Formed in reaction to the Rockefeller Administration's crack-down following the Attica Prison riot, the New York State Coalition For Criminal Justice's primary mission was to reform what it regarded as an excessively harsh criminal justice system in New York. It carried out that mission by lobbying the New York State Legislature and the State departments involved in the criminal justice system. The Coalition sought to bring public pressure for change to bear on the Legislature and State departments by forming inJanuary 1975 a Rapid Communication Network as a mechanism to develop a state wide letter writing campaign. Among the records of the Coalition is documentation relating to its involvement in major issues of criminal justice reform such as the reach of the criminal law, length of sentences set by the legislature, court functions including bail and preventive detention issues, jails, prisons, probation, parole (see the Good Time Survey and initiative of 1981), ex–offenders services, victims, and families of offenders. While a few items in the records date from the early seventies and also cover the period 1985–1986, the overwhelming bulk of the records cover the period 1975–1984.

Records, 1975–1998, 12 cubic ft. (APAP–110)

The New York State Defenders Association (NYSDA) is a not-for-profit, membership organization, which has provided support to New York's criminal defense bar since 1967. The NYSDA collection is composed of news articles about capital punishment and related issues. This collection is part of the Department's National Death Penalty Archive (NDPA).

Records, 1981–1983, .66 cubic ft. (APAP–091)

Copies of draft reports, testimony at hearings, and other materials pertaining to the work of a special commission appointed by Governor Hugh L. Carey of New York in 1981. Under the chair of Arthur L. Liman and executive direction of Roderick C. Lankler, the commission was charged with reviewing the state's criminal justice system and recommending reforms.

Papers, 1954–1989, 6.0 ft. (UA–902.024)

Papers include correspondence, 1954–1989; subject files, 1977–1983; School of Criminal Justice File, 1966–89; and criminal justice projects file, 1959–1983. Donald J. Newman was a Professor of Criminal Justice at SUNY Albany from 1967, and he served as Dean of the School of Criminal Justice from 1977 until 1984 when health problems and disagreements over the inclusion of the school within the framework of Rockefeller College led to his resignation as Dean. Newman published widely in the field, as well as worked in consultation with the US Justice Department (1971); the NYS Department of Corrections (1971–72); and the Police Foundation (1978). Newman helped shape the direction of criminal justice education by serving on evaluation committees for programs at The University of Nebraska (1976); The University of Minnesota (1978); The University of Illinois (1978); and The University of Illinois at Chicago (1984). Other areas of interest shown in the collection include juvenile delinquency, policing, and elderly career criminals.

Papers, 1881–1956, 2 cubic ft. (APAP–073)

Includes correspondence, writings, speeches, pamphlets, off prints, clippings, and other materials documenting the life and work of Carleton Simon, a physician turned criminologist. Simon served as Special Deputy Commissioner in charge of the New York City Narcotics Bureau, 1920–26; special advisor to the Will H. Hays Office of Motion Picture Producers of America pertaining to the depiction of crime and criminals in motion pictures, 1928–38; and wrote and spoke extensively throughout his career on crime, drug addiction, street gangs, race, and other subjects of public concern. Includes his unpublished manuscript "Spotting the Junkies" and written evaluations of forty movies and ten plays for the Hays Office.

Records, 12 cubic ft. (APAP–200)

Organized in 1974, the Southern Coalition on Jails and Prisons was formed to promote greater awareness of the problems of prisons and corrections, improve communication between the prison population and the outside world, and advocate for alternatives to the death penalty. The Coalition was active in North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Florida, Louisiana, Virginia, and Kentucky through the early 1990s. The records are primarily the files of Joe Ingle, co-founder of the Coalition.

TITUS, WILLIAM, prison warden
Papers, 1832–1888, .5 ft. (MSS–120)
Includes land transactions of Titus as a resident of Locke, Cayuga County, New York, 1832–1850; correspondence kept as warden of Auburn State Prison, including letters from the office of Gov. Horatio Seymour and an undated list of officers and guards at the prison, 1852–1854; and personal and business papers, 1854–1888.

Papers, 1935–2000, 11.45 cubic ft. (APAP–135)

Ernest van den Haag (1914-2002) was a conservative commentator of social issues, especially crime, and one of America's foremost proponents of the death penalty. The publications in this collection include articles in published form, drafts, and related correspondence. Types of publications include transcripts from appearances on television shows in the 1970s and 1980s, files on the books which he authored, rough drafts for chapters, and hundreds of articles written for various journals, magazines, and newspapers from 1950-2000. The collection's publications cover a wide array of social science issues of the mid to late 20th century from an intellectual conservative's view. Topics include American culture, criminal justice, education, conservatism versus liberalism, and American politics. Van den Haag had a special political interest in U.S. foreign policy and commented on the Vietnam War, foreign wars, and the issues of the Cold War.

Papers, 1975–1990, (APAP–213)

Collected during Von Drehle's writing of Among the Lowest of the Dead, a history of Florida's experience with the death penalty between the Furman decision and 1989. For 11 years, Von Drehle covered Florida's death row for the Miami Herald and the collection consists of a comprehensive record of that period and Florida's experience with the death penalty. The collection includes virtually every relevant newspaper clipping from a Florida newspaper in that period, plus notes from 100-plus interviews, government reports, law review articles, and some ephemera, copies of inmate letters and diaries, transcripts of testimony in major appeals and clemency hearings.

Records, 1981-2000, 6,795 audio recordings (APAP–138)
WAMC/Northeast Public Radio is a regional public radio network serving parts of seven northeastern states and is a member of National Public Radio and an affiliate of Public Radio International. The station's programs cover a number of issues including education, politics and government, the environment, health and medical issues, women's issues, and others. Some of the programs in the collection include: 51 Percent, The Best of Our Knowledge, Capitol Connection, Dancing on the Air, The Environment Show, The Health Show, The Law Show, Legislative Gazette, Media Project, Vox Pop, and other regular and special broadcasts.